FLOOD: Amid Obi’s Empathy, Tinubu’s Millions & Atiku’s Alms

It is no news that Nigeria is experiencing what is probably its worse flood crisis in many years. Homes are submerged, millions of people are displaced and human fatalities are in the hundreds.

While world leaders, including King Charles III, have sent in their messages of solidarity to Nigerians through President Buhari, I have not read or heard anywhere that the President visited any of the States affected by this disaster nor has there been any special intervention by the Federal Government to alleviate the crisis.

And just as if the President’s unsurprising apathy is not bad enough, the President departed to South Korea without as much as a national broadcast to let us know that he is aware of these tragic occurrences and he doesn’t care that Nigerians languish in different grades of parlour occasioned by the flood disaster.

No leader who can make the slightest pretense of being responsible would keep away or relax in his office while different parts of his country are submerged in flood, with over a hundred people already dead and millions displaced.

FLOOD: Amid Obi's Empathy, Tinubu's Millions & Atiku's Alms

The Flood Crisis and key aspirants seeking to become our next President

Nonetheless, we have gotten tired of talking about Buhari’s nonchalance and vapidness as a leader and while we can’t wait to see his back, we mustn’t fail to analyse those who have presented themselves to succeed him and ensure that we do not reason elect another sepulchral Commander-in-Chief to replace the outgoing morbidly insensate one.

With about 25 of the 36 States of the country currently battling different stages of flooding and the remaining States experiencing disruptions in basic supplies due to the flood, there couldn’t have been a better time to peep into the hearts of the key aspirants seeking to become our next President.

It would amount to a very dangerous experiment if we wait to make our judgments of a leader’s character and compassionate attributes when they have taken office.

We read all the time about how Presidents and other political leaders would suspend their schedules to personally visit places where a tragic incident like a flood, hurricane, earthquake, or mass shooting took place.

They also make good financial and logistic interventions, but these personal visits are the greatest demonstration of empathy to the victims of such disasters and not whatever amount of money they donate.

FLOOD: Amid Obi's Empathy, Tinubu's Millions & Atiku's Alms
Peter Obi; Labour Party’s Presidential Candidate in the 2023 Elections

Giving people money without showing genuine compassion for their suffering could be tantamount to telling them that you do not care about them, and that like some hungry and stray dogs, you could throw them some waste bones and move on.

Peter Obi’s Empathy

It is instructive and not unexpected that among all the presidential candidates, it is only Peter Obi of the Labour Party who has shown genuine responsibility and care towards the victims of flood across different States of Nigeria.

By suspending his campaign, he was sending a strong message to the flood victims that he was not coming to them for a campaign, but coming to show genuine compassion and empathy to them over their predicament.

He rode on the same kind of boats as these displaced Nigerians ride and visited them at the places where they are housed. He didn’t make a show of the donations he made to them, but gave them things that he is white sure they needed.

Peter Obi showed these flood victims that he is one of them, that he is not some kind of superhuman, but someone like them, who could be affected by the same disaster that has affected these people.

FLOOD: Amid Obi's Empathy, Tinubu's Millions & Atiku's Alms
Bola Ahmed Tinubu; Presidential Candidate of the All Progressives Congress in the 2023 Elections

Tinubu and Atiku’s show off

On the other hand, both Bola Ahmed Tinubu and Atiku Abubakar went about their campaign activities as if nothing happened. While about a hundred Nigerians lie freshly cold and dead from flood, millions forced out of their homes and billions of Naira lost to flooding by many people, these APC and PDP presidential candidates appear unconcerned and are unconnected with these suffering Nigerians.

While Tinubu donated 100 million Naira to one of the States, Atiku Abubakar is said to have donated 50 million Naira. These monies are vulnerable to looting and diversion. Instead of visiting these victims like Peter Obi has been doing, this duo believes that it is another opportunity to show off their ill-gotten wealth.

Lessons from the Flood Crisis

While Peter Obi has shown genuine compassion and a strong connection with the victims of the flood, Atiku and Tinubu have confirmed the mentality of an average Nigerian politician that the ordinary Nigerian is a “cheap commodity that can be bought off by the highest bidder.”

The choice to make their donations to the flood victims instead of visiting them to show true solidarity with them like Peter Obi is doing betrays a most disgusting disregard for the Nigerian masses, which is, unfortunately, the true mindset of most Nigerian political leaders.

FLOOD: Amid Obi's Empathy, Tinubu's Millions & Atiku's Alms
Atiku Abubakar; PDP’s Presidential Candidate in the 2023 elections

It is that promise, that hope, and that assurance that Peter Obi represents a departure from such character and such mindset that has seen most Nigerians of goodwill rooting for him.

Empathy is so invaluable that had Peter Obi just visited those flood victims without making any financial donations, his Intervention would have still stood out and towered high and above any trillions of Naira that Tinubu or Atiku might throw to these victims.

Leadership empathy motivates patriotism, just like it increases productivity among employees in the corporate world. According to Silke Muenster of the Project Management Institute (PMI); “Empathy, which was once considered a ‘nice to have’, now needs to be woven into corporate culture.

Read Also: President Buhari Laments Deaths And Destruction Of Farms In Kebbi State By Floods

Not all leaders are at ease sharing personal anecdotes or their emotions. But by shifting tone and focus and showing vulnerability, leaders who practice empathy will increase employee engagement, drive, inclusion, and innovation in the workforce, and foster company loyalty.”



Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Onwuasoanya FCC Jones and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”


#EndSARS Memorial: Rethinking the Discourse of Possibilities

Two years ago today, a mighty movement with #EndSARS was brought to its knees with the explosion of guns at the Lekki Tollgate. Over the next few days, the movement turned and festered into a different form of uprising.

While some analyze the #EndSARS Movement as one that ended on October 20th, the uprising that followed was still very much a part of the movement – a mix of those expressing their discontent through anger and those who took advantage of the breakdown of law and order to steal and destroy.

Martin Luther King said, “a riot is the language of the unheard.” After October 2020, there was relative calm. While there have been protests over the past few years including actions by students and unions as well as movements for self-determination, none has matched the scale of the #EndSARS protests.

Two years later, there is much to reflect upon with the advantage of hindsight. With the 2023 elections approaching, it is an important time to assess the possibilities that have been created and the impossibilities that have ensued from a movement cut short in its infancy, stunted before it could grow.

It is important to ask critical questions about the time between, the rivers between, what has flowed under, and what is not yet behind us. What were the strengths of the movement and what was lacking? What did the movement birth? Did it lay a firm foundation upon which a class of politically activated youth can stand?

Is there a heightened level of consciousness, and will it result in the much-needed changes that Nigeria needs to remove from its current quagmire? The Bible says, “…by their fruit you shall know them,” so let us examine the fruit.

#EndSARS and The Forgotten 

People died at the toll gate. We know some of their names but not all. The names have not been emblazoned on our hearts and minds, yet the struggle continues.

Today, dozens if not hundreds of young people that were picked up in the post #EndSARS police raids have remained locked up and languishing in prisons across the country, particularly in Lagos and Oyo states.

A handful of organizers have taken up their cause under the umbrella of #EndSARS United which includes the combined efforts of activists, and civil society organizations such as TakeItBack and Enough is Enough, but much more needs to happen to ensure they are all free.

Who are these casualties of the movement, the collateral damage that remains unaccounted for? They are children of the poor, the forgotten by-product of a movement that sheds its skin.

#EndSARS Memorial: Rethinking the Discourse of Possibilities

The “leaderless” that need to be led 

After a time of relative silence, the young people that shook #EndSARS are on the prowl. But this time around, they are not ‘leaderless’ rather, they are looking for a leader.

This is a great paradox of the “soro soke” generation. In other countries, activists choose to run for political office, but how many #EndSARS activists are running for office? How many, before this year, joined a political party and started to shake things up?

Aside from Omoyele Sowore, who ran for office before the #EndSARS Movement, how many of the activists at the front lines have decided to take up the task of political leadership?

How many have taken the matter of disposing of the old order and being themselves the change they seek in the world? Rather, the generation is looking for the lesser of evils; the old order, rebranded and renamed; the generation that claimed it was taking on the world has already handed over the baton to those who ran it before.

One of the greatest humiliations is that a country so young, one of the youngest populations in the world, that had a massive youth uprising, has the majority of candidates seeking elective office over the age of 50. Despite the claims of taking over, young people are instead seeking heroes, and true heroes are almost impossible to find.

The missing ideologues of #EndSARS

The #EndSARS Movement articulated what it did not want, but it never really had a clear ideological direction of where it wanted to go.

While the demands began to evolve beyond the #5for5 to demands for “good governance” and “ending insecurity”, the question of what kind of politics would achieve this, capitalism or socialism; social welfare or neoliberalism; was only discussed on the margins of the movement.

Due to the lack of ideological deepening, the blind spots have become gaping black holes. The proverbial if you don’t know what you are looking for, anything can be the answer, applies to the current predicament that we face.

We are looking to upturn something, counter something, but replace it with what is still the question. There is a sense of half in and half out, a restlessness for the interstitial spaces, for the place in between radicalism and maintaining the status quo, in between overturning the gerontocracy, or standing in awe of aged-out politicians.

The Aluta that did not fight 

Since the #EndSARS Movement, there have been two great strike actions that have shut universities for more months than they have been open this year. The younger generation who claimed enough is enough have not been at the forefront of this and other struggles.

#EndSARS Memorial: Rethinking the Discourse of Possibilities
Dr. Nanre Nafziger

There have been no nationwide mass actions that held the toes of the federal government to fire to force open the schools. The deep division between the faculty and student movement prolonged the strike as solidarity and unity were not demonstrated.

Yet education is the terrain where one would naturally envision the spirit of #EndSARS. The demands to end discrimination and violence against youth should not have ended with the SARS unit alone but rather extended to everyday violence.

These forms of violence include, but are not limited to deprivation of young people’s humanity by denying them the right to education, the right to dignified labor, and the right to social services that embrace and promote their well-being.

The unity that is not united 

The #EndSARS Movement claimed to have opposed all forms of stratification across religious, ethnic, and economic lines, but the blurring of ethnicism with the idolization of nationhood has not produced a constructive consensus. Nigeria is a divided country.

No wishing wand can put a spell to disappear the deep divisions and crevices, the desires for nationhood, and the demands for self-determination. Some followers of the different parties may claim to be building a united front.

However, we know that the electorate, particularly the ones that DO NOT shout the loudest on Twitter or Tik Tok, still hold on to deep beliefs about religion and ethnicity that have not been shifted and will not budge without deep canvassing and re-orientation; without significantly changing the way we do politics.

In summary, the task to transform the #EndSARS Movement into a true movement for social change and liberation is yet to be fulfilled. The liberation of a society cannot be achieved through street actions alone.

While protests pave the way for important moments and create openings for revolutionary changes, the hard task of changing the status quo comes from the day-to-day organizing efforts of organizers and advocates who do not relent when the cameras are off and the limelight has shifted away from problems.

Finally, the #EndSARS generation must realize that there are no saviors. We must be the change that we seek. We are the only ones that will save ourselves. There is no alternative to movement building, there are no shortcuts to emancipation.

We cannot go to sleep for two years and wake up and reclaim the space that was once there. The space no longer exists. It disappeared when no one claimed it, and now, others are coming to pry open the space and insert themselves in.

Read Also: #ENDSARS PROTESTS ANNIVERSARY-: HURIWA Wants National Assembly To Set Up Protests Protection Board:

If we want to honor the lives of our heroes killed in October 2020, we will not be afraid to take up the task of new revolutionary liberatory politics ourselves. It is only through this that we can truly say their deaths would not have been in vain.

Written by Dr. Nanre Nafziger. She led the #BringBackOurGirls family in Osogbo and is now an Assistant Professor of African/Black Education at McGill University, Canada where she studies Education and Social Movements

Source: ThisDay


Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Dr. Nanre Nafziger and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”

Miracle in Osun State LGAs

Miracle in Osun State LGAsLess than one month to his exit from office, the governor of Osun State; Prince Gboyega Isiaka has just conducted a local government election in which his party, the APC won the entire seats in the state.

The APC, which couldn’t win the governorship election has just won the entire 30 local government areas of the state, including its remaining 33 LCDAs and the entire 393 wards of Osun State. Isn’t this a miracle?

Recall that a few months ago, the governor couldn’t win up to twelve local government areas in the same state, which led to his defeat at the governorship election by the “Dancing Senator” Ademola Adeleke.

Miracle in Osun State LGAs

Now, to my questions. Why would a governor that had lost a return ticket and had less than a month in the office decide to conduct a local government election which he had refused to organize long before now?

Secondly, how come only the ruling party wins all the seats in a local government election? And lastly, what becomes of these (s)elected chairmen if the PDP Dancing Senator takes over in a few weeks?

Honestly, I guess it’s high time the local government system of administration was completely scrapped, it has lost its usefulness. The LGAs should be made administrative outposts to the state governments and not an independent third tier of government.

Read Also: Chris Ngige as the “Buccaneer”

Our practice of federalism has made a mess of the wonderful ideas a functional local government administration would have achieved. It’s time to cancel it.


CREDIT: Facebook.com / Uzogara Tobechukwu


Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Uzogara Tobechukwu and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”



2022 Teachers’ Day: Individuals of Values

As Nigeria joins other countries to mark the 28th anniversary of World Teachers’ Day with the theme ‘The Transformation of Education Begins with Teachers’, Olusegun Fashakin examines teachers’ preparedness to lead the transformation.

The parlance that describes individuals of greater values and contributions to the world, tagged to be GOAT (Greatest Of All Times), may not be exempting persons from the teaching profession.

Those who have sacrificed for the training of others to become worthwhile in life and have also made molding others their ways of livelihood, then it should be pleasant to be described as great.

A pure heart of selflessness, surrendered to the will of the classroom so that the world can learn the hidden treasures in knowledge. A class of the noble with humility to attain an exemplary lifestyle to model others with efficient engagements for other professions to emulate.

This year’s theme, “The transformation of education begins with teachers,” celebrates models in the sector of education. The quest to claim the territories that have been eroded by bias, racism, and nepotism has been the core area of discussion in all spaces of deliberations.

It is almost elusive in nations that place education at the lowest rank of priorities to pursue development. The best of a nation is embedded in the quality of teachers trained to offer services and capacity building in learners. Regardless of the level of learning, there is always a teacher who is versed in bringing aspirations to reality.

The impact of teachers is mostly undermined in third-world countries for reasons best known to them. They suffer humiliation due to a low-class style of living among other fields of expertise.

This purpose-driven profession takes so much livelihood out of them to benefit others. The narratives may have a pleasant scene for discussions if the stakeholders are courageous to seek relevance among other fields of study.

It is commonly assumed that teachers are paupers when the discussion comes up in developing or below developing nations. This sense of derogatory excuses has taken teachers to the back seat of innovations. It is no longer so with technology and awareness.

Exchange programs for teachers among others, with so much more from developed countries, have brought teaching to the forefront of management. Some developed countries, as is their habit, have trained so many moulders to mould others.

2022 Teachers' Day: Individuals of Values

The exchange programs have exposed so many in this field to cross-cultural disciplines and brought development into the classrooms with a specific pedagogy.

It is no longer business as usual for willing individuals who could participate in some of this self-paced training, always available both online and offline. The competition for training that has been paid for on behalf of the willing instructors has been interactive.

Local and international conferences have contributed immensely to closing the gaps of ignorance and destitution in teaching. These intellectual gatherings avail modern facilitators of the opportunities that abound in the teaching-learning profession.

Training the trainers is not disproportionate when knowledge is fast-moving in this century. The collective intentions of both the administrators and other stakeholders will bring the desired goals of making teaching enviable.

Not just to be competitive but to restore the lost glory of the past where tutors are placed in high esteem. They receive accolades on how much knowledge has been acquired with regard to theiaboutice.

The landmark of promoting quality education is created by the investors, with less anticipation of personal gains but high expectations of building capacities for the immediate generations and those to come.

The obvious is most pronounced with an almost obsolete curriculum to meet the 21st-century demands—where technology has positively invaded the system of growth and expansion.

The level of engagement among the immigrants and natives of technology is most prevalent with knowledge in education. Not just with lip service in establishments but with a serious commitment to infrastructures and resources.

The atmosphere of learning is most predictive of available resources. The learners are less burdened in a classroom with facilities to aid learning. If the teacher is compliant with the qualifications to teach, the learners should have enough reasons to attend classes without hindrances from transition.

Barriers to learning are removed by stakeholders with the intention to promote qualitative knowledge acquisition. Unions, associations and confluences affiliated with teaching professions take cognisance of the rigorous task embedded in relating with learners. Parents are part of these stakeholders and wouldn’t compromise the standards of this training.

Read Also: The Swindle Called Independence

Policies from the government make or mar the system as politics play another major role with active partnership with some strong key holders in education. Legislation from the government dictates the pace and direction of the national portfolios in education.

Exchange of ministers without in-depth knowledge of how the ministry runs will bring setbacks to growth and progress. The system should be automated with or without political office holders—commissioners, ministers and other special assistants.

The worst that can happen to education is to allow politics to interfere in the affairs of administration and project management.

The return of incessant strikes by the universities is a pointer to how much attention should be given to teachers in the universities, polytechnics, colleges of education and monotechnics.

They handle the arrays of learners from various secondary schools across the nation with the aim of rebranding them for future demands. Salaries are incentives for better job delivery and motivation for further enthusiasm towards service.

The shanties found in some of these schools are unnecessary if the priorities are set straight for the program of our country. Subletting duties to private-owned institutions wouldn’t promote the quality of public schools: as most politicians have invested hugely in education as a private business.


Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Olusegun Fashakin and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”


The Swindle Called Independence

I took the title “the swindle called independence” straight out of a 1975 article by Chinua Achebe. Arguably Africa’s finest storyteller of the modern era, Achebe knew how to tell stories and make succinct points.

It is almost impossible not to agree with him. And even when you don’t, your eyes, ears, and minds leave with the fulfillment that can only come from an encounter with genius.

Yes, Achebe left us nearly a decade ago, but not without a ton of axioms, each destined to live forever in our shared consciousness! It is not for nothing that we have crowned the father of modern African literature.

Through his first novel, Things Fall Apart, “the archetypal African novel,” as Anthony Kwame Appiah calls it, Achebe achieved canonization, to use the words of Dan Izevbaye.

I can continue singing the praises of Achebe and maybe at some point deteriorate to ranting against the Nobel Foundation and Committee for denying Achebe a laurel. But then, we must go back to the crucial issue at hand—an appraisal of Africa’s independence, beginning from what Achebe thought about the historical event or process.

Independence as a Collusive Swindle

According to Achebe, independence was a great collusive swindle that did not take long to reveal its true face to us. And when it did, “we were dismayed; but only momentarily for even in our defeat we had gained something of inestimable value—a baptism of fire.”

As a storyteller, primarily, Achebe’s critical opinions are often also embodied in the characters and plots of his novels. His five novels dance around the theme of colonialism. At least two are set in precolonial and colonial Africa, surveying the exciting and eventful life of native people just as they were beginning to be bothered by intruders and plunderers.

The rest of the novels are on post-independence disillusionment—a recurring theme among writers of his golden generation. By the time he was writing A Man of the People, Achebe had already seen through the swindle that independence is. It did not bring half the things it had promised. It did not enlarge our freedom.

Achebe is not the only African writer to have spewed cynicism on the independence rhetoric. For Ngugi Wa Thiong’o, Africa’s independence was a farce, independence with a question mark.

“To the majority of African people in the new states, independence did not bring about fundamental changes. It was independence with the ruler holding a begging bowl and the ruled holding a shrinking belly.” While Ngugi hardly ever agrees with Achebe, he does, at least on this one point.

The Swindle Called Independence
The Writer; William Ikhianosimhe Orbih with eyes on the Statue of Liberty

The Myth Surrendering Power Willingly by European Powers

However, it is not enough to describe independence as a hoax and look for corroboration in authoritative literary voices. It might be helpful also to analyze the reason the scam was successful.

This might be the first step to rescuing the deplorable situation. However, before going any further, we must smash the myth that sees European powers voluntarily relinquishing their powers. “Nothing could have been farther from the truth,” says Dane Kennedy.

According to him, “For imperial states that were unable to keep colonial people under their control, it was preferable to portray their loss of power as an act of altruism, the realization of their long-standing claims that they were preparing their colonial charges for the responsibilities of self-government.”

Historical events, the second world war chiefly, significantly weakened European powers while emboldening African palms and hearts. According to the vision of Azaro in Ben Okri’s Infinite Riches, African World War II heroes return from the battlefield with the message that the white man’s power was both real and an illusion, “a reality that hadn’t been faced and an illusion that had been accepted.”

These heroes inspired their compatriots to face their colonial nemesis. Soon, the colonialist had no choice but to grant independence to African peoples and lands, but not without final desperate attempts to swindle us.

This swindle was, however, not just what happened on the eve of independence. It was not just the colonialists’ last desperate attempt to rewrite history and destroy incriminating documents, such as those on dividing up countries and redrawing boundaries, as we find once again in the vision of Azaro, the spirit child.

It was also not just Europe’s last-minute strategizing to perpetuate its hold on to power while giving the impression of having bequeathed it. The swindle is an elaborate process that took numerous forms and dimensions and spread throughout the length of time Europe planted its flags on the African continent.

Instruments of this Swindle

While exhausting them will be too ambitious an endeavor, we can single out two for close appraisal.  Firstly, the creation of nation-states. This took place at the beginning of official colonization and was consolidated on the eve of independence.

Basil Davidson rightly explains in The Black Man’s Burden that “Colonial partition had inserted the continent into a framework of purely artificial or often positively harmful frontiers.”

According to him, nationalism, “Europe’s last gift to Africa,” has also proven to be more a burden than a blessing. “Its brutalities outmatches its mercies. Its losses efface its gains several times over.”

Forcing diverse people who share nothing in common except humanity has almost always led to war and ongoing tension. Nigeria is a case study. With over 250 languages, the “geographical expression,” as Obafemi Awolowo preferred to call Nigeria, comprises peoples and kingdoms with diverse histories, languages, and cultures.

Forced together by Lord Lugard’s glue and expected to live in peace and harmony, this has hardly been the case. The 1967-1970 civil war, which saw over a million people perish, is one of the many ethnic clashes Nigeria has witnessed since independence.

Perhaps Nigeria is more appropriately a state-nations than a nation-state since, following Dane Kennedy’s criterion, it has often struggled unsuccessfully to incorporate different ethnic groups.

The Swindle Called Independence

Another instrument of this swindle was colonial education. According to Appiah, colonial education transmitted the imperialist vision of universalism, which was nothing but a disguised particularism.

Simultaneously transmitted with this disguised vision were lies and myths told about Africa’s people, land, culture, and history. The consequence is that colonial education led to the colonization of the African mind, history, and hope.

The African mind was programmed or tampered with. As a result, the twin categories of independence and self-actualization have either been eradicated or remolded to suit Europe’s agenda.

Chinweizu famously decried our “cargo mentality,” that is, our wishful expectation for manna from oversea and our perpetual inferior posture, typical of beggars and of those whose minds have been manipulated.

We look overseas for financial aid and economic development, political salvation, and even social affirmation. Our leaders cannot stop begging and borrowing from the West. Our ideas of progress, development, and culture are shaped by Western ideals.

We watch more foreign media than local content. Our skins are desperately becoming whiter, for being white is what it means to be beautiful and desirable. We gained independence only to have become more dependent than before.

My suggested solution is simple and barely requires a paragraph. First, we must go back to the days before independence, that is, the colonial era. We desperately need to recover what was stolen from us, repair what the intruders messed with, reclaim our narrations, and write our prehistories.

Then we must journey to the eve of independence. We will do well to tone down our naïve and premature celebration. Instead, we will spend the day in somberness as we carefully renegotiate our nationhood.

We do not have to keep accepting what Wole Soyinka has rightly called the fictitious concept of our nationhood. It is time we stay together only because we have truly and freely decided to stay together and not because the United Kingdom says we must.

Read Also: Baba Fela And The Hyping Africa Desperately Needs

Finally, we must stop inviting our colonialists to our independence parties. Yes, they are welcome to our every other event, but not to our Independence Day event. Do we celebrate thieves for returning stolen goods?

CREDIT: Facebook / William Ikhianosimhe Orbih


Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of William Ikhianosimhe Orbih and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”



2023: Nigeria Ready for Female President

Ahead of the 2023 general elections I make bold to say that Nigeria is indeed ready for a female President; a Phenomenal Woman, a quintessential diva. A Woman of Substance, with a heart of gold, who is no other than Evangelist Dr. Ebiti Ndok-Jegede, originally from Cross River State, but born and raised in Ibadan, Oyo State.

Evangelist Dr. Ebiti is Queen Esther and Judge Deborah of our time. Coming with a 5 Point Agenda for Nigeria, which includes; restoring, Reviving, Reconstructing, Restructuring, and Revolutionizing Nigeria mentally.

She attended the prestigious St Anne’s School renowned for Producing the first females in all the major professions including in the nearest future Nigeria’s first female President, Evangelist Dr. Ebiti Ndok-Jegede.

With Evangelist Dr. Ebiti, Nigeria and Nigerians are about to witness what “eyes have not seen nor ears heard, nor have entered into the heart of man. The things which God has prepared for those who love him” 1 Corinthians 2:9.

This woman of purpose arrived in Nigeria in 2006, after 30 years of sojourn in the United Kingdom, where she acquired various Certificates and degrees in diverse fields preparing her for this assignment God gave her to join forces with like minds as Nigeria’s first female President to Restore our nation.

Evangelist Dr. Ebiti Ndok-Jegede

Upon arrival, having seen the way things were going, she commenced the floating of a political party, the UNPD. A party she would later Chair. The process was taking a long time, she needed to test the political waters and ran as a Vice Presidential Candidate under New Nigeria People’s Party, (NNPP) in 2007.

Due to her doggedness, she was selected by the UN – Women as one of the 40 women working to strategize and sensitize more women’s participation in politics. This has remained her strength in for advocating women’s enlightenment & empowerment in politics. Evangelist Dr. Ebiti is the President & Founder of Women Solidarity Worldwide.

The workaholic Evangelist Dr. Ebiti pursued her pending files at INEC which paid off with the issue of the Certificate UNPD in 2009. She became the first female political party Chairman in Nigeria. And She will soon emerge as Nigeria’s first female President.

In 2011 she ran as her party’s flag bearer UNPD. Which offered the opportunity to appear at the Presidential Debate, where she polled 21,203 votes. A very impressive outing for a woman.

In conclusion, with this impressive performance with just a debate, can you imagine what this renowned woman of purpose can achieve with her agenda for Nigeria and its people by going around the country in a proper campaign? She will midwife Nigeria back on Track. #Watch this SPACE.

Read Also: 2023 Elections: LP, NOWF Urge Women to Make a Difference

By Joy Omagha Idam



Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Joy Omagha Idam and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”


Obi and Ihedioha: Same Products of The People’s Frustrations

Obi and Ihedioha share the people’s affinity to the same degree. The reason why we love and support Chief Emeka Ihedioha is the same reason we love and support Mr. Peter Obi. They are presumably products of the people’s frustrations over the government’s protracted neglect in various forms.

Some pundits are arguing that Governor Nyesom Wike of Rivers State understood that PDP will lose out in the presidential election, he quickly cashed in and wanted it to look like he is the one that caused the defeat of PDP, as a way of registering his disappointment. Whether it is true or false, there is a take-home lesson there which hovers on smartness.

Peter Obi is expected to win the presidential election in February 2023, but if he doesn’t win, it will mean so much hardship for Chief Emeka Ihedioha who will be accused wrongly for the happenstance. This assumption is deduced from media hype.

Going forward, if Labour Party positions a sellable candidate in Imo, it will require an Anglican novena service to deliver PDP. REASON: Forces of anger, frustration, hate, and accusation will merge and serve His excellency an unpleasant March.

The same ignominy with which we approach Gov. Hope Uzodimma for supporting Buhari a Fulani man will be extended to Chief Ihedioha for supporting another Fulani man.

Obi and Ihedioha: Same Products of The People’s Frustrations
Peter Obi; Labour Party’s Presidential Candidate in the 2023 Elections

Now the question is, is the Igbo nation, which bought in the Fulanization propaganda in 2015 and 2019 shouting wolf? Sadly, the PDP in the east manufactured some campaign acrimonies against the Hausa-Fulani oligarchy, describing the APC as a party of the Fulani people.

Yours sincerely was among those who shouted NO in thunder, observing that we are breeding the rise of ethnic militia. We embraced the PDP for at least standing in opposition to the Fulani gang. We were made blind by tribe and religion more than glaucoma and cataract.

Because of our selective amnesia and collective dementia, we have now been encouraged to support another Fulani man and isolate our Igbo brother. This is the point we will be needing some Alzheimer’s drugs for these early symptoms of dementia.

Politics in Nigeria does not only require crookedness and criminality, it also demands smartness and diplomacy. Knowing when and what to talk about. That was how Rochas Okorocha survived Imo even while feeding fat on our patrimony. At least he said what we wanted to hear, promising us a wonderland. That’s politics too.

In politics, you will hardly move against the current and survive without being battered. In the Holy Book, when Caiaphas the High Priest and His Excellency, Governor PONTIUS Pilate observed the indignation of the surging crowd, they let out Jesus to the crowd without further delay.

Obi and Ihedioha: Same Products of The People’s Frustrations
Rt. Hon. Emeka Ihedioha

Of course, Pilate did not want to lose his friendship with Caesar. No matter how wrong their approach was, the underlining message is that in politics, you cannot easily swim against the current without sustaining a fracture. It doesn’t matter if the angry mob were right or wrong, a smart person must find a window of escape when held in a web.

Let us put the records straight. We voted for Chief Ihedioha in 2019 because we were fed up with the debauchery headquartered in the Rochas family. We didn’t vote for Chief Ihedioha because of his good private life that is better than others.

Also, we are campaigning for Peter Obi not because his marriage to Madam Margaret is exemplary, no; we are voting for him because we have grown disgusted with the Nigerian system that allegedly edges out the average Igbo man from the mainstream.

As such, let no one translate his ambition as the total of the general ambition of the people. It is not about writing against or for Ihedioha or Obi, it is about setting the records straight to the best of our ability.

Read Also: A Week to Start of Political Campaigns; The Fireworks Begin

Everyone has the responsibility of applying diplomacy and caution as the campaigns begin. May the wish of the people prevail.

  • Dan Ugwu

Obokwu Ozara Mbutu

PDP, Mbutu Ward 1




Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Dan Ugwu and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”



Legislative Experience & Boki II State Constituency Dilemma

To emphasize legislative experience, the ranking rule practice states that the more a member stays in the chamber, the higher his or her ranking status, which is considered in the occupation of positions of responsibilities that include the leadership and headship of some committees.

The legislature plays important role in domesticating and monitoring the implementation of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and as well, ensuring that government is accountable to the public for national progress on them.

The legislature controls through legislation all economic, social, and political activities of the nation. It also scrutinizes the policies of the executive and provides the framework for the judiciary to operate.

These hallowed responsibilities require that principal officers possess ranking legislative experience, and capacity and are in constant communication and dialogue with the citizens they represent.

Talking about the legislative experience, the common dictionary meaning of the word ‘experience’ is the process, or an instance, of personally encountering, or undergoing something. It also means the knowledge gained from such a process.

Legislative Experience & Boki II State Constituency Dilemma

Therefore, when we talk about the legislative experience in consolidating democracy in Nigeria, we are talking about the knowledge we have gained in the discharge of legislative functions over the last 23 years of democratic practice in the country.

There is, no doubt, that, in the past 23 years of uninterrupted democratic and legislative practice, the legislative arm, both at the National and State level has learned some useful lessons that have continued to serve it in good stead.

As campaigns for the 2023 general election begin tomorrow (Wednesday) according to INEC’s timetable, it has become necessary for the experience and capacity of some legislative aspirants to be laid bare and for the question to be asked: “are they good enough for legislative oversight functions, especially at a time when the best brains with ranking experience are needed to nurse our nascent democracy”?

Cross Rivers state is of particular interest here. It is a state where Rt. Hon. Hillary Bisong hopes to continue a quality representation for the good people of Boki II State Constituency, which saw his election to the Cross River State House of Assembly in 2015 and 2019. Going by his progressive ideologies, his political constituents are upbeat about re-electing him in 2023.

Hilary Ekpang Bisong; a graduate of Geology from the famous University of Calabar and a former Personal Assistant to former Gov. Liyel Imoke is undoubtedly one of the most talented, and most outspoken lawmakers the Cross River State House of Assembly has ever produced.

Legislative Experience & Boki II State Constituency Dilemma
Rt. Hon. Hilary E. Bisong during one of his numerous empowerment events

As a focused young man who was prepared for the job, he became the first house of assembly member to produce an action plan for constituency engagement called the Citizens Legislative Agency Project (CLAP), which was designed to give the people direct access to engage their representatives about their welfare and development.

As a young legislator then, he was the first to break the history of passing 27 bills within four years in office, which is the primary responsibility of a legislator. furthermore, his love for Empowerment had cost the Honourable millions of Naira within six months in the office with the distribution of motorbikes, Radios, etc.

Additionally, paying many staff on his payroll, trained seventy youth on entrepreneurship, working in collaboration with the Boki chairman and Mr. John Owan to bring the first Micro Finance Bank in Boki with a donation of one million Naira to support small skill business owners amongst other achievements are testimony of his commitment to wealth creation.

Riding on the crest of the desire of his political constituents for more qualitative legislation/oversight functions in a way that promotes service delivery and a better standard of living for the people, Hon. Hilary Bisong massively got re-elected for a second term bid in the Cross River State Assembly in 2019.

Consolidating on the legislative experience gathered during his first term in the State House of Assembly, he has continued to implement his pledge of satisfying the desire of the people of the Boki II constituency and the state at large for quality legislation and representation.

Legislative Experience & Boki II State Constituency Dilemma
Rt. Hon. Hilary Bisong Donates Food and other items to his constituents during the Covid-19 Lockdown

Hon. Hilary Bisong has been visible on the floor of the Cross River State House of Assembly through his legislative engagements and oversight functions, perhaps due to his wealth of experiences as a ranking member of the chamber, successful entrepreneur, astute politician, and administrator of repute, with a proven record of success in administrative governance and business management.

A hardworking, innovative, and strong team player, Doro Fresh Air as he is popularly called, has within the period in review moved significant motions, sponsored inspiring bills, and supported several motions that are geared towards his basic areas of interest, which he is ready and willing to continue to implement, for the good people of his political constituency.

Beyond legislative and oversight functions, Hon. Hilary’s activities as a social reforms advocate and a bridge builder is inspiring. In line with his focus-driven representative commitment to his constituents and his desire for a better society, he has severally demonstrated his passion for youth/women empowerment and employment creation.

Perhaps, among others, it would be pertinent to mention that in June this year, the media reported that Hon. Bisong gave a cash donation as a Palliative to UNICAL Lecturers of Boki II State Constituency to help cushion the effect of the months’ none payment of salary to ASUU members in Nigeria, occasioned by the ASUU strike.

Also, although, the 2022 New Yam celebration of the Boki nation may have come and gone, but the worthy memories will leave for a long time. It would be recalled that for years, Boki 2 State Constituency was under siege by a militia group that held the constituency to Ransome.

Legislative Experience & Boki II State Constituency Dilemma
Rt. Hon. Hilary Bisong, using festivity to unite Boki II State Constituency

Given returning the lost glory of the constituency, Rt. Hon. Hilary Bisong sponsored the first ever large gathering of Boki sons and daughters to come together and participate in different events on the festival day, to promote unity, foster peace, and above all keep the festival alive.

The festival, the first of its kind, witnessed mass participation from all the wards of Boki II. There were several competitions; ranging from the best farmer, best-dressed masquerade, best dance masquerade, and best farmer from each ward amongst others.

Cash prizes were given to the respective winners to boost their participation and harvest ahead of the next edition. Incidentally, his desire for wealth creation, education, health, security, and urban renewal has earned him several recognitions in Nigeria and abroad.

However, for him, the reward for his excelling contributions to a better society is not just in the plagues that dote around the wall, but it is in seeing the less privileged cared for, seeing equity in wealth distribution. Supporting youths and women to build back their economy and social life are some of the projects that fire up his passion.

Given his achievements so far, there are no doubts that Rt. Hon. Hilary Bisong, who rode to the Cross River State House of Assembly twice on the crest of the desire of the people for a progressive ideology and agenda is better equipped to improve the dynamism and functionality of quality legislation and the true meaning of representation if elected in 2023.

Read Also: CROSS RIVER 2023: The Unfolding Political Equation

This is because experience counts in occupying principal positions in the chamber, which will in turn attract more dividends of democracy for the good people of Boki II State Constituency.

  • Written by Kennedy Onyegbado; a media, research, and communications strategist. (+2347064715591, gbadoka@yahoo.com)



A Week to Start of Political Campaigns; The Fireworks Begin

By this time next week, September 28, all political parties in Nigeria would be allowed to kick off their political campaigns and set in motion all measures aimed at convincing Nigerians to buy into their manifesto.

One thing that will become very clear to every political observer in Nigeria, that’s the great importance of Party Machinery! Without a strongly rooted political party, campaigns will be haphazardly organized due to poor mobilization and coordination.

Despite the country’s claim to universal adult suffrage, most registered voters do not vote on election days. This is where political parties come in to educate, motivate and mobilize both human and material resources for greater voter turnout on voting days.

The party with the highest capacity to mobilize will automatically carry the day on February 25, 2022. So far, the four biggest candidates in the presidential race have shown that they enjoy a strong media presence and have followers across the six geopolitical zones of the country.

A Week to Start of Political Campaigns; The Fireworks Begin

However, in terms of party resources and spread, only the PDP and the APC have proven beyond doubt to enjoy the highest national spread. If Labour Party and NNPP want to disrupt the status quo, they must ramp up capacity and ensure that their parties are fully built up to withstand the challenge.

Unfortunately, it’s too late to start building a political party now because campaigns will not give room for that. What this means is that all the candidates will be forced to make do with whatever they have as parties.

If this is the case, Peter Obi of the Labour Party and Musa Kwankwaso of the NNPP would find it very difficult to campaign with huge supporters turnout in all the 774 LGAs and more than 3000 wards in Nigeria on campaign days.

It’s surely going to be a very hard time for all the smaller parties due to a mixture of several factors. This is why many analysts are clamouring for a merger between NNPP and the Labour Party to emerge as a stronger political unit capable of punching the life out of the two big parties of APC and PDP. Without this, Kwankwaso and Obi will fare badly. Just watch out and see for yourself.

Read Also: 2023: Simi Pam, Others Seek Support on Peaceful Elections

In conclusion, permit me to wish the party with the highest mobilization, a success. I don’t want to know the name or the candidate, it’s time for Cold Political Calculations! Remove the sentiments and blame game, this is the time to start mobilizing at the grassroots for your chosen presidential candidate.


CREDIT: Facebook.com / Uzogara Tobechukwu


Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Uzogara Tobechukwu and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”


Clarifying the Problems Spinning Around Abortion

Abortion is a procedure to end or terminate a pregnancy that must be carried out by a licensed health care professional. In most parts of the world especially in Africa, abortion is considered illegal and punishable by jail term hence the rise of unsafe abortion procedures. Even the Church frowns at it and considers it murder. Hence the stigma attached to people that undergo abortions. It is often not talked about.

When Should Abortion Procedures Be Carried Out?

Contrary to belief, Abortions can be carried out for these reasons:

  1. If the fetus i.e baby in the womb is defective i.e if the baby will be born with severe abnormalities like hydrocephalus etc
  2. If the mother is a victim of rape or incest
  3. If the mother is not emotionally, mentally, and financially ready for a child

When To Carry Out an Abortion.

A safe and uncomplicated abortion can be carried out between 6 – 22 weeks of gestation. Any procedure after this time is not recommended except if the mother’s life is at risk or the fetus is not viable outside the mother’s body

Clarifying the Problems Spinning Around Abortion
Lady Efenyi

Methods Of Safe Abortion Procedures

1. Medication Abortion: This is done by ingesting pills prescribed by a doctor or nurse. It is most effective during the first trimester of pregnancy i.e first 3 months. The older the pregnancy the less effective the pills

2. Vacuum Aspiration: This type of surgical intervention involves gentle suction and is recommended in the first trimester.

3. Dilation and Evacuation: This involves inserting a speculum into the vagina then using dilators to open the cervix and removing the pregnancy tissue with forceps then finally using suction to remove any remaining tissues.

4. Labor Induction: This method is for pregnancy in the 2nd or 3rd trimester. It is rarely out and recommended if the pregnant mother’s life is in danger

Risks Associated with Unsafe Abortion

Due to the laws against abortion in various countries, the procedure is usually carried out by untrained personnel in unsanitary environments with unsterilized equipment which ultimately leads to various complications including;

  • Damage to the womb or cervix.
  • Excessive bleeding
  • Incomplete abortion i.e some part of the tissue is left in the womb
  • Infection of the uterus or fallopian tubes
  • Scarring of the inside of the uterus
  • Sepsis or septic shock
  • Uterine perforation

Read Also: Yeast Infection and Why It Is Recurring

Future health risks include a weakening of the cervix which increases the woman’s risk of future preterm [premature] deliveries.

In conclusion, to avoid undergoing abortion procedures please practice safe sex with the use of contraceptive pills and condoms and most importantly abstinence from sex.

  • Written by Lady Efenyi; a nursing student at the University of Calabar, Nigeria



Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of  Lady Efenyi, and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”

A Peep Into Peter Obi’s Presidency

The simple objective of this essay is to help Nigerians have a glimpse of what’s likely to happen under Peter Obi’s presidency. I’m not against him and do not wish to be dragged into the morals of supporting or not supporting him, it’s all politics. Politicians are like seasons that come and go in their time.

Imagine for a split second that we are in March 2023 and the presidential election has been held with Peter Obi and Yusuf Datti of the Labour Party as the eventual winners. Of course, this would be either great news to a lot of people or for many others, very bad news! By May 29, 2023, they would have been sworn in as President and Vice President.

As president of Nigeria under a party without state and LG structures, Peter Obi would suddenly be confronted with the hard realities of Nigerian politics. First, the Labour Party may not have the required majority to produce a Senate President or House of Reps Speaker.

Secondly, the party may not even be having a serving governor under its platform. This means that they will rely on the defection of members of other parties to gain a majority at the federal level. Unfortunately, given the strict laws governing party defection, many office holders who will be defecting to the Labour Party after winning with other parties may end up losing their seats.

A Peep Into Peter Obi's Presidency

Due to the absence of Labour Party leaders and promoters at different cadres prior to the election, Peter Obi will face the daunting task of appointing people from other parties or without political affiliation as ministers and special advisers.

Thus, with very few politicians, Obi may run a government of technocrats. Well, this may sound nice to a lot of people. Unfortunately, technocracy has never worked in Nigeria. In fact, bad as they may be, the politicians are still the marketing officers of an administration’s policies and programs to those at the grassroots.

This is partly due to our ethnic makeup as well as the high level of illiteracy in the country. This was President Jonathan’s greatest challenge between 2010 – 2013 when most of his policies were either rejected or misinterpreted by the North.

Technocrats may be fantastic policy formulators but bad at selling them to the end users. Hence, the sabotage! This is likely going to be Obi’s biggest challenge as a president – deliberate sabotage by a disgruntled elite. Many would work tirelessly to ensure he fails abysmally.

ALSO READ: Peter Obi’s Labour Party: An Analysis

Starting from the controversies of petroleum subsidy to creation of state police and privatization of NNPC, many entrenched interests would work to thwart his political objectives. And with the infighting in his party which is still forming while in power already, Peter Obi is going to be badly distracted.

In the end, we will all come to the conclusion that Nigeria’s problems are systemic in nature, not just tied to one individual or ethnic group. It will therefore require having more than just one sincere president to resolve these problems.


CREDIT: Facebook.com / Uzogara Tobechukwu


Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Uzogara Tobechukwu and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”


Ned Nwoko: A Federal Government Consultant?

I couldn’t help but laugh when I heard that Ned Nwoko was a Federal Government Consultant on the vexatious issue of Paris Refund.  By training and personal attributes, Ned Nwoko is not qualified to be a consultant on matters of public finance and accounting.

Apart from his famed libido for beautiful fair ladies and an extravagant show of wealth, Ned Nwoko has never been associated with developmental politics or ideas. And to worsen the matter, his flagrant assertion that three governors squandered over 100 million dollars on electioneering campaigns is reminiscent of Godswill Akpabio’s reckless allegations without single proof.

Why do public officials love bandy figures without accompanying evidence? Could Ned Nwoko have made the allegations to justify his fat pay as a fathom FG consultant?

From the controversies surrounding the disbursement and misappropriation of the Paris Refund, Nigerians can now see that corruption has truly become a lot worse under this administration.

Ned Nwoko: A Federal Government Consultant?

While Abubakar Malami accuses the governors of misappropriating the several billions of naira allotted to them, the governors, in turn, argue that the monies were not enough to get anything done in their states.

Consequently, a consultant comes in, makes wild allegations without proof and no one gets caught or goes to prison. In the end, the consultant goes home with his fat pay while the rest of the Nigerians continue to groan in abject poverty and misery.

The very fact that the Federal Ministry of Finance or Office of the Auditor General cannot investigate such routine misuse of public finance shows that the government has failed.

READ ALSO PARIS FUND: When Governors Chose Lawlessness

Secondly, bringing in consultants with no requisite academic cum career background makes the whole thing a child’s play. In the end, nothing happens and everyone involved goes to the bank smiling. If this is not institutional corruption, I wonder what else is.


CREDIT: Facebook.com / Uzogara Tobechukwu


Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Uzogara Tobechukwu and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”

Governor Wike and His Political Rigmarole

Governor Wike and His Political Rigmarole
Governor Wike

Governor Wike may be boisterous, haughty, and annoyingly loquacious but one thing we cannot deny of him is that he has done fantastically well in the area of road infrastructure and security. Notwithstanding the dwindling revenues accruing to all states of the federation, the Rivers State governor has not done badly.

However, one area Governor Wike seems to be overrating himself is in his calculation of what he can do in the coming 2023 presidential election. Wike appears to be overrating his self-importance in determining who becomes the next president of Nigeria. He thinks the over 4 million registered voters in Rivers are at his beck and call.

Having lost out in the high-wire politics of PDP, Governor Wike appears too unwilling to work for an Atiku’s presidency, especially as he was snubbed for the VP seat. He is therefore like a free agent looking for who or what party to pitch his tent with. This is unfortunately where his problem comes from.

Governor Wike and His Political Rigmarole

Since 1999 till date, Rivers State has remained unquestioningly loyal to the PDP. Incidentally, that’s about to change, irrespective of where Wike goes. As it stands, Governor Wike can only go as far as determining the next PDP governor of the state, he cannot go beyond that. He cannot and does not have what it takes to convince the people of Rivers to vote for a particular party or person for president in 2023.

It’s therefore a waste of time and effort by the APC or PDP to court Governor Wike for the presidency. The most he can do for Tinubu is to further hurt the chances of Atiku’s PDP but not to determine the overall outcome of the votes from his state. In fact, against his own will, Rivers State is likely going to post the highest number of presidential votes for Peter Obi’s Labour Party presidential bid.

In conclusion, whoever is courting the support of Governor Wike is only doing so for his money and media coverage, not necessarily the millions of voters he will guarantee. If anything, Wike is simply working to secure a place in Tinubu’s presidency if it materializes. This is the stark reality of Rivers State politics in the coming presidential election.


CREDIT: Facebook / Uzogara Tobechukwu


Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Uzogara Tobechukwu and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”

Who Represents Owerri West State Constituency In 2023?

By Ken Gbados.


Who Represents Owerri West State Constituency In 2023?
Imo State House of Assembly

Who Represents Owerri West State Constituency in 2023 does not necessarily need to be answered by the Governor, the bigwigs of various political parties jostling for the soul of Imo State’s democracy. It must be answered by everyone who yearns for a better representation and good governance.   

A few weeks to the commencement of Electioneering campaigns of Political Parties wishing to participate in the 2023 General Elections, the political atmosphere is stirring. Calculations and permutations are changing at a fast pace. Leading contenders and pretenders are on their feet aligning, re-aligning, and oiling their political machines in readiness for the election.

However, not until the general elections are conducted, does nobody know who makes it to the next Imo State Assembly. Most of the political parties have fielded names of their flag bearers for the Imo House of Assembly elections come 2023. While some are political gamblers waiting for political appointments, others want to make a change in the state if democratically elected without party politics or otherwise.

Amid these highly respected party flag bearers comes Mr. Rogers Nwoke; the candidate of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) for the Owerri West State Constituency, whom experts have described as a perfect example of a social reforms advocate and a bridge builder, who has broken free from imposed and self-imposed blockades that usually dragged behind a, most individual from achieving their dreams.

Who Represents Owerri West State Constituency In 2023?
Hon. Rogers Nwoke; 2023 Imo State House of Assembly Hopeful

Mr. Rogers Nwoke seems to be riding on the crest of the desire of the people of Owerri West Constituency of Imo State for qualitative legislation/oversight functions in a way that promotes service delivery and a better standard of living for the people. He is a successful entrepreneur, an astute politician, and an administrator of repute. A boardroom guru with a wealth of experience, he has a proven record of success in administrative governance and business management.

Hon. Nwoke has received several recognitions in Nigeria and abroad for his impact on society but the reward for his excelling contributions to a better society is not just in the plagues that dote around the wall, but it is in seeing the less privileged cared for, seeing equity on wealth distribution. Supporting youths to build back their economic and social life are some of the projects that fire up his passion.

Pragmatically, it is believed that Mr. Rogers’ candidacy, among other things, is meant to enhance inclusiveness in elections as he would bring a progressive ideology and agenda to legislative/oversight functions.

Thus, for political observers, the ambition of Mr. Rogers to contest for the Owerri West Constituency of Imo State in the 2023 General Elections is timely, with a strong belief that alongside other equally progressive minds, he will exhibit what true representation of the people should be.

In the words of Mahatma Gandhi, “you have to be the change you want to see”, and “Rogers has been adjudged fit by different stakeholders in Imo State and beyond to bring the desired dynamism to the Imo State House of Assembly.

Prominent among them is the foremost youth group; Imo Youth Assembly (IYA), Abuja, which described Rogers Nwoke as one who believes that there is a connection between the youths and national integration.

Who Represents Owerri West State Constituency In 2023?

“We want representatives who that the role of the youths on national development and sustainable peace cannot be overemphasized. The wheel of development of any country lies on the shoulder of how productive and creative the youthful populations are.

“This is because the youths in any society are the engine of growth and development as they provide the labor force for the production of goods and services to take effect. In addition, they are the critical masses of people, whose action and inaction can develop or destroy the hegemonies/fabrics of their society.

“Therefore, having observed Mr. Rogers Nwoke’s progressive engagements as a politician and philanthropist from Imo state and also one who has practically and consistently engaged the youths in terms of capacity development, empowerment and upgrade, we believe that he will provide the needed legislative oversight that will benefit the youths”, IYA posited in a statement.

Hence, it is another defining historical moment of political realism, realignments, and bridge-building for the good people of Owerri West State Constituency and Imo State at large. Today’s decisions have got far-reaching implications for our future, both as a constituency and as a State.


  • Ken Gbados is a Media and Research Strategist (for reactions, email: gbadoka@gmail.com


Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Ken Gbados and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”



Uduak Akpan: A Fall So Great

By Uzogara Tobechukwu.

Uduak Akpan: A Fall So Great
Uduak Akpan and Inibong Umoren

His fall from Grace to Grass is truly heartrending. From a fine boy to a prison boy and finally, to a condemned convict! A sad trajectory.

Once upon a time, Uduak Akpan was the son of a rich dad, attended a private university, drove posh cars, and lived in palatial duplexes. He was so handsome and rich that even ladies drooled at his sight. How he allowed the demons to get hold of him is a lesson in addiction and morality.

In a twinkle of an eye, this spoilt son of a rich dad lost it all. And in losing it all, he dragged his father and sister into his peculiar mess of a murder case. Thankfully, his “innocent” dad and sister have been discharged and acquitted while the chief culprit has been made to dance to the music of his crime.

For sentencing Uduak Akpan to death by hanging, the law has once again proven that it’s no respecter of persons or statuses, even though it happens sparingly in Nigeria. Iniubong Umoren may be dead and gone, her soul can finally rest in peace, knowing full well that justice has been served at long last!



Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Uzogara Tobechukwu and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”



ASUU Gifts Students One More Month of Strike


After almost six months at home, ASUU has added 4 more weeks to its ongoing industrial action.  The problem is not the fact that Nigerian students have been at home for 6 months but rather the negotiations continue to move back and forth with no clear resolution in sight.

It’s either ASUU is deliberately being wicked with its demands or the Federal Government is adamantly intent on rendering the university system in Nigeria prostrate. Whichever way, the biggest losers in this ego-tripping war are the hapless and helpless Nigerian students whose higher education is further imperiled.

In the meantime, I hope ASUU understands that the no-work-no-pay rule still stands. It would be unjust to make the students suffer at home for 6 months while they (lecturers) smile at the bank with full payments and allowances.

For most of the students, their house rents have been running since the beginning of the year, their precious time wasted, exposing them to life-threatening hazards, and for some of them, the opportunity to participate in the NYSC scheme lost forever.

If a price must be paid for the betterment of education in Nigeria, everyone must be involved and affected equally, not the students alone.


Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Uzogara Tobechukwu and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”


Justice to Murderers

By Uzogara Tobechukwu.


Justice to Murderers
Ayman Al-Zawahiri

The United States of America has served justice to one of the world’s most dangerous men, Ayman Al-Zawahiri. The 71-year-old Egyptian was killed in Afghanistan yesterday by a US drone attack.

Until his death, Al-Zawahiri was the leader of Al-Qaeda and a successor to the late Osama bin Laden. Together with his former boss; Osama bin Laden, they masterminded several attacks resulting in the loss of countless lives and property.

They fought the Russians in Afghanistan, bloodied the Americans in the Middle East, and eventually took destruction to the World Trade Center in the infamous 9/11 terrorist attack in the US.

With his demise, a bloody chapter on international terrorism draws to a conclusion while a new one certainly emerges from its shadows. Like time, man’s tendency to foment violence is infinite; little wonder why his elimination does not excite most people.

One famous Nigerian minister under the present administration was reportedly beholden to Al-Zawahiri at a time in his life, although he now claims to have renounced him and his teachings. How this minister receives the news of Al-Zawahiri’s death will be seen in the coming days. Until then, peace to all men on earth.



Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Uzogara Tobechukwu and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”


Abuja in Panic

By Uzogara Tobechukwu.


In less than three weeks, President Buhari’s security teams have come under attack twice; first in his hometown of Daura, Katsina State, and secondly in Abuja. On both occasions, the attackers struck through ambushes leading to the deaths of security agents. This is apart from the daring attack by Boko Haram fighters on Kuje Medium Prison in Abuja which led to the escape of hardened criminals and terrorists.

Created in 1962, Nigeria’s Presidential Guard Brigade is the country’s elite military unit. Going by the nation’s security architecture, the Presidential Guards Brigade is Nigeria’s most powerful and fortified military unit specifically designed to protect the president and the nation’s capital.

With its three battalions stationed in different strategic parts of the nation’s capital, the Guards Brigade is constituted of army officers who take command from a Brigadier General directly under the President.

Even though they’re army officers, they don’t take their orders from the Nigerian Army and are not commandeered by the Chief of Army Staff. It’s purely an elitist force structured to counter any counterforce directed at the nation’s seat of power and its number one citizen.

Judging by the huge resources and powers vested in this elite military force, it’s both insulting and heartbreaking to see it coming under such attacks as was experienced in Bwari, Abuja a few days ago where three of its officers lost their lives.

Abuja in Panic

The truth is that, no matter how we choose to see it, any force or criminal group within Nigeria strong enough to challenge our Presidential Guards Brigade should ordinarily scare us all. If these bandits are not cut to size within the shortest time possible, we may soon find ourselves running out of Nigeria as refugees to neighboring African countries. This is not a time to gloat and act as if it’s a “northern problem,” everyone is affected.

As we speak, the whole of Abuja is in a state of panic. Schools and markets are gradually shutting down, offices are working at reduced hours and there’s palpable fear in the hearts of many. Most communities within the outskirts of Abuja are being deserted in droves which may have further led to the monumental increase in airfares and transport costs out of the sprawling city.

Currently, flight tickets from Abuja to Lagos are now almost N120,000, an astronomical increase from the usual 50K. Even Abuja Law School had to reschedule its conference to a different venue due to fear of insecurity.

Unfortunately, the lackadaisical manner with which President Buhari has handled this glaring threat is not encouraging at all. The president seems to be too much at ease with himself while the country is grappling with existential security threats capable of throwing the country into unmanageable confusion.

This is the time Nigeria’s Armed Forces must rise to the occasion and protect our territorial integrity to ensure our collective security. Enough of the blame game.



Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Uzogara Tobechukwu and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”


Tinubu’s Bishops

By Uzogara Tobechukwu.

Judging by the way all manner of bishops and ‘bigshoppers’ flooded the venue of Tinubu’s unveiling of his Muslim-Muslim ticket with Shettima, you would think some kind of communion was being shared. In fact, some ‘bishops’ even came to the event in their choir regalia. It was truly a sight to behold.

Like I said in one of my earlier posts, Tinubu has set himself on the path of endless controversy and drama with his desperate choice. Whatever he says or does henceforth will be viewed from a religious lens.

No one is interested in knowing whether his wife is a Christian pastor or not, what matters is that millions of Nigerian Christians who feel left out in his future administration would make sure his name is attached to everything bad in the country. It’s therefore laughable having unknown rented ‘bishops’ at an event in which they will be treated as mere clowns decked in funny attires.

The Christian Association of Nigeria (CAN) has reportedly disowned these funny ‘bishops’ as hungry clowns searching for their daily bread. You should understand that bread is now very expensive in Nigeria, so the hustle is real and desperate.

How well he weathers the storm of religious controversies likely to trail his choice of a Muslim-Muslim ticket remains to be seen in the months and years to come. One thing is certain, the drama is just starting.



Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Uzogara Tobechukwu and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”

Taking Human Rights Seriously

By William Ikhinosimhe Orbih.


Fellow Nigerians, there is an urgent issue we need to address as a nation. We need to address this issue, lest we perish for failure to. Amid so much violence and incessant killings, poverty and unnecessary suffering of the overwhelming majority, oppression, and marginalization of minorities, it is high time we talked about the state of human rights in Nigeria before we degenerate fully into a lawless society.

The time has come for us to come together and discuss the way forward as a nation, as far as respect for human rights is concerned. The time has come for us to tackle head-on the prevalence of human rights abuses in Nigeria. The time has come for us to stand up for the human rights of every human being in Nigeria, irrespective of tribe, tongue, sex, age, religion, socio-cultural and economic background.

We cannot go on like this. We cannot continue to pretend that everything is okay. We cannot continue to have government officials who steal our common patrimony and go scot-free, with the audacity to flaunt their ill-gotten wealth.

We cannot continue to turn a blind eye to the awful reality of the prevalence of discrimination based on gender, sexual orientation, religion, and ethnicity in Nigeria. We cannot continue to ignore the oppression and marginalization of women in Nigeria.

As citizens, we have fundamental human rights guaranteed by the constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. The question, however, is, how aware is the average Nigerian of these human rights? How committed are we as a nation to ensuring that the basic rights of every Nigerian are respected? And most importantly, what changes do we need to make to guarantee the protection of the rights of the poorest and most vulnerable members of society?

Usually, there are two starting points for a discussion on human rights. The first is ascertaining which among the many human rights should be considered fundamental. While the right to life is unanimously considered the most basic right, often, the rights to liberty and economic sustenance are also considered fundamental.

The rights to life, liberty, and sustenance, taking as a collective, means that no one has to live without life’s basic amenities. It means that citizens do not have to live with perpetual fear for the safety of their lives and properties. It means that people can travel without the fear of being kidnapped.

It means that workers work without the fear of suddenly losing their employment and being immediately reduced to penury. Sadly, none of the above is the case in Nigeria today. The rights of most Nigerians to life, liberty, and sustenance are simply constantly ignored by the government at all levels.

In its yearly “Freedom in the World” survey, Freedom House ranks Nigeria as being only “partially free.” On a scale of 1 (most free) to 7 (least free), Nigeria scored 4 in Political Rights and 5 in Civil Liberties, for the 2020 report. Most people will argue that Nigeria is far worse than this statistic indicates.

The second starting point to the discussion on human rights pertains to finding the ground for human rights. Are human rights self-evident and grounded in human beings’ inherent nature, or are they conferred by an external authority such as the state? What makes us so certain of the universality and inviolability of human rights? By extension, can a human being ever cease to have rights?

For us Christians, we believe that human rights are grounded in the inherent human dignity of every human being. One fundamental doctrine in the Judeo-Christian tradition is that we are created in God’s image and likeness.

Genesis 1: 27 speaks of the creation of the human being in the imago dei. According to this scriptural passage, the human being is the crown of creation and has the responsibility of care over the rest of creation. This is the starting point of Christian anthropology and ethics. This is the reason why human life is inviolable and sacred. This is the reason abortion is an abomination.

Christian anthropology does not, however, stop at this doctrine of the imago dei but goes ahead to assert the incarnation and redemptive work of Christ. By his incarnation, life, death, and resurrection, Christ has revealed, restored human dignity, and most importantly, elevated human nature to eternal glory.

One of the four constitutions of the Second Vatican Council; Gadium et Spes, speaks of the sublime dignity of human persons, and thus, the universality and inviolability of human rights. According to the document, based on their sublime dignity, human beings “ought, therefore to have ready access to all that is necessary for living a genuinely human life:

for example, food, clothing, housing, the right freely to choose their state of life and set up a family, the right to education, work, to their good name, to respect, to proper knowledge, the right to act according to the dictates of conscience and to safeguard their privacy, and rightful freedom, including freedom of religion” (paragraph 26).

In this very elaborate paragraph, Vatican II seemingly lists many of the different human rights. A more elaborate listing of human rights is perhaps that which is contained in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), which Pope John Paul II famously praised as “one of the highest expressions of the human conscience of our time.”

The highly acclaimed UDHR document, which the UN General Assembly adopted on 10 December 1948, contains 30 articles in which the different basic rights and fundamental freedom of all human beings are enumerated and expounded.

The document affirmed the universal right to life and to liberty and the fundamental equality of every human being. As the first article puts it, “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.” It is based on this fundamental equality that it prohibits the demonic institution of slavery in whatever form or manifestation. It also asserted the freedom of speech, movement, and association, whether political or religious. It also affirmed the right to economic sustenance, basic healthcare, education, and the means of self-actualization in general.

One Lacuna in this otherwise breakthrough document is its inability to specify the ground for their asserting that all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. Is the fundamental equality of human beings evident in nature?  Are human beings not gifted with different levels of skills and ability? Are there not physically and mentally challenged people in our world?

To this complex issue, Christian philosophy answers that it is the possession of human nature that makes all human beings fundamentally equal. As Jacque Maritain, Catholic philosopher and one of the experts who drafted the UDHR, explains, the belief in the fundamental equality of human beings is based on natural law.

Natural law is thus the philosophical basis of human rights, and it is based on the understanding that all human beings possess human nature. As Aquinas asserts, “all human beings are equally made in the image and likeness of God.”

In other words, Aquinas locates the imago Dei in human nature itself. This resounds the teaching of St. Augustine, who believed that human beings reflect the nature of God, precisely, the triune nature and that they do this by the threefold faculties of the soul: memoria, intellectus, amor.

In Nigeria today, it has become crucial to emphasize that the inherent dignity and fundamental equality of all human beings are the basis for human rights. Individuals do not have rights because they belong to the majority race, tribe, or religion.

They have rights because they belong to the universal human family. Religious and ethnic minorities have rights which must be respected. A Christian in majority Muslim society has rights that must be respected, so does a Muslim in a predominantly Christian society.

Similarly, individuals do not have rights because they possess physical strength, intellectual acumen, immense wealth and riches, or social status. Contrary to what Thrasymachus famously asserted, might is not right, whatever that “might” may consist of. Human beings have rights simply because they are human beings who have been created in the image and likeness of God.

Human rights are not conferred on citizens by a benevolent government or even by international agencies such as the UN. Rather, it is the duty of government and all agencies, local and international, to ensure that God-given and nature-endowed human rights are respected and protected everywhere. As Fela, the musician, masterfully puts it, “human rights na my property; so therefore, you can’t dash me my property.”

Finally, human dignity, which confers on humans fundamental rights, is never lost, not even when individuals commit heinous crimes. Cain retained his right to life, even after he murdered his brother Abel. Criminals have rights. Right now, it does not seem as if the Nigerian Prison system recognizes this.

*First Published in The Good Shepherd Newspaper

Pause Or Perish: A Desperate Appeal To Nigerians (2)

By William Ikhianosimhe Orbih.


Pause Or Perish: A Desperate Appeal To Nigerians (2)
Wlliam Ikhianosimhe Orbih

Pause or Perish! Fellow Nigerians, our country is in chaos. We are perishing. We need to pause to see that our dear country Nigeria is no longer working. This is certainly not saying that Nigeria is a failed state. Instead, it is asserting the fact that Nigeria is presently not working for most Nigerians.

It is no longer working for the ordinary Nigerian man or woman. It is not working for the young almajiri, armed with a begging bowl, while his mates across the globe are armed with pens and notebooks as they learn how to make the world a better place.

Nigeria is not working for the young graduate who cannot find employment or at least the means for a decent livelihood. Nigeria is not working for the sick Nigerian who lacks access to healthcare. We need to pause to see that while Nigeria might be working for a very few privileged Nigerians, this is not the case for the majority.

We need to pause and see that while there might have been a country in the past, right now, there is hardly something we can call a country. We need to pause to consider what it means to be the world’s poverty capital—that is, the country with the highest number of people living in abject poverty.

The world capital of the world used to be India—understandably so. India is the second-most populous country in the world. With over 1 billion people, 70 million people living in abject poverty is saddening and sickening, but not altogether surprising. By the way, 70 million people is just slightly over five percent of India’s population.

In 2017, however, Nigeria overtook India as the poverty capital of the world. 94.4 million is nearly half of Nigeria’s population. According to the 2017 statistics, this is the number of Nigerians who live in abject poverty. For these Nigerians and because of these Nigerians, we can assert that Nigeria is not working without mincing words.

Obafemi Awolowo once famously said that “Nigeria is not a nation; it is a mere geographical expression.” His argument is the fact that “there are no “Nigerians” in the same sense as there are “English” or “Welsh” or “French.” The word Nigeria is merely a distinctive appellation to distinguish those who live within the boundaries of Nigeria from those who do not.”

He was also talking about the lack of unity and social cohesion among the diverse groups of people, languages, tribes, and tongues that were forced together by Lugard’s 1914 amalgamation. He was talking about the fact that in place of patriotism or even commitment to the Nigerian project, what one often finds is tribal sentiment and the dedication to sectarian interest. He was, however, not talking about what this article is talking about, that is, the fact that Nigeria is no longer working because Nigeria is no longer working for most Nigerians.

The Nigeria of Obafemi’s time might have lacked social cohesion. It at least worked for the majority of Nigerians. Graduates could find jobs. Awolowo’s Western region had free education. Today’s Nigeria is not working for the overwhelming majority of Nigerians.

Of course, that Nigeria is still working for a few privileged Nigerians needs no reiteration or emphasis. These are Nigerians who can boast of three-square meals every day and do not have to worry about where their next meal will come from.

These are Nigerians who live in very decent accommodations in choice neighborhoods, owning the homes in which they live in. These are Nigerians who can afford decent education, abroad if necessary, and even the luxury of traveling the world on tourism or business.

These are Nigerians who have electricity and enough money to power generator sets to complement their county’s insufficient power supply. These are Nigerians who have the means to sink personal boreholes and the means to employ security personnel to secure their lives and properties.

For these few privileged Nigerians, there is always a way to get around the moribund system. For instance, there is a way to get a driver’s license without having to go to the Federal Road Safety Corp’s office in Zone 6, Wuse, Abuja.

However, for the majority of Nigerians, Nigeria has since stopped working. For the majority of Nigerians, three square meals a day is a luxury. The price of foodstuff is going up, while their income has remained static if not dwindling. Their take-home pay can barely take them home, talk less of seeing them through the month.

The minimum wage remains a slave’s wage—simply unrealistic. The giant of Africa no longer grows enough food crops to feed its teeming population. The days of the intimidating groundnut pyramids are long gone.

The discovery of oil in the late 60s and its pursuit led to the neglect of the Agricultural sector. Other previously thriving sectors were equally abandoned. Nigeria soon became a single sector economy, and its prosperity became totally dependent on the price of crude oil.

One of the major solutions of the government of the day to Nigeria’s hunger problem has been to ban the importation of many food crops to encourage local farmers. While this might prove a reasonable long-term policy, the problem is that it is mostly only a policy on paper, backed by incompetent and corrupt enforcers.

This is equally true of Nigeria’s housing sector and all other welfare sectors. Lack of planning and inadequate supervision has led to the collapse of virtually every facet of Nigeria’s welfare system. For many Nigerians, housing means finding very indecent accommodations in slums where they await the doomsday when government caterpillars will come and demolish the illegal structures.

Transportation means struggling to find a seat in a taxi and get to work on time. Going to school means crowding in poorly equipped universities or public secondary schools and being taught by poorly enumerated teachers.

The call to pause and reflect is to both the privileged few and the suffering majority. The privileged few must realize that it is not well until it becomes well for all others as well. It is not okay until it becomes okay for at least the overwhelming majority.

From a Christian point of view, it is not fine to have a fleet of cars when most of your neighbors must trek to work every day. It is not okay to have many gigantic houses when most Nigerians live in the slums and homes with leaking roofs. It is not normal to have an uncountable number of dresses and shoes while your neighbor has nothing to put on.

As Jesus tells us in the parable of Lazarus and the Rich Man, it is immoral to feast sumptuously without care for the man at the gate contending with the dogs for scraps. On judgment day, Jesus would want to know how much we cared for the poor and needy, the sick and homeless, the naked and prisoners. This is what the parable of the final judgment in Matthew 25 teaches us.

Finally, as it is often said, “one day the poor will have nothing else to eat but the rich.” We saw a glimpse of this in the brief episode of the sudden discovery of palliatives in warehouses. Poor people pillaged these warehouses not just with hunger but with anger as well. The call on the majority of Nigeria, for whom the country no longer works, is to rise and take back their country from the few who have stolen it.

This is not a call to arms but a call on Nigerians to learn to demand accountability from their leaders. It is a call on all Nigerians to commit wholeheartedly to the Nigerian project by putting in the work necessary to have the country work again.

This Lent provides us with yet another opportunity to reexamine ourselves, and if necessary, start afresh. It offers us the glorious opportunity to pause or perish!

*First published in the Good Shepherd Newspaper



Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of  William Ikhianosimhe Orbih and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”

Gumi’s Advocacy Of Terrorism

By Emmanuel Onwubiko.


Gumi’s Advocacy Of Terrorism
Emmanuel Onwubiko

“What, then, does it take to be a corporate leader in the 2020s? Every firm is different, but those hiring a CEO, or aspiring to be one, should prize a few qualities. Mastering the tricky, creative and more collaborative game of allocating intangible capital is essential. A CEO must be able to marshal the data flowing between companies and their counterparties, redistributing who earns profits and bear risk” (The Economist,  February 8th-14th 2020). 

That was the position of the World’s largest news journal when it treated the all-important thematic topic of leadership in the corporate World. I think these qualities stated out are also in demand whenever a nation looks forward to a General election to pick out persons seeking for public offices because the strategies for running successful companies are about the same if a nation State is to be governed well in line with the global best practices.

However, these qualities are lacking in the kind of political leaders that bestride the political spaces in Nigeria. This apparent leadership vacuum had thrown up all kinds of tribal and religious warlords INCLUDING those species that have started advocating soft landing for terrorists and have called journalists criminals for addressing kidnappers of school children in the North as terrorists. Here, I’m referring to the person of Ahmad GUMI better identified as an Islamic Cleric.

Mr. Ahmed Gumi who is an Islamic teacher in Kaduna has made a lot of irresponsible and irrational statements that are all geared towards stocking up ethno-religious wars in Nigeria in his wild goose chase to negotiate soft landing for terrorists who are famously called armed bandits by the government and the Nigerian Media.

This advocate of terrorism is busy selling his comics of defending terrorists and telling everyone to accept that terrorists in the North West are waging a just war and that they were exposed to existential threat during the President Goodluck Jonathan era, which goes to show that perhaps, the war on terrorists in the North West coordinated by the armed security forces of Nigeria is what this preacher of hate is classifying as a war targeting Northern Moslems.

Gumi has accused military operatives of Christian Origin as the operatives that have killed the armed terrorists in the North West stylishly rebaptized by the Muhammadu Buhari- led administration as armed bandits.

The Kaduna based cleric is reported too to have made some wild claims which are only calculated to inflame passions and to instigate ethno-religious disharmony including the incoherent and irrational views which reportedly compared the activities of terrorists in the North today to the declaration of the intent by the then Eastern regional government headed by the then Colonel Chukwuemeka Odunlegwu  Ojukwu to secede out of Nigeria of the 1967 because the then General Yakubu Gowon – led Junta failed to stop the pogroms and genocidal killings of Igbo civilians living in the Northern region.

A war ensued between the then Federal Nigerian Armed Forces and the then declared but since defunct Biafra Republic and lasted for 30 months after which there was a truce which brought the war to an end and the Federal Republic of Nigeria declared that there was no Victor, no vanquished.  So one Ahmad GUMI is still bitter about how that civil war ended and that Nigeria has since progressed?

Gumi’s attempt at revisionism and turning logic on its head must be challenged frontally before he continues to spew out hate filled sentiments all in his warped imagination of presuming the pure terrorism of mass kidnappings of students as same as other political developments that shaped the evolution of the current Nigeria’s Nation State.

I must state emphatically that Ahmed Gumi’s advocacy of terrorism amounts to support for terrorism.

The advocacy for tolerated terrorism of kidnapping of school children as is being made by the Kaduna based Cleric is a crime against humanity which must be confronted in a law based way so Nigeria does not become a Country whereby those in open sympathy with terrorists are allowed to stoke up ethno- religious sentiments capable of instigating civil war.

What then is the essence of the relevant sections of the TERRORISM PREVENTION ACT OF 2011 especially from sections 4 up to 6? We will give the citations before we wrap up. President Muhammadu Buhari refuses to enforce the Counter terror law thereby emboldened Ahmad GUMI and his likes to continue to insult our collective intelligence.

Gumi reportedly said kidnapping school children was a lesser evil when compared to the ransacking of towns and killing of its residents. The Kaduna-based Islamic cleric, Sheikh Ahmad Gumi, had reportedly described the kidnapping of schoolchildren by bandits as a lesser evil.

The cleric who has been visiting bandits in the forest in an attempt to negotiate a peace deal with them disclosed this while featuring on BBC Pidgin. Gumi said kidnapping school children was a lesser evil when compared to the ransacking of towns and killing of its residents.

The cleric also stated that his meetings were yielding positive results, saying bandits are now careful about human lives.

“Kidnapping children from school is a lesser evil because, in the end, you can negotiate and now bandits are very careful about human lives,” he said.

“Before, the mission of bandits was to go into a town, ransack it and kill people. By this, I can say our preaching is working and hopefully, we are coming to an end of banditry in Zamfara and other states.

“Bandits are more careful about lives now and just want to do sensational attacks which would bring attention to themselves.”

On Friday morning, over 300 students of Government Girls Secondary School, Jangebe in the Talata Mafara Local Government area of the state were abducted. The gunmen were said to have arrived at the school around 1am and loaded the girls in buses.

A resident in Kawaye village identified as Seidu Muhammadu, who confirmed the development to Sahara Reporters said his daughters, Mansura and Sakina, were among those abducted.

As learnt, the bandits arrived around 1 am with buses and motorcycles, which were used to take the pupils away.

The incident comes a week after gunmen struck the Government Secondary School in Kagara, Niger State, abducting school pupils, teachers, and workers.

On December 11, 2020, 344 secondary schoolboys were also abducted from Kankara in Katsina, the home state of President Muhammadu Buhari, while he was there.

How is it that the Federal government has so far only issued faint verbal reprimand through the National Security Adviser; Major General Monguno but has failed to arrest Ahmed Gumi?

Recalled that Nigeria’s President Muhammadu Buhari banned mining and imposed a no-flight zone in the northwestern state of Zamfara on Tuesday, vowing to crack down on lawlessness in the area in response to the abduction last week of 279 schoolgirls, since freed.

Buhari ordered a “massive” deployment of military and intelligence assets to restore normalcy to Nigeria’s northwest, National Security Adviser; Babagana Monguno told journalists in Abuja after a security council meeting.

The government “will not allow this country to drift into state failure,” he said in response to the abductions. “We are not going to be blackmailed.”

A series of school abductions in recent months has led many Nigerians to worry that regional authorities are making the situation worse by letting kidnappers go unpunished or paying them off.

Buhari said earlier on Tuesday that the practice of paying ransoms had encouraged kidnappers. The state government in Zamfara has denied paying a ransom but said it offered the kidnappers amnesty and help settling.

Zamfara is home to large gold deposits, with a legal mining industry operating alongside illegal mines that the authorities say have fuelled violence. The impact of a no-fly zone was difficult to assess as the state has no major airport.

Armed groups have plagued the state and its neighbours in recent years, kidnapping for ransom, looting and destroying communities and murdering civilians. Security forces’ attempts to halt their rampage have met with little success, so reports REUTERS.

I think all these are taking place because of absence of leadership in the mould of the qualities of an effective Chief executive officer of a corporate body that we cited from The Economist.

Also, the Justice minister; Abubakar Malami has abandoned his duty of prosecution of terrorists but is doing nothing or say nothing even when the likes of Ahmad GUMI openly CANVASSES Amnesty for mass killers, kidnappers and terrorists.

This writer believes in the use of the relevant laws in the land to effectively prosecute terrorists and get them to pay heavy penalty by way of punishment of the severed forms for their criminal acts of terror.

A justice of the bation’s Court of Appeal, Calabar division stated rightly why the nation should jail terrorists and in my view the Nigerian State should execute by firing squads all terrorists caught kidnapping school children and passengers and unleashing violence.

Justice M.A. Owoade stayed thus and I endorse these position: “To appreciate the problem of sentencing and society, one has to bear in mind that the ultimate aim of the criminal law itself is the protection of the society and the citizens. “The general purposes of the provisions governing the definition of offences” in the American Law Institute’s Model Penal Code might be taken as a statement of the proper objectives of the substantive law of crime in a modern legal system. The purposes are:

(a) To forbid and prevent conduct that unjustifiably and inexcusably inflicts or threatens substantial harm to individual or public interests.

(b) To subject to public control persons whose conduct indicates that they are disposed to commit crimes,

c) To safeguard conduct that is without fault from condemnation as criminal

d) To give fair warning of the nature of the conduct declared to be an offence

(e) To differentiate on reasonable grounds between serious and minor Offences.”

Relatedly, the main purpose of punishment is that of expressing censure and denunciation. Society’s rejection of the offender’s wrong doing must be publicly expressed.

Sentencing is the most highly visible decision making stage in the Criminal Justice process. It is carried out in open court, and in public. It thus contrasts with earlier stages of the decision- making process either by the Police or the Attorney- General as prosecutors or by the trial court itself, so submits the jurist.

“The Judge seeks to do justice by imposing the sentence the criminal deserves. But he also strives to be just in another and sometimes conflicting way-that is, by treating the criminal before him equally with others who have an equal degree of moral guilt.

“Equality of treatment is commonly and rightly seen as fundamental to justice. And the Judges are anxious to avoid the strong sense of grievance which arises from inequality.”

He then states that “Sentencing without conformity is a social injustice” and said: “The Judge may impose a sentence greater or less than he thinks the criminal deserves in order to comply with the norm  – and this is the more reason why we have to discuss and explain the theories of punishment.” He list them as; The Penological theories:-There are four main theories of punishment. (i) Deterrence (ii) incapacitation (iii) rehabilitation and (iv) retribution.

He said the boundaries between these theories are far from clear with several of them containing sub- categories, many of which are perceived quite differently by different writers. Importantly, the judge made a strong position on what functions judicial sentencing plays and the first factor that goes with justice system to my conviction is what scholars call the value of  (a)  Deterrent-: Deterrent theories unlike the retributive theories of punishment which we shall examine later are forward looking in that they are concerned with the Consequences of punishment: their aim is to reduce further crime by the threat or example of punishment”.

This writer adopts the position that TERROR suspects must never be forgiven but must go through the full weight of the law. To underscore the reality of the fact that if you do not punish offenders, you will promote impunity, we have just been told that those suspected terrorists freed as repentant TERRORISTS simply went bavk to doing what they definitely know how to do best which is TERRORISM AND MASS KILLINGS.

Meanwhile, today’s Daily Trust disclosed that many so called deradicalised Boko Haram members have reportedly re-joined the group and picked up arms against the state, Governor Babagana Zulum of Borno State said.

Zulum, who is the Chairman of the North East Governors Forum (NEGF), said this on Wednesday in Bauchi during the meeting of the six governors.

He lamented that the Boko Haram terrorists have changed tactics and were becoming more vicious, saying the federal government should halt the deradicalisation exercise and prosecute all terrorists in order to end the over 11-year insurgency.

“It has been confirmed that the concept of deradicalisation or Safe Corridor is not working as expected. Quite often those who have passed through the Safe Corridor initiative or have been deradicalised, usually go back and re-join the terror group, after carefully studying the various security arrangements in their host communities, during the reintegration process,” he said.

Zulum also said most communities were not amenable to accepting the so-called deradicalised terrorists.

“The host communities where the reintegration process is going on usually resent the presence of Boko Haram terrorists, even if they have been deradicalised, because of the despicable and atrocious activities they have committed in the past. Here is why GUMI MUST BE ARRESTED AND PROSECUTED-:ACCORDING TO TERRORISM (PREVENTION) ACT, 2011 Section 4(1) A person who knowingly, in any manner, solicits or renders support for. – (a) an act of terrorism; or

(b) A proscribed organisation or an internationally suspected terrorist group. An offence under this Act and shall on conviction be liable to imprisonment for a maximum term of 20 years.

(2) Without prejudice to subsection (2) of this section, where death results from any terrorist act the penalty shall he death sentence:

(3) For the purposes of subsection (I) of this section, “support” includes.

(a) Incitement to commit a terrorist act;

(b) Offer of material assistance, weapons, including biological, chemical or nuclear weapons, explosives, training. Transportation, false documentation or identification;

(c) Offer or provision of moral assistance, including invitation to adhere to a proscribed organization; and

(d) The provision of, or making available, such financial or other related services as may be prescribed in this act.”

Specifically, Section 5 says: “A person whether or not in the armed services who harbours, conceals or causes to be harboured or concealed, a person whom he knew to have committed, or to have been convicted of an act of terrorism or against whom he knew that a warrant of arrest or imprisonment for such an act had been issued commits an offence under that Act and shall on conviction be liable to imprisonment for a maximum term of 10 years. Section 6 states thus: “Any person who, knowingly agrees to provide training or instruction –

(a) in the making or use of an)’ explosive or other lethal device; or

(b) In carrying out [l terrorist act:

to a member of a terrorist group or a person engaging in, or preparing 10 engage in the commission of a terrorist act, commits an offence and shall on conviction, be liable to imprisonment for a maximum term of 10 years.”

Mr. President Muhammadu Buhari,  tell us why you are not arresting Sheikh Ahmad GUMI and all who support terrorism including the Bauchi State governor who supports the criminality of Fulani nomads wielding Ak-47? Mr. President Muhammadu Buhari,  please read your oath of office.  

*Emmanuel Onwubiko Is Head Of The Human Rights Writers Association Of Nigeria (HURIWA) and blogs@www. theingerianinsidernews.comwww.huriwanigeria.com.



Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Emmanuel Onwubiko, and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.” 



Up North, Hype North!

By William Ikhianosimhe Orbih.

 Up North was released in 2018; how come I am only hearing about it in 2021? Well, I have been so engrossed in books, pursuing endless degrees. I am yet to find them. Recently, I took some days off from my vanity. I went to the city of the angels, known in Spanish simply as Los Angeles, to a house with fully subscribed Netflix. One of the thousand movies I watched is the one above, with Banky W as the lead star.

Yes, Banky W; the musician, has stamped his feet firmly on the Nigerian music industry. We will never forget the vibes of Strong Thing and Lagos Party. We will never forget his Etisalat jingle; 080naija for life. And we will certainly never forget that it was he who brought the likes of Skales and Wizkid to the limelight.

But can anything good come out of Banky W, the actor? This was what I thought until I watched him star in the movie ‘Up North’. Bear with me, Up North and not Wedding Party was the first Banky W movie that I watched.

Up North convinced me enough that I immediately reached for Wedding Party 1 and 2. It was beautiful to watch these record-setting movies, especially with the hindsight of Banky’s marriage to Adesua Etomi that eventually also took place in real life about a year after the Wedding Party 1 was released.

Back to Up North and to a brief recap of the movie, in case there are otondos out there yet to watch it. Chief Otuekong, portrayed by Kanayo O Kanayo, is a rich businessman. For once, he is not into money ritual. Thank God! But he is, as usual, the rich and domineering figure, before whom every human being is nothing but a means to an end.

Bassey, his son, acted by Banky, is interested in the privileges that come with being the son of a rich man, but not in his father’s company that makes the privileges possible. Even more so, he detests his father’s highhandedness and overbearing control over him and everyone else.

The time came for NYSC, and Bassey found himself posted to Bauchi. It would have been very easy for him to get redeployment to Lagos, given his father’s money and influence, but his father wanted him to go to Bauchi. He intended, by it, to teach Bassey to be more appreciative of his privilege and learn never to defy his influential dad.

Although reluctant to go, it was not long, once he arrived, before Bassey found in Bauchi the needed get away from his father’s shadow. While in Bauchi, a lot of things happened to him. He found himself and found the love of his life. He found toughening and a sense of purpose in the opportunity he had to inspire four secondary school girls to state success in the tracks. Above all, he fell in love with Bauchi and with Northern Nigeria. He never left.

The significance of Up North goes beyond Bassey’s adventure. It even goes beyond presenting a glimpse of the North to people of (or at least, who live in) the South, which I think was the movie’s major purpose.

Up North is a movie that hypes Bauchi state in a way I think Africans must learn to hype Africa and anything that is African. In this, the movie does a most excellent job. I have been to Bauchi a couple of times.

I have friends in Bauchi, among whom are two of my classmates from Seminary; Agbata Chukwuka Raphael and Yohanna Irmiya. But watching Up North has further opened my eyes to the deep beauty of Bauchi state. It is not for nothing that Bauchi State is nicknamed the pearl of tourism. It will remain a pearl of tourism even if we are to take away Yankari Game Reserve.

It is even more significant that I watched the movie while in California State in the US. 40,000 feet above sea level, the lyrics of one of Notorious BIG’s song dominated my mind. ‘I’m going going, back back, to Cali Cali…’ the chorus runs. While ruminating what is arguably California’s unofficial anthem, I could not help thinking of Tupac’s California Love, the closest contender to Biggie’s jingle.

For all the profanities in the lyrics of these songs, they will always be classics. California owes these two hip-hop legends, who unfortunately died too young, eternal royalties. Their song hyped California more than Silicon Valley and Hollywood Boulevard has been able to do.

While listening to BIG and thinking of Tupac who both died at 25 years (one of them on my birthday), it almost immediately dawned on me that singing the praise of cities is not completely new to Nigerian music.

T Y Bello’s The Land is Green is a classic example. Where is that woman? Wherever she is right now, I just want her to know that her song is forever green. Recently, we can talk about Don Jazy’s Surulere, Olamide’s I Love Lagos, Don Jazzy’s Ojuelegba, and Wizkid’s recent album, Made in Lagos.

Although these songs (with the exception of Bello’s The Land is Green and Olamide’s I Love Lagos) were more about struggling and surviving against all odds than they were about glamourizing these places, they nevertheless put these names on the map in a way courses on Nigerian geography and history can never achieve. Singing about cities is one way to present them to the world and show the world that part of them that is often hidden.

This is what Up North achieves for Bauchi. It shows us many beautiful sides of Bauchi state. The scene where Maryam insists on showing Bassey the town before he departs was purposely included for this reason.

Remarkably, Up North does not glamorize Bauchi without also addressing some of the social-cultural issues in Bauchi society. It does not fail to highlight some of the cultural obstacles to girl child education and some of the obstacles to “northern” girls reaching their full potentials.

Very remarkable, is how in doing all these, it stayed very respectful to the dominant culture of the North and the many ways it has been influenced by the dominant religion, Islam.

At the end of the day, Up North helps me define what I mean by “hyping” as it relates to Africa. It means telling the African story, reclaiming it from caricatures. It means showing the other sides of Africa often ignored. It means being brutally honest as a prelude to putting in the work to put right the wrongs. It means being proud of one’s heritage and being patriotic.

A final word on Banky. I hope one day I will get to write on Banky the politician too. I can bet a million naira that he was rigged out when he ran for Lagos’ Eti-Osa Federal Constituency seat in Nigeria’s House of Representatives in 2019. I hope he wins in his next attempt, and I also hope that when he does, he does not turn out like one man called Desmond (if you add Idiot, na you sabi ooo).




Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of William Ikhianosimhe Orbih, and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”

Missing Billions: Why Blame Ibb?

By Emmanuel Onwubiko.


Missing Billions: Why Blame Ibb?
Emmanuel Onwuibiko

One general characteristic that marks out Nigeria’s current government is the inability of all the relevant arms of government to be up and doing in the critical area of maintaining global best practices in terms of accountability, probity and transparency in public finance. These qualities are the democratic benchmarks that mark a Country out as a responsible constitutional democracy.

Closely following the above, is the illogicality and fallacies being bandied about, and promoted in the media by propagandists allied with Federal government as means of confusing everyone so as to justify the clear lack of accountability.

Unfortunately, the Nigerian media have completely abandoned her sole role and responsibility as the most credible agenda setting institution and have decided to offer news pages to all kinds of characters masquerading about as key government officials.

One of such attempts which appears so ludicrous and laughable is the claim made by the Director General of Voice of Nigeria- Mr. Osita Okechukwu who has demonstrated an uncanny ability to use subterfuge and deception to try to hoodwink the reading public to continue to see a messiah in the person of President Muhammadu Buhari who has been President for six Years but has failed to manifest any atom of his messianic tendencies.

And so it was that we woke up today to find out that the media has once more indulged Osita Okechukwu of his regular pastime of beating about the Bush in a bid to confuse Nigerian reading public and to maintain his obsession with the person of the President.

The Director General of the Voice of Nigeria (VON), Osita Okechukwu had blamed the increasing rate of insecurity in the country on the extreme poverty imposed in 1986 by the military administration of President Ibrahim Babangida through the International Monetary Fund (IMF) sponsored Structural Adjustment Programme (SAP).

He maintained the insecurity challenge being faced was the manifestation of the inhuman seed sown by the military through SAP.

Okechukwu, who is a chieftain of the ruling All Progressives Congress (APC), cautioned instead of the anger and blame game on the governing party, “we should come to the reality that the insecurity challenge we face today is the outcome of Extreme-Poverty planted in 1986 by the IMF Structural Adjustment Programme (SAP).”

The VON boss, in a statement in Abuja on titled, “Insecurity in Nigeria: Challenging crisis of extreme poverty”, observed the development calls for introspection and deep reflection on how we became the World Poverty Capital and how best to exit fast.

“Yes we of the APC pledged to fix security in our dear country in every particular matter. That’s our pledge, and to be honest we are deploying billions and every material and human resources to contain it.

“However, we are confronted with Extreme-Poverty planted in 1986 by the IMF Structural Adjustment Programme (SAP). The day SAP was born was the day the gross economic inequality and insecurity in Nigeria was born. It has badly mutated since 1986.

“Economic inequality breeds extreme-poverty, hate, division and hostile insecurity, in countries wherever it is allowed to thrive throughout history.

“To be exact no matter how much trillions of Naira we spend on military hardware or how many times we change Security Chiefs, with Extreme-Poverty security will remain a mirage.”

My reading of this laughable excuse and the continuous blame game, which to all intents and purposes are diversionary and spurious is the underlying plots by these actors in government to conceal the incredible amounts of public funds that many of the central government’s revenue yielding institutions are yet to account for.

How on earth will someone who has been in the corridors of power begin to spread the toxic illogicality that the policy framework put in place about 30 years back is the reason the government he serves cannot as much as guarantee the security of boarding schools around the Country?

This is standing logic on its head and he will get away with it and come up with another ridiculous proposition because they all think that Nigerians are fools. Duncan Clarke who wrote a book on the corruption that afflicts the crude oil industry in Africa has perfectly situated this kind of delusional approach to governance as manifested in high quantities by some key officials of the Muhammadu Buhari-led administration including the DG of Voice of Nigeria.

“Is it then just bad politics and serial conflict that have led to Africa’s repeated difficulties? I think not. Recently, economists have sought to come to grips with the economic failures found in Africa. Some have hard lessons to impart.

“It is no secret that Africa’s downward drift inspired western aid and debt relief initiatives, remedies that were intended to plug the savings gap, infuse capital, allow for growth and cut extreme poverty. Around $500 billion has been poured into Africa in this manner over the past 30 years. Little appears to have resulted from this western largesse.

The author then said: “Now some advocates want to magnify this flow of funds, with corporate oil doing its own bit in the form of social investment. Robert Calderisi offers a damning critique of this failed strategy in The Trouble with Africa: Why Foreign Aid Isn’t Working.”

He then asserted that Politicians and corporate oil should pay attention because according to him, with a 30-year career in development economics, Calderisi dismisses conventional excuses for contemporary African economic failures: the delayed economic impacts of slavery, legacies of settler colonialism, insufficient foreign aid, International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (15RD) led structural adjustment, negative impacts from globalization, indebtedness, geographical determinism, harsh environments and biased inter-national economic forces.

“The Cold War did leave deleterious marks- but thereafter Africa did little to rid itself of its residues in flawed economic regimes. None of these excuses adequately explain why the sub-Saharan world went backwards for 30 years”.

The breakdown of many agrarian societies in Africa can be traced to mismanaged central power, with the peasantry (the majority of the population in most states) left to fend for them-Selves, argues the author and I dare say correctly.

“In fact, the social matrix is often the one protection that acts as the bedrock against increasing immiserisation in Africa’s peasant societies. Many have crumbled as structural transformations took place while the modern economies expanded.”

He then argued further that more at issue to my mind is the congenital history and current record of under achievement that all this implies.

“If, say, 2-3% per year in GDP growth is lost (equal to the growth deficit vis-a-vis competitors), the cumulative effect is considerable.”

“Catch-up can be a very long game, even impossible. Crucial here are the opportunities for structural transformation that Africa has forgone but that its competitors have grasped Aid alone is unlikely to repair the damage.”

Other cogent and critical views emerge in the Shackled Continent by Robert Guest, as Africa editor at The Economist, Duncan Clarke says.

“This text, with the ambitious subtitle Africa’s Past, Present and Future, ranges perceptively across parts of some sub-Saharan states, finding that leadership (“crooked and incompetent”) and predatory governments lie at the root of African poverty.

“This is largely valid. However need additional exposure to discern the deeper structures that have moulded Africa’s economic world. There is more complexity in Africa’s underdevelopment than flawed leadership allied to predation and political deficiencies”. (Crude Continent the Struggle for Africa’s Oil Prize by Duncan Clarke). Therein lies the fundamentals of the state of insecurity in Nigeria and not in any way related to the IBB YEARS as alluded to by Osita Okechukwu.

The critical questions waiting for clear cut responses from the relevant supervisory institutions especially in the law enforcement and the legislative bodies are to task them to locate exactly where all the missing billions are with the aim of bringing all the public thieves before the court of Law so as to retrieve every kobo stolen, diverted or misappropriated by government functionaries.

We will in a short while remind Nigerians about some of these missing billions. But first, can we state that it is disingenuous for any official of government to seek to divert our focus away from the critical issues of a total lack of transparency, accountability and probity in the deployment of public fund by some of Federal Government Institutions.

Also, we state emphatically that the fundamental cause of insecurity is the corruption and economic crimes that are going on in the different government offices and should definitely not be linked to the economic policy of structural adjustment programme that took place over 30 years back as Osita Okechukwu disingenuously wants gullible Nigerians to be believe.

Nigerians should ask the following questions.

Where are the missing billions in the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation with specific reference to the report release by a foreign non-governmental organization around August 2015 of a damaging report which reportedly led to reorganisation within the NNPC?

President Muhammadu Buhari had replaced the head of the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation on the day an NGO released a detailed investigation into poor management, inefficiency and corruption at the state oil company.

Socio-Economic Rights and Accountability Project (SERAP) has sent a Freedom of Information request to the Minister of Water Resources Engr. Suleiman Adamu, urging him to “clarify the action that his Ministry has taken to address and find the alleged billions missing from the Ministry and its agencies.”

SERAP also sought to know “if there is relevant admissible evidence of corruption and mismanagement, to refer the allegations to appropriate anti-corruption agencies for investigation and prosecution.”

The organisation urged the Minister to “ensure the full recovery of any missing public funds, revealed in the 2017 annual audited report by the Office of the Auditor-General of the Federation.”

In the FoI request dated 27 February 2021 and signed by SERAP deputy director Kolawole Oluwadare, the organization said:

“Allegations of corruption and mismanagement in the Ministry and its agencies can cause serious harm to the socially and economically vulnerable.

Satisfactorily addressing these allegations and recovering any missing public funds is a critical matter of public health, human rights, transparency and accountability. Now here is the reason for the insecurity.

Closely related is the manner of enforcement of the law on the subject; enforcement must be within the ambit of general sense of legality. This implies that government should be conducted within the framework of recognized rules and principles which restrict discretionary power as opposed to the uncertain and crooked cord of discretion as held by the Court in the cases of Miscellaneous Offences Tribunals v. Okoroafor (2001) 10 NWLR (Pt. 745) P. 310 and All Nigerian Peoples Party v. Benue State Independent Electoral Commission (2006) 11 NWLR (Pt. 992) p. 597.

In the English case of Arthur Yates & Co. Pty. Ltd. v. Vegetable Seeds Committee9, Herring C.J held thus in this regard:“It is not the English view of the law that whatever is officially done is law … On the contrary, the principle of English law is that what is done officially must be done in accordance with the law.”

Nations that have achieved stability and national security are those which have elevated law above political, religious, ethnic sentiments. The present federal government advocates national security on the basis of sacrifice of not only individual rights but also the rule of law.

It is important to note that by section 1 (3) of the Terrorism Prevention Act (as amended) strikes and demonstrations are excluded from the definition of terrorist acts, provided they are not intended to result in any harm referred to in subsection (2) (b) (i) (ii) or (iv) such as seriously intimidating a population, influencing a government or international organization by coercion or intimidation.

The demands of citizens, whether individually or collectively, which accord with law is not terrorism and cannot be proscribed. Section 14(1) and (2) of the Constitution of the Federal republic of Nigeria, 1999 (as amended) provides that Nigeria shall be a State based on the principles of democracy and social justice with security and welfare of the people as the primary purpose of government.

In the same vein Section 17(1) and (2) provides that the State shall be founded on ideals of freedom, equality and justice and that government action shall be humane and the independence and integrity of the courts shall be secured and maintained.

Also, on the question of probity,  there is a probe by the Nigerian Senate into whether state oil firm NNPC improperly withdrew money has expanded with the amount under investigation doubling to over $2.2 billion, a committee said on Wednesday.

The Senate recently  voted to probe withdrawals of $1.05 billion by Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC), from NLNG, a venture owned by the state oil firm and foreign energy companies, without approval.

The committee led by Senator Bassey Akpan, chairman of Senate committee on gas, said on Wednesday it had found more withdrawals in excess of what it set out to investigate. Akpan asked NNPC and central bank officials to provide documents to back up the withdrawals, carried out at various periods between 2016 to 2018.

NNPC officials said documents were being assembled ahead of next hearing due on Nov 22 and declined to comment further.

Nigeria’s Premium Times newspaper reported that NNPC had used the portion of NLNG earnings that should have been passed to local and federal state authorities to fund the state oil firm’s fuel purchases and subsidies during a shortage in late 2017 and early 2018.

The shortages left people queuing for hours at filling stations and saw NNPC spend at least $5.8 billion on fuel imports.

NLNG, which produces liquefied natural gas (LNG) for export, is a joint venture company owned by NNPC and foreign energy firms Royal Dutch Shell Plc, Total SA and ENI. These are what should worry Nigerians and not to allow themselves to be hoodwinked into transferring the cause of the current misgovernance and corruption to a government that ended over three decades ago.

*Emmanuel Onwubiko is head of the Human Rights Writers Association Of Nigeria (HURIWA) and blogs@www. theingerianinsidernews.com, www.huriwanigeria.com.



Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Emmanuel Onwubiko, and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”



CROSS RIVER 2023: The Unfolding Political Equation

By Kennedy Onyegbado.

Governor Ben Ayade in more ways than one, has taken a bold step in defining the developmental roadmap for Cross River state as the ‘Nation’s paradise’. His succession calls for a prudent manager of resources, an administrator of proven track record and a level headed politician.

Perceptibly, the state has had more than its fair share of political controversies and litigations that should not continue in the future. There is indeed a big and urgent task to be accomplished for a greater Cross River state.

Therefore, the focus at this critical juncture should be on how the 2023 electoral process can throw up the best kind of leader for the task of putting the people first in the resource mobilization and allocation for enhanced development of the state.

The unfolding political equation in Cross River is as fascinating as it is worrying. This is because of the waiting game the APC and other parties in opposition are playing. The APC is waiting and watching with keen interest to see if there can be any miscalculation on the part of the PDP with respect to the emergence of a gubernatorial flag bearer. Any miscalculation on the part of any political party can turn out to be more expensive for it than ever imagined.

The crucial question at this stage is what will constitute a miscalculation on the part of any political party in the state? Without being evasive, the most striking will be to pick a candidate outside the Southern Senatorial District of the state.

Detectably, Governor Donald Duke was from the Southern Senatorial District, Governor Liyel Imoke was from the Central Senatorial District and the incumbent Governor Ben Ayade is from the Northern Senatorial District. According to the prevaling zoning arrangements, it is expected that power will return to the Southern Senatorial District come 2023.

Again, Cross Riverians want a grassroot governor who is at home with the people and the environment and is readily accessible to the people. The political parties will also do well to watch out for politicians with baggage of liabilities, litigations and EFCC invitations as unlikely election winners.

CROSS RIVER 2023: The Unfolding Political Equation
Gov. Donald Duke was from Southern Senatorial District (1999 – 2007)

Miscalculation on the part of any party can also be the investment of its ticket on a politician who has been known to serially abuse the public trust and collective confidence bestowed on him/her. Cross Riverians, as democrats will have several ways of kicking against any form of imposition of unpopular leadership that will owe its legitimacy to any other power source outside the people.

2023 would be the time for Cross River state to make a resounding statement to the rest of the country on a democratic process of leadership emergence. Imposition is out of it while character and content of aspiration are critical for public evaluation.

This is where Engr. Ben Etim Akak comes in with a progressive ideology and agenda. It will only take a bridge builder like him to navigate through our experience to offer a viable promise. It is here experience counts – A blend of the public, cum private matrix is enough experiment to provide the proper and fit dose for our ailment.

Engr. Ben Etim Akak is a Nigerian Philanthropist, entrepreneur, politician and administrator; a Prince of the Eburutu axis of the Efik Efik Eburutu Kingdom, precisely from Ukwa Eburutu in Odukpani Local Government Area of Cross River State.

Born in the early 80s, he is a young man who has tasted the pains of maybe, not eating three times in a day like every other and most Nigerian child who was born and bred with no golden spoon. He has also tasted wealth out of hard work, the undying and unconquering spirit of the Nigerian child and above all, through the unmerited Grace and unlimited Favor of God.

Currently, Engr. Ben Etim Akak is the Chairman/CEO Bengies Group of Companies that has interest in Real Estate, Construction, Oil/Gas and the entertainment industries. He has built businesses from scratch to stardom most of which are located in Cross River State, such as, Bengies Bakeries and others, having over 700 Cross Riverians on payroll as workers.

Two years after his graduation from the University, 2004 to be precise, he and others formed the Margaret Ekpo Foundation where he was made the Executive Secretary, and his duties included amongst others; the coordination of the other arms of the Foundation, Board of Trustees and day to day running of the Foundation to deliver on the mandate of meeting the needs of the needy, protecting the rights of women, the girl-child and other vulnerable children within our society.

CROSS RIVER 2023: The Unfolding Political Equation
Gov. Liyel Imoke was from Central Senatorial District (2007 – 2015)

Engr. Akak has also worked and headed different companies and groups such as, Czer Continental Services Limited where he was the Executive Chairman from 2009 to 2015; M.O.E Resource Enterprise where he was incharge of General Adminstration/Bussiness Development and later Consultant Oil Palm Development and Marketing.

Engr. Ben Etim Akak’s desire and quest to see a developed Cross River State in particular, and Nigeria in general, has seen him in most times volunteer his knowledge, wealth and everything in him for the betterment of the society. He is versatile with huge coverage, exposure and experience in corporate governance.

As have been noticed about him in several fora, he believes that until Cross River State is administered like a business where the CEO of the business understands the pains in loosing and the gains in winning, Cross River State may not survive the next 10 years.

To him, having known the current level of debt, both external and internal that Cross River State is into now, there is need to search for Cross Riverians with technical minds wherever they may be to see how together they can divest the state’s interest from borrowing and concentrate more on utilizing waste water resources through the state’s bodies of water and take advantage of the fact that it is a border State.

Also, he is worried that while other border States like Lagos, Ogun and some others are having thriving economies that have created Jobs for the unemployed in those states, the Mfum border is dormant.

Again, Engr. Ben Akak has faith in collaborative development of Cross River State where everyone one and idea matters. He trusts that job employment, sound education through the provision of basic and improved teaching tools in schools, a systematic shift to mechanized Agriculture for improved food production and urgent basic infrastructural development is what Cross River needs to reduce crime and insecurity in the State.

At the heart of his strategy for development is wealth creation. He contemplates that government if handled with the right attitude and purposeful leadership will perform optimally. Thus, his development narratives is premised on the tenets that an efficient government is possible and can provide an industrialized economy with full employment, price stability, high output and net export.

CROSS RIVER 2023: The Unfolding Political Equation
Governor Ben Ayade; Incumbent Governor is from is from Northern Senatorial District.

It cannot be gainsaid nor overemphasized that Industrialization is fundamental to the quest of devising a means to supporting small scale businesses in Cross River State owned by natives  and the thrive to reduce youths dependability on white Collar jobs alone, which has created the impression that Cross River State is a civil service State.

This approach, according to Akak, will enable the setting up of Cottage Industries in all the L.G.As in the State, leading to job creations for the youths and woman via skills acquisition and empowerment, thereby making them self-reliant and employers of labour. This could be captured with a greater framework that is inclusive and comprehensive.

More so, Engr. Akak relies on the deployment of agricultural revolution, the creation and merger of an industrial base to serve as catalyst for an African economic hub in Cross River State and takeoff point for the Nigerian project.

His vision is to see how Cross River State can encourage natives to go into large scale fishing business on the water ways with fishing trolls that will create multiple chain of businesses and create employment for our youths.

He cited the situation where China is currently controlling the water ways with returns in billions to their own country with no positive impact on Cross River State. He decries the situation where all business in Calabar and other cities in Cross River State are owned by outsiders.

Hence, Akak’s inclusive economic development model is a platform that seeks to reinvent government as critical site and realm in production, distribution, exchange and consumption in the economic sphere.

Undoubtedly, his governance developmentalism strategy is positioned to make government as fountain of mobilizing resource towards effective competition and building of a comparative advantage economy.

CROSS RIVER 2023: The Unfolding Political Equation
Egnr. Ben Etim Akak; 2023 Cross River State Guber hopeful is from Southern Senatorial District

Broadly, the thrust of his developmental and infrastructural model is anchored on the principle of Public – Private Partnership (PPP), with a vision to create a deliberate distribution and redistribution of projects that is inclusive, comprehensive and entrenches its core foundation on mass participation, grass-root involvement and passionate commitment.

On the one hand, his economic model is built as a bottom-up approach from the grass-root to get communities economically viable to increase Internally Generated Revenue (IGR) and stimulate the economy.

This is a hybrid cluster of home grown community economic model that will mobilize equal opportunity for all to create an import substitution framework in conserving and generating wealth.

In doing this, as he pointed out, the community will own the process and gains of the model with the State acting as facilitator. This brand of development will only focus on developing and articulating all sectors of the economy, in order to harmonize and promote circular flow of income to significantly multiply within the economy, leaving little or no opportunity for wastages.

Technology incubation centres will be created along each sector of the economy to allow for the growth and development of the human capability to contribute enormously to their wellbeing. The financial and stabilizing fund for each sector development will be created to provide for a robust and unhindered participation of all. Mentorship programme shall be created for all incubation centres and follow up with entrepreneur build-up agenda.

2023 therefore will be another defining historical moment of political realism, of realignments and bridge building to secure a greater Cross River State for the coming generation. Today’s decisions have got far reaching implications for the future both as a people and as a state.

*Kennedy Onyegbado is a Media and Research Expert, he writes from Abuja-Nigeria (gbadoka@yahoo.com)




Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Kennedy Onyegbado, and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”


Bonnie And Clyde And Compensated Criminals

By William Ikhianosimhe Orbih.


Bonnie And Clyde And Compensated CriminalsIf you are yet to watch Bonnie and Clyde, watch it! It is a 1967 movie, so prepare to not enjoy it. The 111 minutes you will spend watching it, you will never get back. I dare you to finish it. You can’t. I couldn’t either, especially because I watched it on a very boring 4 hours flight.

Coronavirus has made flying a not so joyous experience, even if your destination is the city of the angels, known in Spanish as Los Angeles. I can’t wait to see the end of coronavirus, just as I couldn’t wait to see the end of the shooting and killings in the nearly two-hour-long movie.

Skip the first five minutes of Bonnie and Clyde; it begins with a naked Bonnie. Afterward, it is a tale of love at first sight, a love story of the most humorous order. It is not like the biblical love tale of Jacob and Rebecca, the lady Jacob worked 14 years just to marry. It is not like Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet, whom even death could not do apart.

It is not even like the love story of Sango and Oya, arguably the most “powerful” couple humankind has ever seen. It is the story of two individuals who lived out their love life robbing banks. Crime turns Bonnie on—the only thing that does, and crime was the only thing that filled Clyde’s mind and perhaps the reason he could never get on.

If you still don’t want to watch it despite this hype, you can simply listen to Jay-Z and Beyonce’s 2008 track 03’ Bonnie and Clyde. I am not saying that the music track summarizes the movie. At least, it accurately captures the attitude of Bonnie towards Clyde and vice versa. The last three lines of the second stanza of rap aptly summarize it:

She [Bonnie] do anything necessary for him

And I [Clyde] do anything necessary for her

So don’t let the necessary occur, yep!

The “anything necessary” Jay Z is talking about includes putting bullets in people’s chest, taking people’s money by force—aka crime. Now, the song does not accurately depict the movie because it does not pass the movie’s most important message: Crime does not pay. Criminals never get away with their crimes.

Often, they die violently in the hands of law enforcement; most times, they are apprehended and tucked away for good. As Lucky Dube sang in his evergreen song “Prisoner,” “crime does not pay.” Crime never pays! It did not pay for Bonnie and Clyde. For all their romance, they died terrible deaths in the hands of law enforcement.

Bonnie And Clyde And Compensated Criminals
Wlliam Ikhianosimhe Orbih at the exact spot Bonnie and Clyde were apprehended by Jackie Chan

There are some special crops of criminals that, however, often get away with their crimes. Powerful people, in general, often get away with their misdemeanors. Armed with a wad of cash, that is the purchasing power to buy even the law to their favor, they hardly ever get to pay for their crimes.

This is the major reason it is difficult to convince many people that the term “lawyer” is not synonymous with the term “liar” or that the learned profession cares about justice at all. Chrisvic Peters, my learned sweetheart has been trying unsuccessfully to convince me otherwise. Try harder babe!

The real thieves in Nigeria (in America and everywhere else in the world) never get the burning necklace. It is the petty thieves in Oshodi and Aba market. I am talking about politicians and top-level civil servants, and other people in charge of public funds. Recently, another category of criminals has joined the list.

This special crop of criminals do not just escape death and imprisonment; they come away with compensation. I am talking about criminals recently compensated with taxpayers’ money to the tune of 800 million naira.

I am talking about terrorists being begged to come to the negotiation table of the Federal Government of Nigeria. I am talking about killer headsmen having government officials plead their cause and justify their evil.

I am talking about kidnappers being urged to repent with the promise of forgiveness, rehabilitation, and compensation. I am talking about repented Boko Haram terrorists given juicy scholarships by the same Nigerian government that cannot keep public universities open all year round.

Compensating is not always a bad thing, given the reality of structural injustice and the fact that most criminals are perpetrators of crime only because they were first victims of crimes themselves. The problem is how the Nigerian government is going about it.

So far, the government has not been able to prove that they are sincere and not nepotic. The way the government is treating this special crop of criminals in Nigeria is disheartening. Many young people are beginning to wonder if crime pays after all.

There is enough hardship to turn virtually every young man and woman in Nigeria into Bonnies and Clydes. Many are held back by the conviction that Dube is right when he said crime does not pay. Only God can tell what will become of our polity when more and more young people begin to think that perhaps Dube was wrong and crime pays after all!

May God help us all.


Inter-Agency Partnership Delivers Jobs

By Emmanuel Onwubiko.


I was awoken by 2 am today by continuous calls that were totally unexpected. I struggled to pick it up and the caller on the other end turned out to be one of my Cousins. Well, the short and tall of all of the calls was for a message to be passed on to me that he has only just graduated and finished his service year and now in a mad search for employment in the formal sector of the economy.

I expressed my solidarity with him and informed him that I will put my ears to the ground to know and communicate to him whenever  any of the agencies of government is doing recruitment of staff.

But deep down inside of me, knowing how Abuja works in the last two decades whereby employments are shrouded in secrecy and often characterized by the disturbing phenomenon of fake job sellers who dupe unsuspecting members of the public, I warned my Cousin not to pay anybody for any employment slot.

Well, I went back to bed but could not sleep throughout the night as my mind wandered from one point to the other on how best Nigeria can confront the monstrous development challenge of Youth unemployment which is a grave threat to National Security.

From my introspection and reflection, I came up with the conclusion that Nigeria is not lacking in the institutional  platforms that are mandated to revolutionize, capacitate and rescue  our Youths from despondency and joblessness to gainful employments.

Nigeria’s Institutional Platforms such as the Industrial Training Fund (ITF), the National Youths Service Corp (NYSC), the National Directorate of employment and the different state’s Ministries of Youth and sports development are amongst some of the well packaged agencies as well as the youths and sports ministry at the centre.

What is lacking however in some of them, not all, is the will power, the energy to do what they are set up to do as to reduce the menace of youths joblessness. NDE particularly has failed to deliver.

Right away, I can give a high marks to the Sir Joe Ari- led Industrial Training Fund and the Brigadier General Ibrahim Shuiabu- led NYSC for bringing about innovative ideas on how best to give skills of a life time to Young stars.

Additionally, the NYSC has also started doing what I think is practicable panacea to youths unemployment by going from one relevant agency to the other to brainstorm, synergize and to work out partnerships on how they can cross breed and deliver innovative ideas on jobs for the benefits of young Nigerians.

So, I believe that the NYSC, the ITF and the Ministry of Sports should broaden the scope of consultations and partnerships and practicalize the deployment of skills and sports and avenues and means/ways and strategies to economically empower millions of Nigerian Youths.

I read a good piece written by Kevin Johnston on the importance of skills acquisition and I think I have three take aways from the points he articulated. I will list them out before proceeding.

He said as follows: “You will find that you often do not have all the information you would like in order to make decisions. It is important to acquire the skill of being decisive even when you are taking a risk you cannot fully evaluate.

“Sometimes making any decision is better than making no decision. You can learn to embrace the skill of making decisions in uncertain situations and greatly improve your ability to lead; being a successful entrepreneur involves having a creative passion to establish the business that is right for you.

“Using creative thinking and implementing novel ideas can help you embark on a successful business venture; and having the knack for entrepreneurship involves possessing the determination and commitment to run your own business.

“An entrepreneur has organizational, marketing, sales and finance skills as well. Although some business owners have a natural talent for entrepreneurship, completing business courses can help you develop these skills”. I think these are profound statements of facts loaded with beneficial ideas.

Now let us examine how working together, these agencies I mentioned can achieve more for our young people. It is true as told by some experts that some research suggests that being involved in sport can equip young people with specific ‘core’ and ‘soft’ skills that may raise their level of employability.

‘Core’ skills include those that are directly associated with coaching and sport management. ‘Soft’ skills include the skills and values that are learned through sport, such as: cooperation, leadership, respect for others, knowing how to win and lose, knowing how to manage competition, etc.

“However, it is advised to exercise caution when taking this view of sport’s contribution to economic development through job skills development because employment opportunities must exist for these skills to be relevant and of practical use.

“Research shows that there is a need to identify new jobs associated with sport and to conduct an inventory of all job categories in developing countries that can use sports skills or those derived from sport.”

The International Labour Organization (ILO) has highlighted the position of sports institutions as lying outside the tripartite structure of actors with whom the ILO usually works (governments, employers and workers) and therefore calls for the creation and development of joint projects and partnerships.


“For skills-building in sport for employment, the ILO has suggested that classifications of sport and sport-related economic activities opportunities be carried out in African countries, considering that so few of them have been documented in this region.

“This would allow for a better understanding of the present situation of the sport sector and to uncover any potential employment opportunities and skills that young people may find useful in the sport sector in Africa”. (sportandev.org).

On their own, the NYSC has introduced the best practical approach to create jobs for young people through its skill acquisition initiative. The Guardian reported the aforementioned recently.

As a fact, UNEMPLOYMENT remains one of the most critical problems bedeviling Nigeria today, despite being endowed with abundance human and material resources.

Indeed, years of unbridled corruption, mismanagement and sheer waste have hindered economic growth in the country.

Consequently, the nation’s resources have been left under-utilised leading to unemployment and abject poverty, the twin evils, which experts believe may scuttle the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals in the country.

According to a recent World Bank statistics, youth unemployment rate is 38 percent, but realistically, 80 percent of Nigerian youths are unemployed, with secondary school graduates mostly found among unemployed rural population accounting for about half of this figure, while university and polytechnic graduates make up the rest.

More worrisome is the fact that the nation’s tertiary institutions continue to churn out more than 150,000 graduates yearly, while available jobs remain inadequate to keep pace with the growing numbers of jobseekers.

Successive governments had introduced different developmental initiative to address the problem of youth unemployment in the country. However, these efforts have made little or no impact considering the enormity of the problem. Most of the initiatives fall short in terms of scope and scale.

Today, the National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) is probably the only government institution that has presence (infrastructure and personnel) in all the 774 local government Areas (LGAs) of the country, putting it in a position to be reckoned with, in ensuring youth empowerment, so reports The Guardian.

Director-General of the National Youth Service Corps (NYSC), Brigadier-General Ibrahim Shuaibu in a reaction to the growing number of unemployed youths in the country has called for more practical solutions to address the situation.

The Guardian recalled that in March 2012, the NYSC leadership introduced skill acquisition and entrepreneurship programmes into the orientation course content, in order to raise an army of entrepreneurs that will drive the economy and not job seekers that will trudge the streets in search of scarcely available jobs.

To institutionalize this, the Federal Government raised the number of departments in the NYSC from seven to eleven with Department of Skills Acquisition and Entrepreneurship Development (SAED) as one of the new departments.

Inter-Agency Partnership Delivers Jobs
Emmanuel Onwuibiko

The introduction of SAED into the NYSC scheme had helped many fresh graduates to be self-reliant, creating employment opportunities instead of searching for non-existent jobs.

The NYSC Director of SAED, Mrs. Mary Dan-Abia, in an interview with The Guardian in Abuja recently, disclosed that over 500,000 corps members had been trained under the reinvigorated Skills Acquisition and Entrepreneurship Development (SAED) programme since its inception in 2012.

“As at the end of 2013, we have been able to train over 410, 000 corps members on skills acquisition and entrepreneurship, if I add the 2015 batch A, we will be looking at over 500,000 corps members who have been exposed to the message of acquiring skills and becoming entrepreneurs.

She said out of the total number of trained entrepreneurs, over 1,600 had become full-time entrepreneurs, managing businesses with varying degrees of success across the country.

“The figure we have given is for those who have established. The others may be doing their things quietly. For instance, we know a corps member who started making buns snack with six thousand naira, but today he has a shop, registered business, he has employed about 10 people and his business is growing.

“We also have one in Ogun state who started with juice making, today he has trucks. If one has a programme, you have to give him enough time else, he will tell you he cannot come. These are established ones. Many of them would have gotten established businesses if these bottle necks were not there. It is difficult to get the CAC registration because of the cost and it is also not easy to get the NAFDAC license.

Dan-Abia said more youths would have been trained by the scheme, if it were fully supported by the Federal Government, particularly in the training of manpower and establishment of skills centres.

According to her, the Federal Government’s support is vital, as it would also help the youths roaming the streets in search of job placements to acquire skills for self-employment.

She dismissed the insinuation that many graduates were not resourceful, stressing that some of them had displayed great entrepreneurial skills but lacked the financial support to establish themselves.

Dan-Abia noted that the management of the scheme was worried by the statistics of unemployment among graduate youths in the country.

She said the NYSC SAED programme was unique as it emphasised on imparting skills and knowledge that would make beneficiaries self-reliant and resourceful.

Dan-Abia identified lack of resource persons, poor funding and other economic factors like accessibility to loan facilities as some of the challenges facing the programme.

The director said the corps remained committed to supporting the Federal Government’s policy aimed at addressing the problem of youth unemployment.

“The NYSC, through the programme and engagement of more stakeholders, hoped to assist graduates to depend less on non-existent government employments.

“NYSC supports corps members to develop good business proposal that could be supported by the Bank of Industry, Bank of Agriculture and the Central Bank of Nigeria,” she said.

The director said the NYSC was not specific about the kinds of training to give to the participants, stressing that the different areas of the economy were covered in the programme.

Dan-Abia said the NYSC would continue to contribute its quota towards building a team of vibrant and resourceful graduates that would be ready to support the task of nation building.

Speaking on the projections of the NYSC SAED in the future, she stated, “I want to see the NYSC in a position where when we finish we are not sourcing for people to come and sponsor them. I want a situation where people will be waiting for the entrepreneurs.

We had planned to have an entrepreneurship festival where we wanted to showcase those ones. The idea was that people would see them and take them on. We want to produce entrepreneurs that people will see and take.

There are some of them, when people see the products they come out with; they have people who want to sponsor them. We want to see a situation where their produce will be collected from them and exported.

“We want to see a situation where we will have skills acquisition centers where we post our corps members to go and do their training and they come out refined. We also want a situation where we have to rely on people who own skills acquisition centers and then we go there to negotiate begging them to collect five thousand naira installment from corps members instead of fifty thousand full fee as long as we will send many to them for training and they will balance up the rest of the money in installments because they only earn 19, 800 therefore they won’t be able to bring out the full fifty thousand naira fee.

But if we have a skill acquisition center developed all over the country then we will know that anywhere they go to they can be assured they will be given training. In fact some of them are saying that if Federal Government wants to give them skills why do they have to pay, so a situation where they do not have to pay to acquire the skills is what we look out for.

More so, Sources at the NYSC headquarters hinted to The Guardian reporter that as part of steps towards consolidating on the achievements so far recorded, the NYSC management recently held a meeting with stakeholders with a view to fashioning out areas of support in terms of curriculum development, training, monitoring, policy advocacy and influencing, as well as funding. The stakeholders, drawn from both the public and private sectors, indicated interest in assisting the NYSC to maximise the benefits of the programme, especially through technical support.

Addressing participants at a one-day stakeholders’ meeting on the NYSC skill acquisition and entrepreneurship development programme in Lagos recently, the NYSC DG, stated that a considerable reduction in youth unemployment would reduce the high rate of insecurity.

Apparently not too pleased with stampede and undue exploitation that usually characterizes job interviews, the DG assured that the crop of corps members undergoing orientation and their colleagues in service will not be job seekers, but job creators.

Lastly and by no means  the least, the Sir Joe Ari- led ITF has in the last five years, carried out diverse skills acquisition trainings for young persons to an admirable dimension. The Director General performed so excellently that he won the heart of President Muhammadu Buhari who has just reappointed him for a second term.

As captured in a news report, for the tide of insecurity to be stemmed and youths in Nigeria gainfully employment, institutions of government have to rise to the occasion and ensure the mandates of their establishments are fully actualised.

This was the view of the Minister of Industry, Trade and Investment, Mr. Richard Adebayo who spoke at the weekend in Jos, Plateau State at the commissioning of some projects at the headquarter of the Industrial Training Fund, ITF.

He said that federal government would continue to put in place policies that would support organizations whose activities have direct impact on the lives of Nigerians and make such organizations thrive.

The Minister said the Industrial Training Fund (ITF), with its mandate to train Nigerian youths on various skills acquisition, will eliminate the growing trends of unemployment in the country. According to him, “It is no longer news that a huge number of Nigerians are unemployed and in poverty, as a consequence, the country has witnessed a rise in insecurity and other social vices. In the face of the absence of white collar jobs, the only feasible alternative is for organizations like the ITF to ensure that their mandates are fully actualised.

“I want to assure that the federal government will continue to put in place policies that will ensure that organisations like the ITF whose activities have direct impact on the life of Nigerians thrives to its fullest.”

Also, the Plateau State Governor, Simon Lalong, who acknowledged that the ITF has contributed in no small measure in raising the living conditions of Nigerians especially in the skills acquisition and the educational sectors, through its training and Corporate Social Responsibility, assured of his support for more citizens of the State to be empowered. Earlier, the Director General of ITF, Joseph Ari, listed the projects to be commissioned to include, a modern library complex, a central store and a block of classrooms at the ITF Staff School.

He stressed, “The modern library complex will accommodate e-learning facilities for Engineering, Arts and Humanities Social Sciences, among others. It would also house a 250 computer based test CBT capacity, as well as office accommodation for staff.

“It is our firm believe that the library will enhance the capacity of staff to perform their duties. It must be noted that for any organisation to flourish, it requires the services of a vibrant and well-furnished line, taking into cognizance our position as a learning and development agency.

“The staff of the Fund are expected to be knowledgeable and that can only be achieved through constant research which is possible with a rich modern library. In order to ensure continuous efficient and effective mandate delivery, there are several other projects in the pipeline which include the construction of a skills center in Enugu and an industrial skills training center in Gombe, construction and refurbishment of area complex in Awka, Jos, Enugu, Kaduna amongst others.”

The goal of this article is to advocate a greater synergy and partnerships between and amongst the above listed agencies of government. The group I coordinate nationally- HUMAN RIGHTS WRITERS ASSOCIATION OF NIGERIA (HURIWA) will be approaching these agencies with research papers on how to deepen their conversations on partnership for employment creation for the millions of Nigerian Youths.

Also, the National Assembly needs to pragmatically improve the funding capacities of these agencies so that the goal of creating Jobs for the Youths can become realistic in a short time. This is the way out of the nation’s security nightmares.

*EMMANUEL ONWUBIKO is head of the HUMAN RIGHTS WRITERS ASSOCIATION OF NIGERIA (HURIWA) and blogs@www. theingerianinsidernews.com, www.huriwanigeria.com.


Baba Fela And The Hyping Africa Desperately Needs

By Wlliam Ikhianosimhe Orbih.


Baba Fela just won—or is on the route to winning some insignificant music bs. Pardon my not wanting to have anything to do with the details. I would just say it is an induction to some Rock and Roll hall of fame, in case you don’t already know. You can google for details, that is, if you care.

I don’t. Even though I don’t honestly give a damn about what the stuff is all about, I voted. I voted for Fela—twice. By the way, I stumbled on the bs because many Nigerian celebrities tweeted about it as they canvassed for votes for Baba Fela. I voted for Baba Fela because I want him to win at all costs. Whatever it is, I want Fela to win.


I voted for him because he is African. I always want Africa to win. I wanted #Ngoziokonjoiweala Okonji Iweala to become DG, WTO. No one can question her competence. But for me, I don’t even care. I just wanted her to win the seat because she is African.

I was excited that she has. Like my esteemed senior brother and colleague,  Emmanuel O Onuma , it will be difficult to forgive those Nigerians who petitioned against her in 2015. I know many of them will run in 2023. We are waiting for them. This is not a threat.

What am I?

I am Africa’s hype-man. Check the bio in all my social media handles, this is the way I describe myself, and I am proud of it. For me, it is always Africa first, and if you like, it is Make Africa Great Again. Of course, if it has to do with music, then the Fela is most deserving.

He is one of the most influential of the past century and one of the most sampled musicians ever! So, if the criterion is music for music’s sake, Fela is top-notch. And even if it is about music for social transformation, Fela still has a bargaining chip.

His music was a mosaic of many voices. He was everything a musician can be and more. He bashed and yab. He gyrated and entertained. He was instrumentally excellent and lyrically profound. Yet, as far as my biased African self is concerned, I voted for him regardless of whether he deserves it or not. He should win it. I don’t give a damn what you all think.

Yes, Fela sang about shit, prick, and nyash. He even chauvinistically called out women who refused the convenient place society carved for them below stupid, timid men. I am no radical feminist, but I cringe whenever I listen to his track Lady.

But he also devoted adequate music time to fearlessly call out corrupt Africa leaders, especially a certain one he called ITT, and another one with a big stomach and another one with his neck as long as Ostrich. Remove the TT and replace it with BlackBerry. Think of Nigeria’s president with the biggest stomach ever and his vice, then you might have a vague clue as to the Nigerian leaders that Fela was bashing in that song.

He did not even spare religion and religious leaders. Of course, for the most part, he saw religion exactly the way Marx and Nietzsche saw it—an opium that can often keep people senselessly grounded. The Latin of the Catholic Church was a joke to Fela, especially when Nigerians mouth it; so also, the Arabic of Islam. The fact that Christians and Muslims in Nigeria go on pilgrimage and pay allegiance to some external authority in a faraway foreign land greatly nauseated Fela.

I spent the month of January listening to Fela whenever I am driving—it was a blessing of unimaginable proportion. This insignificant music bs that surfaced on Twitter trends has just afforded me the to opportunity to briefly reflect on the Fela legacy.

It is a shame that we cannot “canonize” Fela. Larger than life itself, he lacks the humility that will enable him to join any sanctimonious list without upturning and exploding it. We certainly can’t fit him in among the Catholic saints. He is not solemn enough. He married 27 women all at once. Neither can we fit him among Muslim saints. He is not sophisticated enough. Besides, he bashed both religions repeatedly in his songs.

But perhaps, we can fit him in with the biblical prophets.

Yes, we can, and we must declare him a prophet. Like Balaam, the non-Hebrew prophet in the Old Testament, Fela was a man with far-seeing eyes. He saw us suffering and smiling. He saw 49 sitting and 99 standing in our molues. He saw animals in human skin; sad, he could not see humans in animal—cow’s skins, the imperialism of cows as his Fela’s first cousin, Wole Soyinka, recently describes it.

However, what is most special about Fela, in my opinion, is the fact that he was one of Africa’s greatest hype man ever! (Sorry, it took so long to get here). He challenged European hegemony and encouraged Africa’s renaissance. He called for Africa true political independence from European neocolonialism.

He celebrated Africa’s culture and mourned Africa’s lost heritage. While I do not subscribe to a blind glorification and uncritical romanticization of Africa’s past, and while I do not agree with everything in the gospel according to Fela Anikulapo Kuti, I agree that Africa needs to be hyped more by Africans.

I would argue that this is the fastest path to Africa’s emergence. This is what makes America thick. This is why Americans would rather watch their boring NFL, even as the rest of the world is drunk on soccer. Just in case you don’t already know, in America it is hype first before substance. In any case substance abounds! America is truly great

Hyping Africa means a commitment to the project called Africa. It means celebrating Africa with every given opportunity. It means always putting Africa first—she is our spiritual mother. It means patriotism. It means not saying bad things about Mother Africa, except propelled by the zeal to right them.

Above all, it means a sincere love for Africa in spite of her many scars and blemishes. As Foluke Ifejola Adebisi puts it in her blog, “If there were no Africa, I would dream of her!” Let’s be passionate about Africa.

We must bring back the heydays of negritude, the days when Africa’s beauty was the subject of innumerable love poems and songs. There is perhaps no single poem that captures this golden age like David Diop’s “Africa my Africa.”

This poem is a literary masterpiece, a poem that has got everything. I first heard in Secondary School. It was then that I memorized it. May the Lord bless the teacher who assigned it and may the soul of David Diop rest in peace. He was 33 years old when he died in a plane crash.

But his poems, this one in particular, like well rooted tree, lives on. It is both a vision of Africa blossoming glory as well as a war song calling Africans to arms. It is a song of praise. It is also a dirge. It is everything.

Africa’s beautiful women. The strong warriors of the savannah. Glorious plains, diverse flora and fauna. Mystical past. Inglorious dents. Hopeful future. All singled out for honorable mention in a one stanza poem of 23 magical lines.

If there ever would be an official hype anthem for Africa, I am nominating this poem. And I am nominating Fela posthumously as one of Africa’s brand ambassadors. Fela should be taught in schools and pointed out as an example of what Africa men and women must become. However, when teaching him, care must be taken not to “gentlemanize” him in any way. I don’t want him turning in his grave. Him no be gentleman at all…😀

*I am writing about Baba Fela; so excuse my rawness and brutalness…even though me na gentleman 🤣



Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of  William Ikhianosimhe Orbih and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”


Ibezim Francis Chukwuma & Ibezim Chukwuma Frank: Two Identities of One Individual

By Dan Ugwu.


Mr Ibezim is the fair, tall and handsome looking middle aged man from Imo North Senatorial zone who was disqualified by the Appeal Court as Senator on the basis of identity crisis. It is even difficult to call the embattled politician any name at the moment pending when he decides on the one to go with.

Mr. Ibezim was accused of making false declaration regarding his WAEC, University and NYSC certificates. The names contained in the said certificates are a mixture of FRANCIS & FRANK. The WAEC result entries even though they bear same year and registration number have different entries.

The affidavit form showing that he lost his certificate ten years ago neither has the signature of the deponent nor any police extract to show loss of document. Also, he submitted a declaration of age form purportedly declared by his elder brother Mr. Emmanuel, which was not signed.

Now, in the document attached to his affidavit before INEC, the said affidavit was now signed but this time by himself and not his senior brother. Hence, apart from suspicion of age falsification, these exhibits show that Mr Ibezim bears different names at his whims and caprices.

Ibezim was simply careless with a serious material. He may actually be the same person as his sympathisers are positing, but there is no presumption in law. While the name Francis has no notable short form, Frank is famously a shortened form for the name Frankline.

Ibezim’s carelessness in his documents exemplifies the carelessness of many of us today still. Most the new age and digital parents today doctor their children’s names and fluctuate their identities carelessly.

Some even remove their native surnames and forenames and replace them with forefound in literature works that sound sweet. A friend of mine has his name as Fabian, but he is famously known as ADON.

Any day he starts imputing that in his basic name columns, then he will be preparing himself for future affidavit. Let Ibezim be disqualified to sound a note of warning to those of us who are careless with their documents.



NED NWOKO: The Phenomenal Rise

By Emmanuel Onwubiko


NED NWOKO: The Phenomenal Rise
Ned Nwoko

Socrates is undeniably the father founder of ancient philosophy which was pivotal to our contemporary study of philosophy.

He was basically the phenomenal foundation of modern day philosophy and one of the earliest original thinkers that formulated the scholarly foundation for the clamour for democracy and freedom of expression.

Loved by most downtrodden Athenians desirous of lifting themselves away from the strangled hold of ignorance and poverty of ideas. But he was hated by the elites who feared that he was setting the stage for their overthrow from political power by the downtrodden most of whom has begun to lust after knowledge and philosophy.

As it were in most struggles, the ruling class usually puts to use their overwhelming control over the military might and the power of coercion to seek the decimation of their perceived enemies. And so, the elite of his time and epoch found a contrived charge to put him on trial and eventually got him executed.

The trial and execution of Socrates in the assessment of all leading scholars, shaped the trajectories that most modern societies witnessed and experience evolution. This is how Joshua Hehe on March 4th 2020 reported the events leading up to the execution of Socrates.

He wrote thus: “More than 2,400 years ago, in the birthplace of democracy, there was no such thing as freedom of speech, but one man believed there should be. He even died standing up for his rights, including that of freedom of religion, which means both the freedom to get to believe in anything and the freedom from having to believe in anything at the same time. Unfortunately for Socrates, his fellow Athenians were highly conservative, and they despised his progressive rabble-rousing”.

He wrote as well that: “At the beginning of the 4th century BCE, Socrates went on trial for moral corruption and impiety, so five hundred male-citizen jurors chosen by lot voted to convict him of the two charges. Then, consistent with common legal practice, they voted to determine his punishment and agreed to a sentence of death.

“Socrates was found guilty of both corrupting the minds of the youth and of not believing in the official pantheon of Athens. Granted, Socrates didn’t believe in Athena the patron deity of Athens, but rather in his own personal spirit guide. The problem was that the people were not well informed about Socrates, so they thought he may have been a sorcerer”.

Several centuries after, we are here reflecting on the rise and rise of a Nigerian Socrates who loves the youth, the down trodden and is working tirelessly to deliver quality and affordable education through the erection of first of a kind sports and science university in Idumuje Ugoboko.

Ironically, unlike Socrates of the ancient philosophy, Prince Ned Nwoko has become a social celebrity whose words of wisdom and opinion are in very high demand. His recent marriage to a highly popular and successful actress Regina shot him to greater heights publicity-wise just as millions of young female graduates are beginning to believe that one day they may as well get married to a billionaire who will love them like Ned Nwoko loves Regina Daniels.

Rather than being tried for his revolutionary ideas, Prince Ned Nwoko is loved, beloved and has become one of the most searched item of research on the World Wide Web. Although as a very prosperous philanthropist he has had one or two incidents of attempts made on his life by enemies of progress not comfortable with his phenomenal rise.

Born in December 1960, into the Nwoko royal family, Idumuje Ugboko kingdom in Aniocha North local government area, Prince Ned Nwoko received primary and secondary school education in Nigeria.

He moved on the United Kingdom got his first degree in law and history at the prestigious University of Keele, Staffordshire UK. He also attended Kings College, university of London, culminating in a post graduate class with an LLM in maritime and commercial law. Prince Ned Nwoko was subsequently called to the English bar, at Lincoln’s inn.

Prince Ned Nwoko has always had interest in aviation as one of the key sectors of the economy. Several years ago he owned a Boeing air craft for a business engagement with the British Airways. He currently owns a Private Jet Charter Company known as AirLinas Limited.

Airlinas operates daily flights within Nigeria, West Africa, Southern Africa and Europe providing affordable and quality aircraft charters to business professionals and private individuals to maximise their time efficiently.

Prince Ned ensures that Airlinas guarantees a quality service unmatched in the aviation industry. Airlinas owns a bombardier Challenger 604, 5599 and intends to add more to its fleet. Ned believes that if every sector of the economy is well functional, Nigeria will achieve a sustainable growth.

Prince Ned has placed his Idumuje ugboko homestead in the world map of tourism with the building of Mount Ned Resort in Anioma land, a wonderous tourism destination with amazing exotic architecture and rarest collection of wild life. Mount Delta is one of 21 tourist sites approved by Delta State Government for the State.

He is the founder of STARS UNIVERSITY, located at Idumuje ugboko, the first sports University in Sub Saharan Africa. The proposed University, offering courses in sports and other disciplines is expected to resume full academic activities in 2021.

Two key contributions of Ned Nwoko should interest my readers and these are his passion to sponsor the scientific researches that will lead to the emergence of the medical breakthrough towards the eradication of Malaria which remains the highest cause of deaths in Africa.

The Second passion of Prince Ned Nwoko which demands articulate appreciation is his determination to build one of the biggest universities East of the Niger in the oil rich Niger Delta region of Nigeria.

His proposed university is such that for the first time will see a community being accommodated  by the founder and sponsor as one of the leading co-owners of educational faculties built from scratch to finish with funds sourced by the man who conceived the idea.

We will come to the matter of his involvement in driving the process of finding lasting cure to malaria in Africa, but first we will reflect on the university concept and the rapid progress he has made towards the actualization of this lofty dream.

The National Universities Commission has reportedly inspected the facilities and imposing structures already erected at the massive expanse of land housing the soon to be inaugurated University.

The former member of House of Representatives, Prince Ned Nwoko, had very recently reportedly  restated commitment to the establishment of Stars University at Idumuje-Ugboko, his country home in Aniocha North local government area of Delta State, saying that efforts are in top gear for the take-off of the university before the end of the year.

Prince Nwoko made the disclosure while playing host to the newly elected Chairman of the Delta State Council of the Nigeria Union of Journalists (NUJ), Comrade Michael Ikeogwu along with other executives and some members of the union who paid him a courtesy visit at the prestigious Mount Prince Ned Nwoko Tourist Site, located in Idumuje-Ugboko,Aniocha North Local Government Area, Delta State.

Speaking during a guided tour round some tourist buildings for the proposed university Prince Nwoko was optimistic that the institution would takeoff in the next one year subject to the granting of operational license by the National University Commission, NUC.

He said already the proposed Stars University in line with NUC guidelines, has a Vice Chancellor and a working committee with a renowned Professor of medicine and Asagba of Asaba as its chairman that is working assiduously and liaising with the commission to get approval for the institution.

His words: “We have submitted all our applications to NUC. It’s a very important project….I don’t want to start a University without NUC licence. They have come here… We are discussing. But I hope that we’ll get the licence this year. It is not something we can buy with money. But we will follow the guidelines’’, he pointed out.

Impressed by the determination to attract one of the best universities to Delta State as is being done by Prince Ned Nwoko, the governor of Delta State who was a Senator just before he won the governorship seat in 2015,  Dr. Ifeanyi Okowa, stated emphatically, that the millions of people from Delta state are praying and wishing Prince Ned Nwoko the blessings of the divine. The solemn occasion was during the birthday celebrations of Prince Ned Nwoko.

Delta Governor, Senator Ifeanyi Okowa congratulated businessman and politician, Prince Ned Nwoko, on his 60th birth anniversary. In a statement by his Chief Press Secretary, Mr Olisa Ifeajika, in Asaba, the governor said Nwoko, a former member of House of Representatives, contributed immensely to political evolution in Delta and the development of his Idumuje-Ugboko community in Aniocha North Local Government Area.

He lauded the former lawmaker, who re-presented Aniocha/Oshimili Constituency in the green chamber from 1999 to 2003 for his patriotic contributions to the state and country, especially with his Malaria Eradication Project in Africa.

The governor affirmed that the Nwoko had continued to make life meaningful for the downtrodden, and urged him not to rest on his oars.  The Delta State Chief executive said: “You have consistently impacted positively on the lives of people irrespective of tribe, religion, social status or political affiliation through your entrepreneurial drive.

“Your Malaria Eradication Project in Africa and the establishment of Stars University, Idumuje-Ugboko, are some of your entrepreneurial contributions to job and wealth creation for Deltans and Nigerians.

“You have continued to blaze the trail by providing and offering leadership at various strata of the society and I urge you to continue to serve your people well without relenting. You have created several jobs and provided many opportunities for our people to utilize their potential and earn a decent means of livelihood through your investments and philanthropy.

“Through your generosity and large-heartedness, you have continued to maintain a large, devoted and loyal followership that bestrode the entire Delta and Nigeria. On behalf of the government and people of Delta, I congratulate you on the occasion of your 60th birth anniversary. “It is my prayer that God will continue to grant you a life of more accomplishments,” Okowa added.

A certain commentator who was commenting on the recent endorsement of the anti- malaria campaigns launched by the Ned Nwoko Foundation, first and foremost, reminded the audience about the official position Canvassed by the World Health Organization on the health crisis occasioned by Malaria fever, mostly in Africa with nearly 1 billion human beings.

The vast social capital of Ned Nwoko is replicated in the search he has funded and is spearheading with determination, resilience and candour  for a lasting Medical solution to malaria and he has already set up a structure in form of a foundation to effectively and aggressively pursue the goal and to achieve the target within a framework of a deadline.

He (Ned Nwoko)  has put his money where his mouth is and the people and government of Nigeria have also keyed in into this noble project. After all who does not fear malaria? And as they say in local parlance, better soup na money make am.

And so the commentator aforementioned stated that according to the World Health Organisation, every two minutes, a child dies of Malaria in Africa. Government, corporate bodies and individuals have employed methods to minimize or prevent malaria especially in Nigeria.

One man, he said,  who has initiated ways of total eradication of malaria in Africa starting with Nigeria is the Billionaire and Antarctica explorer, Prince Ned Nwoko.

“He presented the Malaria Project to the Honourable Minister of Health, Dr Osagie Ehanire and Minister of State for Health Dr Adeleke O. Mamora and further discussed ways of collaborating with the Ministry on the Prince Ned Nwoko Malaria Eradication Project.”

Ned stressed that Environmental Sanitation, Advocacy, Malaria Vaccine Development and Fumigation of the entire country will put a permanent end to the scourge of malaria in Africa. Also in the meeting were the Permanent Secretary for Ministry of Health Mr Abdulaziz Abdullahi, a Director at the National Malaria Programme (NMEP) Dr Tim Obot, Project Coordinator Prince Ned Nwoko Malaria Project, Mr Chuks Anyaduba, to mention but a few.

The Minister praised the Antarctica explorer and initiator of the Ned Nwoko Malaria Eradication Project, Prince Ned Nwoko for his resilience in pursuing this initiative and assured him that the Ministry of Health will be willing to partner with his foundation through the National Malaria Elimination Programme (NMEP).

Dr Osagie also mandated that a technical working committee should be set up to liaise with the Prince Ned Nwoko Foundation so as to come up with a robust and formidable plan to get rid of Malaria in Nigeria. Notable in the remark of the Minister of State for Health thus: ‘for a Nigerian to start a fight of this nature to end malaria in Nigeria and Africa, it is something Africa should be proud of’.

Ned also shared his Antarctica experience with the Hon. Minister and his team as well and presented him with an album that document his exploration as the first black African to the south pole in Antarctica, raising global awareness on the scourge of malaria in Africa.

Ned Nwoko also secured the endorsement of the military establishment and that of the mouth piece of the Federal government which is the Ministry of Information.

Chairman of Prince Ned Nwoko Foundation and Billionaire Antarctica Explorer Prince Ned Nwoko was received by the Hon. Minister of Information and Culture Prof. Lai Mohammed at his office.

They had good deliberations on ways of collaborating with the Ministry of Information and Culture on the Malaria Project. Prince Ned shared the areas of focus of the Project which are: Research for safe Malaria Vaccine, Sanitation and Cleaning of the entire environment, Waste Management and Establishment of recycling plants in every local government and finally total fumigation of the length and breath of the country.

According to Ned, ‘Everyone is a stakeholder in the Malaria Project, all hands must be on deck to end Malaria in Nigeria and Africa.’

The Chairman was in company of his lovely wife and popular actress Regina Daniels as well as the Project Coordinator Mr Chukwuebuka Anyaduba.

Indeed, unlike like Socrates of the Ancient Athena, Ned Nwoko, the Socrates of our epoch is receiving accolades and his rise is not just meteoric but phenomenal.

Here is an account rendered in a very ancient book which depicts the status, stature and phenomenal rise and rise of Ned Nwoko: “During the reign of Tamerlane there began the restoration of the languages and of all the disciplines. The first to apply himself to this work was Francesco Petrarca, who opened up Libraries which had long been closed and removed the dust and filth from the good books and ancient writers.”

“Being a man of great understanding and excellent learning, he not only embellished the Italian tongue, of which he, together with his disciple Boccaccio, is revered as an exemplar and principal author, but also laudably stimulated Latin poetry and prose.

Then Giovanni of Ravenna, grammarian, who as a youth had known Petrarca as an old man, greatly advanced the progress of the Latin language, instructing and exhorting to the love of good letters many who became very learned.

Among these were Leonardo Bruni, Francesco Filelfo, Lorenzo Valla, Guarino da Verona, Poggio, Ognibene of Lonigo, Niccoló Perotti, Vittorino da Feltre, Francesco Barbaro, Pietro Paolo Vergerio, Maffeo Vegio, Leonardo Giustiniani, Gregorio and Lilio Tifernas, Antonio of Panormo, Giovanni Aurispa, Pietro Candido, Flavio Biondo.

Then Manuel Chrysoloras, a gentleman of Constantinople, a personage famous for his learning and for every virtue, was sent by the Emperor John Paleologos (Manuel II1393) to the kings of Europe to implore their aid for the rescue of Greece, which was perishing”. (The Portable Renaissance Reader Edited by James Bruce Ross and Mary Martin McLAUGHI IN).

These epochal and outstanding virtues showcased in this ancient book about the Rennaissanc are replicated in the man we now prefer to name the Modern day Socrates of Nigeria- Ned Nwoko.

*Emmanuel Onwubiko is head of the HUMAN RIGHTS WRITERS ASSOCIATION OF NIGERIA (HURIWA) and blogs@www. theingerianinsidernews.comwww.huriwanigeria.com.




Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Emmanuel Onwubiko and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”





Salami And The Judicial Age Cheats

By Emmanuel Onwubiko.


From a very old book, this is what a classical author stated about the dignity of man-: “A great miracle, Asclepius, is man.” But when I thought about the reason for these statements, I was not satisfied by the many remarkable qualities which were advanced as arguments by many men- that man is the intermediary between creatures, the intimate of higher beings and the king of lower beings, the interpreter of nature by the sharpness of his senses, by the questing curiosity of his reason, and by the light of his intelligence, the interval between enduring eternity and the flow of time, and, as the Persians say, the nuptial bond of the world, and by David’s testimony, a little lower than the angels.”

The author wrote poetically further: “Great indeed as these attributes are, they are not the principal ones, those, that is, which may rightfully claim the privilege of the highest admiration. For why should we not admire the angels themselves and the most blessed choirs of heaven more?

At last I seem to have understood why man is the most fortunate creature and thus worthy of all admiration, and what precisely is the place allotted to him in the universal chain, a place to be envied not only by the beasts, but also by the stars, and the intelligences beyond this world. It is an incredible and wonderful thing.

And why not? For this is the very reason why man is rightly called and considered a great miracle and a truly marvelous creature. But hear what this place is, Fathers, and courteously grant me the favour of listening with friendly ears.” (The Portal Renaissance Reader Edited by James Bruce Ross and Mary Martin McLAUGHI IN).”

The above poem came to mind when attempting to reflect on a profound body of revelation made by the retired head of the Nigerian Court of Appeal about the existence of age cheats in the Nigerian Judiciary and then i wondered if these wonderful attributes of man can be ascribed to the members of the Nigerian Judiciary inflicted with ethical damage and moral corruption.

As it were, this former head of an arm of the Court system, Justice Ayo Salami served the Country meritoriously and left as the President of the Court of Appeal which is considered one of the most prestigious positions any Nigerian jurist can hold in life.

He (Ayo Salami) has the public image as a no nonsense judge and as someone who says it as it is. As someone who spent over three decades in the Judiciary of Nigeria, his claims about happenings within the Nigerian Judiciary is to be taken as authoritative and far reaching.

But that is in no way equating him with the likes of the Iconic Justice Chukwudifu Oputa or even Justice Niki Tobi both of whom are considered as some of the best egg heads that the court system in Nigeria produced just as their opinions delivered in the Supreme Court are unassailable.

So I return to the discussion of Justice Ayo Salami and my main concern is the revelation he was reported to have made that some judges are in the habit of falsifying their ages even as he urged the Senate of the Federal Republic of Nigeria not to extend the retirement age of judges to 75 as is being canvassed by some forces within the judiciary.

I must throw my support in saying that extending the retirement age to 75 will stifle the growth of our jurisprudence.

The issue of age falsification amongst judges which justice Salami alluded to is such that every citizen of Nigeria must deeply reflect on and mount pressure on the government to uncover the judges who have forged their ages and prosecute them.

If a Judge who falsifies any of his vital information is allowed to remain in service, they will invariably pollute the sanctity of the Judiciary.  This is because he who goes to equity must do so with clean hands.

I must say that although the story of age falsification is like a social menace that has been with the public and Civil service in Nigeria, but it is unthinkable to therefore read the report by a senior editor of Nation Newspaper Yusuf Ali, in which he quoted the retired Appeal Court’s President as revealing the existence of judges who ‘forged’ their ages.

The former President of the Court of Appeal, Justice Isa Ayo Salami, on Saturday advised the Senate against increasing the retirement age of justices of the Supreme Court and the Court of Appeal from 70 years to 75 years.

He said some of the judges are not healthy and they regularly travel abroad for treatment. He also claimed that some of them forget easily in addition to memory challenges. Some of the judges, he told The Nation, do not know their actual age and have been using declaration of age affidavit.

He said the nation can fill the vacancies from a pool of qualified, experienced and healthier professionals. Salami shared his views on the proposed amendment to the 1999 Constitution to increase the age of judges at the apex court from 70 years to 75 years.

He said: “It’s understood that it’s being contemplated to raise the tenure of the Supreme Court justices and possibly those of the Court of Appeal to 75 years within the next couple of weeks. To be precise, before the end of March.

“The profession is ominously silent over it. I could remember that the same issue was brought up by the Senate during my screening for the President of the Court of Appeal which was persuaded by my reasoning.

“I contended that very few of us had birth certificates. Invariably we rely on declaration of age, which is generally inflated because they are inferred from incidences or occurrences the happening of which we were not sure of.”

He said it is dangerous and unproductive for the nation to increase the age of judges it is unsure of. He said it is dangerous and unproductive for the nation to increase the age of judges it is unsure of.

He said: “So to be increasing age which is predicated on unsure parameters could be dangerous merely because their counterparts elsewhere retire at about that age without taking into account the faulty starting point.

“The living conditions in those countries as well as their health facilities are in no manner comparable with ours.” Salami said some of the judges in the apex court are no longer strong as they used to be.

He added: “Many of them are not healthy. They regularly travel abroad for treatment, and some of them forget easily in addition to memory challenges.

“In the circumstances, some of the justices would only be there as passengers to fulfill statutory conditions without ability to make meaningful contribution. This is a condition that could easily be exploited by dishonest members of the court.

“It’s my humble opinion that the present retirement age is adequate for any sincere hardworking member of the court. It’s not only consuming but also tasking emotionally, physically and mentally.”

He said “there is a pool of qualified, experienced and healthier professionals from which vacancies created by their respective retirements can be filled.”

Salami said what should be paramount to the nation now is the output of the judges at old age. He said: “We should have in mind their output at old age. The interest of the nation and not preference of the justices should be paramount on the minds of the senators.

“The employer and not the labourer determines the duration of the contract. It’s the people who make a constitution for themselves and not an institution thereof.

He cautioned against any act of lawlessness which would make it look as if the Judiciary is out  to fashion a constitution and impose a constitution amendment on the rest of Nigerians.

“It’s in this act of lawlessness that an individual forced National Industrial Court on the rest of us. I think it’s only Executive Bill that could bring about constitutional amendment(s),” he said.

I beg to differ fundamentally with the diplomatic claim that the judges who forged their ages do it out of ignorance. This is because ignorance is not an excuse for lawlessness.

In the crusade to clean up the Augean stable in the Judiciary, the need to conduct detailed forensic investigations into the phenomenon of age falsification amongst judges must be activated now much more than before.

I agree with the comprehensive view of age falsification as presented by a scholar.  “Age falsification is a disease that has eaten deep into Nigerian civil service and labour market. The Nigerian labour force is filled with senile and over aged employees.

“This continues to affect production adversely in our institutions, establishments and businesses. This paper presents an ICT approach to solving the menace of age falsification in Nigerian Civil service. A model is presented for predicting employees’ age before engagement into an establishment….”

He submits also that: “Feeble Government efforts at curbing age falsification is as follows: One of the existing efforts by government to fight age falsification is through staff auditing. Staff auditing  requires   every   staff   in   civil   service   to   present   themselves   for   interviewing   and verification.

“The exercise also includes verification of present and old certificates acquired by the employees. These exercises apart from taking place occasionally are also seen as a mock means of justifying expenditure, siphoning   funds and a mere  routine   government check. In (Emmanuel Ukekwe,UNN; Nov,2018).

“In  addition, they usually involve a cursory look at certificates especially birth certificates without a thorough check.  The   number   of  staff  to  be  verified   is   usually  too  large  and  the  time   allotted   for  the exercise is also very short.

“Another existing  attempt   at  checking age falsification is the introduction of IPPIS. The  era of grey-haired and old public officers still remaining in service, claiming not to have reached the retirement age will be over soon with the introduction of the new scheme” (Omeiza, 2015).

Borrowing from the principle of the aforementioned presentation, I must say only insignificant amount of effort is made by the National Judicial Council to fish out these bad eggs. There has to be a forensic analysis to be spearheaded by an independent commission to fish out these age cheats in the Nigerian Judiciary immediately.

Recently, the duo of Justice Abdulkareem Babatunde Abdulrasaq of the Osun State High Court and the Grand Kadi of Yobe State Grand Kadi Shu’aibu A. Talba, were recommended for retirement with immediate effect by the National Judicial Council (NJC), Dec 2020.

The official press release said the NJC was actually exercising its disciplinary powers under the Constitution, just as it was disclosed that the NJC has suspended both judicial officers from office pending the approval of the recommendation of their compulsory retirements by the governors in their respective states.

The Council took the decision at its 93rd virtual meeting on December 16, 2020, during which it rejected 18 petitions against 14 judges and equally recommended the appointment of 69 more.

This tepid measure by NJC does not go deep enough as there are thousands of other age cheats embedded in the Judiciary who may be protected by the powers that be because politicians can do just anything to protect principalities who engineer the manipulation of election results for them including judges who are the sellers of justice from election tribunals to the highest bidders.

*Emmanuel Onwubiko is head of the HUMAN RIGHTS WRITERS ASSOCIATION OF NIGERIA (HURIWA) and blogs@www. theingerianinsidernews.comwww.huriwanigeria.com.




Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Emmanuel Onwubiko and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”



Will Joe Biden Fight Boko Haram?

By Emmanuel Onwubiko.


The number 46th President of the world’s super- power – the Unites States of America, Mr. Joe Biden of the Democratic Party has only just practically inaugurated his government’s foreign relations’ orientation with a landmark speech in which he announced the return of his country to a multilateral world away from Donald Trump’s America first ideology. He told the World that he will “narrowly focus on our mission on AL-Qaeda and ISIS”.

It is the firm belief of Mr. Biden that in the last four years of the administration of the number 45th President of the United States of America, the Republican billionaire President; Mr. Donald John Trump, the United States of America abdicated her global leadership role, and burnt many friendly bridges that hitherto existed with America’s traditional allies in Western Europe and beyond.

Of momentous interest to me from his speech is the pledge to re-establish the United States’ positive international role as a constructive force against global terrorism just as the administration of Joe Biden appears increasingly poised as reflecting the zeal and drive to advance the cause of democracy all across the World.

I will make a quick detour to look at what a professor of philosophy clearly stated that represents the essence of government in which case he highlighted the social contract role of government to safeguard lives and property of the citizens. Asking the question, what is the government for, this distinguished scholar wrote the following:

“James Madison, George Mason, and others assembled in Williamsburg in the spring of 1776 to begin drafting a constitution. The preamble to it said: Government is or ought to be instituted for the common benefit, protection, and security of the people, nation or community.”

Will Joe Biden Fight Boko Haram?
Joe Biden

He wrote also that: “Of all the various modes and forms of government, that is best which is capable of producing the greatest degree of happiness and safety and is most effectually secured against the danger of maladministration; and that when any government shall be found inadequate or contrary to these purposes, a majority of the community hath an indubitable, unalienable, and indefeasible right to reform, alter, or abolish it, in such manner as shall be judged most conducive to the public weal,”(The Good State: On the Principles of Democracy”, by Professor A.C. Grayling).

Back to our major point of view which is on the foreign policy blueprints unveiled by President Joe Biden in which he spoke to the issue of the place of the United States of America in the counter terror war around the globe.

He (Joe Biden) vowed to rebuild alliances because according to him, his assumption of office signifies that “America is back” in foreign policy.

CBS News reported that President Biden sought to reassert the United States as a world leader and boost morale among the ranks of the State Department in his inaugural foreign policy speech as president Thursday, vowing “America is back.”

He also announced his administration would be reversing some plans from the Trump administration.

“I will have your back,” Mr. Biden said during his address at the State Department. “This administration is going to empower you to do your jobs, not target or politicize you. We want a rigorous debate that brings all perspectives, that makes room for dissent. That’s how we’ll get the best possible policy outcomes. So with your help, the United States will again lead not just by the example of our power, but by the power of our example.”

The leading media in the USA also reported that Mr. Biden announced Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin is launching a global force posture review, during which there will be a freeze on the planned withdrawal of troops from Germany announced by the Trump administration. He also said there will be an end to American support for offensive operations in Yemen, including arms sales.

Both initiatives were previewed by National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan earlier Thursday.

The media said that the President and Vice President Kamala Harris made the short trip to the State Department’s headquarters in Foggy Bottom to speak with department staff and meet with Secretary of State Antony Blinken, who took the reins of the State Department last week, before delivering his remarks.

Mr. Biden told State Department employees he supports them and their work, comments that stand in contrast to former President Donald Trump’s criticisms.

“We must meet the new moment of accelerating global challenges, from the pandemic to the climate crisis, to nuclear proliferation, challenging the will only to be solved by nations working together and in common,” Mr. Biden said. “We can’t do it alone. We must start with diplomacy.”

The president reflected on his conversations with America’s closest allies — Canada, Mexico, the United Kingdom, Germany, NATO, Japan, South Korea and Australia — which were about “re-forming the habits of cooperation and rebuilding the muscle of democratic alliances that have atrophied over the past few years of neglect and I would argue abuse. American alliances are our greatest asset.”

“The main message that I want to communicate to you all is whether you’re part of the newest class of foreign service officers or you’ve worked for decades in the civil service or foreign service, or you’re locally employed staff, you’re vital, and success to the strength of our nation depends in no small part on you,” he said.

Mr. Biden previewed his later remarks, vowing to “send a clear message to the world: America is back. America is back. Diplomacy is back. You are the center of all that I intend to do. You are the heart of it.”

I listened attentively to President Biden’s inaugural foreign policy speech to hear if West Africa means anything to his administration especially given the danger that Islamic terrorists pose to the lives and property of hundreds of millions of West Africans.

Biden made no specific mention of the Islamic terror movement in West Africa but of course his mention of the Islamic States of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) encapsulates the West African dimension since boko haram terrorists are allies of ISIS.

Nigeria is obviously the hot bed of Islamic terrorism since the last one decade that boko haram terrorists launched series of attacks and bumbling campaigns.

Only few days back, the French spy boss raised an alarm that the Islamic terrorists have concluded all arrangements to expand their scope of attacks to such other Nations like Benin Republic and Cote d’ Ivoire.

With this credible alert, it is therefore not out of place to hazard a guess that Biden may look into how his administration can provide technical assistance to the counter terror strategies adopted by the West African Nations like Nigeria, Niger Chad, Cameroon and Mali.

Recall that France’s top spy chief warned this week that militant jihadist groups in the Sahel are pursuing expansion into the Golf of Guinea, with a focus on Cote d’Ivoire and Benin. In a rare public appearance, Bernard Emié, head of the General Directorate for External Security (DGSE) revealed intelligence purportedly showing a meeting between top al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb commanders.

“The agenda of this meeting was the preparation of a series of large scale attacks against military bases,” said Emié during a speech on Monday alongside Defence Minister Florence Parly at the d’Orléans-Bricy airbase. This is where leaders of al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) devised their expansion plans for the countries of the Gulf of Guinea,” he added.

A leading French media reminds us that Cote d’Ivoire suffered an attack in 2016 when three gunmen opened fire at a beach resort in Grand-Bassam killing 19 people.


Will Joe Biden Fight Boko Haram?
Emmanuel Onwubiko

Benin the French media says was the scene of an attack against a police station in February 2020, and the kidnapping of two French tourists and a local guide from Pendjari National Park in May 2019.

Emié’s appearance in public, as well as presentation involving intelligence the spy agency had gathered, was somewhat rare.

He spoke of successes he said the French authorities had achieved in the Sahel, as well as in Iraq and Syria. In Mali, he referred to two main groups who pose a threat – AQIM and Islamic State in the Greater Sahara.

François Lecointre, France’s chief of defence staff, also spoke during Monday’s briefing, underlining the DGSE’s support to the military and Operation Barkhane, France’s anti-insurgency operation targeting Islamist fighters in the region.

www.rfi.fr reports that Sahelian countries serve as a base from which hardline groups, made up of foreign fighters, can use to plot attacks against Europe, according to the spy boss, describing several hundred combatants using motorbike and pickups.

It is a welcome development therefore that the alarm from France coincided with the foreign policy speech by Biden. From his campaign websites, we read that “Joe Biden laid out his foreign policy vision for America to restore dignified leadership at home and respected leadership on the world stage.

Arguing that our policies at home and abroad are deeply connected, Joe Biden announced that, as president, he will advance the security, prosperity, and values of the United States by taking immediate steps to renew our own democracy and alliances, protect our economic future, and once more place America at the head of the table, leading the world to address the most urgent global challenges”.

He had also pledged that in a Biden administration, America will lead by example and rally the world to meet our common challenges that no one nation can face on its own, from climate change to nuclear proliferation, from great power aggression to transnational terrorism, from cyberwarfare to mass migration.

In a speech at The Graduate Center at CUNY in New York, Joe Biden laid out his blueprint to repair the damage allegedly wrought by President Trump and chart a fundamentally different course for American foreign policy for the world as we find it today—and as we anticipate it will be tomorrow. Biden will continue to build on this vision over the course of the campaign.

Nigeria and West Africa need to escalate the war on terror with determination and commitments and hope that the Joe Biden’s administration will provide the needed leadership in the global war on terror. Sadly,  the practice of releasing Boko haram terrorists back into the society after they are caught by the Army needs to stop.

Biden should ask President Muhammadu Buhari the hard question of why the government has yet to arrest the sponsors of terrorists in Nigeria and how come the Central bank of Nigeria could crack down on sponsors of peaceful protests against police excessive deployment of force and brutality otherwise known as ENDSARS protests but has not shut down the banking accounts of sponsors of Boko haram terrorists and other armed non state actors.

*EMMANUEL ONWUBIKO is head of the HUMAN RIGHTS WRITERS ASSOCIATION OF NIGERIA (HURIWA) and blogs@www. theingerianinsidernews.comwww.huriwanigeria.com.




Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Emmanuel Onwubiko and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”

CORRUPTION: When The ‘Exorcist’ Requires Exorcism

By Emmanuel Onwubiko.


Exorcism in the Holy Roman Catholic church is the spiritual exercise of driving away the evil spirits from a faithful possessed by the demons.

If you are a person of faith, then you must believe that good and evil do exists and the devil is that which originates evil. However, exorcism is not very popular because of how complex and dangerous it is.

Therefore, if someone who is designated as the exorcist now becomes possessed and requires exorcism to be liberated, you can then begin to imagine that dramatic scenario.

It is therefore in the above context that I intend to discuss the current President Muhammadu Buhari’s odyssey with the fight against corruption which the President has made heavy weather of embarking upon since he assumed office.

Five years and half down the line; it has become increasingly unambiguous and as constant as the Northern Star that the same government that claims to be fighting corruption has become deeply immersed in the ocean of corruption.

My observation was exactly what a reporter with the Voice of America News Channel anticipated when on June 22nd 2015 at exactly 12: 15pm, he posted a story that President Buhari of Nigeria will definitely contend with big battles against corruption. He had thought the President had good anti-corruption fight antecedents.

Unarguably, five years  down the line, it is clear to even a Primary 1 pupil that Nigeria is contending with large scale public sector corruption which is why Nigeria despite being endowed with enormous Human and natural resources became in 2018, the poverty Capital of the World, thus dethroning India.

The population of India is obviously like 10 times bigger than Nigeria’s. So it is mathematically correct to state that corruption has become a hydra headed monster and to put it graphically, corruption amongst public office holders walks with four legs right under the nose of President Buhari who doubles as the Petroleum Minister.

Petroleum (and police and of course the judiciary) sector has definitely dominated public conversations as the most corrupt sector of the Nation’s economy.

The National Biotechnology Agency has being dogged with huge corruption leading to the arrest by Independent Corrupt Practices  and other related offences commission of the acting director general Alex Uwadiegwu Akpa over N400 million alleged theft.

The acting Chairman of the Economic and financial crimes commission Ibrahim Magu fell from grace to grass when the Federal Attorney General and minister of justice Abubakar Malami accused him of large scale corruption leading to his suspension. Magu also said the Attorney General and minister of justice Abubakar Malami is corrupt. Malami stridently denies this.

Over 6 months now the President has maintained sealed lips on this even as the suspended chairman is hibernating.  Buhari spent millions to set up a judicial panel to investigate allegations of corruption against his erstwhile anti-graft chieftain; Ibrahim Magu. But almost six months not a word about the recommendations which was leaked to the media reportedly indicting Magu of GRANDSCALE corruption which he denies.

The truth is that the public sector is so infested with corruption so much so that employment racketeering has become commonplace in government offices with civil servants bribing their superiors for juicy postings and promotions and police officers paying bribes for postings and promotions.

Transparency International has also validated the fears of most Nigerians about how dominant corruption amongst public sector officials has become. This was the outcome of the latest global ranking in which Nigeria came second as the most corrupt Nation in west Africa only after Guinea Bissau.

So, what did the voice of America reporter reported on June 22nd 2015 titled: “Big battles await President Buhari in corruption fight”?

The reporter started by stating that according to historian and author of the book Soldiers of Fortune from Buhari to Babangida, Max Siollun, the military government led by Muhammadu Buhari jailed several government ministers.

CORRUPTION: When The 'Exorcist' Requires Exorcism
Emmanuel Onwubiko

He said the politicians were accused of corruption and embezzlement of public funds while in office and the punishment was serious.

“What that did was he tracked all the politicians, the leaders of pre-civilian government inside the country and the next thing he did was all of them were arrested and detained from the president to the vice president, all the way down to senators and house of representative members and were placed on trial by military tribunals, which tried them and convicted a lot of them of corruption and corrupt enrichment and handed down quick severe sentences to the politicians,” said Siollun.

He said during the trials at the time, some Nigerians had reservations and protested how those politicians were tried because they did not appear in a regular civilian court. He said the military courts had civilian judges on them, but people still felt the tribunal and the sentences were quite draconian.

Three decades later, Muhammadu Buhari has come to power as a democratically elected president, he wrote. Those who remember his rule in ’80s hope he has the energy and zeal to fight corruption plaguing Nigerian society.

Nigeria’s previous governments have created mechanisms to fight corruption, including commissions of inquiry, stronger anti-corruption departments and prosecutions.

But the Washington DC-based non-profit Global Financial Integrity estimates more than $150 billion left the country illegally in the past decade.

A representative of the non-profit organization Every Nigerian Do Something (ENDS), Peregrino Brimah, said the president needs to work with people to deliver on his pledges.

“Buhari does not need to fight these wars,” said Brimah. “What Buhari simply needs to do is work with the people. To me, that is the greatest thing he can do is show all these youths, everybody here, that ‘I am with you and let us do this task together.”

Constitutional lawyer Manasara Kogo said Buhari will have to appoint competent people to win the war against corruption.

“The president is the one to appoint the attorney general, is the one to constitute these bodies that are meant to fight corruption including the Code of Conduct Bureau. The president is the one to appoint these people, first of all he has to think of people impeccable integrity,” Kogo stated.

Historian Siollun disagreed, saying it is not easy to win such wars when powerful people are involved.

“The type of people who will be tried for corruption will be very wealthy and very powerful,” he said. “So they have lots of money to buy and spend on the best lawyers, expensive lawyers and pile the government up in liquidations for years.

“We more likely to see is a lot about plea bargaining what I mean by that is the government doing deals with corrupt people whereby perhaps if they return corruptly acquired wealth they will get amnesty from prosecution.”

Kogo said the suspected corrupt individuals should not be allowed to buy time, court cases should be shorter. “It should be proceedings that last a period of three months, six months so that it is a clear case of going straight to the substance tandem of the issue rather than unnecessary baboons technicalities that our courts are traditionally used into,” he added.

Well, five years and some months after President Buhari made a lot of noise about fighting corruption, the summary of the crusade against corruption shows a huge absence of the political will on the part of the administration to fight the monster of corruption because of vested interests entrenched right inside the government.

Little wonder then that the Corruption Perception Index (CPI) 2020 report published by Transparency International indicates that Nigeria occupies the 149th position out of the 180 countries surveyed as well scored 25 out of 100 points.

With the current ranking, Nigeria is now the second most corrupt country in West Africa with Guinea-Bissau the only country more corrupt than Nigeria in the sub-region. It can be recalled that in the 2019 report, Nigeria was ranked 146th out of the 180 countries surveyed, scoring 26 points out of 100 points.

As usual, the Federal government lives in denial and has already faulted the fact that the government swims in the ocean of corruption. Ironically, as we will show in this reflection, even the Chairman of ICPC under this same government accepts that there is large scale corruption under the government that appointed him. The double speak has become part of the government which is why Garba Shehu is denying the obvious.

Garba Shehu comically claimed that the Buhari administration deserves credit for diminishing corruption in the public service and will continue to vigorously support prevention, enforcement, public education and enlightenment activities of anti-corruption agencies.

We are currently analyzing the sources of data used in arriving at the latest Transparency International (TI) report on Corruption Perceptions Index in Nigeria since by their own admission, they don’t gather their own data.

This report is not an accurate portrayal of the facts on ground.

In the coming days, the Government’s Technical Unit on Governance Research (TUGAR) will be providing more detailed information on the sources of the TI data.

While this is being awaited, the examination carried out on their 2019 report showed that 60 percent of their data was collected from businesses and other entities with issues bordering on transparency and the ease of doing business at the ports.

Although this is a government ready to learn from mistakes and make corrections, the economy of this country, in its fullness, is bigger than the sea ports we have.

We are also not unaware of the characters behind the TI in Nigeria whose opposition to the Buhari administration is not hidden.

We have repeatedly challenged TI to provide indices and statistics of its own to justify its sensational and baseless rating on Nigeria and the fight against corruption. We expect them to come clean and desist from further rehashing of old tales.

A Naira denominated review that excludes recoveries in Dollars, Pounds, Euro shows that a sum of N1.2tn was recovered by EFCC between 2009 — 2019. N939bn of that total was recovered between 2015 – 2019 with less than N300bn recovered in the first six years.

Additionally, preventative instruments deployed by this administration such as Treasury Single Account (TSA), Integrated Personnel and Payroll Information System (IPPIS) coverage expansion and the removal of 54,000 ghost workers from federal civil service saving us N200bn annually serve as evidence that perception is not reality.

Reality is based on verifiable facts and data. And any evidence-based analysis would prove that whether it is by prevention or punitive measures in recoveries and prosecution, this administration would be rising fast up these rankings rather than standing still.

Organizations should be factual in their analysis and be prepared to rely on inputs outside of sensational media reports and age-old narratives which have not been updated to reflect today’s reality in Nigeria concerning its globally-respected war on corruption.

In the existential fight against this multi-pronged malice and manifestations of corruption, President Muhammadu Buhari has avowed that he would take-no-prisoners, guided by respect for the rule of law.

We invite Nigerians to stand with an administration that has done so much on asset recovery, prosecution, legislation, political will and leadership by example in the fight against corruption.

Equally, we urge our friends in the media, development partners and the civil society organizations to continue to support efforts to strengthen accountability, transparency, ethical values and integrity in Nigeria’s public sector.

President Buhari has put his hand to the plough and will not relent in working with those passionate about the welfare, stability and prosperity of future generations to come in Nigeria., Garba Shehu concluded.

But nobody believes Garba Shehu and sadly even himself does not believe his incongruity if I’m not mistaken. The pathetic effort by President Buhari to deny the obvious fact of huge scale corruption  concerning the large scale corruption under his administration can be faulted with many empirical evidences but I will cite just three.

The first is that the petroleum sector which he Presides over as minister is rated as the most corrupt even as the NNPC has become a cesspool of corruption with the illogical claim of spending billions of public fund to maintain refineries that are not productive and then to announce that it will be seeking a $1 billion USD loan to fund the turn-around – maintenance of these same near moribund refineries. The ministry of humanitarian affairs is another bastion of corruption.

This is the summary of the unbelievable manner that NNPC commits corruption of the unfathomable dimension. The newspapers report that despite processing no crude oil in June this year, Nigeria’s three refineries still cost the country N10.23 billion in expenses, report published by the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) on Thursday has shown.

The NNPC says the three refineries, located in Warri, Port-Harcourt and Kaduna, processed no crude because of the rehabilitation works being carried out on them.

The Port-Harcourt Refining and Petrochemical Company Limited (PHRC) has the capacity of producing 210,000 barrels per day, Kaduna Refining and Petrochemical Company Limited (KRPC) can produce 110,000 barrels per day while the Warri Refining Petrochemical Company Limited (WRPC) has a 125,000 barrels per day production capacity.

“In June 2020, the corporation’s three refineries processed no crude and combined yield efficiency is 0.00% owing largely to on-going rehabilitation works at the refineries.

“There was no associated crude plus freight cost for the three refineries since there was no production but operational expenses amounted to ₦10.27 billion. This resulted in an operating deficit of ₦10.23 billion by the refineries, according to the report.

In an analysis breakdown, Warri Refining Petrochemical Company Limited recorded an operating deficit of N2.68 billion, Port-Harcourt Refining Petrochemical Company Limited recorded an operating deficit of N2.76 billion while Kaduna Refining Petrochemical Company Limited recorded the highest operating deficit of N4.79 billion.

The declining operational performance which the group said is “attributable to the ongoing revamping of the refineries are expected to further enhance capacity utilization once completed.”

And then the senate recently uncovered how the ministry, which is headed by President Muhammadu Buhari, spent N14 million for biros and N46 million for letterhead papers and raised the alarm.

Stakeholders in the oil and gas sector as well as transparency and accountability advocates are disturbed over how the Ministry of Petroleum Resources, directly overseen by President Muhammadu Buhari spent a whopping N116 million on biros, papers and inks in one year. The Independent Corrupt Practices and Other Related Offences Commission (ICPC) on Tuesday said the Judiciary is on top of the Nigeria Corruption Index between 2018 and 2020.

It claimed that about N9, 457,650,000.00 (N9.457 billion) was offered and paid as bribe by lawyers. Six female judges, according to the agency, reported that they were offered N3, 307,444,000.00 (N3.307billion) and five male judges reported N392, 220,000(N392.2million).

The anti-corruption commission said the cases of outright demand and offer of bribes were “mostly linked to election matters.”

These details are contained in a report: “Nigeria Corruption Index: Report of a pilot survey”, which was made available on Tuesday by the Chairman of ICPC, Prof. Bolaji Owasanoye (SAN) in Abuja.

The survey was carried out by the Anti-Corruption Academy of Nigeria, the intellectual arm of the ICPC.

Owasanoye said the Nigeria Corruption Index(NCI) “indicates that both the public and private sectors are complicit in the high corruption levels in Nigeria.

“The survey also identifies the specific practices that are contributing to the corruption levels. This is the sort of information that stakeholders require to plan and evaluate their anti-corruption work”.

No gainsaying the fact that fighting  corruption under President Muhammadu Buhari is just like exorcism because whereas the government claims it is fighting  corruption, indeed corruption has conquered the government which is characterized by public sector corruption.

Just like in the spiritual enterprise of exorcism  which is a dying charisma because very few Priests are interested to embrace it. Fighting corruption  by a corrupt government is like forcing a possessed person to exorcise himself which is a mission impossible.

Can a demon exorcise himself?

*EMMANUEL ONWUBIKO is head of the HUMAN RIGHTS WRITERS ASSOCIATION OF NIGERIA (HURIWA) and blogs@www. theingerianinsidernews.comwww.huriwanigeria.com.



Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Emmanuel Onwubiko and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”

As Kidnappers Disvirgin Abuja

By Emmanuel Onwubiko.


Two DISTINGUISHED professors of Politics in what is considered the best University in the World- Harvard University wrote in their new book as follows: “Although some elected demagogues take office with a blueprint for autocracy, many, such as Fujimori, do not”.

Democratic breakdown, they say, doesn’t need a blueprint. Rather as Peru’s experience suggests, it can be the result of a sequence of unanticipated events- an escalating tit- for –tat between a demagogic, norm-breaking leader and a threatened political establishment.

The process, they affirmed, often begins with words. Demagogues attack their critics in harsh and provocative terms- as enemies, as subversives and even as terrorists.

When he first ran for President, Hugo Chavez, the authors recalled vividly, described his opponents as “rancid pigs” and “squalid oligarchs”; Fujimori linked his opponents to terrorism and drug trafficking; and Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi attacked judges who ruled against him as “communist” Journalists also become targets Ecuadorian President Rafael Correa called the media a “grave political enemy” that “has to be defeated”.

“Turkey’s Recep Tayyip Erdogan accused journalists of propagating “terrorism”. These attacks can be consequential: If the public comes to share the view that opponents are linked to terrorism and the media are spreading lies, it becomes easier to justify taking actions against them.”

“The assault rarely ends there. Though observers often assure us that demagogue’s are “all talk” and that their words should not be taken too seriously, a look at demagogic leaders around the world suggest that many of them do eventually cross the line from words to action.”

This, according to these Professors, is because a demagogue’s initial rise to power tends to polarize society, creating a climate of panic, hostility, and mutual distrust.

The new leader’s threatening words often have a boomerang effect, they asserted.  If the media feel threatened, it may abandon restraint and professional standards in a desperate effort to weaken the government, says the Professors of Government.

“And the opposition may conclude that, for the good of the country, the government must be removed via extreme measures impeachment, mass project, even a coup.” (How Democracies Die, What History Reveals about our Future by Steven Livitsky & Daniel Ziblatt)”.

Obviously, these words are true of what Nigerians are going through in the hands of President Muhammadu Buhari who does not take kindly to constructive criticism of the widespread violence and insecurity in Nigeria.

Whilst the government of President Muhammadu Buhari who is rarely seen but often heard through the mouths of Femi Adesina and Garba his spokesmen, refuses to introduce effective strategy to combat the crimes of kidnapping and mass killings, the same government do not take kindly to constructive criticism of the Nigerian security quagmire even from his political party.

Sadly, these attacks against patriots asking government to take steps to check the rising wave of crimes, usually emboldened criminals and kidnappers/terrorists to up their deadly game of blood cuddling violence against the Nigerian citizens.

As I write, there is no place that can be described as VIRGING LAND that is impregnable to criminals- not even the Federal Capital Territory of Abuja. The Federal Capital Territory of Abuja is the seat of power and is home to virtually all the military, Para-military and policing institutions.

Abuja is also the Political Capital which signifies that the Central Law making organ of the Federation Operates from the Federal Capital Territory.

In terms of security, Abuja is hitherto known as impregnable by criminal elements not until few years back when armed terrorists bombarded some sections of the very important city of Africa’s most populated nation.

The Boko Haram terrorists invaded Abuja and successfully attacked the United Nations building somewhere around Garki just as they stormed the police headquarters using a lone bomber who detonated his weapon of mass destruction and left scores of people dead with enormous structure     and infrastructural damage.

The terrorists similarly bombed one of the busiest commercial nerve centres of Abuja in Wuse two, maiming, killing and destroying several facilities. They also bombed Thisday press in Jabi area of Abuja and a bus station in Nyanya near Abuja.

However, the current service Chiefs successfully drove these blood sucking demons out of the nation’s capital to far away North East of Nigeria.

After several successful raids to the hideouts of the Islamic terrorists in the North East of Nigeria, we have just been told that the terrorists have set their eyes towards Abuja with their movement into parts of Nasarawa state which is only few miles away from the Federal Capital Territory.

Gov. Abdulahi Sule of Nasarawa State had raised an alarm over the regrouping of dislodged Boko Haram insurgents along the Benue/Nasarawa border, seeking urgent presidential intervention in checking their dastardly activities.

Sule who frequently travels to Western nations on holidays, stated this when he briefed State House correspondents after a closed-door meeting with President Muhammadu Buhari at the State House, Abuja, on Friday.

According to him, even though the terrorists had been dislodged from Toto Local Government Area of the state, where they had camped, they have regrouped at the Nasarawa/Benue border from where they are now causing havoc.

He said some of the Boko Haram elements active in Nasarawa State belonged to the Darussalam group that had been dislodged from Niger.

“I have come to see the leader of our party and the leader of the nation, Mr President to brief him about some the activities happening in the state (Nasarawa). First, especially in the area of security – that we continue to have challenges with a team of Boko Haram who were settled at the border with the FCT.

“And, we thank the security forces that they had been able to dislodge them. But, now they have gone back and gathered at our border with Benue, and they are causing a lot of havoc.

“Therefore, it was an opportunity as Mr. President wanted to know. So I briefed him and I strongly believe, just like the decision was taken last time to take care of this, and another decision would be taken to do this,’’ he said.

Sule revealed that he also updated the president on other socio-economic issues including the possible federal government take-over of the construction work on Jitata road. The road serves as an alternative route from the state to the Federal Capital Territory (FCT).

He expressed the hope that the road when completed would open up the area for development as well as reduce traffic jams being experienced along the main Abuja – Keffi – Lafia road. Some armed men believed to be kidnappers only few days back raided Pmagbe Layout in Ushafa, Abuja, abducting 3 persons.

The community located around Usuma Dam was thrown into panic when the armed men numbering over 10 stormed the community around 6.30pm, shooting sporadically in what appeared like a total raid. Usuma Dam supplies water to FCT residents.

An Eyewitness told a respected online newspaper- DAILY POST that the Dam gate has recently become notorious for criminal activities following a high level of movements by cultists and other criminal elements around the dam, deep inside the forest and the adjoining mountains.

The witness who does not want his name in print said just recently, a car was snatched from its owner in front of the dam gate.

Narrating further on how the kidnappers successfully abducted their victims, the eyewitness said the gunmen spent about 3 hours inside the dam, strategizing on how to invade the community.

“The fishermen and other people inside the dam were held down at gunpoint until the time for their operation. I was one of those held down.

“It was after they left the dam that they fired shots sporadically while storming one of the victims’ house. They took him and walked him down the dam gate, after which they stopped an oncoming Toyota Camry and abducted a woman and her nephew.

They took them through a rocky path around the dam. The media gathered that the DPO, Bwari Police Division, CSP Biodun Makanjuola, upon receiving a distressed call, mobilized his men to the scene of the crime but the kidnappers had left before the police got to the scene. A search party was immediately conducted around the area, but the victims and the abductors could not be traced.

Ironically, whilst the incessant raids of armed kidnappers around Abuja are yet to abate because a clear lack of strategy on the part of the police and other security agencies, the order issued by the Ondo state Governor on suspected armed herdsmen masquerading as Fulani herdsmen to vacate Ondo forests should call our attention to the unresolved case of suspected invasion of armed herdsmen/kidnappers at the forest near the Ushafa dam in Abuja.

This writer reliably gathered that all the policing institutions in Abuja including the secret police otherwise known as DSS have been told to ransack the Ushafa forest to dislodge the suspected armed herdsmen who are mostly the kidnappers that invade parts of Abuja to wreak havoc.  The security forces have done nothing thereby creating the impression that these herdsmen turned kidnappers are above the law.

Is anyone therefore in doubt when the spokesman of the President attacked the Ondo state governor for seeking to clear the Ondo forests of alleged armed herdsmen who are terrorizing parts of south west as kidnappers? These are the issues the book “How Democracy Fails” has told us at the beginning of this piece.

Now here is what Ondo governor did.

The media reports that herdsmen will not be allowed to operate in Ondo State’s forest reserves without permission, the state government insisted on Wednesday.

The insistence came against the backdrop of Tuesday’s caution by the presidency against the seven-day ultimatum the state Governor, Mr. Rotimi Akeredolu (SAN), gave to herders to quit the forest reserves.

The presidency’s intervention stoked the controversy over the quit order as the pan Yoruba socio-political organisation, Afenifere and the Pan Niger Delta Forum (PANDEF), which supported the governor, clashed with the Arewa Consultative Forum (ACF) and the Northern Elders Forum (NEF) that opposed the decision.

Some senior lawyers have also endorsed the constitutionality of Akeredolu’s decision. In a statement in Akure on Wednesday, the state government, in a tacit repudiation of the presidency’s intervention, said no herdsman will graze on the forest reserves in the state without permission.

The state Commissioner for Agricultural and Rural Development, Mr. Adegboyega Adefarati, said in the statement that over 50,000 farmers have been registered to engage in various agricultural activities in the state’s forest reserves and no herder will be permitted to graze without going through the same process.

It said: “We have registered over fifty (50,000) thousands of farmers who engage in different forms of agricultural activities in Ondo State Government Forest Reserves. With this, we regulate their activities and reduce criminality as we interface daily with farmers.

“Love it or leave it; farming is farming, be it crop production or animal husbandry. If any Nigerian irrespective of his/her state of origin desires land for farming in Government Forest Reserves, he/she must apply to Ondo State Ministry of Agriculture and pay the normal fee for the required hectares of land.

“It is illegal for herdsmen to encroach on the Ondo State Government Forest Reserves without permission and graze on the farms, many of which will be destroyed.”

But as the back and forth debate about the Ondo forest occupation by armed herdsmen continued, Abuja has again being hit by kidnappers.

Gunmen suspected to be kidnappers invaded Rachael’s Orphanage Home opposite UBE Junior Secondary School in Naharati, Abaji Area Council, Abuja, and abducted seven orphans, including a security guard of the home in the area.

Media learnt that three persons, which comprised of two house wives, Rukaiyyat Salihu, Suwaiba Momoh and Momoh Jomih, who reside behind the orphanage home were also abducted by the kidnappers.

The names of the kidnapped orphans were Elizabeth Andrew, Dayo Udeh, Jacob Ukpas, Melody Ijeh, Benard Itim, Issac Mathew and Laruba Emmanuel as well as the security guard of the home, Joseph Mathew.

A resident of the area who preferred anonymity, said the incident happened on Saturday around 1am when the gunmen in their large numbers with sophisticated weapons invaded the orphanage home.

He said the gunmen gained entrance through the main gate. He said the gunmen forced the gate opened and went straight into the rooms of the orphans and whisked seven of them alongside the guard at the gunpoint.

“In fact, they came in, in their large numbers heavily armed, even though they didn’t shoot as they carried out the operation quietly before they proceeded to neighbours houses,” he said.

A victim, Mohammed Nurudeen, whose wife, Rukaiyyat Salihu, was abducted by the gunmen, said he was sleeping when gunmen came and forcefully opened the door and whisked his wife away at gunpoint.

“I was sleeping when they came and threatened to shoot me if I refused to open the door for them, in which I refused until they forced the door opened and entered inside the room and whisked my wife away,” he said.

Well, since the government does not seem to be on the side of the citizens, the citizens must take lawful means to defend themselves. Mr. Jefferson Uwagieren, a lawyer based in Benin City, Edo state has written a beautiful prose on why people should opt for self-defense.

He states as follows: “The right to use force in defense of oneself or another against unjustifiable attack has existed from time immemorial. If you don’t exercise it you will suffer and you will deserve the suffering.

The rule as to the right of self-defense or right of private defense has been stated by Russell W.O (1958), Russell on Crime, published by Stevens & Son Ltd 11th Edition, Vol. 1 at page 491.

“A man is justified in resisting by force anyone who manifestly intends and endeavours by violence or surprise to commit a known felony against either his person, habitation or property. In these cases, he is not obliged to retreat, and may not merely resist the attack where he stands but may indeed pursue his adversary until the danger is ended and if in a conflict between them he happens to kill his attacker such killing is justifiable.”

Self-defense or private defense has not been given a statutory definition in Nigeria, but has to be understood in the common law context of which there are two aspects.

First, a man may in defense of liberty, person or property use such force as is necessary to obtain its object and which does not cause injury that is disproportionate to the injury sought to be prevented.

Second, a man may use so much force as is necessary in repelling an unlawful attack on his person or liberty, but may not cause grievous bodily harm or death except in defence of life or limb or permanent liberty.

In Nigeria, the right of defending one’s body or the body of any other person is codified in Section 32 (3) of the Criminal Code applicable in the Southern States of Nigeria and Section 59 of the Penal Code applicable in the Northern States of Nigeria.

Section 32(3) of the Criminal Code provides, inter alia: “A person is not criminally responsible for an act or omission if he does or omits to do the act… when the act is reasonably necessary in order to resist actual and unlawful violence threatened to him or to  another person in his presence.” 

Section 59 of the Penal Code on the other hand reads as follows: “Nothing is an offence of which is done in the lawful exercise of the right of private defense”.

It is well known, and psychologists have confirmed it, that if one is beaten/abused as a child, it is very likely that child will grow up violent. It is also likely that if our parents, brothers, sisters, are being murdered, by identifiable terrorists, we will grow up violent and seek revenge. If you beat a dog everyday, even if you own and feed it, one day when the dog has had enough, it will forget who owns or feeds it. A word is enough for the wise.

Any idiot going about arrogantly murdering today may tomorrow have their intestines used as necklaces. Those who are meant to protect and speak for us who condone and collude with the enemy may also suffer the same fate.

Those in power must stop the wanton acts of murder perpetrated daily, across the country, on innocent Nigerian citizens by terrorists who seem emboldened and empowered by inaction and financial support disguised as ransom payments.

People are not stupid and they are angry. Much patience has been displayed and much has been lost in the process. These killings must stop. Chukkol, K.S. (1989) The Laws of Crimes in Nigeria. ABU Press Limited Zaria at P. 100 says:

“This is necessary if society is not to degenerate into anarchy with everybody taking the law into his hands”.

In Akpan V. State, Adio JSCourt (as he then was) in interpreting section 286 of the Nigerian Criminal Code held as follows:

“When a person is unlawfully assaulted, and has not provoked the assault, it is lawful for him to use such force on the assailant as is reasonably necessary to make effectual defense against the assault. The force which may be used in such circumstances must not be intended, and should not be such as is likely to cause death or grievous harm.

“If the nature of the assault is such as to cause reasonable apprehension of death or grievous harm, and the person using force by way of defense believes on reasonable grounds that he cannot otherwise preserve the person defended from death or grievous harm, it is lawful for him to use any such force to the assailant as is necessary for defence even though such force may cause death or grievous harm.”

The above dictum was cited with approval by the Court of Appeal in Karimu V State, where the court ruled that before the defense of self-defense can avail an accused or can lawfully be invoked, three fundamental principles must be established, viz:

1. the defense can only be invoked against a person who is an assailant or an aggressor;

2. the person attacked or assaulted or threatened with violence by the assailant must be in actual fear or belief of reasonable apprehension of death or grievous harm;

3. the force used to repel the attack by the assailant must be proportionate to the force used in the attack.

Under section 60 of the Penal Code, it is provided that subject to restrictions contained in the code, every person has a right to defend his own body, and the body of another person against any offence affecting the human body. One of the restrictions is that “the right of private defense in no case extends to the infliction of more harm than is necessary to inflict for the purpose of defense.”

Also, under Section 65 of the Nigerian Penal Code, private defence may, in certain circumstances, extend to killing where the act being repelled is one of the following categories:

(a) an attack which causes reasonable apprehension of death or causing grievous hurt; or

(b) rape or assault with intent to gratify unnatural lust, or

(c) abduction or kidnapping

Under the Penal Code of Nigeria, express provisions are made which give an accused person a right to kill in self defence where the act repelled is either rape, assault with intent to gratify unnatural lust, abduction or kidnapping.

In construing the Nigerian Penal Code provisions on the right of private defence, the Supreme Court in Kwagshir v State held that four cardinal conditions must exist before the taking of the life of a person is justified on the plea of self defence. These are:

1. the accused must be free from fault in bringing about the encounter;

2. there must be present an impending peril to life or of great bodily harm real or so apparent as to create honest belief of an existing necessity;

3. there must be no safe or reasonable mode of escape by retreat; and

4. there must have been a necessity for taking life.

It is clear that the Authorities are unwilling, unable, uninterested. ……in stopping these murders of innocent people in our communities. The rape of our mothers, sisters and daughters. The butchering of unborn babies ripped out of the stomachs of pregnant mothers in farms and communities. The organised murders of whole communities at a time and burning down of such communities.

Defend yourself or you die.

The force used to defend must equal the force used in the murders of our families. It is unbelievable that words like these should be voiced in the 21st Century but it is where we find ourselves.

Under the common law of England, the courts have equated the defence of others with the prevention of crimes. In R V Duffy (1988) IAC 130 at page 144, it was held that a woman would be justified in using reasonable force when it was necessary to do so in defence of her sister, not because they were sisters, but because “there is a general liberty as between strangers to prevent a felony”.

My position is supported by many civilised legal systems. Even in the law relating to homicide worldwide, provocation is an acceptable defence to killing. I said at the beginning of this write up, killing is permissible. It always is. It is the circumstances that are debatable.

In Baridam v State (1994) 1 NWLR (Part 32) at page 250, the Supreme Court held that:

The onus is always on the prosecution to disprove the accused’s defence of self defence and not on the accused to establish his plea. Thus, the defence of self defence will only fail where the prosecution shows beyond reasonable doubt that what the accused did was not done by way of self defence.

We must fight. Fiercely and intelligently. The alternative is displacement, loss of lives and property, ethnic cleansing and extinction.

We cannot keep pretending that the Landlord has not become a tenant and soon to become a street dweller”, the Lawyer affirmed.

Here is what the land Use Act says meaning that the Ondo state governor was right to clear armed Fulani herdsmen from On do forests. Sections of that law states thus: ”

1. Subject to the provision  of this Act, all land comprised in the territory of each state in the Federation are hereby vested in the Governor of that state and such land shall be held in trust  and administered  for the use and common benefit of all Nigerians in accordance with the provisions of this act .

2.(1) As from the commencement of this  Act-

a) All land in urban areas shall be under the control and management of the governor of each state; and

b) All other land shall, subject to this Act, be under the control and management of the local Government within the area of jurisdiction of which the land is situated.

(2) There shall be established in each state a body to be known as “ the Land Use and Allocation Committee” which shall have responsibility for-

(a) advising the Governor on any matter connected with the management of land to which paragraph (a) of subsection (1) above relates:

(b) advising the governor on any matter connected with the resettlement of persons affected by the revocation of rights of occupancy on the ground of overriding public interest under this Act; and

3. determining disputes as to the amount of compensation payable under this Act for improvements of land.

4.The land use and Allocation Committee shall consist of such number of persons as the Governor may determine and shall include its membership x-(a) not less than two persons possessing qualifications approved for appointment to the public service as estate surveyors or land officers and who have had such qualification for not less than five years; and

(b)        A legal practitioner

5. The Committee shall be presided over by such one of its members as may be designated by the Governor and, subject to such directions as may be given in that regard by the Governors, shall have power to regulate its proceedings.

6. There shall also be established for each Local Government a body to be known as “the Land Allocation Advisory Committee” which shall consist of such person as may be determined by the Governor acting after consultation with the Local Government and shall have responsibility for advising the Local Government on any matter connected with the management of land to which paragraph (b) of subsection (1) above relates.

7. Subject to such general conditions as may be specified in that behalf by the National Council of States, the Governor may of for the purposes of this Act by order published in the State Gazettee designate the parts of the area of the territory of the State Constituting land in an urban area. (The Land Use Act, Cases & Materials by Olakanmi & Co).”

So what’s  all this noise from Garba Shehu who is passionate about defending his ETHNIC group of Fulani even in matters that offend extant laws?

*EMMANUEL ONWUBIKO is head of the HUMAN RIGHTS WRITERS ASSOCIATION OF NIGERIA (HURIWA) and blogs@www. theingerianinsidernews.com,




Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Emmanuel Onwubiko and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”

The Mathew Kukah We Need To Be And The Muhammadu Buhari In All Of Us

By Emmanuel Onwubiko.


The Mathew Kukah We Need To Be And The Muhammadu Buhari In All Of Us
Emmanuel Onwubiko

There are three significant events or statements made or that happened within the last one week that typifies the character of most contemporary Nigerians. I mean Nigerians of significance who are in political or public offices.

I am writing about the dominant trait of a Nigerian as a political animal who is what he/she is for a different reason remotely detached from why most other members of the human race elsewhere, especially in the developed western societies, get involved in the governance of their respective political entities.

By the way, every citizen of any given political space ought to be involved one way or the other in politics because as Plato said, if the educated and the wise detest politics because they perceive it as a dirty game, then they will be governed by the dirty people. Aristotle says man by nature is a political animal.

Back to the theme of our intervention and i make haste to assert once again that this dominant trait has to do with personal or selfish aggrandizement over and above the interests of the nation state or the collective.

In other climes, where there are institutional checks and balances that are effective and unencumbered, the most basic qualification for ever seeking elective or appointive position is first and foremost to render specialized service that is selfless and enduring.  Ordinarily, in politics, as we are told by those who are schooled, the collective overrides the self.

These epochal statements or facts and/or events being referenced aforementioned, are in their order of pre-eminence and they are, the New Year Message of Pope Francis, the leader of the over two billion active Roman Catholic Church adherents.

Pope Francis who braved his personal health challenge associated with old age to admonish each  of us to evolve a functional agenda of uplifting each and everyone around us, indeed provided the much needed panacea to the substantial problems that have occasioned mass poverty, poor governance, unemployment and high crime rate in Nigeria.

I will shortly return to relay the entire body of the Holy Father’s speech which is fundamentally self-explanatory.

The second Iconic statement was the Christmas Day 2020 message read out by the eminently regarded intellectual giant in Nigeria and the catholic bishop of Sokoto Diocese, Right Reverend Mathew Hassan Kukah. 

This straight forward essay from the pulpit of one of Nigeria’s best Known crusaders for constitutional democracy was still generating needless controversy amongst the presidential circles of Muhammadu Buhari when the first ever black Nobel Prize laureate in literature; Professor Wole Soyinka made a brief remark signifying that President Muhammadu Buhari is an incompetent ruler and indeed that he is absent minded.

The Mathew Kukah We Need To Be And The Muhammadu Buhari In All Of Us
Archbishop Mathew Kukah of Sokoto Archdiocese

We will read what the Holy Father told the World and we will on our own relate the import of that powerful statement to the issues that have generated developmental crises for Nigeria over the past many years.

Pope Francis warned on Sunday against the temptation to ignore the suffering of others during the coronavirus pandemic and said that things will get better in the New Year to the extent to which the needs of the weakest and most disadvantaged are prioritized.

“We don’t know what 2021 has in store for us, but what each of us and all of us together can do is to commit ourselves a little more to take care of each other and of creation, our common home,” the pope said in his Angelus address Jan. 3.

In the live video broadcast from the Apostolic Palace, the pope said that “things will get better to the extent that, with God’s help, we work together for the common good, putting the weakest and most disadvantaged at the center.”

The pope said that there is a temptation to take care only of one’s own interests during the pandemic and “to live hedonistically, that is, seeking only to satisfy our own pleasure.”

He added: “I read something in the newspapers that saddened me greatly: in one country, I forget which, more than 40 aircraft left, to enable people to flee from the lockdown and to enjoy the holidays.”

“But those people, good people, did they not think about those who stayed at home, about the economic problems faced by many people who have been floored by the lockdown, about the sick? They thought only about taking a holiday for their own pleasure. This pained me greatly.”

Pope Francis addressed a special greeting to “those who begin the New Year with greater difficulties,” mentioning the sick and the unemployed. “I like to think that when the Lord prays to the Father for us, He does not merely speak: He makes Him see the wounds of the flesh, He makes Him see the wounds He suffered for us,” he said.

“This is Jesus: with His flesh He is the intercessor, he wanted to bear even the signs of suffering.” In a reflection on the first chapter of the Gospel of John, Pope Francis said that God became man to love us in our human frailty.

“Dear brother, dear sister, God became flesh to tell us, to tell you that He loves us … in our frailty, in your frailty; right there, where we are most ashamed, where you are most ashamed. This is bold,” he said.

“Indeed, the Gospel says that He came to dwell among us. He did not come to visit us, and then leave; He came to dwell with us, to stay with us.

The Mathew Kukah We Need To Be And The Muhammadu Buhari In All Of Us
President Muhammadu Buhari

“What, then, does He desire from us? He desires a great intimacy. He wants us to share with Him our joys and sufferings, desires and fears, hopes and sorrows, people and situations. Let us do this, with confidence: let us open our hearts to Him, let us tell Him everything.”

Pope Francis encouraged everyone to pause in silence before the nativity to “savour the tenderness of God who became near, who became flesh.” The pope also expressed his closeness to families with young children and to those who are expecting, adding “a birth is always a promise of hope.”

“May the Holy Mother of God, in whom the Word became flesh, help us to welcome Jesus, who knocks on the door of our hearts to dwell with us,” Pope Francis said.

“Without fear, let us invite Him among us, into our homes, into our families. And also … let us invite Him into our frailties. Let us invite Him, so that He may see our wounds. He will come and life will change.”

The message of the Pontiff is reflected on how the governors of almost the 36 states of Nigeria hoarded essential foods and commodities donated by CORPORATE bodies for poor Nigerians to be used during the 8 Months lockdown last year to cushion the consequences of the Covid-19 lockdown.

These privileged few who are governors, were so selfish that they kept back what belongs to the poor. The poor citizens discovered that these relief materials and essential foods were diverted by governors and some of the desperately hungry Nigerians invaded the warehouses of these diverted palliatives to help themselves with these items to save them from death and starvation.

So, as can be seen, the Holy Father’s message resonates amongst Nigerians. The next iconic lesson came on December 25th 2020 from the Catholic Bishop of Sokoto Diocese Right Reverend Doctor Mathew Hassan Kukah which speaks to the self-inflicted political crisis inflicted on Nigeria by President Muhammadu Buhari and other political rulers.

Part of that message argued that against the backdrop of our endless woes, ours has become a nation wrapped in desolation. The prospects of a failed state stare us in the face: endless bloodletting, a collapsing economy, social anomie, domestic and community violence, kidnappings, armed robberies etc.

Ours has become a house of horror with fear stalking our homes, highways, cities, hamlets and entire communities. The middle grounds of optimism have continued to shift and many genuinely ask, what have we done to the gods? Does Nigeria have a future? Where can we find hope? Like the Psalmist, we ask; from where shall come our help? (Ps.121:1).

Father Mathew Hassan Kukah stated however that whatever the temptations to despair, we cannot give up. When the Psalmist asked where help shall come from, he answered that it will come from the Lord.

The Mathew Kukah We Need To Be And The Muhammadu Buhari In All Of Us
Professor. Wole Soyinka

He urges Nigerians that therefore, like Zachariah, the father of John the Baptist, we Priests must stand before the mercy seat of God and plead the cause of our great country (Lk. 1:8). Like Abraham, we must plead for the Lord to save our nation because we have more than ten righteous men (Gen. 18: 16ff).

Like Moses, we believe that as long as our hands are held up in prayer, the Lord will be on our side (Ex. 17:11). These are trying but life changing moments in the history of our nation. Politics and Economics alone will not resolve our problems. There is enough hate and bitterness to go around. We need to pause, reflect, pray, be honest and courageous in facing tomorrow.

Waxing Poetic, Bishop Mathew Hassan Kukah said: “Yes, our dreams have been aborted. Yes, our commonwealth has been stolen. Yes, our cancer of corruption has metastasized. Yes, we have been guilty of patricide, fratricide and attempted even suicide.

Yes, we are hungry, angry, thirsty and starving. Yet, we stand firmly with the unshaken belief that no matter the temptations, the world has known worst times. These may be the worst of times, but for men and women of faith, they could be the best of times. We must stand firm and resolute because, our redeemer liveth (Job 19:25).”

Writing on the sub-theme of Annus Mirabilis or Annus Horribilis?, Bishop Mathew Hassan Kukah says the following:

“The roads to the graveyards are busier than those to the farms. Amidst the wails and laments, I hear the congregants saying; the world is coming to an end, it has never been so bad. Yes, people are dying, but they are not dying more now than they did in recent years. It is the social media and its connectivity that has given us a sense of greater urgency and added to our seeming despair with the way things are.

The social media is value neutral. It depends on what we make of it. Its instantaneous impact is often times dizzyingly traumatic, but the other benefits more than compensate. In a way, the choices we make will help us decide whether this year is our annus mirabilis or annus horribilis.”

Further, Kukah affirmed with a reminder that when Isaac Newton, at the age of 23, made the spectacular discoveries in the areas of Calculus, Motion, Optics, and Gravitation, the year of those discoveries, 1666, was referred to as, annus mirabilis, the year of joy.

“On the other hand, in 1992, when the marriages of three of her children collapsed, Queen Elizabeth in her Christmas address referred to that year as her annus horribilis, the year of horror. As such, notwithstanding all the earth shaking impact of the Covid-19, our own individual, communal and national tragedies, it is not just a choice between annus mirabilis and annus horribilis.

At various levels, there have been grey areas of hope, flickers of light, achievement and so on. It is to these flickers of hope that we must cling tenaciously. For our son, Anthony Joshua, the loss of his title to Andy Ruis on June 1, 2019 after 25 fights without a loss, that year was his annus horribilis. When he pummeled Kubrat Pulev, this year became his annus mirabilis. Things change and, joy or sorrow, we must know that nothing lasts forever. What matters is how we handle failure.”

He, Bishop Kukah sounded profoundly philosophical when he asserted that we are in another Christmas but in a Cloud of Doom and then offered the explanation as follows: “Not unexpectedly, this Christmas is again coming against a backdrop of so much pain, sorrow and uncertainty in our land. We all seem to have become sedated and inured to pain. Tragedy has been standing as our gate keeper.

For over ten years now, at almost each Christmas, a dark pall of horror, sorrow and death has consistently hung in our horizon threatening to eclipse the promises of the joy of Christmas. Recall the bombing of St. Theresa’s Catholic Church, Madalla on Christmas day in 2011.

The Mathew Kukah We Need To Be And The Muhammadu Buhari In All Of Us
Pope Francis

In the wake of the Christmas day bombing, I issued a statement titled, An Appeal to Nigerians. In the statement which enjoyed a wide circulation, I stated: All of this should cause us to pause and ponder about the nature of the force of evil that is in our midst and appreciate the fact that contrary to popular thinking, we are not faced with a crisis or conflict between Christians and Muslims.

Rather, like the friends of Job, we need to humbly appreciate the limits of our human understanding. Terror is a product of hate, but while hate tries to divide us, terror and death should pull us together.”

Mathew Hassan Kukah is forthright and a worshipper of the God of truth and this quality manifested when he asked the key question to ascertain if Government in Nigeria has gone into Suspended Animation?:

He provided the response logically: “As our country drifts almost rudderless, we seem like people travelling without maps, without destination and with neither Captain nor Crew. Citizens have nowhere to turn to.

After he assumed power, a delegation of the Catholic Bishops’ Conference had audience with President Buhari. In the course of our discussion, the President shared with us his frustration over the state of decay and rut that he had met. In frustration, I vividly recalled him saying that, from the decay and neglect, it seemed as if preceding governments had been doing nothing but just eating and going to the toilet!

Looking back, one might conclude that those were happy times because at least there was food to eat and people could go to the toilet. Now, a journey to the toilet is considered by the poor an extra luxury. Our country’s inability to feed itself is one of the most dangerous signs of state failure and a trigger to violence.”

Kukah also adumbrated on the issues of the nepotistic appointment of the current administration and stated that because Muhammadu Buhari is from a seemingly privileged background who dominate the command and control structures of the Armed forces and that is why he is getting away with too many things just as he imagined that should  the occupant of the office of President be a Christian for instance and he implement half of the divisive policies as done by Muhammadu Buhari, there could have been military change of power.

These are hard core facts. Sycophants and supporters of evil criticised Mathew Hassan Kukah and misinterpreted his message to mean a call for violent overthrow of the government.  Lai Mohammed was the arrow head of this falsehood.  Then enters the literary icon; Prof. Wole Soyinka who says he may no longer want to comment on the administration of President Muhammadu Buhari.

He told an on-line TV in a chat that went viral on Monday that “for the sake of sanity, one must imagine that the regime of the President Muhammadu Buhari does not exist”.

The Nobel laureate, who was seen being interviewed onboard a train, described the new Lagos-Abeokuta-Ibadan standard gauge train, as marvellous and long overdue.

He told the Kaftan TV reporter that he would not like to talk about the Buhari administration because he imagined the regime doesn’t exist.

When asked whether the new train was a plus to Buhari’s regime, he said: “I don’t want to talk about Muhammadu Buhari’s administration. I think it is best for my sanity just to avoid that overall question. I can take bits and pieces of Nigeria’s present predicament but I think for one’s sense of balance, one must forget the existence of the Buhari administration.

These three messages from these prominent theologians and intellectuals have a unified message for each and every Nigerian and this message is that the best way out of the Nigerian quagmire and the self-inflicted underdevelopment, is for each of us to grow balls and evolve the Mathew Hassan Kukah’s courage to speak out against political oppression and poor governance.

The other diametrically opposed message from this is that we as a people and a nation , we do not have the luxury of time not to speak out against political vices irrespective of our impression that president Muhammadu Buhari is not in control of his administration.

The above demand to speak out always is one way of setting the Papal agenda of helping each other to overcome our National malaise.

Another salient lesson in all of the above episodes, especially for politicians, is that we need not venture into the political arena if all that we want to manifest is the Muhammadu Buhari’s disappointing political character of the self over and above the collective interests.

The least demand that Nigerians should ask from those who seek to be elected and appointed into public offices is merit, competence and commitment to render selfless services geared towards the emancipation of the silent majority of Nigerians who have been pushed into absolute poverty due to the poor political and economic policies of the Muhammadu Buhari’s government.

The suffocating social issues of nepotism, favouritism, corruption which are tearing down the fabrics of a united Nigeria are the key challenges which the trinity of the righteous made up of Pope Francis, Bishop Kukah and Professor Soyinka exemplified with their recent oral outings.

Nigerians whether big or small needs to take away these lessons and apply them in our everyday affairs both in Private and public so we can extinguish the ‘Buhari’s tendencies’ and inculcate the bold Mathew Kukah’s power of personal example and the courageous attribute to say it as it is. Christ Jesus told his disciples, let your Yes be Yes and Your NO be NO. I think Philosophers had stated it clearly that “Nothing can be and not be at the same time”.

*Emmanuel Onwubiko is the Head of the Human Rights Writers Association of Nigeria and blogs @www.huriwanigeria.com; www.emmanuelonwubikocom; www.thenigerianinsidernews.com; www.huriwa@blogpot.com




Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Emmanuel Onwubiko and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”


David, The Peripatetic Politician

By Emmanuel Onwubiko.


It first dropped like a bombshell when a cocktail of political gossips swirled and ballooned about freely for weeks and then dropped as newspaper speculation.

This tale by moonlight is all about the then choreographed plot by the governor of Ebonyi State; Mr. David Umahi to migrate from the People’s Democratic party (PDP), a party synonymous with the South East of Nigeria to the All Progressives Congress(APC) seen in some quarters in the South East of Nigeria as ‘Hausa/Fulani/Moslem’ party.

As these rumours where making rounds, the man himself who goes by the name Dave meaning beloved, the diminutive form of David, made strident efforts to deny the story that he plans to move to the All Progressives Congress- a party which produced President Muhammadu Buhari since 2015.

Recall that  the President MUHAMMADU BUHARI IS THE first Nigerian President who in the history of politics in Nigeria, openly stated that he will distribute national wealth during his tenure in office to zones and States according to the votes he scored during the election from those areas of the Country. This warped and contrived position offends the Nigerian Constitution because for anybody to become a President, he must score both NEGATIVE AND POSITIVE VOTES.

Notwithstanding the unambiguous provisions of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, this erstwhile military ruler behaved like he has never read the Constitution because he indeed pull through with his 95 percentage and 5 percenters in the redistribution of wealth to the citizens.

David, The Peripatetic Politician
Dave Umahi

The President Muhammadu Buhari-led administration is notorious for not doing anything significantly towards the infrastructures upgrade and advancement of the South East of Nigeria whereby Dave Umahi paraded about as the Chairman of the South East GOVERNORS forum.

So, the man himself at the centre of current political storms generated by his decision to jettison the party platform that gave him tickets twice to become the governor of Ebonyi State is well aware that his ill informed decision to betray the People’s Democratic party will not go down well in a lot of places in the South East of Nigeria so he decided to play the regional mind game by blaming the failure of the People’s Democratic party to zone the 2023 Presidential slot to the South East of Nigeria from where no Executive President has ever emerged since October 1st 1960 that Nigeria got political or flag independence for his ‘POLITICAL CROSSOVER NIGHT’.

I think this politician, the son of Joseph Umahi Nwaze and Margaret Umahi of Umunaga, decided to reach for the ethnic card to try to justify his late entry to the All Progressives Congress.

Unfortunately, he never thought that he has behaved through to the historicity and etymology of his name popularised by a certain Jewish Shepherd named David who like Dave Umahi later became King who was ordained by God but the Nigerian peripatetic politician Mr. David Umahi was anointed by the People’s Democratic party to assume leadership position, a party that he has betrayed to migrate into the All Progressives Congress, a political party whose leader Muhammadu Buhari openly threatened to deny the South East of Nigeria the rightful entitlements as bona fide citizens of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

So in his nature as a peripatetic politician, he betrayed the PDP which is a party that made him acting state chairman in 2007 while he was still in political wilderness after crossing over from self-employment.

From 2009 to 2011, he served as state chairman of the party. In 2011, PDP made him the deputy governor on a ticket with then Governor Martin Elechi. In 2014, the PDP voted him as its candidate for governorship against the will of the then incumbent who had wanted the then health minister Onyebuchi Chukwu, a Professor to succeed him as governor in 2015.

By now, the PDP is regretting that error of judgment of granting her flag to Dave Umahi who has now abandoned them for a juicier personal political project in the APC which he unsuccessfully and deceptively attempted to blame on the marginalization of the South East of Nigeria by the PDP.

So, Umahi decided to embrace ethnic card to try to demonize the political party that made him a significant politician from the wilderness of  self-employment as head of an engineering firm with nothing to show.

David, The Peripatetic Politician
Chief Ellias Mbam

We will shortly read that ethnic card he played. 

But first, let us say that he also decided to behave like a masquerade who would wait for a ‘John the Baptist’ to herald his joining his newly found political family of All Progressive Congress.

So he found a willing tool. He went for the Chairman of the Revenue Mobilization Allocation  and Fiscal Commission, Mr. Elias Mbam, who himself migrated from PDP that made him a Federal Cabinet minister and Chairman of the Revenue Commission before he managed to secure a second term from Muhammadu Buhari after a year that he wandered hopelessly in the wilderness of political uncertainty. Indeed his reappointment was even announced by the then acting President Yemi Osinbanjo when President Muhammadu Buhari was in a London hospital.

So Chief Elias Mbam, who prefers to be called a chieftain of the All Progressives Congress (APC) in Ebonyi, was procured to publicly urge Gov. Dave Umahi to move ahead with his plans to defect to the APC.

Mbam, also Chairman, Revenue Mobilisation, Allocation and Fiscal Commission (RMAFC), said this while speaking with newsmen on Monday in Abakaliki.

He was reacting to a meeting held between the governor and some APC stakeholders on Sunday, in Uburu, in Ohaozara Local Government Area (LGA) of the state preparatory to his defection to the party.

Mbam said that the decision was a welcome development saying that the state, as well as the South East would benefit from the defection.

He said that the South East had nothing to show for its numerous support for the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) since the return to civil rule in 1999.

Mbam said that the APC-led Federal Government has shown commitment towards developing infrastructure in the South-East, adding that it was time politicians in the zone moved to APC en-masse.

“The major stakeholders in our party met with the governor and he told us why he wanted to leave his party for the APC; part of the reasons was the need for South East to be part of the government at the centre.

“He stressed the need for the zone to collaborate with the North and that if we do that; we will be able to get what we have not been able to get since 1999.

David, The Peripatetic Politician
Dr. Ogbonnaya Onu

“Since 1999, PDP has been in control in Ebonyi and other states in South East, yet the party has not found one person worthy of flying its flag and we don’t even have any hope that it would happen soon,” Mbam said.

He said that the APC led federal government does not accord much recognition to the South East, hence the need for the zone to join the ruling party in order to become relevant to the government.

He said that Ebonyi needed to join the ruling party in order to be present where major decisions were being taken.

“We want to lead a campaign where the South East will become more relevant at the centre; Umahi’s move is a commendable decision, it’s good for our state and Igbo people.

”The best way to be represented in a meeting is to be present where major decisions are taken and if Ebonyi is not present at the centre, certainly it will affect what we get from there,” he said.

The RMAFC chairman said that Umahi’s defection to APC would further strengthen the unity of the party in the state and reposition it towards capturing the governor’s seat in 2023.

After the carefully choreographed procured outcry laced with numerous half-truths and falsehoods,  to join APC by the Elias Mbam – led motley crowd of hired praise singers, the man himself who had earlier denied that he wanted to migrate away from his party to APC, confirmed the much circulated story of his defection.

And so it came to pass that the Ebonyi State Governor David Umahi said he defected from the People’s Democratic Party (PDP) to the All Progressives Congress (APC) because the PDP had failed the people of the Southeast.

He said he had no regrets defecting from the party, adding that it was based on his conviction and avowed commitment to the interest of the geo-political zone.

Umahi explained that he defected because of the injustice against the Southeast by the PDP.

The governor spoke with reporters in Abakaliki, the state capital, on the controversial defection to the ruling party at the centre.

He clarified that his defection was not premised on any deal with the APC on the contentious subject matter of presidential zoning to the region in 2023.

Justifying his defection, Umahi said: “I want to clear the air that I never sought for the PDP presidential ticket and I will not.  So, whoever said that I moved to the APC because they refused to zone the ticket to me is being very mischievous.

“Even if PDP promises somebody presidential ticket, how does it work when over 8,000 delegates will be voting. And such a promise cannot happen with more than 10 or 20 people. So, people are being very mischievous about that.

“There are a lot of qualified persons from the Southeast. Some people say I was promised lots of things by the APC. There was no such discussion.  APC never promised me any position. They never promised southeast any position.

David, The Peripatetic Politician
Martin Elechi

“However, I offered this movement as a protest to injustice being done to the Southeast by the PDP. Since 1999, the Southeast have supported the PDP. At a time, the five states were all PDP. One of the founding members of the PDP was from Southeast, the late former Vice President Dr Alex Ekwueme.

“It is absurd that since 1999, going to 2023, the Southeast will never be considered to run for the presidency under the PDP. And this is my position and it will continue to be my position. It had nothing to do with me or my ambition.”

Umahi said he would continue to agitate for the interest of the Southeast in and out of office.

He said he has decided to become the sacrificial lamb that would be crucified for the interest of the zone.

The governor rejected the notion that he was driven by selfish reasons, maintaining that he was protesting the non-zoning of the presidential slot to the Southeast.

He said the PDP is yet to give reasons why the Southeast is unfit for the Presidency.

Umahi said the region is at liberty to agitate for the presidential slot, stressing that the crusade is legitimate.

However, he said despite his defection to the APC, he would not castigate the PDP, which has refused to toe the path of equity and fairness.

The governor who emphasised that he had not declared interest in the presidency said he may even quit politics in 2023.

He said his involvement in 2023 would be limited to building support for a presidential candidate of Southeast origin.

On the reaction by the PDP that it was not yet time to consider zoning, the governor said the party was being economical with the truth.

David, The Peripatetic Politician
Ken Nnamani

Umahi stressed: “In 2015, PDP had zoned the next presidential slot to the North against 2019. Then, the executive statement in Bauchi that the presidential slot is open to all parts of the country and the overtures and scheming to remove most members of the National Working Committee, these are some of the indications that the party has no intention of zoning it to the Southeast”

“The point is very simple. In 2023, I would have been in PDP between 23 and 24 years and Southeast never really  supported APC the way they are supporting PDP and in that 2023, they  would have been eight years in office. But, it would have been about 23 years going.

“I believe strongly that the will of God will come to play. But, I believe that APC is amenable to working with Southeast from  all indication. It is amenable and I also believe that until justice and equity is implanted in this  Nigeria, it is difficult for Nigeria to make progress.”

Onu, who expressed optimism at the enlargement of the APC’s coast in the Southeast, said: “We have one governor now and we are working so that by 2023, we will have five governors. We are very optimistic. We have the people and whatever problem we have, we will resolved them.”

The minister said APC should also work hard to win the senatorial by-election in Imo North Zone.

On Umahi’s defection, former Senate President Ken Nnamani said: “it is a work in progress. Our party is a moving train. We are ready to pick anybody that wants to join us. We are expecting not only governors but everybody.

“Our gate is wide open for any person who loves to move in. We are expecting more people. There are many large rooms in our party. For those who are ready to join, the train of APC is already moving.”

The PDP understandably are not happy. Already Governor Nyesom Wike of Rivers State has accused the Ebonyi State governor of blackmailing the PDP just to fulfill his long known affinity to the APC.

I think the governor of Ebonyi State has by this betrayal of the political platform that brought him into relevance shown that he cannot be trusted and that he lacks political loyalty and stability and that indeed as a politician, he suffers from credibility deficits.

Why enjoy all those privileges from PDP only to betray them with a jaundiced explanation that does not hold water. The decision of Dave Umahi to quit his party does not represent the position of Ndigbo on PDP.

He is on a self-anointed gambit for political aggrandizement and so should be told to shut up and stop dragging South East of Nigeria along in his political adventure. What he did by moving to APC remains a big time betrayal of trust and is absolutely intolerable since nobody was driving him out of PDP but he simply displayed his true colour as a political saboteur whilst he was in PDP.

David Umahi is a peripatetic politician. I apply the word Peripatetic not in the manner that the apostles of Aristotle are called because Aristotle and his followers are highly principled but this one in Nigeria has no qualms abandoning ship and casting needless aspersions on the political party that fed him and gave him power, might and wealth.

*Emmanuel Onwubiko is head of the HUMAN RIGHTS WRITERS ASSOCIATION OF NIGERIA (HURIWA) and blogs@www. theingerianinsidernews.comwww.huriwanigeria.com.



Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Emmanuel Onwubiko and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”



Effective Leadership As NYSC Camps Resume

 By Emmanuel Onwubiko.


“There will be reason they are not listening so work out what it is.” – Richard Templar; THE RULES OF PEOPLE. 

Richard Templar is the pen name of a British author who has written self-development books.  He reportedly shares his “path to success” in a series of books, in which 100 simple “ Rules” are presented.

The World’s best known online marketing application Amazon.com said Richard Templar is an astute observer of human behaviour and understands what makes the difference between those of us who effortlessly glide towards success.

As I reflect on some successful leadership qualities in display in the management of the National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) under the current dispensation, the best intellectual hot spot to tap for some guides towards unraveling the strides made institutionally in the administration of the NYSC is therefore the qualitative thoughts of this beloved British author whose 2018 book titled “ the Rules of people” I find Fascinating in this thematic reflection on the imminent resumption of camping by hundreds of thousands of Nigerian University graduates by the National Youth Service Corp as a necessary prelude towards kick starting their year-long service to fatherland Nigeria.

My reading of the works of Richard Templar and other erudite writers on management shows that to pay attention and listen to the pulse of the people under your management is at the core of the qualitative virtues of an effective manager.

Richard Templar puts it succinctly thus: “if someone persistently doesn’t listen – or doesn’t hear what you’re saying –you need to do something different otherwise nothing will change. There will be a reason they‘re not listening, so work out what it is.

Are you undermining their authority, criticizing them, saying something they don’t want to hear, and making them look bad in front of someone else? Whatever the reason, try to accommodate it. Take a different tone, speak to them in private, plan out how to get your point across more succinctly, pick a better time. Show them why what you have to say is worth listening to.”

These indeed constitute the corpus of the ingredients needed for a sustainable and effective management of people and resources institutionally. For the purposes of our reflection, it is tangential to situate these concrete body of evidence at the doorstep of how so well and how so efficiently effective the managers of the National Youth Service Corp have carried on with their onerous task even amidst the shifting nature of the dreaded COVID-19 PANDEMIC IN NIGERIA.

The distinguished citizen named Brigadier General Shuaibu Ibrahim who has a doctorate degree in education is the head of the NYSC and he has over the past few couple of months, since coming on board, manifested the abundant qualities of an effective leader of Youngsters and he uniquely showed the quality of listening when in the hit of the advent  of the Coronavirus Pandemic in the first quarter of the year he was quick to ask the participants of the NYSC scheme to leave the camps so measures are adopted to safeguard their lives.

The rapid shut down of camps by the management of NYSC in line with the directives published by the Nigerian government under the auspices of the Presidential Task Force on containment of Covid-19, remains commendable and it is indeed an excellent show of effective leadership.

Writing on the scholarly theme of efficient management versus effective leadership, Emily Rice stated the following: “In most leadership books, you are told that you need to be both in order to be successful; that you need to be both, effective and efficient. Except, when given a choice, we’re likely to choose one over the other. In definition, effective is producing the intended or expected results.”

This management guru further informed us that: “While, efficient is performing the best results in the least about of time and/or effort. In other words, being effective is doing the right things and being efficient is doing things right. Doing the right things isn’t enough anymore. Nor is just doing things right – Laura Stack.

“Therefore, if someone is expected to be both, then it’s about doing the right things, right. Although, both “lenses” encompass a different mindset. Those that align with being effective are impact-oriented, strategic, and relational.

An effective leader focuses on productivity in various layers such as motivation, teamwork, communication and objectives. They encourage innovation and creativity to reach a desired goal. Those who are efficient are task-oriented, impulsive, and project focused.”

The management expert said also thus: “An efficient manager is one who uses limited resources to get the job done in a more professional manner; they want immediate results. Efficiency avoids mistakes and likes to take repeated steps to achieve a goal.

Both efficiency and effectiveness are desirable characteristics in business. Although, one is often attainable only at the expense of the other. While some do a good job of balancing the two, others view one lens more than the other. Depending on the situation, both efficiency and effectiveness can be used, if managers and leaders work together. “

No doubt, the effective leadership of the NYSC was also instrumental to the ability of the institution to very rapidly rise to the occasion and to efficiently put internal measures in place to meet with global best practices and guidelines published by the Nigerian Centre for disease control, presidential task force on Covid -19 and the world Health Organization’s protocols towards the containment of spread of Covid-19 disease.

The media has been awash with the positive story that the management of the NYSC in consultation with the Presidential Task Force on COVID-19 (PTF-COVID-19) and the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) have developed these guidelines to facilitate the safe conduct of the 2020 NYSC orientation camp activities in all NYSC camps across the country.

The management has reportedly put all the necessary logistics and manpower in their proper position to effectively ensure that all Corp members are  tested for COVID-19 on arrival. Only those whose test results are negative will proceed to register in the camp.

From information generated by this writer from official channels, the following are the general measures in place: *Additional orientation camps will be provided in each State/FCT to reduce the number of participants in each camp. *This is to ensure the observance of physical distancing.

*As part of usual practice, all orientation camps will be fumigated/decontaminated before the commencement of the orientation exercise. In addition to the fumigation/decontamination of the camps, there will be enforcement of physical distancing, regular hand washing, use of face coverings and proper hygiene in all camps. There will be compulsory temperature screening at every camp entrance.

The use of face masks is compulsory for every Corp member, camp officials and visitors.

Beds in hostels will be re-arranged to allow for two-metres spacing, which will ensure physical distancing as provided for in the COVID-19 safety protocol.

Lectures will be conducted observing physical distancing and will be complemented via e-learning tools.

COVID-19 safety measures will be part of the content of the call-up letters for prospective Corp members. All Corp members are required to fill the COVID-19 testing self-reporting form before they can download their call up letters.

There will be deliberate reduction in the number of participants during each orientation exercise in order to free up spaces in the hostels and make for proper physical distancing and better ventilation.

Also, Camp officials, in addition to the corps members, shall be sensitised fully on the required measures.

There will be Infection Prevention Control reminders and communication materials prominently displayed in every part of the camp. Hand hygiene stations will be set up across strategic locations in the camp.

Assessment tools have been developed to inform baseline situation at the proposed NYSC camp sites. This will ensure adherence to safety protocols before opening of orientation camps and for entire camp duration.

Readiness assessments have been conducted across NYSC camps to ensure that all camps meet the key performance indicators (KPIs) of COVID-19 preventive measures and are ready for safe opening.

These are facts gathered from the NYSC safety protocols for NYSC Corp members just as this document is for all prospective NYSC Corp members to read and sign before resumption at camp. This should be available on the NYSC website.

To visit the NYSC COVID-19 RDT Testing Self-Reporting Form web page, prospective Corp members are asked to click on the appropriate registration buttons in the official portal of the NYSC.

Also, every Corp member will be given an appointment for resumption and they are warned to endeavour to resume camp on the day of their appointment as arrangements will not be available for those that resume earlier than scheduled.

They are to fill a self-reporting form on the dashboard and Download a code and covid-19 testing slip just as this should be presented on arrival in camp for the NCDC officials to be able to conduct your test.

After successfully meeting up these guidelines, President Buhari has therefore permitted the re-opening of NYSC camp after 8 months of closure with mandatory order that full COVID-19 protocols to be enforced in camps to protect corps members.

The Federal Government has approved the reopening of orientation camps for prospective members of the National Youth Service Corps (NYSC).

Prospective corps members were sent home when camps were closed in March 2020 as part of efforts to limit the spread of COVID-19.

The Minister of Youth and Sports Development, Sunday Dare, announced on Thursday, October 15 that camps will reopen on November 18.

“The resumption of the NYSC orientation camp for prospective Youth Corpers has been approved and opens on November 10th 2020. Full COVID-19 Protocols will be enforced,” he said.

Recall that the coronavirus pandemic has swept around the world and infected over 38 million people and killed over one million globally. Nigeria has recorded over 60,000 cases and over 1,000 deaths, but infection rates have dropped over the past few weeks, even though officials are concerned that is due to the drop in testing rate.

Many sectors that were shut down in March have steadily reopened since restrictions started getting relaxed in May.

There is no mass-produced vaccine yet for the novel disease, however Pfizer/BioNTech have just announced that their COVID-19 vaccine is already tested ninety percent effective. The fact that the management of the NYSC successfully met the stringent resumption requirements for the camps to be reopened is a dramatic and constructive demonstration of remarkable leadership acumen which must be applauded.  This goes to show the effective observations of the kernel of public policy for public good.

RK SAPRU in his book: ‘Public policy: formulation, implementation and evaluation’ says the following on public policies: “It is first important to understand the concept of public’ fora discussion of public policy. We often use such terms as public interest, public sector public opinion, public health, and so on.

The starting point is that Public Policy’ has to do with those spheres which are so labeled as public’ as opposed to spheres involving the idea of private”. The concept theoretical Perspectives of public policy presupposes that there is an area or domain of life which is not private or purely individual, but held in common. Public dimension is generally referred to public ownership or control for ‘public purpose”

“The public comprises that domain of human activity which is regarded as requiring governmental intervention or common action. However there has always been a conflict between what is public and what is private.

W.F. Baber argues that the public sector has ten key differences from the private sector

i. It faces more complex and ambiguous tasks

ii. It has more problems in implementing its decisions

iii. it employs more people with a wider range of motivations

iv. it is more concerned with securing opportunities or capacities.

v. It is more concerned with compensating for market failure;

vi.  It engages in activities with greater symbolic significance,

vii. It is held to stricter standards of commitment and legality and has a greater opportunity to respond to issues of farness

viii. It must operate or appear to operate in the public interest

ix. It must maintain minimal levels of public support above that required in private industry”.

Impressed by these groundswell of preparation for the commencement of camps across Nigeria as made by the NYSC, the DIRECTOR-GENERAL, Nigeria Centre for Disease Control NCDC Chikwe hekweazu  revealed that no National Youth Service Corps, NYSC, camp will be  shut down as a result of one corps member testing positive to COVID-19.

This was disclosed in a statement signed by the Director Press and Public Relations, NYSC, Adenike Adeyemi.

The NYSC to ensure compliance to the necessary preventive protocols to COVID-19 when the camp reopens, the prospective corp member would undergo COVID-19 test in order to ascertain their health status and in the event of a prospective corp member testing positive, other Corps members should not panic as adequate measures have been put in place in all NYSC camps to manage such case.

He commended the Director General of the NYSC, Brigadier- General Shuaibu Ibrahim, for his passion for youths, exemplified by his tenacity of purpose which facilitated the approval for the Corps to resume normal operations.

He said prospective corps members should exercise caution as coronavirus is still around. Ihekweazu said it has been a trying time for the country, but expressed challenge brought the NYSC and NCDC together to work in partnership tor the common good of the country.

He challenged the participants to be the leaders that the country needs at this critical time.

On his part, General lbrahim praised the NCDC director-general and his team for working tirelessly to safeguard the health of the nation, stating that there will be zero tolerance for risky behaviours that will compromise the health of those at the camps.

He thanked the NCDC chief executive for the donation of personal protection equipment to the NYSC, pledging to put them to good use. Ibrahim appealed to the camp participants to eschew the spreading of fake news and encouraged them to always approach the camp management for clarification on issues of interest.

Another impressive milestone worth noting is the phenomenal directive by President Muhammadu Buhari that henceforth all participants at the NYSC would be enrolled in the National Health Insurance Scheme of the Nigerian public sector.

This single most important directive by President Muhammadu Buhari is indeed salutary and should be pragmatically implemented and without doubt the management of the NYSC under the current dispensation would carry out this instruction vigorously and meticulously.

*Emmanuel Onwubiko is head of the HUMAN RIGHTS WRITERS ASSOCIATION OF NIGERIA (HURIWA). He blogs @www. huriwanigeria.com, www.thenigerianinsidernews.com, www.huriwa@blogspots.com. 



Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Emmanuel Onwubiko and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”



How Not To Be A Governor

By Dan Ugwu.


Ever since he acquired power through the Supreme Court of Nigeria, Gov. Hope Uzodimma of Imo state has become the most unsettled leader in the country. His emergence as governor, which brought much opprobrium to his persona was to be a prelude to a governorship that has suffered much ignominy and intrigues.

From muffled grumbling to angry outburst, Imolites have always found one reason to critize the governor. Often times, he has appeared on the media for the wrong reasons. If there are efforts he has made to better the people, such has been received with mixed feelings.

Far from the people’s disgust, Uzodimma’s party; the APC in Imo has not allowed him to chew and swallow at same time. In the analysis of pundits, the governor seems to have launched himself into this tight corner by the division he allegedly created in the party.

Granted, the Imo APC was already led to ruins before his arrival through the quagmire starring Rochas Okorocha and Adams Oshiomhole, the major strikers of the debacle. Upon his emergence as Imo governor, Hope Uzodimma pitched tent with his CampHope; a handful of his supporters at the wake of the 2019 election.

When other APC camps in the state like the Rescue Mission, Destiny group and Uche Nwosu supporters made attempts to be adapted into the system, the governor rebuffed such fellowship and stuck to his gang. Immediately, the aggrieved elements in various shades and clothing emerged and consequently caved in to give him a good fight.

First, it was the leadership of the state party as it fluctuated between Malcolm Nlemigbo, loyal to Uzodimma and Dan Nwafor of Rochas camp. Eventually the court has ruled in favour of Dan Nwafor as the authentic leader of the party.

Secondly, the struggle for Okigwe North senatorial zone was in the picture. While Hope Uzodimma elected Frank Ibezim, the parallel group opted for Ifeanyi Ararume. At the long run, the court has ruled in favour of Ararume as the APC flag bearer in Imo North.

As it is now, the governor has lost grip of the three senatorial zones in Imo. While Rochas Okorocha takes charge of Imo West, Ararume will lead in Imo North, while the opposition party PDP is resident in Owerri zone.

Are these defeats enough? May be no. While the Philip Emeadi suit is gathering momentum at the Supreme Court, the elected LGA chairmen under Rochas are now dusting up to unlock their offices that have been under lock and key.

By the time this last group succeeds in taking over the local government structures, the governor maybe left with his aides. This will not be a joy ride especially for someone who is struggling to change an ugly narrative. Indeed, this is not how best to enjoy being a governor.

*Dan Ugwu is a Social Analyst; he writes from Owerri, Imo State




Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Dan Ugwu and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”





The Politics Of Palliatives

 By Orbih William.


The word “palliative” is perhaps the most used word in Nigeria today. Before last week, or let us say before COVID 19 pandemic, many Nigerians did not even know that the word existed, talk less of what it meant. Today, it is not that many Nigerians can now define the term.

I am not even sure whether I still can. Instead, it is that palliative has found its way into the Nigerian political consciousness and popular lexicon, and it is destined to stay for a long time. Typical of Nigerians’ fun-loving and critical nature, palliative has already inspired many comedies and scholarly theories.

Someone on Twitter jokingly asked: “Is your partner showing you off? Abi you be palliative?” It has been trending ever since. The sudden discovery of palliatives in warehouses across the country has also raised concerns. Soon, conspiracy theorist shall wade into the matter. I await their creativity.

However, as we await the conspiracists, we must make do with the intelligentsias as they raise some pertinent questions trying to probe into the sudden discovery of warehouses that has become a trend these past days.

They have wondered whether if this is not a ploy by the ruling class to distract the masses from the struggle—especially the unforgivable genocide in Lekki on October 20, 2020? The morality of looting palliatives stashed away in warehouses has also been vigorously debated, and it seems the overwhelming majority are of the opinion that it is both moral as well as logical.

According to most people, the logic involved is as simple as logic can be: “Meant for the poor, carried by the poor.”  It is, however, important to also consider the politics of palliative. By this, I mean the social condition that makes palliatives an issue in the first place. This social condition is not just poverty, but what one can describe as the politicization of poverty.

The politicization of poverty refers, first of all, to the massive corruption of government officials that is chiefly responsible for the impoverishment of the majority of Nigerians. Poverty in Nigeria is neither natural nor inevitable. Nigeria is too rich to be poor. “The land is green” as T. Y Bello excellently captured it in her hit single.

According to Chinua Achebe, who describes The Trouble with Nigeria as “simply and squarely the failure of leadership,” “there is nothing wrong with Nigeria’s land or climate or water or air.” Rather, Nigeria is superabundantly blessed by God with natural resources and enviable human resources.

Poverty is not the consequence of unfertile land or unimaginative people. It is the result of a long history of looting, mismanagement, insensitivity, and utter lack of vision and purpose of the ruling class.

The Politics Of Palliatives
Orbih William

Recently, the sheer wickedness of Nigerian leaders has been added to the list. Many of us are still gaping in amazement at how many Nigerians continue to languish and perish, even amidst so much food in warehouses around them.

However, it is one thing for poverty to be widespread. It is another thing for it to be weaponized for political reasons. The politics of palliative in Nigeria can simply be defined as the weaponization of poverty by the Nigerian elites. It is simply disheartening.

This strategy did not begin in the wake of COVID 19; it is a strategy that has always been employed by the Nigerian ruling class to keep the people too poor to rise up for their rights and crushed enough to be willing to settle for dregs.

It has had different names in the past. Once, it was called amala politics, or stomach infrastructure. It was essentially a three-step process. Steal public money. Use the stolen money to buy palliatives. Use the palliatives to buy the people’s votes during elections while posing as a benefactor.

One politician even claimed that he was preparing to distribute the palliatives that were discovered and looted in his warehouse on his birthday. What stupidity and audacity. Safe for the few spates of violence involved and the unfortunate human casualties that have resulted, I think the looting of palliatives stored wickedly in warehouses is not just logical but also a welcome idea.

Not in the sense that I want the looting to continue, but in the sense that I wish that it becomes the first step to the ordinary Nigerian rejecting the evil politics of palliatives. This means rejecting vote-buying. It means realizing that leaders are not benefactors for discharging their constitutional duties; they are public servants only doing what they were elected for and are being paid handsomely to do.

Lastly and most importantly, Nigerians must reject the mindset of poverty that makes us easily susceptible to the politics of palliative. We can take the money while still voting our conscience. Our future and that of our children depend on our voting rightly.

We must also ultimately seek to rise from what Godfrey Nzamujo describes as the logic of poverty. He defines it as the “incapacity to effectively harness the opportunities before us.” Ours is a rich country.

Our land is too green not to be able to feed all of us. Nigerians are good, hardworking, and intelligent people. Resilience should also be added to this list. Nigerians are neither lazy nor clueless. Except that we have been cursed by awfully bad leaders at all levels since independence, we have no reason to be a poor country depending on aid, whether foreign or palliatives.



Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of  Orbih William and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”



Looting Of Palliative Stashed In Warehouses: Logical Or Moral?

By Orbih William.


JOHNNY: A Note Of Appreciation By Orbih William.
Orbih William

Let me explain why it is difficult for me to frown at the looting of warehouses. But first, let me clarify that I do not support violence in any way or form, or theft. I also do not support the wanton destruction of property or the looting of business, whether privately or publicly owned. Thus, I would not have been happy with the looting of government (or were they privately) owned warehouses, safe for what was discovered in these stores.

What did we find when he broke the doors of these warehouses opened? Palliatives meant for us; palliatives that did not get to us, palliatives that would probably never get to us. And even the tiny fraction of “us” who would have been lucky to get them would have probably only gotten them days after their expiration.

‘I understand why you are so skeptical,’ one of my best friends from secondary school told me. Like me, he is frustrated by the failure of Nigerian elites and could not blame me for not being able to trust them.

Most of us are frustrated with the lies of the elites. The Lagos State Government issued a statement claiming that the proposed or ongoing distribution was interrupted by the protests.

It is difficult to believe that. This is eight months into the pandemic, and most Nigerians are yet to get any support from their government, and you expect us to believe that these treasures stored would somehow get to them? All that most Nigerians have received have been nothing but “audio” palliatives.

We know that the Lagos State Government is lying, or at least not telling the whole truth. But this is not the only lie that they are telling. They are also talking about the palliatives being meant for other Southwestern states. This is most likely also a lie. I have seen similar videos of people invading warehouses in Osun State.

Fr Ameh Sylvanus is amazed that “the palliative items were so many that people didn’t even bother to fight over them. They had time for pictures and videos.” Like him, most people are amazed about how so much was stored in warehouses across the country while most Nigerians continue to languish in poverty and misery. Nigerian leaders are heartless, evil, wicked, and demonic. How do they sleep at night?

Looting Of Palliative Stashed In Warehouses: Logical Or Moral?

For me, the leaders’ insensitivity aside, the looting of the warehouse by the poor is quite logical—even if the morality is difficult to dissect. After all, the palliatives are ultimately meant for the poor.

If this is the case, then the poor have only taken what is rightfully theirs. The inscription on the pack clearly indicates NOT FOR SALE. So, the owners of these warehouses cannot claim to have suffered any loss.

There are perhaps a few persons who invaded these storehouses out of sheer greed. Nevertheless, the overwhelming majority are certainly the poor and the needy. Thankfully, I have not heard that any storekeeper was killed or injured in the process. Thanks be to God. Rather, we saw even military men also scampering for their share.

I am tempted to see it as a sign of God fighting for the poor. I am tempted to see God directing street prophets to where their blessings are stashed away to rot. I am tempted to see God’s peace in the peaceful distribution that followed. I might be wrong, I admit. But it is definitely not out of place to remember Proverbs 11: 26: “People curse the one who hoards grain, but they pray God’s blessing on the one who is willing to sell.”

Interestingly, the Holy Quran also condemns the evil of hoarding while people around are suffering. “According to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), somebody who hoards foods or other goods for forty days will be prohibited from entering Jannah.” (https://azislam.com/prohibition-of-hoarding-in-islam#). I’m not suggesting that either the Bible or Quran approve or encourage looting. Neither do I.

Of course, I do not imagine that our leaders who often pose as Christians and Muslims (often because it is politically expedient) care about what is written in the Bible or the Quran.



Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of  Orbih William and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”


YOUTH PROTESTS: A Call To Genuine National Renewal

By Most Rev. Dr. Ignatius Kaigama.


From the moment of political independence, Nigeria appeared set to attain very great political heights, social integration and economic viability. We started well, but for sixty years now, it appears Nigeria has wallowed from one crisis to another, pursued misdirected economic policies and reaped sour political fruits.

There was a time when students received pocket money from the Government; jobs were available before the completion of school. One gained admission to school based on merit and recruitment into the army, police, and other paramilitary bodies was also largely based on merit.

Those noble Nigerian political leaders who fought for our independence put the people first, and their interests were subordinated to those of the people. There was more careful planning, infrastructural development and maintenance.

Roads, even when not tarred, were maintained regularly. Even in rural areas, one went to hospital and came back with different packages of medicine. Pensioners did not have to queue up for long months. It was not paradise, but there was a country that could really be said to be the giant of Africa on the march.

Teachers, doctors, pharmacists, engineers among others, came to work in Nigeria from Asia, Europe and other African countries. The foreign exchange rate of our national currency was fantastic. The “Ghana must go” protests showed how Nigeria as a local economic power was like a magnet that attracted people from everywhere.

We thought that Nigeria was on the march to emerge as one of the greatest nations, but greed, the quest for selfish power, narrow ethnic interests and worst of all, exaggerated religious sensitivity began to polarize us.

The chasm between the north and south and Christians and Muslims became disturbingly wider. Trust, merit, patriotism, honesty and hard work, all began crumbling. The country started degenerating and sometimes appeared to be on the brink of collapse.

Since the civil war, followed by various forms of violence rooted in religious or ethnic sentiments, Nigeria has not remained the same. As a consequence of this, women and young people suffer greatly. Some young people, fed with the produce of corrupt earnings, lack role models at home and sometimes at school. Is it any wonder that in some cases even with the help of their parents and teachers some children today cheat to pass exams, while others engage in cultism, etc?

Over the years, as if by progression, life started becoming miserable. There is no safety on the roads, people everywhere complain of hunger, unable to meet basic needs. For water, you provide your borehole; for electricity you buy your generator; for security, you find your “mai gadi”, for school, you pay to enroll children in private schools; for medical care, you go to private hospitals or clinics and pay through the nose.

YOUTH PROTESTS: A Call To Genuine National RenewalMost Rv. Dr. Ignatius Kaigama; Archbishop of the Catholic Archdiocese of Abuja[/caption
Social insurance for young people has been lacking, just as for pensioners who have worked nearly all their life in service of the country. Ex-prisoners are not well rehabilitated, teenagers are troubled by a bleak future, and youths run away from the country to travel abroad legally or illegally, in search of greener pastures.
Some of them are trafficked, while some go on voluntary prostitution, with some dying in the Sahara desert, in Libyan jails or in the Mediterranean Sea.
As a Catholic priest for almost forty years, I feel that many people prefer to see me as a social worker. Day in, day out, requests flow in for basic needs: school fees, hospital bills, food, house rent, etc. Letters, e-mails, text messages and calls received are largely about requests to meet the needs for basic survival.
Transferred from Jos to Abuja as Archbishop, my troubles have doubled. Some of my acquaintances in need from different parts of Nigeria who before now, did not text or call me, believe that I have made it “big” as the Archbishop of Abuja, and they so very kindly leave their bank account details after describing their woes and how “you are the last hope.”
Some feel that in my new position in Abuja, I have the resources to meet their demands or to talk to influential men or women on their behalf for jobs, contracts or other favours. Some, I think, believe that I have regular breakfast with President Buhari every morning! Since they cannot go or write to government or talk to their representatives in the National Assembly they turn round to ask, “What is the Church doing?”
Even when palliatives during the Covid-19 lockdown were not getting to them, instead of confronting government, some would ask “What is the Church doing?” I tried to explain that the Church was not established as an alternative government to provide food, education, health care or to look after all the needs of the poor, the prisoners and the sick.
In doing our corporal works of mercy we only watch out for those suffering social deprivation and assist them to complement government efforts. Somehow, because there seems to be a perpetual social lack, the impression has been formed that the Church must be in the forefront of providing social services, by reaching out to the poor and marginalized. Yet, no support is given to the Church by the Government. In some cases, the Government even wants to tax Churches despite the humanitarian services being rendered!
Our communiqués since the 1960s, published into a book by the Catholic Bishops’ Conference of Nigeria (CBCN) are a testimony of the concern of the Catholic Bishops not only with spiritual and pastoral welfare, but also with the integral progress and happiness of all Nigerians.
The younger generations even tend to blame the Church for not doing much for the youths, but they forget to take their demands to Senators and other elected officials who receive mouth- watering and humongous salaries and other privileges, when the basic pay for an ordinary worker is thirty thousand Naira per month, nearly the cost of a bag of rice! In order words, a man or woman works for only a bag of rice in one month! Yet, we wonder why there is agitation or violence at many levels.
Now the youths feeling tired, crushed, desperate, frustrated, demoralized are asking: stop brutality; provide good governance; remove the monster of corruption; make life more bearable and reasonable. They are crying out for a new Nigeria. A new Nigeria is not impossible. The youth protest is like the proverbial gadfly stinging us to wakefulness as religious, traditional and political leaders.
The youths must realize however that due to prolonged greed and corruption in the country, we have mostly been infested with the virus of greed and corruption. This includes some leaders in places of worship, roadside mechanics, traders, office clerks and even the youths themselves.
A secretary in a government office hides your employment file until you give a good tip. It is no longer news that contract sums are deliberately inflated to enable the awarders of the contract get their big share.
Needless to say that this seriously affects the quality of services provided. Our leaders seem to be always on a borrowing spree, and having borrowed, they don’t use the funds judiciously and fruitfully, thereby seriously jeopardizing/mortgaging the future well-being and all-round prospects of present and future generations.
Because there is a time for everything, time has come for genuine introspection, critical self-analysis and inner purification. Nigerians in public office or in private life; on the streets, employed or unemployed; in the classrooms or market, must always think of the good of other Nigerians and the common good that binds us all.
The scriptures advise us to do whatever we do with honesty, noble motives and intentions and to do them in the name of God. Whatever good we can do, we should do it now, for we pass through this world only once. We should learn to live simple life styles. Through this, there will be enough to go round and very few will be in dire need.
Truth must however be told. Things are not well. Something urgently and effectively must be done by the authorities. Dialogue is the way forward, a national conversation. People scream about disproportionate appointments in favour of some groups based on ethnic and religious grounds.
Others worry that some tribes lord it over others, resulting in constant violence. There is inequitable distribution of our resources and the thwarting of democratic process through electoral rigging. Today, the immoral buying and selling of votes openly during elections goes on without qualms of conscience.
Nothing seems to get done without monetary inducement. Many young people complain that today if interviews for employment opportunities are advertised it is a mere formality because the jobs or positions would have already been assigned well in advance to influential government officials or rich business personalities or to the highest bidders.
All of us are guilty about what has happened to Nigeria and Nigerians, but we can work at it together. As long as there is life, there is hope. Pointing the finger of blame will not solve the problem.
The decay in which we find ourselves started decades ago. We can work at it with serenity, truthfulness, equity and justice. We cannot go on like this with brothers killing brothers and strangely celebrating it as an “achievement.”
Militant herdsmen, bandits, religious fanatics, kidnappers and corrupt Nigerians, especially among the political class, add to our litany of woes. We seem to be our worst enemies. This reduces the quality of life for Nigerians. The need to talk openly, sincerely and to act in a positive and concrete manner is now!
*Most Rev. Dr. Ignatius Kaigama is the Archbishop of The Catholic Archdiocese of Abuja in Nigeria

Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of  Most Rev. Dr. Ignatius Kaigama and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”

Maximizing The Protest
By Dan Ugwu.
Maximizing The Protest
At a point in its wake, Boko Haram went for dialogue with government; Shekau their faceless Speaker nominated Buhari, Shettima, Ali Monguno, former Yobe State governor, Bukar Abba Ibrahim, Ambassador Gaji Galtimari and Hajia Aisha Wakil and her husband, Alkali Wakil. The dialogue failed because they insisted the venue must be in Saudi Arabia.
At another time, Niger Delta militants applied for dialogue. Alhaji Asari was the leader of the Avengers. On their own, Kidnappers were not at the time united under one front. The hoodlums in Aba region were under Killer Osisikankwu. Those in the west were under Evans. All these killers formed their independent syndicates. The hoodlums were united by violence through sophisticated ammunition that almost outweighed the various national security apparati.
Fast Forward:
Apart from those dreaded folks, there have been other revolutionary outfits in Nigeria; Labour Congress, ASUU, Pensioners, NUPENG, etc. Apart from the 2012 fuel subsidy protest involving civil society groups, other protest units have always flooded the streets to demand one or two things.
They are united by one factor, DIALOGUE. They will always have a round table discussion with government through their leadership to seek a way forward. In the two situations here, the revolutionaries have always had their way either by crook or partial settlement.
I have always believed that the Nigerian state will get to a point where revolution will take a measure of no leadership, where survival instinct will only be the propelling force. By then, the young people will not be asking for their share of bread but rather they will commandeer it. The ongoing protest has a mixture of both properties.
The youths have rolled out for non-violent march. Some miscreants have decided to upturn it to make the entire activity look anti-social. However, we cannot use the elements of violent revolt to achieve the results of a non-violent protest.
At a time like this, it will not be good to be recording bloodbath and macrebre series of murder by matches and clubs. Since we are not ready to go violent (which is not ruled out yet), the protest must have a structure. We need leadership structure that will serve as frontliners.
The youths can co-opt some persons with moral probity whom they trust. Persons like: Bishop Geofrey Onah; Bishop Hassan Kukah; Bishop David Oyedepo; Fr John Oluoma; Evangelist Uma Ukpai, Femi Falana; Sanusi Lamido Sanusi; Sa’adu Abubakar and some others who can act as anchor persons in a dialogue with the Nigerian government under domestic and international coverage.
A dialogue that will lead to dignified press conference. A dialogue that will allow time frame for action pending when the youths will flood the streets again. Truth be told, the government may not have the constitutional power to effect some of the demands without review.
With the dialogue, the Nigerian government, which is deluding itself in emphasising only SARS disbandment, will understand that the protest is beyond SARS as it involves many forms of brutal misgovernment witnessed at the various states; the tribunalization of Nigeria’s democracy and the unhindered loot and sqandamania engineered by our leaders.
At such dialogue, there could be state chapters of the revolt where example Imo state revolutionaries could demand explanation for uncompleted 27 general hospitals built with tax payer’s 40 billion naira. This will also be a way of averting the ongoing destruction of our social structure by miscreants cashing in on the uncontrolled protest to wreak havoc.
*Dan Ugwu is a Social Analyst; he writes from Owerri, Imo State

Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Dan Ugwu and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”

How To End #ENDSARS Agitations
By Emmanuel Onwubiko.

I had barely gone to bed yesterday after my usual Sunday activities when around the wee hours of 2am, my phones rang continuously and frantically for 4 minutes, 6 seconds.  At first, I was actually thinking that an emergency may have occurred to warrant this unexpected calls in an unwelcome period of the night.
Although on some occasions, some top Generals have had the reason to put calls across to me about same time especially when on two occasions yours faithfully experienced security breaches in my place of residence which elicited empathy from some of my friends in the military.
However, these calls yesterday were not the same with those other friendly calls because of its persistence and irritating frequency.
I must also state that twenty four hours earlier, I got similar early morning phone call from a top politician of the All Progressives Congress (APC) who asked if I can step up and intervene to call the organisers of the #ENDSARS PROTESTS for a negotiation on winding down the street protests, but my answer to him was that I’m aware that the protesters are actually their own leaders as there is no central control and command structure for the current protests all across Nigeria.
Well, I picked up the call on the third attempt and the voice on the other side was that of a serving office holder in the current administration who sought to know if I can give them some intelligence on the plans of the planners of the #ENDSARS PROTESTS but I quickly dismissed him with a negative response even as I told him that the ball is in the court of President Muhammadu Buhari on how to end the agitations constructively to the satisfaction of everyone including the victims of the accumulated periods of gross and grave human rights violations committed against thousands of Nigerians by operatives of the Special Anti-Robbery Squad now comically renamed SWAT- SPECIAL WEAPON TACTICAL TEAM(SWAT).
I equally reminded him that the United Nations Special rapporteur on extrajudicial executions had paid two visits in the last five years and had toured DETENTION centres in Nigeria and turned out comprehensive reports on the state of those facilities but the Federal Government of President Muhammadu Buhari did not reckon with those wide-ranging recommendations on how to sanitize the poor policing standards and end the use of torture and extralegal execution of the citizens as the policing tactics.  In the course of this reflection, I will relay all the contents of the last visit by the UN special envoy as aforementioned.
But suffice it to say that the major puzzle that everyone in Nigeria is battling to resolve is how these coordinated peaceful marches by the youths can be brought to s constructive end.  For me, the answer lies in the ability of the Federal government to deal decisively with the nitty gritty of the fundamental factors that instigated the protests in the first instance.
The administration of Muhammadu Buhari has however chosen divide-and-rule tactics to end the peaceful protests just as officials of the Federal government have gone to the devilish extent of hiring armed thugs to attack the protesters or to break into prisons to free prisoners as has just happened in Benin City Nigeria.
Government of President Muhammadu Buhari has also resorted to the old tactics of playing on religious and ethnic sentiments to try to paint the protesters as persons who want to remove the President who is Fulani from Katsina state in the North West of Nigeria. This is the bane of politics in Nigeria as adumbrated in the book by Arend Lijphart titled ‘Democracy in Plural Societies- A Comparative exploration”.
His words: “A great many of the developing countries – particularly those in Asia and Africa, but also some South American countries, such as Guyana, Surinam, and Trinidad- are beset by political problems arising from the deep divisions between segments of their populations and the absence of a unifying consensus. The theoretical literature on political development, nation –building, and democratization in a new states treats this fact in a curiously ambivalent fashion.”

Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Emmanuel Onwubiko and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”
Emmanuel Onwubiko
The distinguished scholar continued thus: “On the one hand, many writers implicitly refuse to acknowledge its importance. Walker Connor even charges that most of the leading theoreticians of nation building “have tended to sight, if not totally ignore, problems associated with the ethnic diversity”.  
On the other hand, the authors who do treat the question seriously tend to attach overriding importance to it. For instance, it constitutes the very first of Lucian W. Pye’s famous syndrome of seventeen features that jointly characterize the non – western political process. Pye’s states that the political sphere is not clearly differentiated from the sphere of social and personal relations in non-western societies”.
He says: “The fundamental framework of non- western politics is a communal one, and all political behavior is strongly colored by considerations of communal identification.” Such communal attachments are what Clifford Geertz calls “primordial” loyalties, which may be based on language, religion custom, region, race or assumed blood ties.
The subcultures of the European convocational democracies, which are religious and ideological in nature and on which, in two of the countries, linguistic divisions are superimposed, may also be regarded as primordial groups – if one is willing to view ideology as a religion.
All of these societies, western and non-western, will be referred to here as a plural societies. And the definition of this term, supplied earlier in this chapter, closely approximates the meaning of which J.S. Furnivall’s conceptual frameworks are fully compatible, because Furnivall explicitly includes culture differences as one of the characteristics of the plural society: “Each group holds by its own religion, its own culture and language, its own ideas and ways”.
“He defines a plural society as one in which such “different section of the community (live) side by side, but separately, within the same political unit.” This concept is somewhat narrower than Geertz’s because it does not include regional differentiation. Furnivall’s plural society is one of geographical mixture.
But mutual social avoidance: “It is in the strictest sense a medley (of peoples), for they mix but do not combine. The border definition will be followed here because it fits the purposes of this study’s broad comparative exploration best, despite the frequent criticism that the concept of plural society is too broad and encompasses too much”.
Be that as it may, it is important to also locate the blame for the inability of the government to negotiate an end to the peaceful protests on the longstanding insincerity of officials of government and the failure to implement outcomes of investigations that governments over the years have funded towards reforming the policing institution.
A social media commentator; James Ibor had asked, WHERE ARE THESE REPORTS? WHAT ACTIONS WERE TAKEN ON THEM? They include:  Report of the Presidential Committee on the Reform of the Police (2006); Report of the Presidential Committee on the Reform of the Nigeria Police force, led by Alhaji M.D. Yusuf (2008); Report of the Sheik Ahmed Lemu Committee with regard to post-2011 election violence (2011);Report of the Parry Osayande Committee on Police Reform (2012);Report of the Presidential Committee on Dialogue and Peaceful Resolution and Security Challenges in the North with regard to Boko Haram, led by Alhaji Tanimu Turaki (2015).
In addition, on the part of Civil Society, NOPRIN and CLEEN Foundation in 2012 organised a CSO PANEL ON POLICE REFORMS IN NIGERIA. The panel was made up of CSO Leaders from across the country. Part of the activities of the panel, was zonal hearings on police brutality across the six geo-political zones. It was a twelve (12) weeks assignment at the end of which we put together a report with recommendations and submitted to the Federal government “.

[caption id="attachment_2957" align="aligncenter" width="727"]Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Emmanuel Onwubiko and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.” End SARS Protesters attacked by Thugs

Let us look at the end of visit statement of the Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions on her visit to Nigeria, Agnes Callamard; United Nations Special Rapporteur for Extrajudicial, Summary or Arbitrary Executions, 2 September 2019.

The report is as follows: “I conducted an official country visit to Nigeria from 19 August to 3 September 2019. I warmly thank the Federal Government of Nigeria for their invitation to visit the country, and the officials I met for their availability and support. I also thank the United Nations (UN) Office in Nigeria and the UN country team. Their logistical and substantive support during my visit was invaluable.

The principal goals of my visit were to examine situations of violations of the right to life by State and non-State actors; the Federal State security strategy and the responses at Federal and State level to allegations of arbitrary deprivation of life.

I considered violations allegedly committed by State security agencies and by non-State actors, particularly in the North East, Middle Belt and South of the country, as well as actions taken by the State to hold perpetrators accountable for their crimes. I also examined specifically the killings of women and members of the LGBTQI community, and, as part of my gender-sensitive approach to my mandate; I included a focus on Nigeria’s criminalization of abortion.

During the twelve days of my mission, I held meetings with the Permanent Representatives of the Federal Republic of Nigeria to the United Nations Office in Geneva and in New York, the Deputy Permanent Representative of Nigeria to the African Union, representatives of the Ministry of Justice, the Ministry of Interior, the Ministry of Defence, the Ministry of Women Affairs and Social Development, the Department of Security Services, the National Commission for Refugees and IDPs., the National Security Advisor, the Director of Legal Services of the Federal Ministry of Defence, and the Commander of Operation Safe Haven, the National Human Rights Commission, and representatives of the State Emergency Management Agency (SEMA).

I also held meetings with authorities at the State level, including the Security Adviser for the Governor of Benue State, the Commissioner for Defence, and the Commissioner for Police and the Director of State Security Services of Benue State; the Attorney General of Plateau; and the Governor of Rivers State.

I met with members of the diplomatic community, international, regional and national human rights organizations; with women and men working for human rights at the grassroots level; with community and religious; media workers, including journalists; activists; LGBTQI individuals; internally displaced women and men; and with victims of human rights violations and abuse, including survivors, eye witnesses and family members whose relatives have been brutally killed.

These preliminary findings have been presented today to the authorities as part of the end of mission debriefing. The official final report will be presented to the Human Rights Council in June 2020. I am looking forward to engage and work with the Government and all relevant stakeholders to receive more information and clarification on these preliminary observations.


The overall situation that I encountered in Nigeria gives rise to extreme concern. By many measures, the Federal authorities and the international partners are presiding over an injustice pressure cooker. Some of the specific contexts I examined are simmering.

The warning signs are flashing bright red: increased numbers of attacks and killings over the last five years with a few notable exceptions; increased criminality and spreading insecurity; widespread failure by the federal authorities to investigate and hold perpetrators to account, even for mass killings; a lack of public trust and confidence in the judicial institutions and State institutions more generally; high levels of resentment and grievances within and between communities; toxic ethno-religious narratives and “extremist” ideologies – characterised by dehumanization of the “others” and denial of the legitimacy of the others’ claims; a generalised break down of the rule of law, with particularly acute consequences for the most vulnerable and impoverished populations of Nigeria.

Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Emmanuel Onwubiko and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”
End SARS Peaceful Protesters

Over the course of its tumultuous history, Nigeria has confronted many challenges and much conflict, including military rule and mass killings. It has also experienced economic boom and considerable economic growth, particularly in the 1990s thanks to its oil resources. Perhaps it is this history that leads (some) commentators, analysts and even officials themselves to downplay or ignore the warning signs or to assume that no matter their gravity that these will be overcome.

However, the absence today of accountability functionality is on such a scale that pretending this is anything short of a crisis is a major mistake. It is a tragedy for the people of Nigeria. Unchecked, its ripple effects will spread throughout the sub-region if not the continent, given the country’s central economic, political and cultural leadership role.”

These observations by the United Nations were never implemented by President Muhammadu Buhari and exactly a year after, millions of youths angered by the mass killings of youth illegally by SARS are on the streets calling for an end to police brutality but the government has still not heeded and respond to these broad-based issues. The administration is making use of divide-and-rule tactics to scatter the Peaceful protests.

This writer recalls a Statement By The Pro Democracy and Leading Civil Rights Advocacy Group; Human Rights Writers Association of Nigeria (HURIWA) on The Entire Anti Special Anti-Robbery Squad Fiasco, The Police Constant Harassment of The Media, Calling for A Surgical Overhaul of The Police Through Constitutional Reforms In Addition to Setting Up Judicial Commission of Inquiry into The Extrajudicial Killings by Police And To Audit All Detention Centers Run By Police.

HURIWA said it is shocked that despite the fact that even the President Muhammadu Buhari, Senate President Ahmed Lawan and virtually the entire leaderships of the different levels of government have continued to applaud the Police following the widely reported public notice on the dissolution by the IGP of SARS, It is clear that the crimes against humanity for which a lot of the SARS operatives were accused of committing,  are being replicated many hours after the celebrated DISBANDMENT OF SARS.

The Prominent Civil Rights Advocacy group HUMAN RIGHTS WRITERS ASSOCIATION OF NIGERIA (HURIWA) argued that the Special Anti-Robbery Squad; a unit in the Nigerian Police, was established in 1992 with the mandate of combating armed robbery and other related crimes. But it quickly garnered notoriety for brutal violations of human rights, which includes arbitrary arrests and detention, sexual harassment, barefaced extortions, torture and extrajudicial killings.

Since 2017, many Nigerians on social media had begun trending a Twitter hashtag #EndSARS calling for the disbandment of the unit. Last week, young people began demonstrations against police brutality, which have swept Nigeria, demanding justice for victims and intensifying the clamour for reform and accountability.

Mobilised through social media, the youth-led rallies in several parts of the country initially targeted the federal Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS), a notorious police unit long accused of harassment, extortion and extrajudicial killings, have also been challenging growing anger among the youth over unemployment, corruption and economic mismanagement.

Authorities had on Sunday last week announced the scrapping of SARS and the redeployment of its officers to other police units, which fell short of expectations for many protesters, who have since pledged to continue fighting for accountability, an end to police violence and a complete overhaul of the security apparatus.

Worrisome is that in the midst of the clamour, these protesters have been met with violence and excessive use of force. As such, we are skeptical of the authorities’ pledge to end police atrocities because the past claims of reforming SARS have turned out to be empty words.

That the police are still using excessive force on peaceful protesters, which has led to injuries and deaths in Lagos, Ughelli, Abuja and Ogbomosho, throws through the window claims of any commitment to ending violations of human rights by Nigeria police. This is of utmost concern to us as civil rights advocacy group.

Beyond the Anti SARS Fiasco, there have been cases of police constant harassment of the media of which the latest being the arrest of a publisher in Abuja on the directive of minister of state for budgets.

In all democratic societies, all over the world, the media has a role to play. That role is to inform the populace of facts. In addition to providing current events, the news media have a distinct role in a democracy to oversee the actions of the traditional branches of government and thereby prevent abuses of power by those branches

Evidently, lack of surgical overhaul of the police through a constitutional reform, which it does not look like the current national assembly members can do even with over a billion naira budgeted for their routine and ritual of constitution amendments has far reaching implications.

This is because, the one thing we all agree is that Nigeria is in desperate need of police reform. Not just SARS reform, but police reform. Nobody in their right senses believes that the Nigeria police is their friend.

They are to be avoided at all costs, lest their trigger happy fingers create more chaos than they are worth. At the same time, how can we continue to live in a society where nobody is held accountable, and there is no law and order?

The Rights group said as an important arm in governance and social control, attention has to be focused on the police. Corruption, inadequate funding, poor governance, and public attitude to the police force, under-staffing, and inadequate training have been identified by scholars and policymakers as major problems of the Nigerian Police.

The Nigerian Police Force has not been able to contribute effectively and efficiently to the maintenance of national security of Nigeria because of indiscipline. There is lot of laxity, insolence and disrespect among men and officers of the Nigerian Police.

Corruption, inadequate funding, poor training, and interference of governments in Police duties, understaffing and poor training are results of circumvention of standards. Rules and orders stipulated by the Nigeria Police Acts and provisions by the constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria are not adhered to. This results in their dismal performance.

We, the Human Rights Writers Association of Nigeria (HURIWA) do recorgnize the objectives and goals of the ongoing nationwide protests, which is to address the excesses of the now banned Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS) of the Nigerian Police Force.

While we commiserate with all the innocent victims of alleged SARS brutality and the families of those who have suffered fatalities in the hands of this notorious police department, we wish to state that with the current outcry by the Nigerian youths against police brutality in the country, the need for the complete overhaul of the very foundational structure of the Nigerian Police Force informed by genuine commitment, political will and constitutional reform cannot be overemphasized.

In line with the demonstrators whose demands now appear to have widened to include calls for reforms across the country’s entire police system and the call for an independent body to investigate police abuse, according to a list of demands widely shared on social media, we are recommending for the naming of Judicial Commission of Inquiry into the extrajudicial killings by police and to audit all detention centres run by police and all security forces.

No doubt, many pundits have acknowledged that the Nigerian Police Force is faced with numerous frustrations such as opaque recruitment processes, inadequate training, poor remunerations, poor working conditions and benefits, and a non-existent development incentive, which according to them informs the attitude of the police towards the citizenry and the output of policing in the country; yet, there is no justification whatsoever to the spate of brutality the Nigerian police is leashing on the same citizenry they have sworn to serve and to protect.

Currently the sorrow of Nigerians, justifiably so, against their own very police service men and women, is so overwhelming that a surgical reform needs to come in fast. Hence, we are by this statement calling for a holistic reform that strengthens and sustains police-citizens relations, revamps community confidence in the police such as constitutional reform, especially on the sections that govern the establishment of the Nigerian Police Force.

Observably, the present Section 214 of the 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (as amended), which governs the establishment of the Nigerian Police Force is no longer fit for the purpose. The Nigerian Police requires an enforceable legislation, which will be in line with international human rights laws, and explicitly specify its functions and powers.

*Emmanuel Onwubiko Is The National Coordinator; Human Rights Writers Association Of Nigeria (HURIWA) and blogs @ www.huriwa@blogspot.comwww.huriwanigeria.comwww.thenigerianinsidernews.com



Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Emmanuel Onwubiko and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”




Reforming The Nigerian Police

By Peter Claver Oparah.


For the avoidance of doubt, I don’t like the Nigerian Police, least of all, the now disbanded Special Anti-Robbery Unit of the force. My hatred for the police stems from the way they do their jobs; mistaking the guns they were issued to protect Nigerians as instrument of terror, extortion, intimidation and harassment.

The Nigerian police conducts itself in such annoying brash, crude, uncultured, dumb manner that galls the mind. I am. sure the police is the most hated institution in Nigeria today despite its claim to be our friend.

The men of the Nigerian police have massively de-marketed the force that only bad and negative imprimatur has come to represent the public image of the police. Worse still, the police which should be a principally intelligence agency has leased the intelligence aspect of its duties to the guns they are given to guard the people.

Worse still is this penchant of the police to advertise itself as unaccountable, irreformable and doomed to perfidy. Perhaps, this has been the reason many Nigerians doubt that the police could ever be reformed. It is certain that most Nigerians have sincerely given up on the Nigerian police and its notorious ways.

But, even with all these badges of shame, the police is still the necessary evil we all agree we need. No matter how high pitched our distaste for the police and its vile ways are, we still need the police if we are not to degenerate into a state of nature. Even, with all our negative perception of the police, Nigerians still need the police so the pursuit of its reform to make it better continues.

Lest we run the risk of hasty generalization, there are still many good men and women in the Nigerian Police. There are still policemen who do their legitimate duties with high degree of etiquette and zeal.

There are still legions of policemen ruled by high moral standards. There are still many policemen in Nigeria that have sacrificed their lives and comfort for the good of Nigeria and Nigerians. But the sad reality is that because these good seeds are in the minority, the bad seeds in the Nigerian police have overwhelmed their and sown dirty images and impressions of the Nigerian police.

Take the SARS issue for instance. SARS has greatly contributed in taming crime and has sacrificed unquantified number of men in a bid to rid the country of crime and its perpetrators.

But it had over reached itself in terms of the conduct of its operatives. It has bluffed all previous demands for reform and cleansing and had carried on in an annoyingly lawless manner that has drawn widespread opprobrium among Nigerians.

Make no mistake about it, I don’t buy most of the outlandish stories Nigerians tell in recent times about SARS but the truth is that the body clearly deviated from its core mandate and minimum best practices that can only breed the kind of resentment that led to its scrapping by the Inspector General of Police.

Some points need to be made clear. It is in line with police duties everywhere to suspect, arrest, interrogate and prosecute, especially in crime issues. But such is no license for intimidation, detention, extortion and brutalization.

Not every suspicion or arrest leads to detention. In some cases, the police can have reasonable grounds for suspicion or arrest. Where such arrests are proven to be groundless, the police releases immediately, with apology.

Where it establishes grounds to take it further, it moves on in line with universal best practices which doesn’t allow the excessive use of force or commercialization of bail as well as forceful illegal monetary extortion which SARS had been massively accused of

There is nothing wrong with the police taking in anybody for questioning based on suspicion generated by appearance, as many Nigerians wrongly protest. There is nothing wrong in doing sting searches, as many complain.

These however have to follow civil, transparent processes that must not necessarily lead to detention, extortion and all manners of atrocious conducts that SARS have been charged with. No one will question civil, open and mature interrogation that ensures all citizens stay within the confines of legality.

What is wrong is when such is done with brazen force and impunity where the subject has not violated the rules of engagement and going further to criminalize suspicion by automatically detaining victims and extorting them and forcing stringent bail conditions on them where no offences have been proved against them.

All said, my honest take is that scrapping SARS was wrong. Fact is that the rainbow coalition that massed under the #EndSARS banner gathered from diverse interests. Many were criminals that see the end of SARS as a borderless license to advance their seedy businesses unimpeded.

Many were distressed political wayfarers that see the protest as viable grounds to advance their worsening political interests. Many were from the limelight-hugging and attention-seeking potentates, the wannabe celebrities that saw it as another golden chance to advertise themselves.

Such riotous make up is the reason why no credible alternative was fangled to #EndSARS. Because there was no deep thinking binding the campaign, nothing was suggested to replace SARS after it is ended.

Many good heads however believed that reform is the way to go to redeem not only SARS but the entire Nigerian police. While the #EndSARS protagonists fiercely fought off this in their orgiastic demand to end SARS as the cure-all medicine for the excesses of SARS, they have seen the open chasm and the deep holes in their demand, after the police high command acceded to their demand and ended SARS. They have therefore come to embrace the reform demand which they repudiated at the peak of their demand.

The Inspector General of Police has promised to empanel a new body that will replace SARS, which is what it should be despite the naivety of some of the #EndSARS protesters that SARS would be the last of such anti-robbery units of the police. Of course the new body will be drawn from the same pool SARS operatives are drawn, which is the Nigerian Police Force.

Of course many of them will still come from the disbanded SARS. Where they don’t end up in the new unit, the same SARS operatives will jump into their uniforms and continue their nefarious acts in the notorious checkpoints on the nation’s highways or at the various police stations.

So the entire police force needs reforms that will target an upward review of their conditions of service, scale up their equipment, close monitoring of their activities, retraining and reorientation, strict  internal discipline, among other reform imperatives.

The Nigerian police must curb the notorious penchant of the police to constitute annoying nuisance on the nation’s highways through all manners of roadblocks, where they use guns and all manners of weapons to extort and rob Nigerians.

Police has no business searching vehicle particulars on the highways and employing same to rob Nigerians and constitute serious impediments to movement as well as business in Nigeria.

We need the police on our roads but purely for security. Police on the highways shouldn’t be blocking roads at every 100 meters and frisking vehicle papers. They should rather be stationed on the sides of the road, watching for any security glitch or doing motorized patrolling on the roads and not the sordid roadblocks they excessively mount on Nigerian roads.

Then the police high command must take serious the task of monitoring and enforcing actions among the rank and file of the police force. This is an area that had systematically been ignored in police administration and which is key to reforming the police.

The police high command could have effectively dealt with the bad eggs of SARS if it wished to do by carrying out constant raids on the operatives and severely punishing errant operatives when caught perpetrating these vices or when reported.

But in actual fact, the police high command has treated complaints with levity and even encouraged these bad eggs because they share in the corrupt proceeds from these rogue SARS operatives.

Take the issue of highway roadblocks for instance. We have, over the years, heard different Inspectors General issue orders for their disbandment but each time such orders were issued, they were often followed by increment in such notorious roadblocks and a worsening of their nefarious activities.

If the police wants to stop these roadblocks, it will immediately empanel an enforcement team that will target errant officers and sack them while others learn from it. If the IG unleashes a crack team to monitor and enforce roadblock dismantling on all our roads today, with a view to arrest and dismiss offenders instantly, the menace will automatically stop.

But it is widely believed that roadblocks still exist and indeed worsening because the profit from roadblocks runs through the entire police high command, even up to the Inspector General of Police

All said, much needs to be done to reclaim the police. While the government needs to reform, restructure and reposition the police, the police high command must start enforcing simple rules and directives, enforce discipline and start working to cleanse its image.

The task of reforming the police is very difficult and enormous but let the police start by tracking bad eggs in the force, enforce and instill discipline among its ranks and file and start enforcing orders directives that target the many notorious acts the force is known for.

*Peter Claver Oparah wrote from Ikeja, Lagos. (E-mail: peterclaver2000@yahoo.com)



Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Peter Claver Oparah and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”



NIGERIA: Road Rage And Terrorism 

By Emmanuel Onwubiko.


NIGERIA: Road Rage And Terrorism 
Emmanuel Onwubiko

I have had the good fortune of being driven around in very extensive journeys in both the United Kingdom and China.  In China, around year 2005,  I can recall an experience I had to be conveyed in a bus from the political capital of that vast Country to another far distant province in a journey that spanned eight hours.

The roads were well laid and greatly maintained from the Chinese beautiful capital city to that part of China. The journey was an adventure in sweet discoveries and the roads were so well built that there was not a single bump.

However, a noticeable incident is the absence of any sort of stop and search armed police nor did we experience any incident of road terrorism such as armed banditry, armed kidnapping and or harassment by armed security forces.

In Great Britain, about a couple of years back, the journey from Central London to a beach very close to the border with France was sweet and there was never any incident of road terrorism even as it was a beautiful journey just as I enumerated above in my other journeys in China.

Also, the nations of China and the United Kingdom have seamless road transportation systems and strategies for checking cases of terrorism and insecurity of any kinds on their highways just as the enforcement of traffic laws are scientifically based and fantastically implemented.

When cases of crimes or terrorism on the road do occur which are very rare, It is a known fact that those involved in such incidents are apprehended and prosecuted just as they are made to face the full weight of the laws and therefore the concept of road safety in those jurisdictions are integral and strategic even as the matter of road maintenance are second to none.

I’m not sure I saw the equivalence of Nigeria’s federal highway policing institution. In the UK, the Police still enforce traffic laws using the best available technology and CCTV.   The same can’t be said about Nigeria where I have had the misfortune to have travelled to the entire 36 years spanning a period of three decades.

To be fair to history, in Nigeria of the 1980’s, road travels had minimal violent incidents just as the standards of roads maintenance are high and this was the period the Country had only the Nigerian Police Force as the enforcers of traffic laws and there were almost non-existing terrorists on the highways of Nigeria.


Specifically, the chapter 5 of the law says; The Commission may make regulations generally for the carrying out of the (m) the supervision of the user of highways; (n) the restriction or exclusion of type or class of vehicles;(o) the restriction of the use of highway by any breed of animals; (p) the line to be kept on a highway and the direction to be followed by vehicles.

Since over a decade that this Commission was set up, there has been a mixed bag of opinion on their performance given that deaths from accidents have increased and the most dominant causative factor is the deteriorating state of the road infrastructures all over Nigeria. Infact the Corp marshal of the Federal Road Safety commission was quoted recently in the media of claiming that road accident kills more than the much dreaded global pandemic of COVID-19.

Suffice it to state that there have been calls for the federal Road safety commission to be further empowered to effectively enforce sanity on our high ways.

For instance, the President, Court of Appeal Justice; Monica Dongban-Mensem, recently disclosed that there were no stringent laws to punish road traffic offenders in the country.

Justice Dongban-Mensem, who made the remarks during the 9th annual road safety conference and FRSC/KRSD easy competition award 2020, held at ICT hall of Federal Road Safety Corps, FRSC, headquarters in Abuja, regretted the absence of severe  punishment accounted for reckless and dangerous driving often result in death or injury.

Justice Dongban-Mensem spoke at the event to mark the 10th memorial of the passing of her son, Prince Kwapda’as Rangna’an Samson Dongban, who was killed by unknown motorist in Jos, plateau State and in whose memory the Kwapda’as Road Safety Demand, KRSD Foundation was established.

She said, “We have set aside this day for annual conference to remember him and several others who have departed this world in similar circumstance and place at the front burner of public discourse the unabating road crash incidences in our country. “

According to her, “It’s my conviction that the penalties currently listed in our laws are no longer as stringent as they were when first enacted. On the contrary, the grievous acts of over speeding, reckless or dangerous driving often result in death or injury. It appears as though, drivers found guilty of road offences are given a proverbial slap on the wrist

“We shall continually embark on fresh initiatives so as to change this anomaly. Now, we are in the process of sponsoring a Bill in National Assembly. The Bill entitled ‘Proposal to the National Assembly for the amendment and addition of some Sections to the Federal Road Safety Commission Act 2007’.

“This amendment seeks to impose stringent penalties are meted to traffic offenders. This should ensure that errant drivers are effectively precluded from reckless behavior on our roads or otherwise adequately punished for it. The idea is to implore deterrence.”

The respected jurist stressed further that, “Also, we are reviewing the provisions on Third Party Motor Insurance Policy. In Nigeria, third party insurance is compulsory under the Motor Vehicle (Third Party) Insurance Act 1950.

“It is one of the six compulsory classes of insurance under the laws of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. However, this policy stops at coercing motorists to buy the stickers. Motorists pay the annual premium of N5, 000 and it stops there.

“Actually, the policy is designed to make insurance companies pay compensation to road crash victims in form of restitution. It is meant to help the injured recover medical bills or relatives of the dead get compensations.

“However, we hear stories like Fake Insurance Companies collecting premiums, insurers adopting very frustratingly complex indemnity processes etc.

“Almost every vehicle on the road is covered with either Comprehensive or Third Party Motor Insurance policy. Yet victims of motor crashes hardly get compensated in Nigeria, thereby making the policy very unpopular in Nigeria.

“We would like to enlighten motorists and the general public on the benefits of the Third Party Motor Insurance Policy to ensure that the process of identification is seamless and transparent.

“We want to see a straightforward and fraud proof way of acquiring the insurance sticker. This has worked in a country like Uganda. It should work here also.

“I wish to remind us in ending my speech that the commitment to safer roads is for all Nigerians. The FRSC, Special Marshals and the Regular Marshals cannot do it alone.

“I urge all Nigerians to join us in making a personal commitment to Keep the Roads Safe by not drinking and driving, not over speed, wearing your seatbelts and helmets, observing the traffic rules and encouraging fellow drivers to obey traffic rules.

“That way, the loss of the lives of my son and all those who have passed, will never be in vain. Above all, I urge everyone to make a commitment to stop and save a road crash victim and please do not look away.”

Noble and wonderful as these calls for upgrade of the legal frameworks setting up the Roads safety commission are, but the biggest challenge to the safety of commuters is not being looked at which is the all-important grave threat posed by kidnappers and bandits on the highways.

The critical postulation is to ask the Nigerian government why it does not think that it has the legal obligations to enforce the counter terror law effectively on the highways to stop the incessant attacks, kidnappings and maiming of commuters and users of these highways.

Why check the road worthiness of vehicles plying our roads but fail to fix the rapidly deteriorating federal road infrastructures and the increasing threats to the lives and property of commuters on the highways?

This reflection is to challenge the Federal Republic of Nigeria to amend the Federal Road Safety COMMISSION’s law to blend it with relevant sections of the nation’s counter terrorism laws so it becomes inherently incumbent on a joint patrol of men and operatives of Federal Road Safety COMMISSION and the trained wing of the armed security forces to continuously clampdown on TERRORISTS ON NIGERIAN HIGHWAYS. Just the past five Months, not less than 500 Nigerian commuters on these Highways have been killed or kidnapped by terrorists.

Recently, no fewer than two passengers were killed, while a police officer was shot at a nearby roadblock by suspected armed robbers on Okene -Lokoja highway in Kogi State.  The incident, which occurred at about 6pm at Osara last led to most of the drivers abandoning their vehicles and running away while the passengers were left stranded on the road.

Also, a report by Daily Nigerian indicates that armed men suspected to be kidnappers on Thursday, July 30, returned to Abuja-Kaduna expressway and abducted an unspecified number of travellers. The incident happened as many Muslim faithfuls travel to spend time with their loved ones for the Sallah festivities.

Around July, a Nigeria army captain attached to the 353 Artillery Regiment, Ojo, Lagos, was shot dead by men suspected to be armed bandits or kidnappers.  GSM Abubakar, with army number N/13600, was traveling in his Honda Accord car  when he ran into a blockade mounted by the armed men along the notorious Okene -Lokoja highway, those familiar with the matter said.

Mr Abubakar, media sources said, was traveling from Lagos to the Armed Forces Command and Staff College, Jaji, to participate in this year’s junior officers course.

In less than five days that an Army Captain was killed along Abuja- lokoja- Okene highway by men suspected to be armed robbers/ kidnappers two other naval officers were also killed on Thursday evening.

The two officers one Male and the other female were said to have been shot dead at about 6pm while driving in their personal vehicle along the now dreaded area of the highway

This is coming six days after an army captain GSM Abubakar was also killed on the same road while his mother and wife were reportedly kidnapped.

Around May, it was an unusual onslaught of attacks for Lagos residents by highway robbers in recent days, who have taken advantage of the traffic snarl caused by road construction workers and tanker drivers along several sections of the Oshodi-Apapa expressway.

In June, four persons narrowly escaped death, as hoodlum suspected to be armed robbers with automatic pump action rifle fired indiscriminately after allegedly snatching a bag containing the sum of N3,500,000 cash from one Mr Ebuka Ukeakpu, at Regina Ceali junction by Zenith Bank PLC along Enugu-Onitsha Expressway, Awka, Anambra State. Then in July a yet to be specified number of travellers were allegedly abducted along Abuja- Kaduna Expressway on Thursday by some hoodlums.

SaharaReporters gathered that the gunmen laid ambush near Katari Village, shooting sporadically at some vehicles heading to Kaduna around 9:00am.

Another media observer told the story thus: “An unspecified number of people are said to have been abducted on the Kaduna-Abuja highway.

The incident, according one of the victims, the driver of The Sun Newspapers circulation van, Mallam Ibrahim, occurred in the early hours of Thursday.

He said the incident took place close to the popular Alheri Camp, a few kilometres to the Kaduna metropolis. Last Month a staff of the Nigeria Television Authority (NTA) Abuja network station, Abdullah Aminu, was shot by kidnappers along Abuja-Kaduna express way.

Aminu was among travellers who escaped kidnappers’ attacks on Wednesday along the dreaded highway.

The Nation gathered the broadcaster, who was once a staff of the Kaduna network centre of NTA, was traveling to Kaduna when the incident occurred.

Some unknown gunmen same last month kidnapped the Medical Director of the Ondo State General Hospital , Ido Ani in Ose Local Government Area of Ondo State , Dr . Olufemi Adeogun.

The hoodlums also abducted two other people who are workers of the hospital alongside with the medical doctor.

It was gathered that the victims were abducted on the bad portion of Ipele -Ido Ani road in the  evening and their whereabouts are yet unknown.

Same last month, heavily armed robbers attacked commuters along Benin-Asaba highway, Benin City in Edo State.

The bandits’ operation, which started around 4 p.m., lasted for more than 20 minutes, was witnessed by PREMIUM TIMES.

Many drivers drove their cars off the road while passengers ran for their safety into a nearby village, Ugoneki.

Gunmen on a typical midweek in September  killed two people and reportedly abducted several others along the Lokoja – Abuja expressway.

The incident occurred at about 7:00 a.m. between Acheni and Gegu villages in Kogi State. In Ebonyi State around July ending, the Police Command in Ebonyi confirmed the killing of four officers by suspected armed robbers at Ezzamgbo junction of the Enugu-Abakaliki federal highway.

The Commissioner of Police in the state, Phillip Maku made the disclosure in an interview with  Newsmen.

*EMMANUEL ONWUBIKO is head of the HUMAN RIGHTS WRITERS ASSOCIATION OF NIGERIA (HURIWA) and blogs @www. huriwanigeria.com, www.thenigerianinsidernews.com, www.huriwa@blogspot.com. 



2nd Niger Bridge and Political ‘Voodoism’!

By Emmanuel Onwubiko.


2nd Niger Bridge and Political ‘Voodoism’!

On paper, the federal republic of Nigeria is rated globally as one place whereby virtually it’s entire populace engage in one religion or the other with about the clear majority of the nearly 200m population identifying themselves as either Christians, Moslems or adherents of African traditional religions.

Of all these religious divides, there is however a nexus which links them together and this is the common belief in a common creator known as God and of course, these religions have ideologically ruled dishonesty as a fundamental vice that their members are asked to shun as a matter of practice.

Readers may be imagining the rationale for advancing religious arguments primarily in a piece that is set out to reflect on one of the most impactful physical infrastructures of the nation Nigeria in the 21th century especially because this singular project has lasted nearly 20yrs since inception but yet there is no end in sight for its completion.- the 2nd River Niger bridge.

The reason of course is that the writer is bewildered and astounded that a country that is known as one place whereby the clear majority of the human beings populating the geographical space are worshippers of God belonging to one theistic group or the other, it is expected that these persons must at all times elevate honesty as cardinal principle of politics.

This is because, the same people who identify themselves as adherents of the organised religions are the same persons holding political offices. But appearance is far different from reality when politicians of the Nigerian species are involved.  The politicians tend to distance themselves from the centrality of honesty as ideologically brainwashed by their distinctive religions, but adopts the attitude of telling lies as a modus operandi and modus vivendi in politics.

A mystery amongst international scholars is the empirical evidence showing that Nigerians being some of the most well-known religious adherents, are also some of the most depraved and unprincipled minds when politics is involved.

Nigerian politicians tell lies to their commoners effortlessly even when Uthman Danfodio; one of the most respected fathers of one of the dominant religions stated rightly that: “Conscience is an open wound which only truth can heal”.

Reverend Father George Ehusanmi, a former Secretary General of the Catholic Secretariat of Nigeria once stated that: “As a nation, we are abundantly blessed by the Creator in both human and material terms. Yet, despite our blessings, the truth is that we so shamefully and self-consciously crippled in development because we will not face up to the realities on the ground.

The truth of Nigeria is that we have been going around in circles in the cesspit of greed and selfish interests, in our tribal and clannish cocoons, and in fiery allegiance to our ethnic Cleavages”. This self-evident truth is exactly why the South East of Nigeria that has consistently being politically marginalised and has never produced an executive President since 1960, is also marginalised in the distribution of national infrastructures and economic assets by the Federal government.

2nd Niger Bridge and Political ‘Voodoism’!
Comrade Emmanuel Onwubiko

Coming down to the nitty gritty of the fundamental basis of the aforementioned facts, the history of the yet to be completed second Niger bridge which would cross many states in the South of Nigeria, is a good example of when persons parading about as adherents of one religion or the other , have made dishonesty their central political ideological character.

The truth also is that, the more lies that are uttered by politicians in Abuja about the second Niger Bridge, the more it would seem that religion means nothing to the Political rulers of contemporary Nigerian society. Even some persons who are not seriously into religions, have started saying that religions are to be blamed for the widening chasm between the few affluent Nigerians and the millions of people are are absolutely poor.

The times of London reportedly wrote an editorial on the relationship between religion and wealth in which the United Kingdom’s based medium tend to argue that the unprecedented rise in religiosity amongst Nigerians, signposted the rise in poverty amongst a clear majority of the people.

In the case of the second Niger bridge, it would seem that those who make policies in Abuja, often discard the notion of honesty and have embraced ‘political voodooism’ of anything but the truth as their ideology  in seeking to circulate incoherent communications on issues about why the second Niger bridge has not being completed and why there is no end to the lies by politicians about it.

Beginning from the political eras of chief Olusegun Obasanjo, Umaru Musa Yaradua , Good luck Jonathan and now Muhammadu Buhari, it has being  from one smooth lie to the other about the completion date of the second Niger bridge described by even the Government as one of the pressing needs of the people of southern Nigeria in the 21th century.

This is how one of the construction firms working for Nigerian Government described the second Niger bridge.

The writer of the brief history says that construction of the Second Niger Bridge project in Nigeria on track. The governor of Anambra state as would be seen in this piece is of a contrary opinion saying that the equipment to construct the second Niger Bridge are held up in Germany.

However, the official propagation is that construction of the Second Niger Bridge project in south-eastern Nigeria is on track and progressing well.

The Federal Ministry of works in charge of Anambra state Engineer Adeyemo Ajani revealed the reports and said that the project is likely to be completed before the approved date.

The official said: “The Second Niger Bridge project was initiated by the former President Goodluck Jonathan, and the vision has been sustained by the present government of President Muhammadu Buhari.

The bridge is being constructed across Nigeria’s Niger River and is intended to ease traffic congestion and will span from Asaba to Ozubulu and Ogbaru areas. The project is undertaken on behalf of the Nigerian federal government by the Federal Ministry of Power, Works and Housing jointly with the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority.

The Second Niger Bridge construction is a Nigerian federal government project that is 1.6 km-long and furnished with other ancillary infrastructure including a 10.3 km highway and a toll station.

The project is being developed through a Public Private Partnership involving Julius Berger –NSIA Consortium as a Design, Finance, Build, Operate and Transfer (DFBOT) model to cost US $653m with the Federal Government contributing US $150m while the consortium will raise the rest of the funds.

To be sure, the construction of the Second Niger Bridge well-survives the delay in the approval of the Nigerian 2019 national budget, the government established a fund ‘Presidential Infrastructure Development Fund (PIDF)’ from where it finances the project.

Work capacity of the project has employed between 1000 and 1300 workers optimally engaged. According to Engineer Adeyemo Ajani, the project is currently is 23% complete. The new Niger Bridge upon completion will also facilitate vibrant commercial exchanges especially in the host South-East region of the country, Nigeria.”

We will read up another propaganda by another official of government heading the Sovereign wealth fund office who gave a contradictory statements on this same bridge and asserted another exaggerated statistical data on the bridge.

However, an official literature gives us a bird’s eye view on the project thus: “The Second Niger Bridge is a key national infrastructure, with immense socio-economic benefits for the contiguous states and indeed the entire nation.

Upon completion, the bridge will ease traffic flow, improve road safety, and create greater opportunities for local residents by advancing the commercial viability of the immediate area and regenerating economic life.

The scope of work includes the construction of 1.6 km long bridge, 10.3 km Highway, Owerri interchange and a toll station.”

Now here is another lying angle from the same government which had only few months back stated that the bridge was 23% completed in which another government official exaggerated the statistics regarding where the bridge is at the moment.

The Managing Director of the Nigeria Sovereign Investment Authority (NSIA), Mr. Uche Orji recently disclosed that the ongoing construction of the Second Niger Bridge has achieved a completion rate of 47 per cent a clear contradiction from the position of the Federal director in charge of the ministry of works in the South East of Nigeria.

However, speaking during an interview at the weekend, he expressed optimism that the project would be completed in 2022.

“Work is going on at the second Niger Bridge and it is over 47 per cent completed. It is a public-private partnership. The Ministry of Works awarded that contract, but the full concession agreement would be signed very soon that would hand it over to the NSIA,” he explained.

According to him, the NSIA would also be fully involved in the proposed InfraCo by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), which also would involve the Africa Finance Corporation.

Orji said the proposed infrastructure company which has been approved by the President, would be a vehicle to support the development of infrastructure in the country.

And then emerged a totally different angle to the stories about the second Niger Bridge with the revelation by the Anambra state governor that the equipment needed for the construction of the 2nd River Niger bridge are held up in Germany. He spoke about roads also and this reminds us of another lie told by the government that it has constructed 600 roads within five years.

Governor Willie Obiano of Anambra State only Yesterday told President Muhammadu Buhari that construction work at the Onitsha-Enugu federal highway has slowed down to almost zero level.

The governor also begged the President to intervene in ensuring that the equipment purchased for the ongoing work at the Second Niger Bridge which are still in Germany are brought to Nigeria for the speedy completion of the project on record time.

Speaking with State House Correspondents after meeting behind closed-door with the President, Governor Obiano, who is the only governor on the platform of the All Progressive Grand Alliance, APGA, said   he sought the assistance of the federal government for the settlement of about 5,000 displaced people from his state.

On the reason for the visit, he said: ”I come once in a while to brief Mr. President on the developments we are having in Anambra State and we do have a lot of beautiful developments. We also have some that bothered me to come right now, which is the flood.

“Four of my local governments, that is four out of 21 are under water now as we speak because of this flood and it affected a lot of things, properties which include farm produce and what have you.

”So, I called on Mr. President to assist us at this very crucial time being a COVID-19 time and now, the flood we are experiencing this time around is like the one of 2012 which is terrible. So, he promised to do something immediately.

”I did also told him about the progress  so far made on the 2nd Niger Bridge. If you watch from their side, you will see that almost half of that bridge has been done.

”But because the water level is very high, the contractor working in that bridge requires some equipment which they’ve already purchased long ago sitting in Germany and requires some support from Central Bank to be able to be brought in. I did mention that  to him and the President noted that and said he will do something about that.

“We did discuss some other roads, federal roads that are in very bad shape, about six of them and I requested Mr. President to see if they can go into their budget as they prepare for the budget of next year.”

As December is fast approaching meaning that over 40 million Nigerians that will travel to the South East of Nigeria will still confront the nightmares associated with poor federal roads infrastructures in that part of Nigeria and the only major bridge across the River Niger built since 1965 will be subjected to horrendous over use by these huge numbers of commuters who would travel to the South East of Nigeria and other Southern States such as Rivers, Akwa Ibom, Cross Rivers, and Bayelsa from across the Country.

They  may have to ply this rapidly collapsing first Niger bridge since the central government has been unable to deliver the second Niger Bridge since over a decade when the first construction work started and the people have been fed continuously with propaganda and political lies regarding the completion date for this critically important national asset East of the Niger.

Millions of road users in the East are already asking the critical question of when this jinx of the unending second Niger Bridge would be demystified.

*EMMANUEL ONWUBIKO is head of the HUMAN RIGHTS WRITERS ASSOCIATION OF NIGERIA (HURIWA) and blogs @www. huriwanigeria. com, www.thenigerianimsidernews.com



Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Emmanuel Onwubiko and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”





Okorocha; Imo Panels And Demand For Exhibits

By Dan UGWU.


Imo state will not very soon live without pointing fingers at Rochas Okorocha, her former governor and present Senator. At times, reference is made to him in comparing his administration with the government of Hope Uzodimma that is still struggling to win the people’s confidence.

Most times too, it is for negative references. This later has given his aides and foot soldiers sleepless nights in trying to save the face of their ombudsman and leviathan. It is either they are writing well worded articles or waging a head on and frontal confrontation with those who accuse them of mismanaging and looting the state.

In most cases, their long defensive essays excite them more than their calculated audience. In fact, for any close observer, it is clear the acolytes have been faced with more challenges at this time than when their principal held sway.

The implication of this is very clear. If a government carries out its activities diligently and with transparency and sincerity of purpose, there wouldn’t be need of using academic writings to correct the people’s impression. Legacies serve as material and non-material exhibits of past governments.

From various panels to individual reports, the government of Rochas Okorocha has been indicted in one form of fraudulent activity or the other. If it is not about material property, it is about over bloated financial budgets through which he allegedly looted the treasury.

Recall that in July 30, 2019, one Collins Opurozor reported about 34 properties, including alleged stolen funds which the Imo Panel of Enquiry asked Rochas Okorcha to return to Imo state government. Apart from looted funds from LGA system and Imo IGR, some of the physical properties so mentioned will include:

– The Eastern Palm University;

– Westbrook Hotels which was built by Okorocha’s son-in-law, Uche Nwosu;

– WODDI Wellness Center owned by Okorocha’s wife, Nkechi, built on the former Imo State Secretariat Annex, a land forcefully acquired from the State by Uche Nwosu as Commissioner for Lands

– The multi billion Naira Farmers Market built by Geraldine, Okorocha’s sister, on a land belonging to the State.

– Over twenty-five plots State land acquired by Uche Nwosu upon which El Freeda Foundation was built. This is the Foundation through which billions of Naira have been laundered out of the State.

– Extervia Mega Supermarket opposite Civic Center Estate owned by Ogechi Ololo, Okorocha’s sister.

– Municipal Plaza owned by Nkechi Okorocha built on a land forcefully acquired from a civil servant by Uche Nwosu.

– Twitter Bites acquired by Geraldine Okorocha forcefully from Mr. Fans.

– Spibat Estate most of which land was forcefully taken from Mbieri people by Okorocha.

– House of Freeda Malls in Owerri, Abuja and Lagos built by Uloma, Uche Nwosu’s wife.

Of special mention is the over N30 billion which Okorocha said he spent on building the unexecuted 27 general hospitals projects that are still in their skeletal stages. There is no way those bloc installations could cost as much as N1 Billion for each unit.

If block works are that costly we would have been dwelling in shanties and mud settlements. Most Church buildings and furnishings are bigger than government projects, but they do not cost as much as government blocks. What is more intriguing about the properties is that they were acquired when the Okorocha’s controlled the reins of power.

The lands were purportedly facilitated when Uche Nwosu was Commisioner for Lands. Ogechi Ololo, the governor’s sister was incharge of Happiness. Nkechi Okorocha, the governor’s wife was in charge of four ministries simultaneously: Women Affairs, Works, Health and Office of the SSG. She also superintended the Amnesty Committee announced on September 26, 2016.

Others were: Anthony Anwuka, his inlaw was Minister for Education; Mrs. Geraldine Obinali- His Eldest Sister was in charge of Market Revenue Collection; Mr Gerald Okorocha, Motor Park Tolls Collection; Okey Okorocha, IMO Transport Company; Jude Okorocha, Sand & Other Mineral dredging matters, Mrs. Uju Rochas Anwukah – his Second daughter, Federal Board member. In these conditions, we are not begrudging them.

Just last week, the Justice Benjamin Iheaka Panel of Inquiry, which investigated the contracts awarded by ex-Imo State Governor Rochas Okorocha between 2016 and 2019, asked Rochas Okorocha to refund N106 billion to the state government.

The panel claimed that they did not follow due process while awarding the contracts and that there was “a monumental fraud” in the award of contracts. Any keen observer will never doubt the reality of monumental fraud orchestrated and evidenced in over-pricing of the value of the contracts executed in the state.

What is more worrisome is that at each period of these accusations, Rochas Okorocha and his soldiers will quickly rush to the media to demand for publicity and evidence of such fraud. In some cases, they even challenge the panels and Imo government. They do that with gusto and surety of purpose to either delude the people further or show signs of innocence.

Any concerned Imo citizen does not need to prove to the Okorocha dynasty that their government underdeveloped our communities. How will the common man on the street shout LOOT if not at the sight of social decay? That Imo state for the past 12 years has no active LGA and with rural and suburb infrastructure abandoned, what other evidence of fraud is needed to convince the Okorochas and their cronies that our common till underwent pillage? That civil servants were being owed for months when there is no report of empty treasury, what further proof do they need from Imo people?

Governor Hope Uzodimma has been constituting probe panels with no action taken to recover loot. If nothing tangible is done by his government to instill hope, we may conclude that he is distracting the people to create an avenue for further loot. As a governor struggling to correct ugly impressions about himself, the greatest legacy he can give to the Imo people will be to recover Imo looted fortunes. He could better be remembered for that than addressing the people on his better plans for governance.

*Dan Ugwu is a Social Analyst; he writes from Owerri, Imo State



Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Dan Ugwu and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”


Fuel Subsidy Removal: The Needless Furore

By Maryam I. Shettima.


Fuel Subsidy Removal: The Needless Furore
Maryam I. Shettima

Mr President is in the eye of the storm recently for bravely realizing the inevitable expungement of the fuel subsidy in Nigeria. Brave due to the extreme furore and knee jerk reaction by some gullible and credulous Nigerians, who are convinced that, this decision is most inhumane and anti-masses.

Yet, conflictingly, deep within their minds, they are secretly relieved in knowing that the removal is an absolute necessity. Also, they are not unaware of the fact that, Nigerian masses are neither directly nor indirectly benefiting from the obsolete policy. Thirdly, put them in the same position and the same condition, they would not be any different.

The term subsidy means a sum of money granted by the state or a public body to help an industry or business keep the price of a commodity or services low. For decades, Nigeria had a policy to subsidise petroleum product, especially on PMS, which is one of the most consumed petroleum products in the country.

This, over the years, has become a thorn in the flesh of our National Economy, due to blatant abuse and corruption by many beneficiaries as would be outlined later. Experts in the field consequently argued that Nigeria can actually do better by removing the subsidy regime in petroleum, and instead, putting the money to use by developing other sectors with emphasis on health-care, infrastructure and agriculture.

For the past two decades, after democratic governments took over from the military in 1999; this topic has been a major bone of contention. The three past Nigerian leaders had a long and onerous battle with Nigerians, in an attempt to convince the Nigerian masses that subsidy is merely an exploitative and self-serving mechanism some unpatriotic elites use, to deprive the nation of its hard earned resources. This battle proved to be a hopeless one….almost!

Why does any attempt by the government to right the wrongs of subsidy hit a brick wall? Did the subsidy regime truly help in providing enough gasoline to our vehicles and industries? Who are the major beneficiaries of the subsidy idea and why are they averse to the policy being abolished?

Fuel Subsidy Removal: The Needless Furore
Sanusi Lamido Sanusi

Most importantly, what are the benefits Nigerians stand to gain in the eventuality of its removal? These are some of the questions,  that are begging to be explored on this topic.

Going back to memory lane, in 1999 the price of petrol in Nigeria was N11 per litre, by 2015, despite the subsidy, the price had skyrocketed to N145 per litre, an increase of over 15 times the initial 1999 rate! Coupled with that, the incessant scarcity of petroleum in a country that parades itself as the sixth largest petroleum exporter all these years, is awfully disturbing and beyond shameful.

In reaction to this quagmire, experts like Malam Sunusi Lamido Sunusi; Former Nigerian Central Bank Governor, and former Emir of Kano argued, that the subsidies on petroleum products succeeded in making Nigeria the only oil exporting country that does not enjoy the benefits of increase in the price of crude oil in the international market.

According to him; firstly, he reasoned we needed to fix the price of petroleum products ourselves, but then, we do not refine these products! How can you fix the price of a product that you do not produce? We produce crude oil but regrettably the price we fix is for refined products. Thus, suffice it to say….we are fixing the price of what we never produced, as a result, we end up paying enormously for NOTHING.

The money meant to improve other more deserving sectors, now is monopolised by a few individuals, consequently deepening the fissures of poverty in the country. This plunged us in a bleak situation whereby while the rich are getting richer; the poor actually keep getting poorer.

Malam Sanusi Lamido is not alone in this argument, Former Minister of Finance; Dr Ngozi Okonjo Iweala also in a nine paged document, presented to the Federal Executive Council in 2011, similarly leaned toward the same direction of thought, as carried by Vanguard Newspaper of 25th December 2011:

Dr. Ngozi Okono-Iweala

“During that briefing to ministers, Okonjo-Iweala, in a document, titled, BRIEF ON FUEL SUBSIDY, (by) Dr. Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, the coordinating Minister for the Economy / Honourable Minister of Finance explained the key facts about subsidy, what fuel subsidy is all about, deregulation of the downstream sector benefits for deregulation), why the subsidy was going to be removed, pointing out that it was a major fiscal and financial “BURDEN” on the nation, those who benefit from the subsidy as well as the relationship between subsidy and the Federal Government of Nigeria’s budget, among other things”.

From her point of argument, the former minister laboriously, and convincingly, pointed to the fact that, the benefit of subsidy’s removal far outweighs its stay. The policy is nothing but waste of resources and a huge needless economic scam in the name of making the products cheaper for the masses.

On the final analysis, if government budgeted N10 for subsidy the masses only get a meagre fraction of Kobo out of it, while some subsidy elites are smiling to the bank with the rest. This systematic siphonage of our common wealth by a few subsidy elites can be clearly seen, if we are to consider the 2018 NEITI report alone, which stated that Nigeria spent about N722.3 billion on fuel subsidy!

In healthcare, this amount can build 6 world class standard hospitals each in one of the six geopolitical zones of Nigeria. The money also if carefully invested on energy sector, can provide our country with over 2000megawatts! This can give a tremendous boost to power generation and lead to massive industrialization, which would in turn provide employment opportunity for millions of “qualified” yet jobless youths in the country. In the area of Agriculture, the money can guaranty food security in Nigeria, and improve farming and other agro allied products in the country.

Interestingly, this same amount of money could also build Ten Dams with modern irrigation facilities, which would also improve agro business in Nigeria, and launch Nigeria in the league of major exporters of Agricultural products for the inexhaustible foreign consumption.

It is both curiously perplexing then, how some politicians who maximally exploited subsidy removal as the cardinal principle of their campaign, now turn back to be its major adversaries!

The former Vice President Atiku Abubakar and the PDP Presidential candidate in the 2019 elections happens to be one of these. He was quoted recently, attacking President Buhari’s decision on the removal and argued thus on his Twitter handle:

Fuel Subsidy Removal: The Needless Furore
Atiku Abubakar

“Federal Government finally withdraws the fuel subsidy and price fixing bazaar that had been rife with corruption and stalling investment. This is something patriots have been calling for and for which I was demonised”

Even the Chief political adversary of PMB, from the above statement, believes the policy is corruption permeated, which every patriotic Nigerian must fight to a standstill. Subsidy removal will at least have two major advantages, killing one major form of corruption and also encouraging investors to put their money in the sector.

These at the end of the day, will witness more refineries built in Nigeria, provide job opportunities for our teeming unemployed youths, and would translate to a source of income for more projects development, in transportation, healthcare, housing, and many more sectors.

Dr Rabiu Musa Kwankwaso, a two time governor in Kano State and former Minister of Defence also kicked against the President’s unpopular decision on subsidy. However, if we are good students of history we could remember vividly how in 2011, during fuel subsidy removal’s nationwide protest, the same governor ordered for the shooting of the protesters in Kano.

According to him, the idea is ill-timed and inhumane, but like the Chairman of Nigerians in diaspora acknowledged, much as the idea is painful, coupled with Corona Virus pandemic and a slump in the global economy, still agreed the decision is unavoidably necessary. As far as the oppositions are concerned the only right time for the removal is when they are in power, as long as they are out of it, no time will ever be right!

As far as “WE” are concerned, it is a welcome idea, Nigerians need more focus on developing projects, they have no or limited luxury of enjoying as a result of subsidy regime, the wise and far-sighted man, took the painful decision, not to further the harsh economic conditions Nigerians are in, but to alleviate their suffering, fight corruption, improve, lay out and solidly set the stage for more infrastructures, and a solid foundation for National Economic growth.

There is no way we can stop fuel smuggling across our boarders with the current pricing system. The subsidy removal will bring more investment in the sector, government will get more income for projects implementation, and in the long run, prosperity and progress will reign!

*Maryam I Shettima is an Abuja based social media activist, and the CEO of #webelieve! movement.



Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Maryam I. Shettima and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”






My Mercedes Is Bigger Than Yours

By Femi Adesina.


I am borrowing the title of a 1975 book by Nkem Nwankwo to express my thoughts today. Published by Heinemann African Writers Series, it is the story of postcolonial Nigerian society, and the social climbing that attended it. As a young schoolboy, one grew up on the staple of such writings.

In Nigeria, when one new administration comes, it abandons most, if not all the projects its predecessors had been doing. The billions of naira or dollars, legitimate and padded that had been spent on such projects do not matter.

It is a question of aggrandizement, of competition, of not wanting to walk in anyone’s shadows. ‘My Mercedes is Bigger than Yours’ they struggle to tell one another. Therefore, abandoned and uncompleted projects dot the entire national landscape.

But not Muhammadu Buhari; this is one President that came to his assignment with clear objectives. It is our country, and the projects are for the land, and for the people. Therefore, all worthy projects were continued with gusto. Some are already completed and serving Nigerians and many others in different stages of completion.

Water projects. Power, Roads, Schools, Hospitals, and many others, in different stages of abandonment, line the length and breadth of the country, simply because the governments that conceived and started them were not able to complete. When the successors came, they wanted to ‘do their own thing,’ as if it’s a personal estate. And the country hemorrhages, suffers, and is almost asphyxiated.

But one mark the President Buhari administration is making is its ability and determination to continue and complete inherited projects, some dating back several decades. It is not about pride, not ego, not what I want, but about what is good for the country.

The Bonny-Bodo road in Rivers State was conceived and inaugurated 47 years ago. Governments came and went, and the road, envisaged to link Bonny Island with the rest of the state, never saw the light of day. It remained just a dream. And at times, dreams die first, before the dreamer. For now, the only way to access Bonny, where our cash cow; the Nigeria Natural Liquefied Gas company is located, is by water and air, with all the attendant dangers and perils.

My Mercedes Is Bigger Than Yours
The Man From Daura; President Muhammadu Buhari of Nigeria

To build a road into Bonny would cost billions upon billions of naira. If any government got serious about such project, wouldn’t it affect the volume of cash the officials would salt away from the kitty? Till Buhari came. And he is doing what Napoleon couldn’t do. The Bonny-Bodo road, with many bridges, was awarded for N120 billion, and in collaboration with NLNG, the work began in 2017. It promises to be one of the legacy projects of the administration.

We can never say too much about the Second Niger Bridge. The existing one was built in 1965, and had become totally inadequate to serve as the artery between the southern and other parts of the country. When it is festive season like Christmas, come and see how people suffer on the bridge, spending hours on end, sometimes days.

The bridge became an object of fake political promises, particularly in the 16 years of the People’s Democratic Party (PDP). It was like a pie in the sky, which they kept building with their mouths. Whenever elections approached, they would go to the site with hoes, cutlasses and wheelbarrows, pretending to dig the ground, all to win votes. Whenever the polls were completed, and they had swindled the people of their votes, they disappeared. Till the next election.

And they claimed to have spent billions upon billions of naira on the project. Yet, it remained at the blueprint level. Olusegun Obasanjo launched it with much fanfare. That was where it ended. Umaru Yar’Adua did not seem to touch it, maybe he did, maybe he didn’t. Goodluck Jonathan said his middle name was Ebele, making him an indigene of the South East, where the bridge was situated. He said “what would he say he did for his people, if he couldn’t build the bridge”. He spent six years in office, and all he left were the ubiquitous hoes, cutlasses and wheelbarrows.

Enter Muhammadu Buhari. Without fanfare, without flourish, he set to work. The Presidential Infrastructure Development Fund (PIDF) was set up in 2018 to fast-track completion of critical infrastructural projects. And at the last count, the Second Niger Bridge was 48% completed, with the sights firmly set on the first quarter of 2022 as completion time.

The things we couldn’t accomplish when we were swimming in petro-dollars, we are now daring and making steady progress on, at a season of scarcity. That is what you get when the Captain of a ship has only come to serve, not to feather his own nest.

The Mambila Hydro Power project was conceived in 1972. How many governments, both military and civilian have we had since then? How many billions upon billions of dollars have we earned from oil since then? But Mambila remained a dream, pipe dream. Till a man came from Daura, and seriousness is now being shown. Finally, Mambila Power project is appearing doable.

My Mercedes Is Bigger Than Yours

The country’s biggest power plant will produce approximately 3,050 MW of electricity, and estimated to cost $5.8 billion. Chinese Export-Import Bank will provide 85 percent of the funding, while Nigeria brings the remaining 15 %. Completion time is 2030, long after Buhari would have left power. Yet, the man is planning and working for the future of Nigerians. The project would generate at least 50,000 jobs.

The Ajaokuta Steel Company Limited was started in 1979, and envisaged to launch Nigeria into the steel development realm in a few years. But 41 years later, it remains mere dream, with billions of dollars gone down the drain.

The steel mill became a cesspool of corruption for many decades. Each government came, made false promises, pumped dollars and more dollars into the sinking hole, officials pocketed the rest, yet the steel mill, built on 24,000 hectares of land remains uncompleted.

The Buhari administration took up the gauntlet. Last year, the President held talks with the original builders of the mill in Russia, and the project is set to roar to life before 2023. And Buhari’s name would remain indelible in the annals of the country, without the man setting out to achieve anything personal.

Some Federal Secretariat projects were awarded in 2012. They included those of Anambra, Bayelsa, Nasarawa, Osun, and Zamfara states. The projects had long been abandoned, due to lack of proper funding. Last week, a memo was brought to the Federal Executive Council meeting by Works and Housing Minister; Babatunde Raji Fashola, seeking a review and variation of the contract sums, and it was approved. That is Buhari for you. Even development round the country is what he seeks. That is why inherited projects continue, and are being completed.

Rail projects: Nigeria had a master plan since days of military rule, which Obasanjo kept faith with, and Yar’Adua and Jonathan continued, but not much in terms of practical achievements. In consonance with his commitment to continuity, Buhari first completed the Abuja-Kaduna rail project, which has been running since 2016.

My Mercedes Is Bigger Than Yours

The Itakpe-Warri project, started by Ibrahim Babangida in 1987, was not completed till 34 years later by Buhari. You now have Lagos-Ibadan rail about being inaugurated, while Ibadan-Kano takes off soon. What manner of man is this Buhari, completing inherited projects, and starting new ones, despite lower earnings than we ever had?

Road projects; Lagos-Ibadan Expressway could not be completed in 16 years of PDP. Not to talk of Enugu-Onitsha, Enugu-Port Harcourt, Lagos-Ore-Benin, and many others. Today, you have at least a Federal road project going on in every state of the country, and all are to be completed in the life of this administration.

AKK gas pipeline: Humongous; the cost is $2.8 billion. It had been on the drawing board for many years, long before Buhari. A couple of weeks back, the President flagged off the project, estimated to be completed in two years. What manner of man is this Buhari, I ask again. You don’t dare huge projects like these, if your intention is to steal. You simply dip your hands in the cookie jar, and pop it into your mouth.

The Loko-Oweto Bridge: How can one ever forget? Began since 2011, it will link Benue and Nasarawa States, and open up the North Central to other parts of the country. The economic gains are limitless. The bridge is now 95% completed by Buhari.

Zik, oh Great Zik; an illustrious son of Africa, first Nigerian President and Owelle of Onitsha. A mausoleum was started in 1996 as a monument in his memory. It is to tell everyone the Great Nnamdi Azikiwe was buried here! Governments came, governments went, but the mausoleum was uncompleted, even abandoned till the advent of the man from Daura. He not only funded and completed the project, he personally inaugurated it in early 2019.

What shall we say of the East-West road, airport projects, and many others, all inherited and set to be completed. President Buhari came with Executive Order 7 (the Companies Income Tax Road Infrastructural Development and Refurbishment Investment Tax Credit Scheme). It is to attract private financing for road construction across Nigeria. Apapa-Oshodi-Oworonshoki Expressway is being rebuilt in Lagos with concrete under this scheme, 40 years after the road was initially built.

Despite all these, you hear the funny question from some people, who never see or hear good. What has Buhari done? What has he achieved in the past five years? Such questions bring this passage of Scripture to my mind, the very words of Jesus Himself: “Though seeing they do not see, though hearing they do not hear or understand.”(Matthew 13:13). If a man chooses to be willfully blind, he will never see. If he decides to be willfully deaf, he will never hear, even if you noise ii into his ears.

My Mercedes Is Bigger Than Yours
Femi Adesina; Special Adviser on Media and Publicity to President Buhari

Some other funny people say: what has Buhari started? He has only been completing projects started by other people. My Mercedes is bigger than yours people. Head you lose, tail you lose. You never can satisfy them. You abandon projects of your predecessors, they grumble. You complete them, they murmur.

For the sake of argument, which I don’t think is really necessary, let’s give them just a sample of projects started and completed by Buhari.

The 17-story Local Content House was inaugurated in Yenagoa a fortnight ago. It is the tallest Federal Government structure in both the South-South and South East regions put together. It was started in late 2015, now completed.

An ultra-modern cancer centre was built and commissioned at Lagos University Teaching Hospital, LUTH. Diagnostic centers, costing billions of dollars, built and commissioned in Kano and Umuahia.

Captive electricity projects in Lagos, Kano and Ariana markets. Abuja-Kaduna-Kano road project under reconstruction. Rail Wagon Assembly Plant in Kajola, Ogun State. Many other projects that space would not permit one to number here.

But the chronicle would come. The compendium of works done by a highly focused administration would come, despite all the distractions caused by insecurity and endless wailing. Today is not yet the day.

How big is your Mercedes? It does not matter to Buhari. Your Mercedes could be bigger than his own. He does not bother. Service to Nigeria is all that counts.

*Adesina is the  Special Adviser to President Buhari on Media and Publicity


Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Femi Adesina and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”





APC Moves To Placate Okorocha, Amosun … *As Jigawa Governor heads APC Reconciliation committee for Imo, Ogun

 By Disciples of Democracy.

The All Progressives Congress (APC) on Friday took steps to quench the anger of two of its strong pillars; Rochas Okorocha and Ibikunle Amosun who are immediate past governors of Imo and Ogun States respectively as well as serving senators.

The party inaugurated Imo and Ogun States Reconciliation Committee with the Governor of Jigawa State; Mohammed Badaru as the chairman and Governors of Ekiti; Kayode Fayemi Plateau; Simon Lalong Nasarawa; Abdullahi Sule as well as Gombe; Muhammed Yahaya as members.

Both Okorocha and Amosun had serious disagreement with the former National Working Committee of APC led by Adams Oshiomhole over choice of governorship candidates in the build up to the 2019 general election.

In his address at the inauguration, the APC Caretaker/Extraordinary National Convention Planing Committee; Mai-Mala Buni said the constitution of reconciliation team was part of some peace building and true reconciliation mechanisms, to give every member a sense of fairness and belonging initiated by the Caretaker.

The Yobe State Governor expressed confidence in the members of the Committee’s individual and collective capacities in executing the assignment with sense of fairness, justice and responsibility, placing party interest above personal interests.

He said: “I am equally fulfilled that our exploits in reconciling our members in Edo and Ondo states have strengthened the party and further expanded our chances with assurances of winning the governorship elections in the two states with land slide victories.

“Let me also add that the on-going reconciliatory initiatives of the All Progressives Congress will soon shock Nigeria’s political space with massive return of former members who felt aggrieved and unwillingly, went to other political parties.

“Therefore, it is in the spirit of the ongoing reconciliation that the chairmen and members of the Imo and Ogun states reconciliation committees were carefully selected to reconcile aggrieved members and groups within the party”.

Addressing journalists, the Committee Chairman, Badaru said the team so selected is conversant with the party situation, has carried out similar assignment and knows the problem, hence it would know how to resolve the issues.

According to him, “there is sincerity of purpose; the present management of the party are very sincere in the development of the party. And once you are sincere, honest and straight forward, you fear nothing and I’m sure the two states will see the sincerity of purpose and will see the need to continue to build the party for the interest of all”.



SECTION 839 CAMA 2020: A Provision From The Pit Of Hell?

 By Bright Ogbonna Esq.

The reaction, which has greeted the passage of the Companies and Allied Matters Act 2020 since its passage earlier this month has been one with two poles of extremities.

One the one hand, the business community have embraced it as one of the laudable reforms made in the business environment in the last thirty years, on the other, Incorporated Trustee Organisations, especially some churches, are outraged at having received the rough end of the stick.

The grievance climaxed in the statement signed by the Christian Association of Nigeria (CAN) at its meeting on the 20th of August, 2020 in which it mandated the President to withdraw the Act or at least a part of it. The position of these Christian leaders form the fulcrum of this discourse.

The main grievance of CAN is the ‘offensive’ Section 839 of the Act which gives the Corporate Affairs Commission (CAC) (the agency of government which regulates the activities of businesses and corporate organisations) the powers to remove trustees (in this case, General Overseers, Founders, Senior Pastors) upon reasonable belief of misconduct, fraud or mismanagement and replace them with managers of their discretion.

They argue that the establishment of a church has a spiritual foundation and the invitation of a manager who obviously does not share the spiritual insight of the founders of the church would undermine the church, insidiously defeating its purpose. They have further vented that since the government did not contribute a dime to the establishment of the church, why should they wade in to control their activities for any reason?

Notwithstanding the views of these church leaders, it is pertinent to state that the moment it becomes the incumbent on any governmental authority to grant a person any right or license to operate, its right to regulate the person’s activities immediately inures.

This position is apparent in the regulation of private companies, public companies, companies limited by guarantee by the same Commission, wherein Directors are replaced by liquidators, receivers and managers upon allegations of mismanagement.

This is so, even when the CAC contributes nothing to the establishment of these business organisations. Of course, from the point of registration, the CAC already has the right to determine and reject the proposed name, objectives, trustees, constitution or outrightly refuse registration of the association, if they do not conform with its criteria.

The power of regulation is already embedded at registration! If that is not enough evidence, the government regulates the landholding capacities of the Association and even the attendance and conduct of members as was experienced during the COVID 19 lockdown wherein churches were summarily asked to close down.

Again, one of the objectives of government through its regulatory authorities is to ensure that the public interest is protected at all times. It is without doubt that bone chilling instances of fraud have been recorded by many so-called trustees of NGOs.

In many instances, money is collected from unsuspecting individuals both within and outside Nigeria for all kinds of ‘selfless’ and ‘non-profit’ purposes, after which the trustees neglect, refuse or fail to meet the objectives for which the funds were disbursed. I daresay that it would be unnecessary to state that many religious organisations and churches have also been directly or indirectly involved in these schemes.

SECTION 839 CAMA 2020: A Provision From The Pit Of Hell?
Bright Ogbonna Esq.

If a business organisation can be prevented from employing the machinery of the corporate form to mastermind and execute fraud, why should a religious organisation not be so prevented? The Securities and Exchange Commission, (SEC), for instance, is constantly updating its rules to oppose and discourage all kinds of sharp practices by Capital market practitioners.

Now, a cursory look at the grounds upon which the Commission may remove a trustee as stated in Section 839(1) of the Act would reveal that such removal would be lawful where there is an allegation of misconduct, mismanagement, fraud and when such removal is necessary to ensure that the objects of the Association is met or to ensure that public interest is protected.

Even without the presence of these provisions in the Act, the Constitution of the Association usually contain provisions, which sanction these conducts, ascribing civil and sometimes criminal liability to erring trustees and which may result in the removal or replacement of the trustee. The codification of this position only reinforces its statutory teeth.

It is also necessary to mention that the regulation of incorporated associations and churches by government agencies is not peculiar to only Nigeria. The Charities (Protection and Social Investment) Act 2016 of the UK Sections 3 and 4 among others provides for the removal and replacement of a trustee upon satisfaction that such trustee is responsible for misconduct or mismanagement.

Finally, the CAMA 2020 by Section 839 (2) provides that the removal of a trustee requires a court order. This is a second layer of protection by way of judicial review aimed at preventing perceived highhandedness, witch-hunting or abuse by officials of the CAC.

A trustee aggrieved by the decision of the CAC may make a representation in Court before the Order for removal or replacement is made. This is certainly an improvement on the UK position in which the Charity Commission can remove and replace a trustee without recourse to any further authority.

While I sympathise with the apprehensions of the aggrieved churches owing to the peculiarities of our system, I do not agree that a law which seeks to sanction fraudulent and incompetent trustees is anything to be afraid of.

This law simply says ‘we won’t condone misconduct simply because you are not for profit’. If anything, it reinforces the trust of the members of the Association in the ability of the trustees to stay on the track of the objectives of the association.

Nevertheless, CAC, in carrying out this function ought to ensure that the process of investigation accords with the principles of natural justice, transparency and fair play to ensure that innocent trustees are not unjustly removed if the objectives of the Act is to be achieved.

*Bright Ogbonna Esq. is the Director of Volunteers, SIFA Human Rights Office.



Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Bright Ogbonna Esq. as published on the online platform of SIFA Nigeria, and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”






Why We Need To Calm Down

By Femi Adesina.

There’s this hilarious video that went viral recently. A boy had offended his mother, and was about to get a beating. Tearfully, even before he got whipped, the boy tried to plead his way out. As the mother told him to stretch forth his palm to be caned, he entreated: “Mummy, it must not be hard beating o…This is my last chance. Last chance in the world.”

Amidst tears, he said he had a question for the mother: “Will you be going out today? You must rest a little…Mummy, calm down. Don’t be angry. I’m just telling you to be ‘calming’ down. You must rest a little.”

The boy then reclined on a couch, to show how the mother must calm down, and rest. The boy and his mother became some sort of celebrity. Governor Babajide Sanwo-Olu of Lagos State asked to meet with him, and said there were fundamental lessons to learn from his tearful admonition to his mum.

Calm down. I’m just telling you to be ‘calming’ down. Hahahahahaaaaaaa.

But if the truth the told, that message from the boy is for the entire country. We need to calm down. We are too uptight, nervy, and edgy. We grumble, murmur too much, call the government a lot of names, and try to demonize those serving the nation, when it could be “our last chance. Last chance in the world” to really fix things.

If you listen to some people; angry youths, religious leaders, political analysts, newspaper columnists, news reviewers, so-called activists, then nothing positive is happening in the country. It is all about insurgency, banditry, killings, joblessness, corruption, lack and deprivation. True? False!

Those things are there, as they are also in many countries of the world. But they are not the only things happening in Nigeria. Only that we would not see the positive things, except we calmed down. We would never enjoy the rainfall, if we expect rainstorm to carry away our rooftop at any moment. Calm down. “I’m just telling you to be ‘calming’ down.”

One of my favorite boyhood songs is the one by Jimmy Cliff. ‘Keep Your Eyes on the Sparrow.’

Here I stand with my head down in my hand
Wondering what on earth I have done wrong
There’s a cloud that has overshadowed me
Blocks the light from my eyes, I cannot see
But I know where I wana be
Right or wrong, I’ve got to face my destiny

Somebody tell me to
Keep your eyes on the sparrow
Keep your eyes on the sparrow
Keep it on, keep it on now
Keep your eyes on the sparrow.

That is a song of hope. It’s a song of encouragement. The Good Book says God keeps His eyes on the sparrow, and none can fall down without His permission. If He watches over a bird, how much more we human beings, created in His image? But man has walked away from that original estate.

We sit on the complaint counter. We murmur, curse, cavil. We rail against God, against man, against government, even against our own selves. We indulge in hate speech, concoct and spread fake news. And it blinds our eyes. It blocks the light from our eyes, and we cannot see. We never see good, even when it surrounds us. We focus only on negative narratives.

Let me give a practical example. Last Sunday, one of the guests on Sunday Politics, hosted by Seun Okinbaloye of Channels Television, was one Group Captain Sadeeq Garba (Retd). He was also deputy head of safety and security at the African Union Commission, and now a private security consultant.

The retired Air Force Officer was asked to talk about the worrisome trend of killings in the country. The man said the killings were sad and regrettable, but things were not as completely negative as some people and interest groups would want to make them seem.

Quoting what he called reliable statistics from the Centre for Research in the United States, he gave these figures of the evil development from 2011, in number of total killings:
2015- Not available
2020-6195, as at June.

Now, one life lost is already too many. One single life should not be taken wantonly, not to talk of in hundreds and thousands. It is bestial, inhuman. But why do some people want to make it appear as if we hadn’t passed through worse times in this country? Forget about who was in power as President.

It is not about individuals now; it is about the descent of a country into the Hobbesian state of nature, where life is nasty, brutish and short. For President Muhammadu Buhari, it’s a solemn pledge that lives and property would be secured. And a lot is being done in that direction, though we are not there yet. Unkind, negative comments can only demoralize those fighting to secure the country.

When the President said recently that things were better in the area of security than what he met in 2015, some people wailed endlessly, as is their wont to. But when the Group Captain came with facts and figures on national television last Sunday, not one word was heard. Not even a whimper!

Why do people like to spread negative, rather than positive developments? Killings dropped from 15,600 in 2014 to 4,618 in 2016. But not one positive word. Simply because their eyes are blinded by negative thoughts and sentiments. And they now need to calm down. Rather than upbraid, our security agencies should be challenged and encouraged to rediscover what they did in 2016.

During the week, Ministry of Power said electricity generation had returned to over 5,000 megawatts. Not a word from professional complainers. If it had dropped to below 1,000 megawatts, we would not have heard anything else. Calm down. “I’m just telling you to be ‘calming’ down.”

If we calm down, what would we see? Massive infrastructural developments; roads, rail, airports, bridges, efforts to reverse power deficit of many decades, newly approved Youth Bank to empower the younger generation, strident efforts to secure the country, N2.3 trillion stimulus package to combat the negative effect of COVID-19, and many other positive developments. There are many, and many more.

Jesus looked at Jerusalem, and wept over it, saying: “if thou hadst known in this day, even thou, the things which belong unto thy peace. But now, they are hid from thine eyes.” (Luke 19:42).

We will see the things that pertain to the peace of our country, if we would just calm down. As the young boy said, “this is my last chance. Last chance in the world.”
It could well be.

*Adesina is the  Special Adviser to President Buhari on Media and Publicity


Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Femi Adesina and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”




Imo APC Leadership And The Ruins Of Litigation

By Dan Ugwu.

 In the build up to the 2019 elections in Imo, former APC National Chairman and ombudsman; Adams Oshiomhole dissolved the state elected officials led by Dan Nwafor and installed his caretaking committee led by Macolm Nlemigbo on grounds of the former’s anti party activities engineered by Rochas Okorocha. Rochas refuted that and as a result, both groups were leading their faithful simultaneously in Imo until APC was led to clear and infamous defeat. That was a vivid illustration of implosion.

After the election, the crisis has continued till date. Meanwhile in August 2018, Abuja High Court stipulated merely that the National Working Committee (NWC) hasn’t the right to change the status of constitutionally elected party officials by a common fiat. So, while Nwafor held his power through constitutional and court legislation, Nlemigbo held his own through party verdict. Both parties at the time had their legal suits running.

Now To The Next Confusion

President Muhammadu Buhari in the last NEC meeting of APC dissolved the officials and urged the withdrawal of all litigations against and by the party. Now whose suit is to be withdrawn? Nwafor feels Nlemigbo should withdraw his case while Nlemigbo feels Nwafor should withdraw his own for peace to reign. This will be seekers of peace that is not peace.

Now, on July 16, the Abuja High court presided over by Justice A.O. Musa ruled on a motion brought by purported members of Nlemigbo group, seeking for stay of execution and restraining order which was not granted. Its interpretation has been left to the whims and caprices of concerned APC faithful.

The Nigerian judiciary is often brought to ridicule through frivolous and nonsensical applications. Approaching the court to re-rule on a matter already adjudicated should be an offence against the applicant. This is part of the tribunalization of our democracy by the judiciary.

Also, the interpretation of court injunctions should not be left at the behest and wisdom of plaintiffs and defendants. The court should always define its ruling in clear terms and wean it of ambiguities that could present a ground for filthy and ambitious elements to drag on.

The APC must also through its disciplinary and ethical Committee prevail on party belligerents whose personal interests have always overshadowed the common good. It is not a good step to approach the court again after the president has urged for withdrawal of litigations.

Even after the last court ruling, the disgruntled group still announced the declaration of a press conference to be held at the Okigwe Road secretariat of APC. Will that not be usurpation of power and impersonation? Let the right thing be done.

  • Dan Ugwu is a media analyst, he writes from Abuja, Nigeria




Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Dan Ugwu and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”





Who Are the Looters of Imo Pension Fund; Government or The People?

By: Dan UGWU.


Who Are the Looters of Imo Pension Fund; Government or The People?
His Excellency, Sen. Hope Uzodinma; Executive Governor of Imo State, Nigeria

Successive administrations in Imo State from Achike Udenwa to Hope Uzodimma have all hired the services of Consultants to verify IMO State Pensioners and Staff strength. These mercenaries were paid in Millions of Naira of IMO scarce resources. At the end of all those exercises, we always hear that ghost workers and ghost Pensioners had been discovered.

The irony however is that rather than the IMO State wage bill to reduce, it keeps increasing and even become inaccurate and unascertainable by mathematical figures. Also, successive administrations in Imo, has done multiple Pension Verifications during which Pensioners were subjected to untold hardship trying to fulfill government insistence that they must be captured Biometrically in person.

The government had always refused 3rd Party payment and in many cases, we have seen families haul their old sickly parents in a bid to fulfill Government verification requirement and pay in person policy. Currently, the Imo government is carrying out an automated system of payment, all these in the bid to sanitize the system.

Heralding the Irony:

Who Are the Looters of Imo Pension Fund; Government or The People?
Ikedi Ohakim

In July 9, 2015, trial Justice Ademola Adeniyi of the Federal High Court, Abuja granted Ikedi Ohakim bail to the tune of N270million over his alleged $2.3m fraud misappropriated from public and pension funds.

Rochas Okorocha later came to RESCUE Imo State from the wreckages of Ohakim. In July 2016, Okorocha alleged to have uncovered N700m pension fraud. The revelation was made by his Chief of Staff; Uche Nwosu who stated that the fund resulted from the accumulated pension of N1.3 billion in contrast to the authentic pension of N600 million, which is an increase of above 100 per cent.

Again, in August 2017, Governor Rochas Okorocha had ordered the arrest of no fewer than 30 indicted officials looting the PENSION board. This time, it was N640m meant for the payment of retirees. Unfortunately, at each of these periods, PENSIONERS WERE ON THE STREETS OF OWERRI IN PROTEST.

Who Are the Looters of Imo Pension Fund; Government or The People?
Senator Rochas Okorocha

As if Okorocha was determined to reap off the pensioners, he printed a form and coaxed pensioners to sign that upon collecting 40% of their pension arears, the state was no longer obligated to pay the balance. Sadly, between 2011 to 2019, 60% of Imo pensioners died without receiving their pay.

In 2019, Emeka Ihedioha came to REBUILD the disfigured structures of Rochas described as the years of locust for pensioners. By October 2019, the Imo Verification Committee headed by Barrister Pascal Madu had uncovered the massive pension fraud under Rochas. In a broadcast precisely on pension issues dated Thursday October 17, 2019, Ihedioha revealed that a total of 8,549 or 25 percent, of ghost pensioners in all were filtered out.

This represented the amount of state resources that would have gone into the drains without the necessary due diligence. These involved cases of duplication and over payments engendered by wrong parameters, calculation errors or deliberate falsifications. There were also instances in which Level 6 officers were earning pensions for Level 16.

Who Are the Looters of Imo Pension Fund; Government or The People?
Rt. Hon. Emeka Ihedioha

In 2020, Hope Uzodimma came with his three “R” mantra of RECONSTRUCTION, REHABILITATION AND RECOVERY. He alleged to have migrated Imo state from analogue system of payment to an automated system. Within this period of migration, pensioners have been protesting their 3/4 months debt by Uzodimma’s government.

Just this July 2020, less than one-year Ihedioha uncovered ghost workers in pension board, Uzodimma said he has uncovered eight persons said to be fraudulently receiving N330 million annually as pension. As we write, PENSIONERS ARE ON THE STREETS OF OWERRI IN PROTEST FOR THEIR UNPAID MONEY.

The Imo state pension situation is becoming worrisome. Every administration comes with its news of uncovering fraud and then using it as a standpoint to owe retirees. I recall that at a time, Imo State government established a model where Pensioners were paid by Cheque after BVN varication at the various Community Government Council Headquarters.

There was a time also Transition Chairmen and other officers of the State Government went to the LGA Headquarters to pay Pensioners by hand to obviate fraud. How come by this time after the introduction of BVN and mandatory requirement of paying via Cheque, there is still mountain of padding and active ghost workers?

I think it has gotten to a point where we begin to take a second look at the veracity of these findings because the hunter can also become the hunted. The pension board has become a cash point for every administration maybe because the beneficiaries are old and worn-out citizens who cannot wage strife. It is time we ask who actually are the real fraudsters in the Imo state pension board. Your gaze is as good as my suspicion.

                                                                *Dan Ugwu is a media analyst, he writes from Abuja, Nigeria




Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Dan Ugwu and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”




Bola Ahmed Tinubu Has Not Fallen

By Agbonsuremi Augustine Okhiria.


Those who are rejoicing that Bola Ahmed Tinubu (BAT) is on the ground are jokers. BAT is not, and will not fall to the ground. He has not fallen. Many of those rejoicing today have not done a quarter of political mobilization and grooming embarked upon by Tinubu before and after the return of democracy.

In 1998, just before the return to civil rule, I met BAT in Ikeja and I asked him why he ran away from Nigeria when Abacha was on the loose. He gave me the details of his activities abroad and I was later to confirm from Kayode Fayemi and Pa Enahoro of blessed memory.

Most of today’s active beneficiaries of the long and tortuous road to 1999 don’t know how the battles were fought at home and abroad. They only read about Epetedo declaration.
They will not understand why some us who saw the events became activists and why we are angry over what has become of the democracy we risked our lives for in doing our reporting and analysis.

The huge disappointment for me is not that our dreams faded into this absurdity called democracy but that politicians like BAT have participated in the derailment, pursuing their personal gains than the entrenchment of the ideals for which so many comrades were jailed or killed.Prince Ademola Adeniji Adele of blessed memory who spent 18 months in Kaduna prison and a host of others couldn’t have suffered just for this kind of democracy.

No matter how you look at the current events and whatever impressions you may have about Bola Ahmed Tinubu, he and a few others who were in the trenches during the fight against the military are the same people who will fight to mobilize against the current hijackers who are completely carefree about Nigeria.

Tinubu needs the current lessons to drop the current jackets of pleasure to dress up in the old dress. He can still get back to himself and employ the huge resources at his disposal to rescue Nigeria. Is he a fit and proper person to do this? I will say yes. He joined forces to do it before and he can do it again.

The Tinubu I know can’t continue to eat and dine with those who don’t understand the meaning of democracy. He can’t continue to pretend he doesn’t understand that there has been a derailment. His current travails can serve as the catalyst for self-discovery. He has not fallen.

  • Agbonsuremi Augustine Okhiria is the Executive Director, Progressive Impact Organization for Community Development, PRIMORG. (Email: agbonsuremi@primorg.org)



Disclaimer:“The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Agbonsuremi Augustine Okhiria and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”




Uzodimma’s Choice of Roundabout Over Okorocha’s Tunnel; A Wasteful and Myopic Venture

By Dan Ugwu.

Facts have emerged about the decision of Imo State government to replace the metropolitan tunnels with roundabout. These tunnels were visibly constructed by Rochas Okorocha’s government to ease vehicular movement and road safety on the major roads. Last week, Uzodimma’s bulldozers were spotted destroying those tunnels on the allegation that they were poorly built.

Recall that Rochas Okorocha’s government allegedly spent over N240m on those tunnels according to Mr. Collins Ududua; accountant of Kilcornam Construction Company that undertook the project. It is not in doubt that the Uzodimma government will also spend more than that in demolishing and constructing its own choice infrastructure.

It is disheartening and breath taking to watch the various governments in Imo state spend our hard cash on irrelevant ventures. Every regime that comes into the state will always concentrate on the municipal city of Owerri, destroying the achievements of its predecessor in a vicious circle while allowing the city suburbs in their ageless rurality.

The present government says the tunnels are not of good quality. The next positive action would have been either to engage Kilcornam Construction Company and sue them for inferior job OR to invest in fortifying the project for use. The idea of destroying it to build a roundabout is both myopic, wasteful and disappointing.

Today, Imo State has various undeveloped cities a little mile away from Owerri town that could be harnessed for economic development, but the various governments have abandoned them to concentrate on the over-laboured municipal city already constructed by Sam Mbakwe.

Governor Uzodimma's Appreciable Performance in Few Months
His Excellency, Sen. Hope Uzodinma; Excecutive Governor of Imo State, Nigeria

During Okorocha’s administration, there were minor scratches along Agbala road but he ended up building Nneoma Kitchen that has been overgrown by weeds and shrubs. Villages like Olakwo Agbala, Mbutu Okohia, Emekuku/ Azaraegbelu, Iho/Akabor and then Oguta could serve as mini cities to decongest the populated town, but no government thinks in that direction.

At the wake of the 21st century when Lagos, Abuja and PH are competing in real estates and the ease of doing business, with Dave Umahi’s Ebonyi turning fortune around, Imo state government is still struggling with roundabout and traffic light.

Anambra state has left Awka to look out for Nnewi; Abia has even avoided Umuahia to commercialise Aba; Enugu itself has its capital as Enugu and Imo is still negotiating with Ekeukwu marketers and how to finish up her Alaba new market in the same Owerri, while Okigwe is struggling with decay. There is an agelong saying about Okigwe in Imo state “Obodo nile emepesigo bereso Okigwe”.

The wasteful attitude of the government in Imo has made pundits even to querry the usefulness of its House of Assembly that should checkmate the excesses of the Executive. They seem to converge at the Assembly quarters to watch over the wreckage and serial wasteful venture of various governments.

It is obvious, that arm of government has been hijacked. It is not in doubt that Imo has been unfortunate with leaders after Sam Mbakwe, but this present government with the high level of ignominy accompanying its rulership cannot afford to thread on negative paths. A stich in time saves nine.





Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Dan Ugwu and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”



By Femi Adesina.

The People’s Democratic Party (PDP) has a fixation with 60 years. At the height of its heady days in power, it challenged its Chi (personal god) to a wrestling contest, vowing that it would rule Nigeria for minimum of 60 years. We know how the story ended. The Chi gave the boastful party a thunderous pin-fall. So great was the fall that not all the king’s horses nor all the king’s men could put Humpty Dumpty together again.

The Sugar Candy Mountain of 60 years ended in 16 years, with the bloody nose Nigerians gave PDP at the polls through the All Progressives Congress (APC) in 2015.
Since that time, however, PDP has not stopped fantasizing about 60 years.

Addressing the media recently on the 5th year anniversary of its nemesis, President Muhammadu Buhari, in power, the party, through Kola Ologbondiyan; its National Publicity Secretary, said the President and his team “have taken our country 60 years backward.” Lol. What a neurosis with 60 years.

When the PDP lies, it speaks its mother tongue, its natural language, “for he is a liar and father of all lies.” The party has become willfully blind and deaf to all progress going on in the country.
Back to English Literature class in secondary school, we were taught what an oxymoron was: figure of speech in which apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction. That is why we want to examine the ‘good setback’ the Buhari government has given Nigeria, taking her back 60 years, according to the PDP.

There are minimum of 600 road projects going on in different parts of the country today. What a good setback. The Buhari government is doing what Napoleon couldn’t do, and so, it is taking the country ‘backward.’

Hear the story of the Bodo-Bonny Road. It had been on the drawing board for 48 years. It is supposed to be the first link road between Bonny, where the country’s cash cow, the Nigerian Liquefied Natural Gas (NLNG) project is sited, and the rest of Rivers State. But no access, except by boats and helicopters.

For almost five decades, the Bodo-Bonny Road was only in the realm of imagination. Till Muhammadu Buhari came. Work commenced on the $333 million project in 2017, and estimated time of completion is 2022.

The 38 kilometers long road runs through low lying marshland swampy terrain, with many culverts, two creek bridges of about 500 meters in length, and a major river bridge of about 713 meters length. Yet, Buhari is building it, in conjunction with NLNG. What a backward movement!

We have said a lot about the Second Niger Bridge. And we shall never stop talking about it. The project makes our heart to beat Du du ke, du du ke, each time we remember it.
The first bridge was built in 1965, and is the major gateway to the land of the wise men-the East. But the sole bridge has become grossly inadequate, and people virtually see hell on it at major festive times.

Femi Adesina; Special Adviser on Media and Publicity to President Buhari

Government after government had built a new bridge-with their mouths- particularly since we returned to democratic rule in 1999. Whenever elections approached, and they needed the votes of the people, they would take cutlasses, hoes and shovels, go to the site of the bridge, and pretend to be digging the ground. Once elections were over, and they had got the votes they wanted, it’s goodbye basket, I’ve carried all my apples.

Till Buhari came. Without fanfare, no bravado, no theatrics, he set to work. The bridge is 48% completed today, with sights firmly set on the first quarter of 2022 as delivery time. What a backward move, according to PDP. And to think the party can’t even complete its head office, despite raising billions of Naira, which developed legs and vanished.

What about rail? Have you seen the Warri-Itakpe line, which had vegetated for over 30 years? What about Abuja-Kaduna, already put to use? And Lagos-Ibadan, about 90% done? Ibadan-Kano has been awarded, there will be Lagos-Calabar, and many others. But PDP says the rail lines are leading us backwards by 60 years. What a good backward movement!

Airports. The country was rated as having some of the worst airports in the world before Buhari came. But today, see ultra-modern terminals in Abuja, Port Harcourt, Lagos, Kano, and Enugu is coming on stream shortly. But they say it’s a flight backwards. Oh, I see. Such people may never then fly forward ever and ever. They are perpetually stuck in reverse gear.

Agriculture. We used to import everything. Even when we had a celebrated farmer as President, we brought in rice from all over the world, and beans from Burkina Faso. Maize, wheat, sorghum, millet, we imported everything. Fertilizer was one huge scam, when we planted nothing.
Then Buhari came. He told Nigerians to return to the land. And he put his money where his mouth was. Agriculture was massively funded, and today, we have pyramids of rice round the country. We no longer import any type of grains, rather our neighbors come to buy here. We are almost self-sufficient in food.

Imagine if such hadn’t happened, and COVID-19 came. No foreign exchange to import food, all international borders closed, nothing to eat. Nigeria would have been in terrible crises. But we thank God Buhari came this way. He made all the difference. Yet PDP (Papa Deceiving Pikin) says its backward movement. I like that kind of backstroke, don’t you?

Eleven quarters of consecutive GDP growth, before Coronavirus threw a spanner in the works. Yet, they say it’s all backward movement. Non-oil exports have grown highest in the country’s history. We are taking massive leaps in the Ease of Doing Business. Light appears at the end of the long tunnel of lack of electricity, with a transparent deal with Siemens of Germany.

For the first time in over ten years, Nigeria is conducting transparent bidding process for 57 Marginal Oil Fields to increase revenue. Insurgency, crime and criminality are being robustly fought. COVID19, which has humbled the great powers of the world, is also being battled relentlessly. What of corruption? No retreat, no surrender. Do the crime, do the term. More than 1,400 convictions, and over N800 billion recovered in recent times. Yet PDP says it’s backward movement. I hear.

When AfDB President, Dr Akinwunmi Adesina came to see President Buhari recently, I had a private dialogue with him. And he told me of an African leader who met him and said: “Those who don’t want you for a second term in office say you are not doing well. But if what you are doing is a bad thing, please continue with those bad things for the sake of Africa. We appreciate what you are doing.”

Doing admirable bad things. Another oxymoron. But some morons don’t know oxymorons. So, they talk of Nigeria being taken back 60 years. What a good backward movement. Nigerians want more of such.

*Adesina is Special Adviser to President Buhari on Media and Publicity




Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Femi Adesina and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”



RAPE: A Sad Reminder of Our Vulnerability

By Bright Ogbonna Esq.


RAPE: A Sad Reminder of Our Vulnerability
MODEL: Janet Akor; Queen of Federal Republic of Nigeria 2019

There has been an upsurge in the incidence of rape cases in Nigeria. In April 2020, Jennifer; an 18-year-old girl was raped by a group of 5 boys in Narayi, Kaduna, in Kaduna State. Only two of the alleged rapists have been apprehended.1 In May 2020, Uwaila Omozuwa; a student of the University of Benin was raped by an unknown group of 11 men and bludgeoned to death with a fire extinguisher canister, while studying in a church auditorium in Benin.2

As if these were not enough, one week later, Barakat Bello; another 18-year-old, who was a student of Science Laboratory Technology at the Federal College of Animal and Health Production, Oyo State was also raped and butchered to death in her home in Akinyele, Ibadan.3 In all the above, investigations are ongoing and no prosecutions have so far been made.

These are but a few of the incidents which have come to public notice because of the decision by family members to report online. The resulting public outcry against this menace has attracted the intervention of several persons of prominence including Governor Babajide Sanwo-olu of Lagos State, Governor Godwin Obaseki of Edo State and the Speaker of the House of Representatives, Mr. Femi Gbajabiamila, calling on security operatives to bring the perpetrators to book.

While the response of these eminent persons is commendable, without a concerted effort at reappraisal of the legal and institutional realities, their intervention would remain mere rhetorics.

Since it is agreed that this vice, which evokes the bitterest reprehension within right thinking members of our society has become rife in our society, it is sought herein to explore the legal framework for the prosecution of rape cases together with the institutions concerned with a view to identifying the imperatives for curbing this growing menace.


Legal Impediments

The Criminal Code and Penal Code, which are the foremost criminal legislations applicable to Southern and Northern Nigeria respectively recognize rape as an offence. While the Criminal Code provides for the offence of rape in Section 357, providing a punishment of life imprisonment with or without whipping in Section 358, the Penal Code creates the offence of rape in Section 282 with the same punishment or a less term and liability to a fine.5

Although the merits of the provisions of the Code is recognised, legal scholars would agree that the provisions in reference are inadequate to deal with the issues arising from rape and emerging matters within the discourse.

In the first instance, rape is defined as having carnal knowledge of a woman without her consent. On the meaning of carnal knowledge, Section 6 of the Criminal Code describes it as ‘being complete upon penetration’. The Supreme Court has held in such cases as OGUNBAYO V STATE that the offence of rape is complete upon the penetration of the vagina by the penis.

Upon decisions of this nature, in the course of interpreting carnal knowledge, came the constricted assumption that carnal knowledge as being penetration of the vagina by the penis. One of the problems with this definition is that the sphere of sexual assault, which can be considered as rape cannot be limited to only penetration of the vagina. Sexual penetration of other parts of the body, like the anus and mouth, are not captured within this definition.

Secondly, the definition of rape in Section 357, presupposes that only females can be raped under the law. Unfortunately, the sad reality is that males have for years, been the victims of various degrees of sexual assault.

Again, the Criminal6 and Penal Code7 are in agreement that rape cannot occur between a man and his wife, provided in the case of the Penal code that the wife has attained puberty. These provisions tend to deny the possibility of imposing unreasonable sexual demands on spouses especially in cases of ill-health and other circumstances, which make it either difficult or impossible for the spouse to consent to the sex act.

RAPE: A Sad Reminder of Our Vulnerability
Bright Ogbonna Esq.

Thankfully, the Violence Against Persons (Prohibition) (VAPP) Act of 2015 was enacted to cure these defects. Section 1 of the Act states: A person commits the offence of rape if:

a. He or she intentionally penetrates the vagina, anus or mouth of another person with any part of his or her body or anything else.

b. The other person does not consent to the penetration

c. The consent is obtained by force or threat or means of intimidation of any kind or by fear of harm or by means of fraudulent representation as to the nature of the act or the use of any substance or additive capable of taking away the will of such person or in the case of a married person, impersonating his or her spouse.

The unlawful penetration of the anus or mouth without consent have been recognised as constituting rape, as well as such penetration of a man.8 These improvements are reflective of the progressive nature of the rape discourse as exemplified in the UK9 legislations on this matter.

The VAPP Act further introduced a Sex Offenders’ Register10; a practice very common in advanced legal systems and effective for information about the proclivities of individuals and warning the public in advance. The Register is however yet to be seen in any part of the nation.

It must be noted that in spite of the laudable improvements made by the VAPP Act, its Section 2(c) prescribes a punishment of 20 years upon conviction for gang rape. With respect, there is absolutely no justification for prescribing life imprisonment for a single offender of rape and 20 years for rape committed by many persons at a time.

Gang rape is no less heinous than a single individual committing same. If anything, it causes more anguish, trauma and is more likely to be fatal. If the punishment is to have a deterrent effect on prospective/intending offenders, the punishment should be more, not less.

More importantly, the VAPP Act is only applicable within the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja.11 The effect thereof is that other states outside of Abuja can only rely on their state criminal laws and other laws criminalizing rape and assault.

Another issue arising from the legal framework from which rape arises is the requirement of corroboration. Although the relevant Criminal legislations and the Evidence Act do not specify the need for corroboration in order to convict a defendant for rape, it would be very difficult for a judge to convict without corroboration.

In the case of STATE V OGWUDIEGWU12, the Supreme Court stated that in order to secure a conviction in the case of rape, corroboration of the evidence of the complainant is not essential, but a judge must warn himself of the risk of convicting the accused solely on the evidence of the complainant.

The consequence of convicting an alleged offender solely on the testimony of an alleged victim is all too obvious. This situation is compounded by constraints stemming from the two main forms of corroboration in this situation.

RAPE: A Sad Reminder of Our Vulnerability
Say no to Rape

The first form of corroboration would be the evidence of witnesses. It goes without saying that it would be easier to find a needle in a haystack than to find a witness to a rape. This is because, except in instances where the victim is anticipating rape, it is usually perpetrated away from the view of prying eyes – hotel rooms, the privacy of homes, dark alleys and such hidden places.

The second form of corroboration would be physical observations made from the body of the victim. With this comes the problem of preservation of the observations until trial. The usual and safest mode of achieving this is by obtaining a medical report perhaps accompanied with pictures of any lacerations or wounds sustained around the genitalia.

Now, apart from the reluctance of rape victims to seek medical attention immediately after the incident, many hospitals are ill equipped with the rape kit able to properly preserve the evidence which can sustain a prosecution to conviction.

Again, owing to administrative constraints, rape prosecution takes a long time at the court. As a result, many rape victims are discouraged from pursuing prosecution of their cases. This necessitated the establishment of special courts for sexual offences in states like Lagos. The objective here was to decongest the dockets of the criminal courts and enable the judges designated concentrate on sexual offences. There has however not been an appreciable acceleration in the rate of justice dispensation in this area.

Investigation and Evidence Management

Having identified a few of the legal issues surrounding rape, it is also necessary to look at the administrative constraints regarding rape reports. It is necessary to underscore that the crime management authorities in Nigeria, namely the Nigerian Police, has not lived up to its bidding in investigating and prosecuting reports of rape.

In a report by Amnesty International, it was stated that apart from an unwillingness to investigate rape cases in Nigeria, many police officers were themselves perpetrators of rape among inmates held in their custody and outside their places of work using the instrument of intimidation.13

In many instances, it is difficult to convince a police officer of date rape for instance, as the question which usually emerges is ‘What were you doing with him?’ or ‘why were you at his house?’, questions which put the blame on the victim. The fear of this line of questioning creates the reluctance in many victims to make a report.

Again, as has been earlier identified, even when a rape victim manages to get to the hospital, the management facilities are ill equipped to provide the needed services. Generally, it would be necessary to examine and treat the victim for wounds and infections, obtain and preserve the evidence of the rape for prosecution, after which there is a further need for counselling sessions with trained therapists to deal with the psychological impact of this level of abuse.

In many cases, evidence is lost because of improper handling of the victim and the dearth of body fluid analysis equipment. Consequently, many offenders are freed for want of credible evidence even when their victims have actually suffered rape. It was only recently that the Mirabel Centre; a private initiative in Lagos for instance, with professional services for rape victims was established.14 Otherwise, there is a dearth of healthcare providers with specialty in this area across Nigeria.


We have earlier observed that there is a reluctance on the part of rape victims to make reports to the appropriate authorities. This fact has been traced to the stigmatization associated with rape victims. Often, victims are stigmatized and are considered a public disgrace to their families and significant others with serious implications for future relationships such as marriage.15

RAPE: A Sad Reminder of Our Vulnerability
A Soldiers Story Movie out in the Cinemas this December

Unfortunately, there has not been enough efforts at the reorientation of both the victims, their families and the society on the possibility of a normal life after a rape incident. The result is that the victim is left all alone to deal with the effects, often times, in silence and depending on their emotional strength and financial capacity, may end up with venereal disease, unwanted pregnancy, depression, and even suicide.

Although there is currently before the House of Representatives, the Rape and Insurgency Victims Stigmatisation (Prohibition) Bill 2019, which bill seeks to protect the fundamental right to dignity and freedom of association of rape victims, it is yet to be passed by the National Assembly.


In order to rid the society of the menace of rape, it is necessary to take another look at the laws on rape. Notwithstanding the improvement brought about by the VAPP Act, the restriction of its application to the FCT limits its impact. A national legislation modelled after the improvements made in the VAPP Act is imperative.

Further, since crime is jurisdictional, there is a need to incorporate the improvements on the law of rape to criminal laws of the various states while including the recommendations made herein. We have recommended for instance, that it is necessary to impose the same sentence of life imprisonment on gang rape as it is with rape involving a single offender. It is obvious that the effect of the offence is not ameliorated by its perpetration by a gang; and as such the punishment should not be less.

The Sexual Offences Bill of 2013 was one strong attempt at improving on the rape laws of Nigeria. It expanded the definition and scope of rape, employing most of the statutory recommendations made above. Unfortunately, that bill, despite having been passed by the National Assembly, did not receive Presidential assent. The National Assembly on its part, did not override the veto.

In the quest for a national legislation which would cater to the growing need to curb incidences of rape, the National Assembly is hereby called upon to effect whatever reasonable changes that are needed to obtain presidential assent to the Bill or override the veto of the President and have the Bill signed into law.

Further, it is necessary to relax the requirement of corroboration for the evidences of the prosecution regarding rape. While it is recognized that conviction of an alleged rapist solely on the testimony or evidence of the victim would open the door to an avalanche of spurious vindictive claims against persons for any grievances, it must also be recognized that requiring corroboration stricto sensu before conviction would also do great injustice in genuine cases.

This is more so, when it is considered that rape is almost always committed in relative secrecy. It is imperative to consider the surrounding circumstances forming the facts of the case which may lead to the veracity of the victim’s testimony without necessarily requiring corroboration. In the case of AHMED V NIGERIAN ARMY16, the court held that in the instant case, the PW 2 Ruth Waziri testified with clarity not only that she had been severally raped more than three times, she was also able to note and state the two birth marks around the pubic area of the appellant and on the thigh which was confirmed. This was taken as enough to secure a conviction.

In order to curb the stigmatization of rape victims, the government (especially the Federal Ministry of Health and the National Orientation Agency) in collaboration with civil society organizations needs to urgently sponsor and execute a continuous, spirited orientation campaign on the incidence, prevention and proper protocol after a rape incident.

It must be emphasized that anyone can be raped. By keeping the public abreast of the steps to take in the event that a person falls victim, the victim has a higher chance of complete recovery and ensuring that the offender is arrested, prosecuted and punished.

RAPE: A Sad Reminder of Our Vulnerability
Nigeria’s justice system has not been tough on rapists and that’s why we are here

The organization of these campaigns periodically, would reduce the protests against rape incidents after the fact. In the same vein, government at all levels need to immediately establish specialized treatment and rehabilitation centres, fully equipped for rape victims with a workforce of professional caregivers who would cater to their needs.

It is imperative that the Police stations establish and equip in every division of the Force a Sexual Offences Section, which shall deal with Rape and other related matters. Officers serving in these sections should be trained in forensic investigation and analysis, in order to ensure that all exhibits and evidences collected are properly managed in preparation for prosecution and trial.

It is further of urgent necessity that the Rape and Insurgency Victims Stigmatisation (Prohibition) Bill 2019 be passed to protect rape victims and punish persons who indulge in acts stigmatizing them. This would reinforce the strong stance of government on the matter.

Again, some states like Lagos have established a sexual offences division within their state High Courts. This practice should be adopted by all states. The Chief Judges of the states should issue practice directions which abridge the time within which the prosecution of rape cases must be procured.

More specifically, rape cases ought to be heard from day to day, since often times, defendants in the offence of rape are remanded without option of bail. By publishing the practice direction ahead of time, the parties are made aware of the procedure of court and as such, complaints of denial of fair hearing are thereby forestalled.

Although Section 1(4) of the VAPP Act provides for the maintenance of a sexual offender’s register by the National Agency for the Prohibition of Trafficking in Persons and other related Matters (NAPTIP), as at the time of writing this article, no such register has been published. The register ought to be made accessible at their various state offices and published on their website. This would avail the public with the criminal records of sexual offenders and better equip themselves in their employment and social relationship with them.

In addition, corporate organizations and business should be compelled to institute sexual harassment policies within their organizations wherein the organization would be obliged to ensure that their organisations are harassment free or be made to pay heavy fines where they fail to do so.

Finally, it is necessary to incorporate human rights education into the primary and secondary school curriculum across Nigeria, with emphasis on the right of the human person to dignity. It is important that the culture of understanding and respecting personal boundaries be inculcated in our children from an early age. This will go a long way to dislodge certain socio-cultural beliefs inherent in society, like the objectification and unhealthy subjugation of women, which has led to the perpetuation of rape incidents.

Rape is a menace which has come to stay with us. But we can ameliorate its effect on us by if the proper steps are taken.

1. Aljazeera: Nigerians online demand justice on abuse of women, aljazeera.com/news/2020/06

2. E. Akinwolu: Rape and Murder of Student in Church sparks outrage across Nigeria, theguardian.com/global-development/2020/jun/02

3. A. Kabir, ‘How My Daughter Barakat was gang raped, killed – Father’ June 4, 2020.

4.  C. Muoghalu, ‘Rape and Women’s Sexual Health in Nigeria: The Stark Reality of being female in a Patriarchal World’, The African Anthropologist Volume 19 Nos. I & 2, 2012 p.33 – 41, Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Nigeria 2014.

5. Section 283.

6. Section 6

7. Section 282(2)

8. T. Akpogome, ‘Analysis of the Domestic Legal Framework on Sexual Violence in Nigeria’, Journal of Law and Criminal Justice, Vol.4 No. 2 2016 pp. 17 – 30.

9. Sexual Offences Act 2003 (UK)

10. Section 1(4) VAPP Act

11. Section 44 VAPP Act

12. (1968) NMLR 117

13. Nigeria: ‘Rape: The Silent Weapon’, refworld.org/pdfid/45a2479c2.pdf

14. E.Egbejule, ‘Welcome to Mirabel, the First Centre for Support of Rape Survivors in Nigeria’, Guardian, 25th Feb., 2016.

15. Muoghalu, ‘Rape and Women’s Sexual Health in Nigeria: The Stark Reality of being female in a Patriarchal World’, The African Anthropologist Volume 19 Nos. I & 2, 2012 p.33 – 41, Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Nigeria 2014.

16. (2011) 2 NWLR (PT.1234) 393.

  • Bright Ogbonna Esq. is the Director of Volunteers, SIFA Human Rights Office.



Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Bright Ogbonna Esq. as published on the online platform of SIFA Nigeria, and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”T




Institutions and The Attack Dogs

By Emmanuel Onwubiko.

IT has therefore come to my notice that the Nigeria Incentive-Based Risk Sharing System for Agricultural Lending (NIRSAL), an institution that is playing a key role in the transformation of Nigerian agriculture has been the subject of a vicious and sustained campaign of calumny over the past two years.

This campaign, which has intensified in the last six months is being executed by faceless elements who hide behind compromised social media platforms to throw mud at the organization.

They have also tried to instigate the security agencies through baseless unsubstantiated reports based on unproven allegations which they have sponsored in the social media. These allegations have ranged from mismanagement of funds by its current leadership to claims of discrimination and favoritism.

Significantly, despite the media campaign and reports made to the security agencies, no evidence of impropriety has been found. Hence, we, the coalition of civil Society organisations are very concerned about the ongoing campaign against NIRSAL for the following reasons:

First, the efforts to distract and even disable NIRSAL is not in the interest of the nation because the institution’s mandate is central to the focus on agriculture by the President Buhari administration, the sector that is the number one employer of labour and lynchpin of the nation’s plans for a post-oil future.

Institutions and The Attack Dogs
Aliyu Abdulhameed; Pioneer MD/CEO, NIRSAL

Second, there is clear evidence NIRSAL is doing justice to its mandate. It is an established fact that the institution has facilitated about N110 billion from the financial sector into agriculture. In the process, it has contributed to the creation of millions of jobs and the improvement of the lives of smallholder farmers across the country.

Third, NIRSAL is adding significant value in other areas, notably agricultural insurance, where it is working with partners to create and popularize innovative insurance packages that will reduce the risks faced by Nigerian farmers and help them to benefit more from their toil.

Fourthly and related to the above, the institution is making brisk progress with its AgroGeoCorps scheme, which is projected to create about 16,000 farmer-cooperatives on 4 million hectares of farmland, and enroll about 8 million farmers across Nigeria.

My self and other civil rights activists  had investigated these wishy washy allegations and found them to be politically tainted and motivated, aimed at destroying the key essence of the current administration, which is focused towards using agriculture as the stepping stone for aggressive employment opportunities for the young school leavers and graduates who would be assisted with working funds to mechanize their commercial farming activities.

In a near three hours-long conversation, openly done with the civil society community and the media in which I attended accidentally,  the MD, Aliyu Abdulhameed said  most of the allegations made against his person  in recent times were as a result  of ignorance of how NIRSAL works and why it was set up.

Institutions and The Attack Dogs
Godwin Emefiele; Governor, Central Bank of Nigeria

“NIRSAL is supposed to be a guarantee agency. We don’t give one Kobo out. We issue paper, guaranteeing you the banker so that if anything happens to your money, you come back to us. But of course, as a risk company, we ensure that event doesn’t happen.

“Because if we don’t monitor in the field and events happen and we keep paying…that means CBN paying, then what is the purpose of the existence of the organisation?

“What is so confusing to the public is when you tell people that NIRSAL does not touch one Kobo from the government. Go to the national assembly, there has never been an appropriation for NIRSAL to spend. And we are not designed to spend money.

“In fact,we don’t even have the money to spend. We are designed to issue guarantees to bankers and investors against that capital. NIRSAL building belongs to CBN. All our offices are run from CBN branches nationwide. The reason this is so is that we reduce the burden on our little earnings so that we can pay staff salaries and keep servicing farmers when they borrow money.

“CBN is the Chairman of the board and provides oversight. That means the CBN Governor, Godwin Emefiele, is board chairman of NIRSAL. The approval for NIRSAL was done by former President Goodluck Jonathan. But we took off under President Muhammadu Buhari. That means it was under Buhari that we were established or incorporated.

“In the beginning, I rented a bungalow in Maitama, used my own money and friends to pay for this and that. Sometimes when I didn’t have money to pay for diesel for the generator, I had to borrow money. We operated from this bungalow for six months until the first board meeting. We built this organisation from zero with not more than seven staff at the initial stage,” he explained.

Institutions and The Attack Dogs
Approval for NIRSAL was done by former President Goodluck Jonathan (R), but incorporated under President Muhammadu Buhari (L)

Hameed also reserved plenty of praise for the CBN Governor, for his kind words and support.

“I don’t cease to praise my boss, Gov Emefiele. This is one CBN Governor that doesn’t act like CBN Governor. CBN Governors are supposed to be quiet, mind themselves with inflation, monetary policy, financial instability, exchange rates. But Emefiele? He’s made his lifetime ambition to use the CBN system to do more developmental financing in agriculture.

“Nothing keeps Emefiele awake than what to do with rice farmers, palm oil and so on.You know this. We work with the policies designed by the Federal Ministry of Agriculture. If there’s one organisation that deserves the highest national productivity merit award, it’s NIRSAL. We add value, we train farmers and we put bankers to work.

“They allege that I have put the entire capital of CBN in my pocket. Imagine that here I am, I go to CBN, and I do wizardry on them to approve so I can carry? Like CBN says ‘go inside, carry N72.5bn and go?’

“We do quarterly board meetings without fail. Every single thing I do in this place is controlled by the board. It’s their money, I’m just a servant. Everything we do at NIRSAL is for the public good. Over the span of its existence so far, NIRSAL has facilitated N100 billion into the agricultural sector. Honestly, Nigerians need to be proud of this baby and not try to bring it down with patently false allegations.”

On the March 18 protest, Hameed says the protesters were hired for peanuts and didn’t even know why they were at his office.

“The people who came to protest, we asked them, do you know NIRSAL, they said they don’t know. They said NIRSAL is supposed to give us government money. The protesters were sponsored. They didn’t even know what we do here. They said they were paid N1,000 to carry the placards.

Institutions and The Attack Dogs
Comrade Emmanuel Onwubiko; National Coordinator, Human Rights Writers Association of Nigeria

“My board has not indicted me; my board continues to shower praises on me. There’s a huge campaign of calumny against me and this organisation. Don’t forget that the agricultural agenda of the presidency and the central bank is rubbing a lot of people the wrong way. Like the importers of tomatoes, the importers of palm oil and the rest are very angry and unhappy.

“They ask; ‘why should the CBN not give foreign exchange? Why should Emefiele be rigging this revolution?’ Emefiele never forgets where he comes from in Agbor. How he grew up. How he suffered to go through school. You see him as CBN Governor on TV, but believe me, this man is a different person altogether. He is so full of humility and love.

“He tells me that Aliyu, if you think you are getting attacked one time, multiply that by a hundred in terms of what I get. Emefiele’s heart is clear. I learn humility from Emefiele. Some people think my job is a political appointment so they attack me. Somebody told me that ‘you think this honeymoon will continue? Your baptism is coming.’

“Without Emefiele, we wouldn’t be where we are as an organisation. The credit should not come to me at all. If people attack me, they are attacking the agricultural policy of this government. People are angry that they are being stopped from importing rice. There are sponsors behind all of these media attacks.

“How can someone write that the MD of NIRSAL has put the entire capital in his pocket and run away? They say I have stolen N75 billion or N5.6 billion from a wheat project in Jigawa? They say my son drives a Lamborghini and is spraying millions of dollars on the streets of Dubai…come on!”

Institutions and The Attack Dogs
Aliyu Abdulhameed (3rd from L), with members of the Heritage Bank at the Nigeria Incentive-Based Risk Sharing System for Agricultural Lending (NIRSAL) 2018 Chief Risk Officers Forum Retreat, in Lagos,

Forcing staff to sign non-disclosure forms and dictatorship at NIRSAL

On allegations that he’s forcing his employees to sign secrecy agreements, Hameed says, “when I pay salaries, you’d hear complaints, when I do trainings, people would complain, when I do welfare, just be ready to be receiving information.

“If I sign on this desk for those that did ICAN to go and pay their dues or that the lawyers should go and pay their dues at NBA, I can assure you that the other people that are not lawyers would write to you to say I’m practicing favoritism.

“If every little thing I do here as CEO is subject to second guessing, it’s up to us to figure out what is reasonable or what is not. Which organisation, from Zenith bank or any organisation in this world, would allow its IT policy or corporate policy to be breached? So you mean that everything I do here, every board decision, I am supposed to call staff and say please can you take it to the street and share it?

“Is there any organisation that doesn’t have a code of corporate governance and oath of secrecy? Is that not backed by law? Is what we are doing not backed by the laws of corporations in Nigeria and around the world or not? Are there not confidentiality agreements in corporate settings everywhere?

“All organisations run background checks and certificate checks on incoming staff or criminal records. The oath of secrecy we do here is not about running the organisation, it’s about since your wife or kids go to XYZ schools, their addresses should not be exposed.

“Because, some of our staff are in charge of personal files, some staff are in charge of your salary file. So someone wants to carry our staff file and salary file and staff location number and go and share with kidnappers and killers right?

“If staff are complaining, why is it that when they join, they don’t say they won’t sign the oath of secrecy like any other organisation? Why don’t they leave? And who says as a young organisation, we cannot be improving our regulations and rules as we go along? As we learn?

“There are some things that are reasonable, there are some things that do not make sense. If I don’t do what I am supposed to do as CEO, I may as well resign and go and tell Gov Emefiele that I can’t do this job anymore.

“If any staff meets you with these allegations, ask them why they haven’t resigned and gone to any organisation in the United States or in Nigeria where they don’t sign corporate governance forms. By the way, I am an employee here too, I also signed those forms.”

On allegations that he appointed a daughter of the nation’s police boss in order to ingratiate himself with the IGP and shield himself from interrogation and a possible arrest, Hameed says nothing could be farther from the truth.

“So if your sister, or your son or brother’s son qualifies for a job after an interview and I say come and do a job, he knows risk management, he knows finance, he knows agriculture, so it’s a crime because I know Jude, not to employ that person?

“Forget whether it is IG (Inspector General) or President Buhari or Governor Emefiele or that man on the street.

“The majority of my Technical Assistants are from which ethnic group? Tosin (one of his assistants) is from Osun State. They even wrote that I have a car and driver. Why should MD of NIRSAL have a driver? Or why should my wife have a driver?

“You know, 90 percent of our work is in the bush with farmers, kidnappers and armed robbers. If you guarantee a project, you have to go monitor on the ground so that it doesn’t fail. The board decided to buy bulletproof cars for staff, management and board members when they go on site visits. And they say Aliyu has bought cars….

“Did the board purchase these cars and say ‘Aliyu these are your personal cars, drive them?’ Where the cars bought in my name or they are company assets? They say MD has 11 cars scattered across the country, right? Why can’t they say every bulletproof vehicle, pick-ups, are Aliyu’s? In other words, why did God create me? Because they say why should my children go to school? If I leave NIRSAL today, I leave all the assets here for the new MD’s use”.

As an activist, I hereby  pass a vote of confidence of the Nigeria Incentive-Based Risk Sharing System for Agricultural Lending (NIRSAL Plc.) which is a US$500million Non-Bank Financial Institution wholly-owned by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) created to Redefine, Dimension, Measure, Re-Price and Share agribusiness-related credit risks in Nigeria.

Established in collaboration with the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (FMARD) and Nigerian Bankers’ Committee in 2013, NIRSAL’s mandate is to stimulate the flow of affordable finance and investments into the agricultural sector by de-risking the agribusiness finance value chain, fixing agricultural value chains, building long-term capacity, and institutionalizing incentives for agricultural lending through its five (5) strategic pillars, namely: Risk Sharing, Insurance, Technical Assistance, Incentives and Rating.

  • Emmanuel Onwubiko is the Head of the HUMAN RIGHTS WRITERS ASSOCIATION OF NIGERIA (HURIWA) and blogs @www.huriwa.blogspot.com, www.thenigerianinsidernews.com, www.emmanuelonwubiko.com, www.huriwanigeria.com. 





Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Emmanuel Onwubiko and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”



Raping Society, Not Just Individuals

By Benneth Joshua K.

As the campaign against forced sex called “Rape” gathers momentum, the need to raise our voices against a twin-devil, “false rape accusation” is more important now than ever. It is important to state that like sister-deviants who arbitrarily and unilaterally force their ways through others genitals or rectums for sexual gains, amidst others; false rape alarmists are worse evils whose very existence need be checked at all cost.

Equally important to note is that this later set of deviants do grave harm, not just to the psyche of their victims, but to the morals of society, which empathy is exploited and manipulated for personal gains. For the victim, the injury cuts deeper and leaves him/her with the course of proving innocence where and when such prove is unnecessary.

The victim’s reputation in public is cannibalized and probably left in tatters; whilst in private, same reputation might be placed on permanent scrutiny depending on the cognitive capacity of those around him/her.

The victim’s self-worth is also set on a potential downward spiral if and when the accused has limited capacity for self-motivation. The result of this might be suicide or its tendencies such as depression, isolation, balkanization of personal image, etc…

Raping Society, Not Just Individuals
MODEL: Janet Akor; Queen of Federal Republic of Nigeria, 2019

For the society, the trauma is deeper but less felt. What it does for starters is creating a hallucinating moral fabric, thus engendering suspicion among neighbours and friends who were formerly and solidly on good grounds with themselves. Society becomes the unwilling tool for redefinition of social cohesion, all thanks to false rape accusers.

In most cases, the accused is judged and sentenced to a live of regrets and pain by a jury with a morbid sense of deduction. Lives are shattered… Society is hoodwinked and caused to float unanchored until, if it ever happens, a reasonably educated argument and reality to debunk the false rape accusation is ushered into public discourse.

Before then, the false rape accuser has succeeded in raping not just the innocence of its victim but the reputation of same victim and the moral cadence of society. Rape is Bad! Its an Evil that Must Be Stopped!!




Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Benneth Joshua K and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”







HERDSMEN INVASION: Gov. Uzodinma Answers Archbishop Obinna’s Questions

By Lancelot Obiaku.


Recently, the vocal Archbishop of the Owerri Catholic Ecclesiastical Province; the Most Rev. (Dr.) Anthony Obinna, expressed concerns over alleged invasion of communities in the Southeast by Fulani Herdsmen. The cleric had in an open letter to the Governor of Imo State, His Excellency Senator Hope Uzodinma, called on him and other Southeast leaders not to blink an eyelid over the security of lives and property in the region.

In his open letter, Archbishop Obinna admitted that he had spoken privately with Gov. Uzodinma but seemed not satisfied with the private discussion with the Governor. He chose to go public with the matter, notwithstanding his earlier meeting with the Governor. He said: “Not satisfied with defeating us in an uneven war, there is this threat to wipe out the Igbos and take over our God-given homes and lands.

“I hereby publicly charge him to recognise that it is his primary duty as the Chief Security Officer of the state to protect the lives of Imo people, their homes and their lands. Your Excellency, your voice should be loud and clear on this life and death issue”.

The Archbishop extended his call for the protection of lives and property in the Southeast to other governors and leaders in the region. “I equally charge other Igbo governors and all Igbo leaders at various levels to protect our people, our homes and our lands. I urge all our people to rise up in prayer to God, in vigilance and legitimate self-defence. The right to life, to our homes and our lands is God-given,” he stated.

Though the Archbishop’s outburst on the alleged increasing presence of Fulani Herdsmen in the Southeast remains unconfirmed, the threat posed by an invasion of the Southeast by any group cannot be dismissed with a wave of the hand. Recent experience shows that cattle rearing Fulanis have been associated with violent and lethal clashes with farmers in their host communities.

HERDSMEN INVASION: Gov. Uzodinma Answers Archbishop Obinna's Questions
Senator Hope Uzodinma; Executive Governor of Imo State

Such fights had often resulted from the herdsmen irrationally gracing cattle on farmlands, leading to the destruction of crops and its attendant economic losses. Situations like this had contributed a great deal to insecurity in communities in Northern Nigeria in particular, and other parts of the country.

However, we may not have reason to lose sleep over the alleged invasion of the state by Fulani herders as Gov. Uzodinma has taken proactive measures to secure lives and property in Imo State. Over a week ago, the Governor allayed the fear over the rumoured herdsman invasion of Imo forests when he said that “the rumours going around that there are suspected Fulani herdsmen in various forests in our state who are ready to unleash terror on our people are all false. Imolites are urged to disregard it. We are urged to go about our normal businesses as the Government remains committed to the business of protecting the lives and properties of the citizenry.”

Not resting on his oars or taking things for granted, the Governor demonstrated that he is not leaving anything to chance. On Friday, June 5, 2020, the Governor announced plans by his administration to establish community policing in the state. “Our Administration is working on a law to establish community policing to enable the Government and communities collaborate more on security issues,” the Governor said.

He added that “The bill will collapse some of the existing security outfits while harmonizing the viable ones to ensure a more holistic approach to tackling security issues in the State. This initiative will enhance intelligence gathering by the state.”

We believe that the Governor was correct when he explained that the establishment of community policing in the state would, among other things, enhance intelligence gathering in various communities, and make efficient collaboration of the communities with the government on security issues possible.

HERDSMEN INVASION: Gov. Uzodinma Answers Archbishop Obinna's Questions
Most Rev. (Dr.) Anthony Obinna; Metropolitan Archbishop of Owerri Catholic Ecclesiastical Province

The Southwest had recently established the legal framework for the establishment of their own brand of community policing called Amotekun. We have seen the Amotekun launched in Osun and other states in the region. This proactive move in response to the mounting security threats in the area was warmly welcomed by the citizens of the affected states. And rightly so.

Consequently, we think that if properly set up, funded and managed, the proposed community policing in Imo State would boost security in the state. The idea could not have been birthed at a better time than now, considering the heightened tension over insecurity in Nigeria and Southeast in particular.

Given that individuals would be saddled with policing Imo communities under the new security architecture are citizens of the state, the onus on them is greater, as they are not expected to compromise on the security of the communities in the state. Marching words with action, as in this instant case by the Governor, is a perfect and prompt response to the concerns raised over the safety of lives and property in the state, especially those expressed by the revered Archbishop Obinna.




Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Lancelot Obiaku and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”





N8.5BN: The Untold Story of IMSUBEB Contracts

By Collins Ughalaa.


Nigeria has had chequered history in her education sector. From 1960 to about 1977 Nigeria maintained the education policy she inherited from her colonial master, Britain. Over a decade after her independence, the journey for review of the inherited policy on education began. In 1973 the National Education Research and Development Council (NERDC) had a national conference which gave rise to the National Policy on Education in 1976, giving birth to the Universal Primary Education programme (UPE).

One of the problems the education sector faced was getting people into school. According to Claudia Irigoyen of the Centre for Public Impact, school enrolment was still low in the 90s, with gross enrolment ratio in primary school pegged at 86%. This figure, she said, dropped to 25% by the time children reached secondary school level, as many of them dropped out of school after primary education.

Apart from low enrolment rate, Irigoyen added: “The education sector infrastructure also deteriorated and was neglected. In 1997, the Federal Ministry of Education – while on a nationwide tour of the country’s schools – allegedly stated that ‘the basic infrastructure in schools such as classrooms, laboratories, workshops, sporting facilities, equipment, libraries were in a state of total decay’. The physical condition of most schools was reported to be pathetic” (sic).

As part of measures to address the challenges in the education sector and as well respond to the global demand to provide education for all, the federal government under President Olusegun Obasanjo launched the Universal Basic Education (UBE) Programme on September 29, 1999, in Sokoto State.

The programme rather took off in April 2004 due to legal issues. It was designed as a nine-year national basic education programme with the objective of eliminating illiteracy, ignorance and poverty as well as stimulating and accelerating national development, political consciousness and national integration.

N8.5BN: The Untold Story of IMSUBEB Contracts By Collins Ughalaa.
Sen. Hope Uzodinma; Executive Governor of Imo State, Nigeria

The UBE, therefore, provides for six years of primary school and three years of Junior Scondary School. Part of the mandate of the UBE is to provide “free, universal and compulsory basic education for every Nigerian child aged 6-15 years”. By the end of the 9-year programme culminating at the JSS3, a student is adjudged literate – that is, being able to read and write.

To coordinate the robust UBE Programme nationwide the federal government created a counterpart funding programme where state governments were required to establish an agency that would house the programme in their respective states. Imo State bought into the programme and in turn created the Imo State Universal Basic Education Board (IMSUBEB) as required by the UBE regulation.

Through the IMSUBEB the Imo State government responds to the challenges in the education sector. As required by the UBE regulation, IMSUBEB does not work in isolation but in partnership with the UBEC.

However, recently there has been a buzz in the media over alleged refusal of the Governor Hope Uzodimma led government in Imo State to pay the contractors that were allegedly awarded contracts by the Imo State Universal Basic Education Board (IMSUBEB) during the last administration.

The contractors claim they have done their jobs, or are still on them, but the state government has refused to pay them. They also claimed that the state government does not want to pay them for political reasons. These claims are far from the truth as those pillorying the state government for refusing to pay IMSUBEB contractors are being economical with the truth.

N8.5BN: The Untold Story of IMSUBEB Contracts By Collins Ughalaa.
Prof. Mathew Obioma Iheduru; Executive Chairman, IMSUBEB

Our independent findings show that there is no partisan consideration in the travails of the contractors, rather their ordeal is caused by a fundamental error caused by those who awarded the contracts, which the government says is unacceptable. Moreover, the non-payment of the contractors did not begin with the Governor Uzodimma led government but with the PDP government that awarded the contracts. The reason, we gathered for the non-payment is that the award of the contracts did not follow due process.

We gathered that even though IMSUBEB had placed advertisement in the newspapers calling for the submission of tenders to the agency for the contract said to worth N8.5BN, the Due Process Committee in IMSUBEB which has the statutory role of recommending contracts and monitoring the entire contract award process never met and never recommended any contract to be award.

A friend; Greg Nwadike, in his several articles on the issue admitted that the only procedure followed was the newspaper advertisement. We understand that before anything else, the Due Process Committee meets and decides the contracts to be awarded, but this was never done.

Ironically, the contractors believe that the newspaper advertisement means that the contract award process followed due process. “The jobs (2016 and 2017 Action Plan) awarded to us by the immediate past administration of Rt. Hon. Emeka Ihedioha followed due process. Attached herewith is a photocopy of one of the Newspaper publications that carried the job advert”, they said in their letter to UBEC.

Unfortunately, the directors at IMSUBEB did not believe that the newspaper advertisements were enough to satisfy legal requirements for the award of contracts. The directors at IMSUBEB who were statutory members of the Due Process Committee were said to have met the Chairman and briefed him on the violations, but nothing came out of it.

N8.5BN: The Untold Story of IMSUBEB Contracts By Collins Ughalaa.
A Soldiers Story Movie out in the Cinemas this December

Apart from the initial violations, the IMSUBEB contract award process went deeper into violating extant regulations. We further gathered that apart from the Opening of Bids Ceremony, there was no bidding for the contracts, rather the contracts were said to have been given to influential party members, top government officials and politicians in the state.

Greg Nwadike admits this fact also in his article of Wednesday, 27 May 2020. “It should be noted that these contracts were also won by most of the politicians who are today members of the Uzodinma’s political family. Of note are the … members of the Imo state House of Assembly who personally grabbed these jobs, sold them to these professional contractors”, he said.

The members of the Due Process Committee had expressed shock over the manner the contractors were selected, alleging that the contractors were arbitrarily selected and that the names of the contractors were kept in secret and were never published in any newspaper or posted on the Board’s Notice Board, in keeping with the rules of transparency.

Not satisfied with the process, therefore, the directors were said to have met the Chairman for the umpteenth time, pointing out the further violations to him. And following the said violations that characterised the award of the contracts the directors refused to process papers for the payment or mobilization of the contractors. This was where the problem began.

Aware of the problem, the powers that be were said to have assured the contractors not to worry, that they would be paid, nevertheless, as there were plans to either transfer the “stubborn” directors or sack them to pave the way for the payment of the contractors and “smooth operation of IMSUBEB”.

N8.5BN: The Untold Story of IMSUBEB Contracts By Collins Ughalaa.

In their letter to UBEC, mentioned above, the contractors agreed that they started work without mobilization fee. “We have attained different milestones without mobilization”, they admitted. The only reason they started work without mobilization fee was because the directors refused to process their payment papers and they were assured of their payment by the powers that be. By this time, Uzodimma was not the Governor of Imo State.

Contrary to the media buzz, therefore, the logjam in the payment of the contractors which started with the last administration was not resolved until the end of that administration on Tuesday, January 14, 2020. Governor Hope Uzodimma merely inherited the problem. The State Assembly, seeing the same irregularities recommended that the contracts be voided.

A worker deserves his wages, no doubt, but we cannot build something on nothing or adopt irregularity as state mantra. Therefore, there is no reason to vilify the Governor for insisting that the right thing be done.

Recently, the Governor scrapped the law that provided pensions for former governors, deputy governors, speakers and deputy speakers of the state assembly. More interesting is the fact that the Governor would have benefitted from the law upon leaving office. But he chose to sacrifice his legitimate personal privileges just to ensure that the right thing is done.

The Governor made the sacrifice not because some people put him under pressure. No one even recognized that such a law posed any serious financial burden on the state until when the House passed the bill abrogating it. It was a forgotten matter. Business as usual would rather suggest that the Governor continued in the trajectory he met. But he chose otherwise.

It’s painful that the contractors are caught in this web. But seeing the broader picture would recommend that we encourage the Governor and not vilify him.





Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Collins Ughalaa and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”






IHEDIOHA & IMO PDP DEFECTORS: Very Interesting Rehearsal for Gov. Uzodinma

By Sam Onwuemeodo.

In my open letter to Chief Emeka Ihedioha, dated May 27, 2019; two days to his inauguration as the Executive Governor of Imo State, I solemnly told him, not to be carried away or be intoxicated by the avalanche of accolades and beautifully worded Congratulatory Messages that had greeted his governorship.

I reminded him that, there was no humiliation or criticism or attack or disappointment Rochas Okorocha experienced that he would not experience. Afterall, Okorocha had received accolades or Commendations and fantastic Congratulatory Messages, perhaps, more than those before him.I was very frank. I didn’t speak in tongues. I didn’t soliloquize. I was sincere. I had also told Governor Hope Uzodinma, a similar thing, in my open letter to him, on March 27, 2020.

Today, Ihedioha can tell better. In less than three months, after he was Sacked as governor, by the Supreme Court, he has become a toy in the hands of the same elements that had held him in a very esteem, when the tap was running. Some key officers of his party, the PDP in Imo, have resigned, both their Positions in the Party and their memberships, respectively, claiming to have done so because of him.

And the governor, Senator Uzodinma, was reported to have received the defectors personally at the Government House, and by so doing, giving them the honour they never deserved. All things, being equal. Onwa Oyoko has also become the first Executive Governor of the State to receive defectors from a Political Party in the State, at the Sam Mbakwe, Exco Chambers.

What were the reasons for their defections? They said, they had left their Party because of Ihedioha’s high-handedness. They also claimed that, they were coming to add Value to APC. And Value that only existed in their imaginations, which they could not add to PDP. Just follow me closely. We are migrating.

IHEDIOHA & IMO PDP DEFECTORS: Very Interesting Rehearsal for Gov. Uzodinma
His Excellency, Rt. Hon. Emeka Ihedioha was sacked as Imo State Governor by the Supreme Court of Nigeria in January, 2020

In 2003, the Imo PDP and its members gave Ihedioha the ticket, for the Aboh Mbaise/Ngor-Okpala Federal Constituency Seat. He was successful in the main election. He went to the House of Representatives. In 2007, the same Party gave him ticket for the same Position. He went back to the Green Chambers of the National Assembly.

In 2011, the Party equally gave him ticket. He was in the same House for another four years. Add the tenures, you have twelve years he had spent in the House of Representatives, sponsored by the same Party. The Party, made him Chief Whip and Deputy-Speaker respectively, at different times.

In 2015, the Party in Imo gave him the governorship ticket. He Contested against Rochas Okorocha and came Second, in the election. In 2019, the Party again gave him the governorship ticket. And, either by Omission or by Commission, INEC declared him winner. He held sway as governor till January 2020, when the Supreme Court sacked him.

From 2003 to 2020, a simple arithmetic would give Seventeen years. For the Seventeen years, these PDP defectors didn’t see Ihedioha’s high-handedness. They only needed the Green Cap man to lose the governorship, to see his high-handedness. I do not believe them. They can tell their disjointed stories to the marines. None of them resigned, either as an official of the Party or its member.

They stayed put until the man left as governor. And Babatunde Charles Ezekwem in Particular, did not resign as the Chairman of the Party even when the man he had supported in the PDP Primary lost out. I am talking about Senator Samdaddy Anyanwu. He didn’t resign at any Stage. Ihedioha gave him the Chairmanship of Heartland, Football Club. He Collected. Or, took it. He didn’t see the man’s high-handedness.

IHEDIOHA & IMO PDP DEFECTORS: Very Interesting Rehearsal for Gov. Uzodinma
Sen. Hope Uzodinma of Imo State; Executive Governor of Imo State

Ihedioha Created Imo Sports Commission, with one Fan Ndubuoke who is his kinsman, as Chairman, to Checkmate Ezekwem, he never resigned even out of frustration. He held on until Ihedioha was sent Packing as governor. Then his resignation. I do not know how we reconcile some of these pranks.

The same story with Hon. Ahanonu Chibueze Williams, who was the Party’s Youth leader. Again, Damian Opara and Barr. Jerry Egemba, who were the Publicity Secretary and Legal Adviser of the Party respectively. And of course, Chief Ekwegh Chijioke, who was the South-East Publicity Secretary of the Party. They are all fickle minded fellows. Elements like them, can’t build a nation. They can’t be models in an ideal democratic setting or environment. Even in an age-grade scenario.

The governor should have asked his Special Assistant on Protocol, to take them to a fun centre like IBARI OGWA or UWAMGBEDE bar, at World Bank Road, to go and drink to Stupor, in lieu of taking them to the Sam Mbakwe Exco Chambers. I feel for them. Barr. Ezekwem is from Okigwe Local Government in Okigwe Zone. Barr. Jerry Egemba, another major defector, is from Ehime Mbano, LGA, also in Okigwe Zone and Chief Ekweghe who also answers “Pope” is from Isiala Mbano, LGA, equally in Okigwe Zone.

Hon. Ahanonu is from Nkwerre while Hon. Opara is from Ohaji/Egbema LGA. They had also claimed that they joined Imo APC to add Value to it. Which Value? If they could not add Value to PDP where they had stayed for years, what is the guarantee that they would add any to APC? In the 2019 governorship election, Action Alliance (AA) won in Okigwe LGA with 8,469 votes. APGA came Second with 8,365. Then PDP, Ezekwem’s Party came third. And in election, third position is vague. Why didn’t he deliver the LGA to PDP?

In Ehime Mbano, where Barr. Egemba comes from, APGA won with 12,410 votes, followed by AA, with 5,444. PDP also came third. In Isiala Mbano, where Chief Ekwegh comes from, APGA dwarfed other Parties with Senator Ifeanyi Araraume in-charge. In Nkwerre where Hon. Ahanonu comes from, PDP lost in all the elections. Also lost in Ohaji/Egbema where Hon. Opara hails from. So, where are they going to get the Value to add to APC?

IHEDIOHA & IMO PDP DEFECTORS: Very Interesting Rehearsal for Gov. Uzodinma
Ugwumba Uche Nwosu; Imo 2019 Gubernatorial Candidate of the AA

If Ihedioha had remained as governor, would any of them had imagined to leave the Party? Your answer is as good as mine. In other words, they had neither believed in their Party, the PDP nor in Ihedioha. They were just there waiting for ‘food is ready’ announcement. This are ‘feeding bottle’ Politicians. Their defections and their receptions are all rehearsals for Governor Uzodinma.

If these PDP elements could desert Ihedioha they had carried on their shoulders for Seventeen years and nominated him for the governorship of the State for two times, and followed him till January 2020 when he lost the governorship at the Supreme Court, before leaving, then, they would also abandon Uzodinma who they have just come to meet in APC, three months after his Victory.

What is happening at the Panels set up by Ihedioha to probe Okorocha should also be another rehearsal for governor Uzodinma. Almost all those who had appeared before the Panels, both the Contractors and then government functionaries, big and small, have all denied doing the jobs and receiving payments, for which the Panels asked them to come. To them, they have finished with Okorocha. They have no more inheritance in him. It has become a matter of, to your tents, Oh! Israel.

They want to run down Okorocha to gain acceptance from the new landlord at the Douglas House; Governor Uzodinma. One of them admitted that the bank account, money was passed into, is his own. But claimed that he didn’t know that such money was paid into the account. On cross-examination, he admitted that he got the credit alerts. These are the kinds of stories they tell to their audience. They are the bad losers and not Okorocha.

These defectors have not left PDP because of their love for APC or for Uzodinma, or because of their hatred for Ihedioha or PDP. The implication is that, if by tomorrow, Senator Uzodinma loses to APGA or UPP (that’s not my prayer), they will also move, giving reasons. They are always Confronted or threatened by the uncertainties of their personal Political gains. Which is one of the ugly indices of our kind of Politics.

IHEDIOHA & IMO PDP DEFECTORS: Very Interesting Rehearsal for Gov. Uzodinma
A Soldiers Story Movie out in the Cinemas this December

But that of Imo, is becoming disturbing. If you ask me, the manner with which they have defected, remains a mockery of our democracy and would remain largely, Counter-Productive. They never supported Muhammadu Buhari or APC. They never supported Uzodinma or any APC Candidate in their domains. Overnight, they developed Charity for the Party and all those Concerned. I have my doubts.

I tell you a related story. Rt. Hon. Acho Ihim was the deputy-governorship Candidate to Ugwumba Uche Nwosu on the ticket of AA. He saw nothing wrong in the whole setting or arrangement. He was there, until the election came and gone. He waited until the tribunal Confirmed Ihedioha’s election.

Then he left as Nwosu’s deputy in the election and celebrated his exit. And also began to give reasons, he took such action. And nobody could ask him; would you have left, if Nwosu had won the election or won at the tribunal? My worry is that, they tell these sordid stories believing that we would believe them.

Let me further strengthen the debate, using some elders in the State, to make my point. There has never been any government or governor in the State that these particular Imo elders never praised from one radio Station to another. And from one newspaper House to another. Right from the time of Tanko Zubairu as the Military Administrator, to the time of Ihedioha. There is no positive or sweet thing they have said or would say about Uzodinma today, they never said about Achike Udenwa or Ikedi Ohakim or Rochas Okorocha or Emeka Ihedioha. Let me be Contradicted.

At least, I have a functional library to lay hand on any past material I need. These elders in question are magicians. They know when to join a particular government and when to quit. Like I said, they are magicians or fortune-tellers. We are not and do not wish to be like them. Do you know or do you not know that, once a Chief, always a Chief?

That is to say, I remain the Okangaoziri 1 of Mbutu Nwenkwo Autonomous Community, in Aboh Mbaise LGA, even when my traditional ruler, had wasted his time, when he wrote to say that, he had taken back the title he willingly gave to me, also because of this same Ihedioha. My traditional ruler was apolitical. A very nice man. He didn’t want to be left out in the scheme of things. And had wanted to use me to enroll. Echewodu, is an Igbo name. For me, We shall Continue to Clap for Jesus.




Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Sam Onwuemeodo and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”







Ambrose Nwaogwugwu and DSS Action: Matters Arising

By Dan Ugwu.

With the passage of time, pieces of information are emerging with regard to the invitation, detention and interrogation of Mr. Ambrose Nwaogwugwu; the DG of Imo PDP New Media.

The Imo Information Commissioner; Declan Emelumba was alleged to have revealed that Nwaogwugwu and two others, now at large, were the masterminds of some seditious fabrications against the state government, claiming, among other things, that the government had created three Emirates in the state and installed three Emirs.

More so, that the government planned to rename Imo State University after the late Chief of staff to the President; Abba kyari, and lately that the government had approved 15 Almajiri Schools for the state.

As far as am concerned, there is nothing wrong with the DSS inviting any person for some clarifications on allegations. It is neither a bridge of the person’s right nor an intimidation to cow any crusader to silence.

In such development, the suspect has every opportunity to either disclaim the findings or exonerate himself. Where he has no window of escape, the DSS has every right after 48 hours detention as approved by the court to arraign the person where the court will have the jurisdiction to read the charges against him. In Nwogwugwu’s case, lawful process is on display.

Ambrose Nwaogwugwu and DSS Action: Matters Arising
Ambrose Nwaogwugwu; DG, Imo PDP New Media

While the case at hand is coming as shock to many Nigerians is because of the misconception and misunderstanding people have about FREEDOM OF SPEECH AND INFORMATION. This natural democratic freedom does not in any way give citizens the platform to run down government.

Without prejudice to any political party, most of the new age politicians, party supporters and aides think that all there is in opposition is the brazen audacity to cause public disaffection and unrelenting determination to incite the public against the government.

This is why people peddle all sorts of false and malicious information against the government in the guise of playing opposition. Today, secondary school graduates and dropouts, uninformed and armchair informants stage malicious writings and unfounded lies against the person of Muhammadu Buhari and they sell their junk down the suburb, inciting revolt and installing hate in unsuspecting citizens who swallow junk as fact.

Various forms of drawings emerging from cartoonists have also joined in this infamous charade where almost every person has become a journalist.

Today, people have forgotten that even in the face of projected freedom of speech and information, there are still crimes labelled as defamation, libel, calumny and slander in media law. This should evoke a sense of responsibility where people will be responsible for their actions.

Ambrose Nwaogwugwu and DSS Action: Matters Arising
A Soldiers Story Movie out in the Cinemas this December

If Nwaogwugwu is responsible for those defamatory publications, let the law stipulate his guilt, if he exonerates himself, let his freedom be secured. This however, is not a clampdown on social crusading, it is a call to responsibility for one’s action.

We will not fail to report with dismay how governments in Nigeria have lately been using the DSS and police to intimidate and punish people unjustly, and how the Nigerian judiciary has always played out the government template.

The case of Agba Jalingo in Cross River State demanded public outcry before the DSS took the journalist to court where he was granted bail after months. If the DSS carries out her responsibility to the favour of Imo government in Nwaogwugwu’s case, the voice of condemnation will never go silent.

                                             Dan Ugwu is a Social Analyst; he writes from Owerri, Imo State




Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Dan Ugwu and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”







How Christian Mantras are Negatively Impacting the Nigerian Society

By Rita Selman.


How Christian Mantras are Negatively Impacting the Nigerian Society
National Ecumenical Centre, Abuja; The Centre for Christian worship in Nigeria

In the beginning

The first organized and named significant Christian gathering was the Catholic Church. It grew to become as political as it was religious.

There were, and still are, notable pockets of Christian adherents by other names. They were also independent of the Catholic Church.

However, in the sixteenth century the situation changed. A little known German monk and scholar called Martin Luther started questioning some of the practices of the Catholic Church.

The church authorities tried in vain to subdue him. Unfortunately for the Catholic Church, Martin Luther’s rebellion coincided with the face-off between King Henry VIII and the Vatican.

King Henry VIII wanted to divorce his wife (unacceptable in the Catholic Church) and marry the delectable Anne Boleyn. This alignment of issues succeeded in causing a rift within the Catholic Church.

Martin Luther’s followers became known informally as Protestants. They make up the Christian denominations namely; Methodists, Lutherans, Anglicans, Baptists, etc of today.

With time, another upheaval occurred within the Catholic and Protestant churches which resulted in the movement known as Pentecostalism.

Pentecostals concentrate on the gifts of the Holy Spirit and see themselves as having access to powers outside the realm of mortals.

The birth of Pentecostalism in Nigeria

The Pentecostal movement in Nigeria may trace its growth to the likes of Joseph BabalolaPa Josiah AkindayomiRev Uma Ukpai and Bishop Benson Idahosa.

How Christian Mantras are Negatively Impacting the Nigerian Society
Late Archbishop Benson Idahosa inspired a generation

The movement’s method of choice in the beginning was evangelical crusades. The preachers won souls for Christ and healed the sick.

These early Nigerian Pentecostal preachers established churches, but the churches were not their sole “call cards” (so to say).

The preachers’ goal was conversion of sinners. The tracts their members handed out did not have categorical instructions to “worship” with them at THEIR church.

The changing Pentecostal narrative

The Pentecostal movement in Nigeria has always participated in the political and religious affairs of the nation. They do this for the good of the Church and the society at large.

But as time went on, the Pentecostal narrative changed.

In the early days, the messages of these Pentecostal preachers were outright criticisms of the Catholic Church and her doctrines. Perhaps the movement was still reeling from the memory of the unpleasant divorce from the mother Church,

For instance, the notion of purgatory – a kind of stop-over for dead people – did not sit well with Pentecostals.

The movement copiously quoted Bible verses to counter the idea of Purgatory. Hebrews 9:27 became the go-to phrase to challenge the position of the Catholic Church on this particular doctrine.

But with time, the verse, “And it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment” (Hebrews 9:27, KJV) faded in regular discourse as did the frequency of the soul-winning crusades.

They gave way to mega-churches and the assurance of Philippians 4:19: “But my God shall supply all your need according to his riches in glory by Christ Jesus” (KJV).

Philippians 4:19 would not be the last to be heartily embraced by the Pentecostal world. Other popular phrases include “no weapon fashioned against me shall prosper” and later; “it’s not my portion”.

All about the satisfaction of self

As the Pentecostal churches grew bigger, the previous narratives gave way to “destiny helpers”, to “highly favoured”, to “divine wealth”. These mantras mostly emphasize the satisfaction of self here on earth, usually by some miraculous happenstance and not persistent effort.

How Christian Mantras are Negatively Impacting the Nigerian Society
We can wait for destiny helpers to locate us

These “catch-phrases” for want of a better description, are no more dangerous than a therapist saying, “you are special” to a patient in order to help the patient’s self-esteem issues.

The problem arises when the recipients of these mantras are ill-educated, impressionable congregants. They are like the child that can’t decide between the chocolate ice cream and a pizza.

They want both so they hover between the practices of their ancestors and the new way of worship that promises them heaven on earth.

The danger is in plain sight

In the propagation of God’s word in Nigeria in present times, English language has become the enemy. Of course, we should be mindful of our utterances as continuously repeated words can take on a life of its own.

But we also forget that English language is a second language to us with figurative speech and idiomatic expressions.

The English language has been twisted so much in religious discourse in the present Nigerian society that a woman at the end of the line at an ATM refuses to answer the polite question of whether she is the last in line. And the bystanders admonish the enquirer that the woman can never be “last in line” as that would mean she was using her own mouth to affirm that she would always be last which somehow translates to failure, poverty, etc.

This same “bastardization” of the English language is the reason why a parent storms a school to demand that her child be removed from JSS 1F, insisting that anything “F” stands for failure.

All these might appear to be harmless human foibles, but these beliefs and actions beget a society where a father poisons his children to death because a pastor told him the children were witches and responsible for his travails.

Something in a name?

Maybe there’s something in a name, maybe not.

In the past, African parents, unlike their western counterparts, named their children after events and festivals. It may also be a happy occurrence, a desire, a fear, a bountiful harvest, an era of famine, a calamity, position in the family, realized or unrealized wish, a market day, etc. Sometimes a parent would name their child after a personal god or deity.

Presently, African parents choose names from the Bible (or plain English names) for their children. But as mentioned two sub-headings ago, the continuous “favour”, “fortune”, “success” messages of the Pentecostal movement have taken unchallenged residence in the consciousness of the people.

Let’s name everybody Favour and Goodluck

These words have made major impressions that parents are naming their children Favour, Miracle, Goodluck, Fortune and so on. They do this in the belief that the children’s lives will be a manifestation of these names. In every ten children, five bear Favour and two may be named Goodluck or Success.

However, for every Miracle that wins a pot of gold at a game show, and for every Goodluck Jonathan that beats the odds to attain a lofty position, so also there is a Success or Fortune deservedly cooling his heels in prison.

How Christian Mantras are Negatively Impacting the Nigerian Society
Former President Goodluck Jonathan went from being a schoolboy with no shoes to the leader of over 180 million people.

How goes it Yul?

By the way, Yul Edochie, you are a responsible father and husband, a successful movie star and a former gubernatorial aspirant, how is the decidedly unchristian name “Yul” working out for you?

By all means let’s name our children Favour. But isn’t the idea that we are “highly favoured” preventing us from working harder because we believe it is not how hard we work but how highly we are favoured?

Is favour not the term we use in testimonies when someone more qualified for a job is passed over for us because of our connections?

Is the idea of a destiny helper not the reason why we don’t go the extra mile believing all we need is for a destiny helper to locate us?

In other words, is “favour” not one of the ways that Christian mantras are ruining the Nigerian society?

It’s not my portion

Another mantra that directly originated from the Pentecostal movement is, “It is not my portion”. It is used to exclude all manners of negative circumstances from one’s life.

For instance, “It is not my portion to be sick”, It is not my portion to be poor”, “It is not my portion to be in an accident”, etc.

There’s surely nothing wrong with having a positive mantra to live by; in fact, everyone should have one or three.

But could this particular mantra be the reason we can’t be bothered about our rights as citizens of Nigeria? Why should we demand for hospitals from our government since it is not our portion to use it? To put it plainly: e no concern us.

We proclaim that “we have light” even when the electricity supply is non-existent. We do this because we are not supposed to pronounce anything negative or else it becomes reality.

Although our system of education is so bad that it cannot be recommended to a classroom of monkeys, we dutifully say “it is well”.

How Christian Mantras are Negatively Impacting the Nigerian Society
One of the many roads in Nigeria. (Image Source: Vanguard News)

Who cares about insuring their properties when it is not their portion to encounter natural or man-made mishaps?

Why protest absurdly terrible roads in the country when we have declared that “it is not my portion” to be victims of that bad road?

Who wants a piece of national cake?

Some thirty years ago, the military was in charge of Nigeria. They also had a mantra they lived by. We all knew this mantra to be “chop-I-chop”.

It took root and spread fast. Everybody liked it. Who wouldn’t? It worked like this: you take what you can get from the national coffers, and I look the other way. And you don’t begrudge my own “chopping” also known as sharing of the national cake.

But the problem was that it did not stop there. The mantra permeated all facets of the Nigerian society.

More than thirty years later, the fruits of the “chop-I-chop” lifestyle is evident in numerous rotten government infrastructure. Many hospitals are ill-equipped. The roads are non-existent and educational institutions are even more degraded than those of a country at war.

Gold is refined by fire

Today, we have the Pentecostal mantras of ‘favour”, “divine wealth”, “destiny helper”, etc. They all seem harmless enough. But are we not beginning to see the same unwelcome consequences as that of the military’s mantra?

What do we call the case of a mother abandoning her toddler in the wild because of claims that the child is a witch? Or the children who slaughtered their mother on same accusation of witchcraft?

How Christian Mantras are Negatively Impacting the Nigerian Society
2-year-old Hope was accused of witch craft and abandoned on the streets to die before he was rescued by a Danish Aid worker

Did parents in colonial Nigeria complain to the nuns at the mission schools about their child being in JSS 1F?

Why is every challenge, every set-back, every hiccup, attributed to machinations of “village people” and not the Almighty’s potter’s wheel?

Why are problems not seen as gold being refined by fire? If Thomas Edison was a Nigerian Christian, would he had continued after his second failed experiment to get to the one thousandth? He would likely have gone to church to “bind” the village people who are against his progress.

Is anyone still in doubt that these mantras are negatively impacting the Nigerian society?

  • Source: mashasview.com




Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Rita Selman, first published in mashasview.com, and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”




Hope Uzodinma/Chiji Collins: The Alliance That Works

By Kizito Duru.


Most Nigerians still operate with the knowledge that the legislative arm of government only makes laws and checks the excesses of the executive. You don’t have to blame them. It was what we inhaled as knowledge as primary and secondary school students. But having got higher education, we now know that the legislature does much more. This reality brings to the fore the overwhelming need to update the curriculum of primary and secondary schools in Nigeria.

Only those who saw the need to unlearn, learn and relearn have the broader knowledge on the many duties of the legislature. Sitting at the top of the duties of the lawmakers is their harmonous working relationship with the executive arm to ensure quality governance, anchored on transparency, due process and accountability. While the primary school definition of lawmakers as those who control the excesses of the executive, portrays them as enemies of the executive, the broader knowledge paints the picture of the two arms as partners in progress.

Oftentimes, we celebrate the guts of speakers of a State House of Assembly who oppose the views and ideas of governors. We do not even care to interrogate the ideas to ascertain if it is worth the opposition. We seem to rather enjoy the verbal fisticuffs between the executive and legislative arms of the government, even at the detriment of our state and country. Such unhealthy fisticuffs, for many people, is practical democracy. Anything to the contrary means that the legislature is being controlled by the executive.

While we do not subscribe to the idea of the legislature dancing to the drumbeat of the executive, we exonerate ourselves from those who judge as anti-democracy a smooth and cordial relationship between the two arms of government. For economic, social and political development of any state in Nigeria, a healthy romance should be encouraged between the arms of government. We think this relationship does not call for the speaker to be labeled a rubber stamp of the executive.

In Imo State, the opposition; notably the People’s Democratic Party (PDP), presents a rather ridiculous definition of their job as an opposition party. They criticize even the air Governor Hope Uzodinma and Chiji Collins breathe. While we encourage healthy opposition in the state, we decry opposition that smacks of irresponsibility.

Hope Uzodinma/Chiji Collins: The Alliance That Works
Sen. Hope Uzodinma; Executive Governor of Imo State, Nigeria

Irresponsible opposition is typified when the opposition campaigns against robust understanding and cordiality between the executive and the legislature. Typical of the opposition in Imo State, they have termed the Speaker of the Imo State House of Assembly, Rt Hon Chiji Collins, a rubber stamp, for supporting the vision of the governor.

We recall that the same Speaker they vilify today was the Speaker they promoted on the media as an ideal speaker to work with the immediate past governor of Imo State; Rt Hon Emeka Ihedioha. At that time the PDP believed Chiji Collins was not a rubber stamp, even when he was not reported to have opposed any idea of Rt. Hon Emeka Ihedioha. Chiji Collins was a saint.

Fast-forward to January 14, when the Supreme Court gave the judgement that removed the PDP and Rt. Hon Emeka Ihedioha, Chiji Collins became the devil. They have called him unprintable names for giving the same support he gave to Ihedioha, to Uzodinma. Doublespeak as exemplified by the actions of the PDP is the reason many people say that hypocrites is the new name given to the media hirelings of the party.

The current speaker of the Imo State House of Assembly; Rt. Hon. Chiji Collins, has shown that he is a partner anyone who is desirous of the progress and development of the State would crave. He is a consummate administrator, entrepreneur and politician, with relevant experiences in the educational and technology sectors of the economy.

His more than five years legislative experience will be invaluable in sustaining the landmark programs of the prosperity government. The partnership between the legislature and the executive arms of government is therefore a prerequisite for development in the state. No government succeeds without the cooperation of the various arms of government.

Hope Uzodinma/Chiji Collins: The Alliance That Works
Rt. Hon. Chiji Collins; Speaker, Imo State House of Assembly

Just recently, the Speaker was attacked for his role in the abolishment of a pension law for ex-governors and speakers of Imo State and their deputies. The executive Bill, which got the governor’s assent few days ago will save for the state One billion, three hundred million Naira (1.3bn) annually; et the opposition didn’t see anything good in it. At a time, Nigerians are bemoaning the high cost of governance in the country and states, such bills should be encouraged, as it does not only save cost but would translate to more development in the state.

What’s more? The Speaker and the Governor are the losers in the repealed law as both would not be entitled to the privileges enjoyed by their predecessors at the end of their tenures. This is selflessness and patriotism redefined in the Nigeria concept.

It bears repeating that the Governor of Imo State, Hope Uzodinma, was in the Senate for an uninterrupted eight years, making laws. He is not a neophyte in the act of lawmaking. Both Chiji Collins and Uzodinma prepared themselves for their respective jobs. There is no indication that their loyalty to the constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria can be compromised.

Those expecting Chiji to be working at cross-purposes with the Governor may wait till eternity. The possibility of catching them on the wrong side of the law is slim. Chiji Collins and the members of the House of Assembly understand that everything they do has to be in the best interest of the Prosperity Government and the people of Imo State.

We had said in the past that we should not wish the Governor of our state to fail. We may not agree with him politically, but for the sake of the future and the dire need for our dear state to develop, especially on infrastructure, we should support the Governor to succeed. This, the Speaker and members of Imo House of Assembly have done.

The Uzodimma and Chiji partnership is working. Perhaps it is for this reason we now have the slogan, ‘Chiji 4 Hope,’ signifying the harmonious relationship between the two arms of government.  MAY IMO PROSPER!

  • Kizito Duruis a Journalist, he writes from Owerri, Imo State. Email: durukizito30@gmail.com





Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Kizito Duru and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”





Abolishing Pensions for Ex-Governors in Imo; A Masterstroke From Gov. Uzodinma

 By Kizito Duru.

Gov. Hope Uzodinma of Imo State has brought to an end the pensions and gratuities that accrued to former governors, deputy governors, speakers and deputy speakers in Imo. An executive bill sponsored to that effect got the governor’s assent on Friday, May 22. The governor cited the need to save cost for the state and channel money to other more important programs as one of the reasons he signed the dotted lines on the bill.

While signing the bill into law, the governor said: “As a young state grappling with enormous challenges, it dawned on me that the Imo State Governors and Speakers Pensions and Privileges law No 5 of 2007 was a bad omen. At the age our governors and speakers are leaving office it will not be out of place to assume that many of them will be alive and kicking in the next 15 years or more. This will mean that by then the state will have more than 20 governors and speakers qualified for pensions and privileges”, adding that it was unacceptable to him.

Perhaps, the signing into law of the bill abolishing pensions for former governors, deputy governors, speakers and deputy speakers could have been treated as governor’s routine performance of his duty as the number one citizen of the state, had my friend Ambrose Nwaogwugwu not taken to his Facebook wall to state what he considered the exact amount the governor have saved for the state by signing the bill into law.

Nwaogwugwu said that One Billion and Three Hundred Million Naira (N1.3bn) annually have been saved for the state by that singular act. This figure will amount to Five Billion Two Hundred Million Naira (N5.4bn) for the four years of Gov. Uzodinma’s first tenure.

It is difficult to find a former governor in Imo who is lacking financially. While as governor, they may have invested in businesses that will not only put food on their table but also the table of their children, and even grandchildren. To further service such people with a whopping N1.3bn annually is not only evil but scandalous.

Abolishing Pensions for Ex-Governors in Imo; A Masterstroke From Gov. Uzodinma
Sen. Hope Uzodinma; Executive Governor of Imo State, Nigeria

As noted by the governor, former governors and speakers of the state receive bountiful severance allowance running into millions, hence they can do without the pensions. “It is more so because the same governors and speakers also receive severance allowances, amounting to several millions of Naira, when they disengage from office.

“Severance allowances are targeted at cushioning post public office financial challenges for non-pensionable positions such as Governor and Speaker. How then can the same category of former public office holders turn around to receive pensions?”, the governor wondered.

Noting the financial implications of sustaining the pensions regime for the former governors, speakers and their deputies, the Governor said: “I was alarmed that the financial implications for the state will not only be scandalous but indefensible. My simple calculation told me that there could come a time when the state could be spending more than one third of its resources to maintain former Governors and Speakers.

“This was unacceptable to me, particularly for a state that has not been able to pay the gratuities of many retired public servants.”

While in office as governor, Rt. Hon Emeka Ihedioha did not fail to tell Imo people the pitiable financial condition of Imo State. Nothing has changed since then. In fact, it has become worse. With the COVID-19 pandemic which has crippled global economy, coupled with the all-time low price for crude oil, which is Nigeria’s mainstay, thus affecting the internally generated revenue of both the country and the states, Imo State cannot be in a condition worse than it is in at the moment.

Abolishing Pensions for Ex-Governors in Imo; A Masterstroke From Gov. Uzodinma
Rt. Hon. Chiji Collins; Speaker, Imo State House of Assembly

In this milieu, Gov. Hope Uzodinma’s decision to stop unnecessary expenses by the state government for the overall interest of Imo people is not only timely and audacious, but needful and commendable.

By signing the bill into law, Governor Uzodimma also demonstrated uncommon selflessness. It did not occur to him that himself and the Speaker of the Imo State House of Assembly are the ‘losers’ in this development. Repealing the law that entitled pensions to ex governors and speakers means that both Uzodinma and Collins will not enjoy the largesse when they leave offices as governor and speaker respectively. But both seem not to be bothered by that thought.

Noting this apparent personal loss, the governor said: “It is noteworthy that I am supposed to benefit from this law when I leave office as governor. Yet I called for its repeal. This should leave no one in doubt that I am acting in the best interest of our state and our people. I believe that those of us who have had the privilege of occupying exalted positions must be human enough to resist the temptation of feeding fat on the lean resources of the state at the expense of the people. We must know when to say enough is enough.”

The governor was right to term the pension law, anti-people and fraudulent. In America where we copied our democracy from, after stints in public offices, leaders go back to their professional fields and live a less flamboyant lives. In Nigeria, it is worrisome that while out of offices the former public office holders are further paid from the lean resources of the state.

Despite having the backing of the law, this act is nothing short of fraud. The governor recognised this fact, and he said: “So let no one make any mistake about it. The governors and speakers pensions and privileges law was a bad law that needed to be repealed. it was anti people. It was in bad faith. It was fraudulent.”

Abolishing Pensions for Ex-Governors in Imo; A Masterstroke From Gov. Uzodinma

The Governor added: “I could not condone such a law. History and my conscience will not forgive me if I do. I had no choice therefore but to ask for its repeal as part of my government’s recovery agenda. Yes, I needed to recover the billions of public funds that would have been lavished on a privileged few and plough it back to the more important business of developing our state.

“I am glad that the House of Assembly members saw reason with me and today this offensive law has been repealed.”

There is no gain saying the fact that Governor Uzodimma’s bold step as typified by his repealing of the pensions for former public office holders in Imo State will not only cushion the financial predicament of the state, but will also free some funds that could be channeled for the development of the state. Little wonder those who hardly agree with the actions of the Prosperity Government of Gov. Hope Uzodinma are quick to applaud this noble and wise decision.

  • Kizito Duru is a Journalist, he writes from Owerri, Imo State. Email: durukizito30@gmail.com





Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Kizito Duru and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”




Ajaokuta Steel; Jinxed and Junked?

By Dan Ugwu.

Ajaokuta Steel; Jinxed and Junked?
Ajaokuta Steel Plant

Forty years in the making and $6 billion down the drain, Ajaokuta has been an advertisement of Nigerian government’s limitless profligacy and debilitating incompetence. The project plan was conceived by Prime Minister Abubakar Tafawa Balewa’s government in the First Republic.

The plan was further developed by the military government headed by General Olusegun Obasanjo and handed over to President Shehu Shagari’s administration in 1979, which accelerated its construction.

The project was simultaneously cajoled during President Obasanjo democratic rulership as Bluestar Consortium floated by Aliko Dangote, Femi Otedola and others caved in. NNPC’s management and the Labour Unions were to pressurize President Umaru Musa Yar’adua’s administration to scuttle the deal. The project further went to its dreamland under Goodluck Jonathan.

This time, the Federal Government has again set up the Ajaokuta Project and Implementation Team for that purpose as chaired by Boss Mustapha and Uchechukwu Ogah. Granted, government never learns any lesson from so many disastrous investments in huge projects that it cannot manage. Otherwise, it would not be making yet another attempt to do the impossible and needlessly wasting more scarce public funds.

So long as President Buhari is fronting the revival of Ajaokuta, what we would recommend is to look for serious and reputable global steel conglomerates to take over the plant at very generous financial terms. That would encourage them to make the needed investments to complete the plant and get it running.

But still fixated on public ownership of such key industries and lacking the political will to pivot to a new paradigm of private sector-led industrialization process, the government might remain deluded that it can fix the plant and Ajaokuta will still never produce any steel. But in the meantime, we watch in hope.

  • Dan Ugwu is a Social Analyst. He writes from Owerri, Imo State


Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Dan Ugwu and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”




Imo Speaker and The Certificates’ Forgery Allegation; What Gov. Uzodinma Urgently Needs to Do

By Sam Onwuemeodo.


THE principles of Separation of Power also talk about checks and balances. They were all parts of the lessons in Government as a subject at the Secondary School level. In our days, one of the popular government books was, “Essentials of Government, For West Africa”, written by Francis Adigwe; Solicitor and Advocate of the Supreme Court of Nigeria.

That was the level we began to learn about the three arms of Government. Ditto, the Executive, the Legislature, and the Judiciary. We were told that each of the three arms is expected to be independent, but aside acting as “police” on each other, the appetite for good governance also makes their functions interwoven.

None, is in reality, independent of the other. The Executive funds both the Legislature and the Judiciary. The legislature makes the laws and can also impeach the head of the Executive. The Judiciary interprets the laws enacted by the legislature and can also invalidate the actions of both the Executive and the Legislature.

In our time, I preferred History to Government. You remember KBC Onwubiko’s History one and two talking about Mali and Ghana empires; their Rise and Fall, very interesting. So, whatever happens to any of the arms or whatever that is happening in any of the branches of government, could affect the other arms, either overtly or covertly, positively or negatively.

You can imagine where I am going from here. The Speaker of the Imo State House of Assembly; Rt. Hon. Chiji Collins, and the disturbing allegation of Certificates’ forgery against him are the issues. And what Governor Hope Uzodinma needs to do in the Circumstance. And from all indications, the Speaker appears not to know what to do or how to go about the whole thing.

Imo Speaker and The Certificates’ Forgery Allegation; What Gov. Uzodinma Urgently Needs to Do
Rt. Hon. Chiji Collins; Speaker, Imo State House of Assembly

Those who have been following this worrisome allegation right from the outset, could attest that it has lingered for so long. And the man at the centre of the whole debate is not helping matters. The allegation also survived or outlived the Seven months government of Chief Emeka Ihedioha. The allegation too is not an anonymous one. It is not the whistle blower venture. Those behind it, are not only real, but also men of substance with one of them, Hon. Lawman Duruji being Rt. Hon. Collins’ Colleague in the Assembly before now.

Both on the face value and in content, with those behind the allegation, it cannot be wished away. It carries weight. Now, the Speaker has dragged Hon. Duruji and some Media Houses to Court over the allegation. Hon. Duruji has also gone to Court against the Speaker on the same issue.

These are all Civil and Civilized actions especially in a democratic setting. But something more drastic or more urgent needs to be done for the sake of the State, Imo people, the governor and his government. And indeed, for the sake of the Imo Assembly and the Honourable Members.

The issue has gone beyond whether the allegation is true or false. They can sort themselves out in Court since they are already there over the issue. But the situation now demands a very bold Political action or Political solution. And the ball is in the Court of Governor Hope Uzodinma. He must act to save the State from further embarrassment.

In this matter, a stitch in time cannot save nine again. It has gone beyond that level.
The truth, which must be told, is that, if the Speaker, Rt. Hon. Chiji Collins had ever meant business, he would have taken one decisive action to dwarf his accusers. That action would have done him better than Court action.

Imo Speaker and The Certificates’ Forgery Allegation; What Gov. Uzodinma Urgently Needs to Do
Senator Hope Uzodinma; Executive Governor of Imo State

What is that action? He would have showcased the Certificates in Contest, not minding whether such action is advisable or not. If an animal runs anyhow, the hunter would shoot it anyhow. Even, the reported Comment of Hon. Chiagozie Nwaneri; the Chairman of the House Committee investigating the allegation did not also help Rt. Hon. Chiji’s Case. The whole thing points to the fact that the Speaker has a very bad Case.

I have always believed that no smoke without fire. Except that “fire” could be anything. The smoke that comes out from the exhaust pipe of a vehicle or generator could not be caused by fire but we understand the missing link.

Again, I do not also believe that the burden of proof is always on the accuser; yes, to a very large extent. But in some cases, like that of the Certificate forgery allegation against the Speaker, the reverse can be the Case. For me, the burden of proof in this Case is on the accused; the Speaker, because he is the one at the receiving end.

I may be wrong but that should have made the long story or the lingering story short. I have also read that the Institutions claimed by the Speaker to have issued him the Certificates in question have not been able to reply all the Correspondences to them to confirm the Speaker’s Certificates. So, something is fishing or something is wrong somewhere; conspiracy cannot be ruled out.

It was also learnt that Ihedioha had used the issue to hold Speaker Chiji to ransom. Or had gone for the Speaker’s jugular. Hence, the man could not find his feet under Ihedioha. Infact, with the issue he was at the mercy of Ihedioha. But Governor Uzodinma should not be advised to follow Ihedioha’s example, even when it also appears that he has already begun to do same.

Imo Speaker and The Certificates’ Forgery Allegation; What Gov. Uzodinma Urgently Needs to Do

For instance, the tradition has been that the Assembly would screen Chairmen and members of the Interim Management Committees of the Local Governments. But the Governor Constituted the Committee Chairmen and Members and inaugurated them without the Assembly Screening and Confirming them. And the irony of it all was that, the Speaker attended the inauguration.

To say the least, the man needs liberation. Liberation from psychological trauma. Liberation from emotional torture. Liberation from the fear of the unknown. He needs these liberations urgently. And Governor Uzodinma has the anointing oil for these liberations. Rt. Hon. Chiji was not born speaker.

He didn’t come to the Assembly as speaker or to be speaker. He was not also elected by Isiala Mbano people only to become Speaker. So, his becoming Speaker was an act of God, by providence. Call it divine providence if you so wish. And he should not lose or forfeit all he has as a human being in his needless desire or effort to remain Speaker.

Good name is better than riches. Good name or good reputation or image is equally better than position. This allegation has taken toll on the image of the State, the Assembly, Members of the Assembly, the State government and on the entire people of the State.

It has also taken a toll on him and his family. And this is the time to call a spade, a spade. Governor Uzodinma should play the ball in his Court, and not only playing it, but to score goal. And that goal is asking Rt. Hon. Chiji Collins to resign as Speaker. When he does that, calm would be restored both in the Assembly and in the State, generally. It would also be a kind of “Value Added Tax” (VAT) to the government on ground.

Imo Speaker and The Certificates’ Forgery Allegation; What Gov. Uzodinma Urgently Needs to Do
Sam Onwuemodo

The man can Continue with his Court action against his accusers. But his resignation would detach the State from his personal matter. The fact is that allowing him to remain as Speaker has nothing to Credit to the Political “account” of the State, but would rather Continue to debit it. But his resignation would have a lot to Credit to the Political account of the State and its government.

The Speaker should also consider the State and the Twenty-six other Honourable Members of the House. It is not all about him. He should live above board. Which is to resign even without anybody asking him to do so. Those of them who lived long abroad should at times, act like the people they had lived in their areas. They should not be seen to have only brought “Yeemen” home.

He should look beyond his accusers and see the efficacy of quitting that office in the face of the weighty and lingering accusation of Certificates’ forgery against him, including that of NYSC. In case he does not know, staying put as Speaker with the allegation hanging on his head would only make him toy in the hands of his Colleagues and the governor. And that won’t be good for him.

I have always Contended that lean liberty is better than fat slavery. In the face of all these, the Speaker is a “Prisoner” at the moment. Like I had earlier argued, he needs liberation or freedom and urgently too. And that liberation or freedom comes instantly or spontaneously the moment he resigns either on his own or with pressure or advice from outside.

That is the best option or action in the Circumstance. Anything outside this, will ultimately present the Speaker as having gotten maggot-infested fire woods and by so doing, have invited all the species of lizard including Agama lizard, to both breakfast, lunch and dinner.

And with no light at the end of the tunnel for the Isiala Mbano born legislator, who is a brother to two great men from the State. You know the two men. And in Case you do not know them, I am talking about His Excellency, Ikedi Godson Ohakim, and Distinguished Senator Ifeanyi Araraume. They are all “referees” to the embattled Speaker. He is their brother in whom they are well pleased. This particular claim is mine. All in all, we Shall Continue to Clap for Jesus.




IMO SPEAKER CERTIFICATE SAGA: When A Stitch in Time Can’t Save Nine

By Dan Ugwu.


IMO SPEAKER CERTIFICATE SAGA: When A Stitch in Time Can't Save Nine
Rt. Hon. Chiji Collins; Speaker, Imo State House of Assembly

Rt. Hon. Chiji Collins is a household name in Imo State politics now. He is the Hon. member representing Isiala Mbano in the State House of Assembly. He is also the current Speaker of the Imo House of Assembly. The belly-rich Collins was elected to the House on the platform of APGA. Shortly before the inauguration of the 9th Assembly, he decamped to PDP and hobnobbed with then governor, Emeka Ihedioha. Shortly after the Ihedioha’s loss to power, Collins switched to APC to align with Hope Uzodimma. The rest in this category is history.

Our honourable Speaker has been embattled with Certificate saga. In fact, he has been on the spotlight recently. It would be recalled that late last year, a front-page news item carried by Big Truth Newspaper; an Owerri based Tabloid published by one Mr. Modestus Nwankpa came up with an allegation against the speaker of the Imo State House of Assembly, Rt Hon Chiji Collins.

The newspaper accused the speaker of having discrepancies in his academic record which suggest that there could be forgery of his NYSC and PHD certificates obtained. Moment after the publication hit the newsstands, the state legislature was alerted and subsequently issued a summon for the publisher of the Big Truth; Mr. Nwankpa to appear before it for clarification.

Ever since this development, Chiji has been in and out allegations bordering on his credentials. Consequently, the House had in November last year set up an ad-hoc committee headed by a former Majority Leader; Chigozie Nwaneri, to investigate the matter.

Also, a former lawmaker in the state, Lawman Duruji had accused the Speaker of prevailing on the ad-hoc committee to sweep the matter under the carpet, insisting that such attempt would not save him from being prosecuted. According to Duruji, “Quote me, Chiji parades fake credentials, his PhD is fake and he also forged National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) exemption certificate”.

IMO SPEAKER CERTIFICATE SAGA: When A Stitch in Time Can't Save Nine

Unfortunately, ever since the committee saddled with the tasks of unearthing the truth behind this controversy was constituted, nobody can place hands on anything as the outcome of the committee’s finding is yet to be made public. Little wonder, this certificate controversy has eventually snowballed into a full-blown scandal; as the embattled Speaker’s many opponents and the critics are such in a hurry asking him to resign his position.

What are the Speaker’s allegations? Chiji Collins having first obtained HND in Ceramics from the Institute of Art, Reggio Calabria in 1981, Chidi Collins whose documents stated was born on October 27, 1957, and who obtained the qualification at age 24 is unqualified to enjoy an exemption from participating in the compulsory national youth service because he obtained the certificate ahead of his thirtieth birthday as a ground for which suitable individual could be exempted according to the law.

From common analysis then, except Chiji concealed his HND certificate, the allegation holds strong view that there was no ground other than that, which the bearer could be issued the NYSC exemption certificate issued to him dated July 22, 1993. Should this be the case, Chiji Collins then lied under the oath, an act which ought to be brought to justice and sanction upon discovery.

In response, the speaker who has been charged to make his credentials public for scrutiny has not done so. He has rather placed a $10,000 booty on any one who is willing and ready to travel to Italy to verify the authenticity of his academic certificates. Chiji has even indicted some other lawmakers in the state, saying they are currently being investigated over the authenticity of their educational certificates. This is an ugly development in our state polity.

Consequently, Chiji is not alone in this embarrassing certificate allegation in Imo state. Recall that on January 18, 2020, one Mr. Jackson Ude, a North American based journalist had alleged that Senator Hope Uzodimma has a fake result from a Washington University. In a series of tweets on his twitter handle, Jackson Ude alleged that he personally investigated Uzodinma’s claim of having obtained a Washington University Certificate.

IMO SPEAKER CERTIFICATE SAGA: When A Stitch in Time Can't Save Nine

According to Ude, his investigation revealed that the School do not have educational accreditation by any accrediting body in the U.S. More still, he noted that after he exposed the racket in 2012, his accused quickly deleted his academic records from his profile and till date, has not yet made his academic records public.

We will not quickly forget Mr. Ikechukwu Amuka; the former Chief whip and member representing Ideato South State Constituency at the Imo State House of Assembly who was exposed, disgraced and sacked by the election petition Tribunal sitting in Owerri in 2015 on the basis of Certificate fraud, impersonation, forgery and perjury.

Chiji’s matter has dangled in courts. While his accusers sued him for forgery, he has sued them for false accusation. As at December 2019, the matter hit National TV glare with AIT making analysis of the issue. This is a serious issue in Imo state and an affront on the people’s sensibilities and intelligence.

How can Imo state which produces more than 5000 graduates every year be ruled by persons struggling to affirm their academic qualifications? A state with brainy graduates and notable people in the academia and intelligentsia units is being engineered by leaders with questionable academic status.

It is a disservice to fairness. The Speaker owes the nation a duty by explaining the motive behind the deliberate masking possession of a qualification compelling him like every other Nigerian captured under the NYSC Decree 1973 from offering himself to participate in the one-year mandatory service.

READ ALSO: The Truth Gov. Uzodinma Should Know

Already some other stakeholders in Imo have made clear their opinion in the ongoing saga. The matter has lingered, it is advisable for the speaker to resign his post and face his court process which will determine his stay in the hallowed chambers. Such an action even if taken now will be seen as the best attitude coming so late. He cannot be presiding over reputable decisions when he has much Augean stables to clean.


Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Dan Ugwu and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”






The Truth Gov. Uzodinma Should Know

By Obiaku Lancelot Ifeanyi.


Governor Hope Uzodinma as the governor of Imo State seems to be battling negative stereotyping of his person as people tend to judge him by how he became governor. This could account for why most claims he has made about the achievements of his administration so far are easily dismissed as false with a wave of the hand. As much as the opposition can be mischievous at times, there are indications that a greater percentage of the neutrals do not think differently of the Imo number one.

Becoming the governor through the Supreme Court verdict which although does not confer illegitimacy on his governorship has done more to swing opinions against Gov. Uzodinma. He was Senator for eight years, during which he wasn’t so ‘hated’ as he is today.

The question now is, to what extent is he aware that he is extensively ‘hated’? A situation like this calls for the Governor’s close aides and associates to regularly look him in the face and tell him “Oga, our people do not say good of you”.

The Truth Gov. Uzodinma Should Know
Senator Hope Uzodinma; Executive Governor of Imo State, Nigeria

But how many of them would do that? They would rather tell him, “our people are happy.” “The coast is clear.” Onwa, you are unstoppable, you will be here as governor until 2027″. And other comments like these.

Gov. Hope Uzodinma could become the best the ‘new’ Imo State ever had if he is fully aware of what the people he is leading say about him and the extent to which they don’t trust and have confidence in him. By making efforts to prove his credentials and establish himself as one who means well for the state, he would offer good governance which is what it would take to win souls to himself.

Sycophancy will not do Imo State or Gov. Uzodinma’s administration, in particular, any good at this time. The governor’s aides must feed him with the truth always, while he should be discerning and disposed to accepting the truth and heeding good advice.

May Imo prevail!


Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Obiaku Lancelot Ifeanyi and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”






The Madagascan Courage

By Emmanuel Iheaka.


The Madagascan Courage
Late Chinua Achebe

Twice Chinua Achebe was marked for Nigeria’s national honour and twice he rejected it. But not without a cogent reason. Had he not returned to his maker some seven years ago, he would still turn down the honour if it ever comes again. Perhaps, with a stern warning this time to whoever proposes it, never to try it again.

Should there be any attempt for a posthumous one, that will certainly be dangerous. The soul of the ace story teller could spring up from his abode of rest for a protest. His anger against the country may not have subsided any bit.

The issues for which legendary Achebe rejected the honour are still staring the country in the face. In fact, they have assumed a more alarming, deteriorating, deriding and dehumanizing nature. And the present operators appear more clueless and unperturbed than those of the yesteryears.

In 2004, Achebe had turned down an offer by the then President Olusegun Obasanjo to recognize him as a Commander of the Federal Republic (CFR). He hinged his reason for the rejection in a statement he captured thus: “Nigeria’s condition today under your watch is, however, too dangerous for silence. I must register my disappointment and protest by declining to accept the high honour awarded me in the 2004 Honours’ List.”

Seven years later, Goodluck Jonathan returned the award. “The reasons for rejecting the offer when it was first made have not been addressed let alone solved. It is inappropriate to offer it again to me. I must therefore regretfully decline the offer again”, Achebe insisted.

The Madagascan Courage By Emmanuel Iheaka. Late Chinua Achebe Twice Chinua Achebe was marked for Nigeria's national honour and twice he rejected it. But not without a cogent reason. Had he not returned to his maker some seven years ago, he would still turn down the honour if it ever comes again. Perhaps, with a stern warning this time to whoever proposes it, never to try it again. Should there be any attempt for a posthumous one, that will certainly be dangerous. The soul of the ace story teller could spring up from his abode of rest for a protest. His anger against the country may not have subsided any bit. The issues for which legendary Achebe rejected the honour are still staring the country in the face. In fact, they have assumed a more alarming, deteriorating, deriding and dehumanizing nature. And the present operators appear more clueless and unperturbed than those of the yesteryears. In 2004, Achebe had turned down an offer by the then President Olusegun Obasanjo to recognize him as a Commander of the Federal Republic (CFR). He hinged his reason for the rejection in a statement he captured thus: "Nigeria’s condition today under your watch is, however, too dangerous for silence. I must register my disappointment and protest by declining to accept the high honour awarded me in the 2004 Honours’ List.” Seven years later, Goodluck Jonathan returned the award. "The reasons for rejecting the offer when it was first made have not been addressed let alone solved. It is inappropriate to offer it again to me. I must therefore regretfully decline the offer again", Achebe insisted. He refused to be a commander of a failing nation. Or is it a failed nation? I don't think it is the latter anyway. There is still a ray of hope. The father of African modern literature must have felt that Nigeria might not have celebrated him if he had not stepped out of the country to achieve fame. He knew Nigeria certainly would not have recognized that in him lied the treasure of the world. Things Fall Apart which was translated into 50 languages and sold more than 10 million copies would have appeared as ordinary as any other book. If he had told them the entire world would be falling over Things Fall Apart when published, they would tell him to wake from his hallucination. How could you write an English novel that would be highly acclaimed as a masterpiece by the owners of the language? They would ask him. Who is even sure that those who nominated him for the honour had read Things Fall Apart or any of Achebe's books then? It would not be a surprise if the nomination was majorly influenced by the foreign approval and celebration of the book. Nigeria neither appreciates nor encourages its own. The country struggles for a confidence in the ability of its own. The confidence and courage they lacked in giving ear to Dr. Jeremiah Abalaka who claimed he had discovered cure for HIV. For more than two decades, Nigeria could not conduct clinical trial to either prove or disprove the surgeon's claim. All they could do was to dismiss the claim with a wave of hand and even slammed a ban on Abalaka. The reason for such action wasn't far-fetched. Who is a Nigerian to discover a cure for a viral infection that had defied the knowledge of the western world? It is same way they have treated with levity the claim by Prof. Maurice Iwu that his company has the cure for the Covid-19 currently ravaging the world. For more than three months, Iwu has almost shouted himself hoarse about the potency of his drug against the Covid-19 which the World Health Organization (WHO) has declared has no known drug for its cure at the moment. Despite meeting with the Minister of Health and his Science and Technology counterpart months ago, the authorities are still not emboldened to quickly look into the claim as to ascertain its potency and veracity or otherwise. To make it easy, Iwu, a Professor of Pharmacognosy, notified the authorities that two of the major active ingredients of the drug had already been approved by NAFDAC and had been in use since 2016. What is needed is to repurpose the drug. But the authorities lack the courage because a Nigerian is making the claim. Amazingly, same NAFDAC gave its nod to the use of Chloroquine for the treatment of the Covid-19 and went ahead to ask companies known for production of the hitherto banned drug to come forward. The nod came less than 48 hours after eccentric President Donald Trump announced the use of Chloroquine to tackle the virus in the United States of America. That was even when Trump spoke without the approval of the American FDA. Imagine Iwu being an American or a Malagasy. Trump or President Andry Rajoelina of Madagascar would have celebrated him. Notwithstanding the controversy and pressure from WHO, Madagascar has stood its ground that its indigenously produced Covid-19 Organics is a cure for the viral disease. Made from Artemisia, an African shrub with long history of tackling malaria and flu, Madagascar was reported to have cleared about 70 percent of its Covid-19 cases. No responsible country would be waiting for an overwhelmed USA, Germany, UK, France, for a drug to rescue citizens dying daily, while one of its own has what could be the remedy? No proactive country will wait eternally for a seemingly compromised WHO to pronounce a treatment or vaccine for the virus. Is it not said that desperate situations require desperate measures? Many countries have reached out to Madagascar for the drug. Beyond saving citizens' lives, Madagascar will also make some good money from such bold step. They believe Iwu's claim of a cure and those of other citizens do not deserve a swift trial, but Nigeria quickly signed up for WHO's vaccine trial. Those involved should stop insulting Nigerians. One thing that appears good about Iwu's drug is that it comes like what would rather detoxify than being toxic. If that is ascertained, it therefore implies it could be taken as a preventative. Nigeria has been locked down enough. I salute the Madagascan courage.
Former President Olusegun Obasanjo of Nigeria

He refused to be a commander of a failing nation. Or is it a failed nation? I don’t think it is the latter anyway. There is still a ray of hope.

The father of African modern literature must have felt that Nigeria might not have celebrated him if he had not stepped out of the country to achieve fame. He knew Nigeria certainly would not have recognized that in him lied the treasure of the world.

Things Fall Apart which was translated into 50 languages and sold more than 10 million copies would have appeared as ordinary as any other book. If he had told them the entire world would be falling over Things Fall Apart when published, they would tell him to wake from his hallucination. How could you write an English novel that would be highly acclaimed as a masterpiece by the owners of the language? They would ask him.

The Madagascan Courage By Emmanuel Iheaka. Late Chinua Achebe Twice Chinua Achebe was marked for Nigeria's national honour and twice he rejected it. But not without a cogent reason. Had he not returned to his maker some seven years ago, he would still turn down the honour if it ever comes again. Perhaps, with a stern warning this time to whoever proposes it, never to try it again. Should there be any attempt for a posthumous one, that will certainly be dangerous. The soul of the ace story teller could spring up from his abode of rest for a protest. His anger against the country may not have subsided any bit. The issues for which legendary Achebe rejected the honour are still staring the country in the face. In fact, they have assumed a more alarming, deteriorating, deriding and dehumanizing nature. And the present operators appear more clueless and unperturbed than those of the yesteryears. In 2004, Achebe had turned down an offer by the then President Olusegun Obasanjo to recognize him as a Commander of the Federal Republic (CFR). He hinged his reason for the rejection in a statement he captured thus: "Nigeria’s condition today under your watch is, however, too dangerous for silence. I must register my disappointment and protest by declining to accept the high honour awarded me in the 2004 Honours’ List.” Seven years later, Goodluck Jonathan returned the award. "The reasons for rejecting the offer when it was first made have not been addressed let alone solved. It is inappropriate to offer it again to me. I must therefore regretfully decline the offer again", Achebe insisted. He refused to be a commander of a failing nation. Or is it a failed nation? I don't think it is the latter anyway. There is still a ray of hope. The father of African modern literature must have felt that Nigeria might not have celebrated him if he had not stepped out of the country to achieve fame. He knew Nigeria certainly would not have recognized that in him lied the treasure of the world. Things Fall Apart which was translated into 50 languages and sold more than 10 million copies would have appeared as ordinary as any other book. If he had told them the entire world would be falling over Things Fall Apart when published, they would tell him to wake from his hallucination. How could you write an English novel that would be highly acclaimed as a masterpiece by the owners of the language? They would ask him. Who is even sure that those who nominated him for the honour had read Things Fall Apart or any of Achebe's books then? It would not be a surprise if the nomination was majorly influenced by the foreign approval and celebration of the book. Nigeria neither appreciates nor encourages its own. The country struggles for a confidence in the ability of its own. The confidence and courage they lacked in giving ear to Dr. Jeremiah Abalaka who claimed he had discovered cure for HIV. For more than two decades, Nigeria could not conduct clinical trial to either prove or disprove the surgeon's claim. All they could do was to dismiss the claim with a wave of hand and even slammed a ban on Abalaka. The reason for such action wasn't far-fetched. Who is a Nigerian to discover a cure for a viral infection that had defied the knowledge of the western world? It is same way they have treated with levity the claim by Prof. Maurice Iwu that his company has the cure for the Covid-19 currently ravaging the world. For more than three months, Iwu has almost shouted himself hoarse about the potency of his drug against the Covid-19 which the World Health Organization (WHO) has declared has no known drug for its cure at the moment. Despite meeting with the Minister of Health and his Science and Technology counterpart months ago, the authorities are still not emboldened to quickly look into the claim as to ascertain its potency and veracity or otherwise. To make it easy, Iwu, a Professor of Pharmacognosy, notified the authorities that two of the major active ingredients of the drug had already been approved by NAFDAC and had been in use since 2016. What is needed is to repurpose the drug. But the authorities lack the courage because a Nigerian is making the claim. Amazingly, same NAFDAC gave its nod to the use of Chloroquine for the treatment of the Covid-19 and went ahead to ask companies known for production of the hitherto banned drug to come forward. The nod came less than 48 hours after eccentric President Donald Trump announced the use of Chloroquine to tackle the virus in the United States of America. That was even when Trump spoke without the approval of the American FDA. Imagine Iwu being an American or a Malagasy. Trump or President Andry Rajoelina of Madagascar would have celebrated him. Notwithstanding the controversy and pressure from WHO, Madagascar has stood its ground that its indigenously produced Covid-19 Organics is a cure for the viral disease. Made from Artemisia, an African shrub with long history of tackling malaria and flu, Madagascar was reported to have cleared about 70 percent of its Covid-19 cases. No responsible country would be waiting for an overwhelmed USA, Germany, UK, France, for a drug to rescue citizens dying daily, while one of its own has what could be the remedy? No proactive country will wait eternally for a seemingly compromised WHO to pronounce a treatment or vaccine for the virus. Is it not said that desperate situations require desperate measures? Many countries have reached out to Madagascar for the drug. Beyond saving citizens' lives, Madagascar will also make some good money from such bold step. They believe Iwu's claim of a cure and those of other citizens do not deserve a swift trial, but Nigeria quickly signed up for WHO's vaccine trial. Those involved should stop insulting Nigerians. One thing that appears good about Iwu's drug is that it comes like what would rather detoxify than being toxic. If that is ascertained, it therefore implies it could be taken as a preventative. Nigeria has been locked down enough. I salute the Madagascan courage.
Dr. Jeremiah Abalaka

Who is even sure that those who nominated him for the honour had read Things Fall Apart or any of Achebe’s books then? It would not be a surprise if the nomination was majorly influenced by the foreign approval and celebration of the book.

Nigeria neither appreciates nor encourages its own. The country struggles for a confidence in the ability of its own. The confidence and courage they lacked in giving ear to Dr. Jeremiah Abalaka who claimed he had discovered cure for HIV.

For more than two decades, Nigeria could not conduct clinical trial to either prove or disprove the surgeon’s claim. All they could do was to dismiss the claim with a wave of hand and even slammed a ban on Abalaka. The reason for such action wasn’t far-fetched. Who is a Nigerian to discover a cure for a viral infection that had defied the knowledge of the western world?

It is same way they have treated with levity the claim by Prof. Maurice Iwu that his company has the cure for the Covid-19 currently ravaging the world. For more than three months, Iwu has almost shouted himself hoarse about the potency of his drug against the Covid-19 which the World Health Organization (WHO) has declared has no known drug for its cure at the moment.

Despite meeting with the Minister of Health and his Science and Technology counterpart months ago, the authorities are still not emboldened to quickly look into the claim as to ascertain its potency and veracity or otherwise. To make it easy, Iwu, a Professor of Pharmacognosy, notified the authorities that two of the major active ingredients of the drug had already been approved by NAFDAC and had been in use since 2016.

The Madagascan Courage By Emmanuel Iheaka. Late Chinua Achebe Twice Chinua Achebe was marked for Nigeria's national honour and twice he rejected it. But not without a cogent reason. Had he not returned to his maker some seven years ago, he would still turn down the honour if it ever comes again. Perhaps, with a stern warning this time to whoever proposes it, never to try it again. Should there be any attempt for a posthumous one, that will certainly be dangerous. The soul of the ace story teller could spring up from his abode of rest for a protest. His anger against the country may not have subsided any bit. The issues for which legendary Achebe rejected the honour are still staring the country in the face. In fact, they have assumed a more alarming, deteriorating, deriding and dehumanizing nature. And the present operators appear more clueless and unperturbed than those of the yesteryears. In 2004, Achebe had turned down an offer by the then President Olusegun Obasanjo to recognize him as a Commander of the Federal Republic (CFR). He hinged his reason for the rejection in a statement he captured thus: "Nigeria’s condition today under your watch is, however, too dangerous for silence. I must register my disappointment and protest by declining to accept the high honour awarded me in the 2004 Honours’ List.” Seven years later, Goodluck Jonathan returned the award. "The reasons for rejecting the offer when it was first made have not been addressed let alone solved. It is inappropriate to offer it again to me. I must therefore regretfully decline the offer again", Achebe insisted. He refused to be a commander of a failing nation. Or is it a failed nation? I don't think it is the latter anyway. There is still a ray of hope. The father of African modern literature must have felt that Nigeria might not have celebrated him if he had not stepped out of the country to achieve fame. He knew Nigeria certainly would not have recognized that in him lied the treasure of the world. Things Fall Apart which was translated into 50 languages and sold more than 10 million copies would have appeared as ordinary as any other book. If he had told them the entire world would be falling over Things Fall Apart when published, they would tell him to wake from his hallucination. How could you write an English novel that would be highly acclaimed as a masterpiece by the owners of the language? They would ask him. Who is even sure that those who nominated him for the honour had read Things Fall Apart or any of Achebe's books then? It would not be a surprise if the nomination was majorly influenced by the foreign approval and celebration of the book. Nigeria neither appreciates nor encourages its own. The country struggles for a confidence in the ability of its own. The confidence and courage they lacked in giving ear to Dr. Jeremiah Abalaka who claimed he had discovered cure for HIV. For more than two decades, Nigeria could not conduct clinical trial to either prove or disprove the surgeon's claim. All they could do was to dismiss the claim with a wave of hand and even slammed a ban on Abalaka. The reason for such action wasn't far-fetched. Who is a Nigerian to discover a cure for a viral infection that had defied the knowledge of the western world? It is same way they have treated with levity the claim by Prof. Maurice Iwu that his company has the cure for the Covid-19 currently ravaging the world. For more than three months, Iwu has almost shouted himself hoarse about the potency of his drug against the Covid-19 which the World Health Organization (WHO) has declared has no known drug for its cure at the moment. Despite meeting with the Minister of Health and his Science and Technology counterpart months ago, the authorities are still not emboldened to quickly look into the claim as to ascertain its potency and veracity or otherwise. To make it easy, Iwu, a Professor of Pharmacognosy, notified the authorities that two of the major active ingredients of the drug had already been approved by NAFDAC and had been in use since 2016. What is needed is to repurpose the drug. But the authorities lack the courage because a Nigerian is making the claim. Amazingly, same NAFDAC gave its nod to the use of Chloroquine for the treatment of the Covid-19 and went ahead to ask companies known for production of the hitherto banned drug to come forward. The nod came less than 48 hours after eccentric President Donald Trump announced the use of Chloroquine to tackle the virus in the United States of America. That was even when Trump spoke without the approval of the American FDA. Imagine Iwu being an American or a Malagasy. Trump or President Andry Rajoelina of Madagascar would have celebrated him. Notwithstanding the controversy and pressure from WHO, Madagascar has stood its ground that its indigenously produced Covid-19 Organics is a cure for the viral disease. Made from Artemisia, an African shrub with long history of tackling malaria and flu, Madagascar was reported to have cleared about 70 percent of its Covid-19 cases. No responsible country would be waiting for an overwhelmed USA, Germany, UK, France, for a drug to rescue citizens dying daily, while one of its own has what could be the remedy? No proactive country will wait eternally for a seemingly compromised WHO to pronounce a treatment or vaccine for the virus. Is it not said that desperate situations require desperate measures? Many countries have reached out to Madagascar for the drug. Beyond saving citizens' lives, Madagascar will also make some good money from such bold step. They believe Iwu's claim of a cure and those of other citizens do not deserve a swift trial, but Nigeria quickly signed up for WHO's vaccine trial. Those involved should stop insulting Nigerians. One thing that appears good about Iwu's drug is that it comes like what would rather detoxify than being toxic. If that is ascertained, it therefore implies it could be taken as a preventative. Nigeria has been locked down enough. I salute the Madagascan courage.
Former President Goodluck Jonathan of Nigeria

What is needed is to repurpose the drug. But the authorities lack the courage because a Nigerian is making the claim. Amazingly, same NAFDAC gave its nod to the use of Chloroquine for the treatment of the Covid-19 and went ahead to ask companies known for production of the hitherto banned drug to come forward.

The nod came less than 48 hours after eccentric President Donald Trump announced the use of Chloroquine to tackle the virus in the United States of America. That was even when Trump spoke without the approval of the American FDA.

Imagine Iwu being an American or a Malagasy. Trump or President Andry Rajoelina of Madagascar would have celebrated him. Notwithstanding the controversy and pressure from WHO, Madagascar has stood its ground that its indigenously produced Covid-19 Organics is a cure for the viral disease. Made from Artemisia, an African shrub with long history of tackling malaria and flu, Madagascar was reported to have cleared about 70 percent of its Covid-19 cases.

The Madagascan Courage By Emmanuel Iheaka. Late Chinua Achebe Twice Chinua Achebe was marked for Nigeria's national honour and twice he rejected it. But not without a cogent reason. Had he not returned to his maker some seven years ago, he would still turn down the honour if it ever comes again. Perhaps, with a stern warning this time to whoever proposes it, never to try it again. Should there be any attempt for a posthumous one, that will certainly be dangerous. The soul of the ace story teller could spring up from his abode of rest for a protest. His anger against the country may not have subsided any bit. The issues for which legendary Achebe rejected the honour are still staring the country in the face. In fact, they have assumed a more alarming, deteriorating, deriding and dehumanizing nature. And the present operators appear more clueless and unperturbed than those of the yesteryears. In 2004, Achebe had turned down an offer by the then President Olusegun Obasanjo to recognize him as a Commander of the Federal Republic (CFR). He hinged his reason for the rejection in a statement he captured thus: "Nigeria’s condition today under your watch is, however, too dangerous for silence. I must register my disappointment and protest by declining to accept the high honour awarded me in the 2004 Honours’ List.” Seven years later, Goodluck Jonathan returned the award. "The reasons for rejecting the offer when it was first made have not been addressed let alone solved. It is inappropriate to offer it again to me. I must therefore regretfully decline the offer again", Achebe insisted. He refused to be a commander of a failing nation. Or is it a failed nation? I don't think it is the latter anyway. There is still a ray of hope. The father of African modern literature must have felt that Nigeria might not have celebrated him if he had not stepped out of the country to achieve fame. He knew Nigeria certainly would not have recognized that in him lied the treasure of the world. Things Fall Apart which was translated into 50 languages and sold more than 10 million copies would have appeared as ordinary as any other book. If he had told them the entire world would be falling over Things Fall Apart when published, they would tell him to wake from his hallucination. How could you write an English novel that would be highly acclaimed as a masterpiece by the owners of the language? They would ask him. Who is even sure that those who nominated him for the honour had read Things Fall Apart or any of Achebe's books then? It would not be a surprise if the nomination was majorly influenced by the foreign approval and celebration of the book. Nigeria neither appreciates nor encourages its own. The country struggles for a confidence in the ability of its own. The confidence and courage they lacked in giving ear to Dr. Jeremiah Abalaka who claimed he had discovered cure for HIV. For more than two decades, Nigeria could not conduct clinical trial to either prove or disprove the surgeon's claim. All they could do was to dismiss the claim with a wave of hand and even slammed a ban on Abalaka. The reason for such action wasn't far-fetched. Who is a Nigerian to discover a cure for a viral infection that had defied the knowledge of the western world? It is same way they have treated with levity the claim by Prof. Maurice Iwu that his company has the cure for the Covid-19 currently ravaging the world. For more than three months, Iwu has almost shouted himself hoarse about the potency of his drug against the Covid-19 which the World Health Organization (WHO) has declared has no known drug for its cure at the moment. Despite meeting with the Minister of Health and his Science and Technology counterpart months ago, the authorities are still not emboldened to quickly look into the claim as to ascertain its potency and veracity or otherwise. To make it easy, Iwu, a Professor of Pharmacognosy, notified the authorities that two of the major active ingredients of the drug had already been approved by NAFDAC and had been in use since 2016. What is needed is to repurpose the drug. But the authorities lack the courage because a Nigerian is making the claim. Amazingly, same NAFDAC gave its nod to the use of Chloroquine for the treatment of the Covid-19 and went ahead to ask companies known for production of the hitherto banned drug to come forward. The nod came less than 48 hours after eccentric President Donald Trump announced the use of Chloroquine to tackle the virus in the United States of America. That was even when Trump spoke without the approval of the American FDA. Imagine Iwu being an American or a Malagasy. Trump or President Andry Rajoelina of Madagascar would have celebrated him. Notwithstanding the controversy and pressure from WHO, Madagascar has stood its ground that its indigenously produced Covid-19 Organics is a cure for the viral disease. Made from Artemisia, an African shrub with long history of tackling malaria and flu, Madagascar was reported to have cleared about 70 percent of its Covid-19 cases. No responsible country would be waiting for an overwhelmed USA, Germany, UK, France, for a drug to rescue citizens dying daily, while one of its own has what could be the remedy? No proactive country will wait eternally for a seemingly compromised WHO to pronounce a treatment or vaccine for the virus. Is it not said that desperate situations require desperate measures? Many countries have reached out to Madagascar for the drug. Beyond saving citizens' lives, Madagascar will also make some good money from such bold step. They believe Iwu's claim of a cure and those of other citizens do not deserve a swift trial, but Nigeria quickly signed up for WHO's vaccine trial. Those involved should stop insulting Nigerians. One thing that appears good about Iwu's drug is that it comes like what would rather detoxify than being toxic. If that is ascertained, it therefore implies it could be taken as a preventative. Nigeria has been locked down enough. I salute the Madagascan courage.
Prof. Maurice Iwu

No responsible country would be waiting for an overwhelmed USA, Germany, UK, France, for a drug to rescue citizens dying daily, while one of its own has what could be the remedy? No proactive country will wait eternally for a seemingly compromised WHO to pronounce a treatment or vaccine for the virus.

Is it not said that desperate situations require desperate measures? Many countries have reached out to Madagascar for the drug. Beyond saving citizens’ lives, Madagascar will also make some good money from such bold step.

They believe Iwu’s claim of a cure and those of other citizens do not deserve a swift trial, but Nigeria quickly signed up for WHO’s vaccine trial. Those involved should stop insulting Nigerians. One thing that appears good about Iwu’s drug is that it comes like what would rather detoxify than being toxic. If that is ascertained, it therefore implies it could be taken as a preventative. Nigeria has been locked down enough. I salute the Madagascan courage.


Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of  Emmanuel Iheaka and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”





Averting The Road To Venezuela



Averting The Road To Venezuela
Femi Adesina; Special Adviser on Media and Publicity to President Buhari

Let’s tell the story of Venezuela, because it bears striking similitude with that of Nigeria.

Just like us, Venezuela is rich in oil, very rich. At a time, the county’s problem was not money, but how to spend it. Just like Nigeria. And quite like us again, the South American country did not look inwards. It planted nothing, did not invest in agriculture, since there was an endless flow of oil wealth. Life was one long Christmas, and it was jingle bells all the way.

But the rainy days came, as they would always come. And the bells stopped jingling. Rain began to beat Venezuela badly. Nowhere to take refuge. It did not buy umbrellas in the time of affluence, so no shelter from the rains.

From the days of the immediate past President, Hugo Chavez, to the current Nicolas Maduro, the country has seen that life is not one long honeymoon. The Egungun Festival would always end, no matter how fun and pleasurable it has been.

From a land flowing with milk and honey, what are the characteristics of Venezuelan life today? Hyperinflation. Starvation. Diseases. Crime and high mortality rates. Massive emigration, the worst in the history of the country.

And the half has never yet been told. By 2017, over 75% of the population had reportedly lost 8 kg (19 lbs) due to hunger. There are interminable food queues, and people even cross the borders, looking for sustenance. At least 94% live in grinding poverty, more than 10% (3.4 million) have left the country, and 25% needed one form of humanitarian assistance or the other.

Averting The Road To Venezuela

How did a country that was once an oasis of pleasure get to this sorry pass? Simple.
Economic mismanagement, sole dependence on oil. More than 70% of food needs were being imported, and why not, since petroleum-dollars were flowing. Then, the crunch came. Oil prices crashed, and Venezuela crashed with it. Just like it almost happened to Nigeria. Almost. If not for a simple man from Daura called Muhammadu Buhari.

Imagine pediatric wards in hospitals filled with underweight babies, who still continue to suck the shriveled breasts of equally emaciated mothers. Close your eyes and try to envision hitherto middle-class adults now rummaging through rubbish heaps for scraps, with the remainder of what used to be neckties now hanging limply over threadbare shirts and suits that have turned to ‘coats,’ looking more like parachutes on thin shoulders.

That was what Nigeria almost became. Almost. And by today, with COVID-19 ravaging the world, all international borders closed, oil prices crashed and external reserves dwindling, that is where we would have been. If God had not brought Muhammadu Buhari our way in 2015.

When he got to office as President, oil prices had crashed from an Olympian height of 100 dollars per barrel (it even went as high as 143 dollars), and then dropped to less than 30 dollars. Where were the savings during the boom years? None. Where were the foreign reserves? Mere pittance. Empty national treasury.

Excess crude oil account, depleted. Nothing in reserve, local or foreign. The Venezuelan situation was at the very doors. But how did we avert it? How did we avoid the journey to Caracas, the capital of Venezuela? President Buhari knew that we had to stave off the evil day by getting to work immediately. Whatever money we had left must be put where our mouth was, otherwise danger loomed.

Averting The Road To Venezuela
The Man from Daura; President Muhammadu Buhari of Nigeria

With a rallying cry, the President urged Nigerians to return to the land. They obeyed. God also showed mercy by giving consistently good rainy seasons back to back. And today, we can count our blessings.

In late 2015, the Buhari Administration came with the Anchor Borrowers Program, championed by the Central Bank. It was launched in Kebbi, and the vision was to grant farmers access to finance, so that they could grow rice, wheat, ginger, maize, soybeans, and many other products.

And what a revolution has been sparked off. When we launched in Kebbi in 2015, it was in a vast open land. When we went back to same state earlier this year for the Argungu International Fishing Festival, the heap of rice was almost touching the sky. We once had groundnut pyramids in this country. Now, they have been succeeded by rice pyramids. Just because a President came, and had a dream. He then turned the dream to reality.

I once visited one vast farm in Nasarawa State run by Nigeria Farmers Group and Cooperative Society. It is promoted by a man named Retson Tedheke, started in 2017, and there you have professionals from different disciplines, engaged in farming. Very impressive. I was told Vice President Yemi Osinbajo had also been there. The place sure is dreamland, and who would have thought a prophet could come from a small town like Nazareth? But it’s happening, right before our eyes. Thanks to the man from Daura.

Each time, as I see palliative materials being handed out at this time of health and economic emergency, and I behold heaps and heaps of bags of rice, all locally grown, I imagine what else could have happened.

Averting The Road To Venezuela

What if we had needed to import, and there was no foreign currency, and all international borders were closed? Hunger ooo. Starvation ooo. Weeping and gnashing of teeth. But we averted the journey to Venezuela. We avoided the trip to Caracas, because a man called Muhammadu Buhari came.

There was a time we imported beans even from Burkina Faso. Rice from Thailand, and from everywhere under the sun. Milk, tomato paste, palm oil, vegetable oil, even toothpick. Everything was imported. Today, we rank highest in Africa in rice cultivation and milling, with over seven million tonnes yearly. Jobs have been created in millions, and food sufficiency has almost been achieved.

Cotton farmers were funded last year to start production. It means a rebound for the textiles sector soon, and jobs and jobs. Fertilizer that used to be imported at hundreds of millions of dollars, with the attendant sleaze that attended it, is now done locally. Nigeria and Morocco are in alliance, and the project is driven right from the Presidency.

Not less than 11 moribund blending plants have been resuscitated, and we now produce about 1.3 million tonnes. Prices of fertilizer have crashed from N15,000 to N5,500 per bag. And set to crash further. Farmers now have direct access to the product, and at affordable prices. Just because a man from Daura had a dream, and turned it to reality.

Agriculture has contributed a great deal to our Gross Domestic Product in the past four years. The private sector has equally keyed in. Dangote Group is already test running a two billion dollars fertilizer plant, which will see us become a net exporter of the product. And many others.

Averting The Road To Venezuela
Venezuela’s President Nicolas Maduro

A presidential aspirant recently described the closure of our land borders as an ‘insane’ policy. May we have many more positive insanities. If President Buhari was not proactive, even prescient, to have closed our borders, where would local farmers be today? Every food product was being smuggled into the country, thus discouraging local initiatives.

And when borders were closed, apart from the security benefits, local production of food items thrived-rice, poultry, vegetables, tomatoes, other food products boomed. Yet, somebody says it’s ‘insanity,’ because the selfish interests of buccaneers were affected. More of such insanities, please.

The Coronavirus pandemic is severely testing our capacities to feed ourselves. And we are making a good showing, acquitting ourselves creditably.

Despite the crash in the global economy, we are continuing with key infrastructure projects, not borrowing to pay salaries as we did in the height of the 2014 oil boom. An army of entrepreneurs is being created in different spheres. All because a man from Daura had a dream, and turned it to reality. May God bless this man. Amen, somebody!

Harry Belafonte, King of Calypso music, sang the hit track,

Matilda. “Hey! Matilda, Matilda, Matilda, she take me money and run Venezuela. Five hundred dollars, friends, I lost Woman even sell me cart and horse! Heya! Matilda, she take me money and run Venezuela.”

But now that Venezuela is the way it is, with President Maduro striving day and night to turn things round, where will Matilda run to? Nigeria, I guess.

*Adesina is Special Adviser on Media and Publicity to President Buhari


Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of  Femi Adesina and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”


COVID-19: Blame Game not Able to Save Lives  

By Zhong Sheng.


The exacerbating COVID-19 pandemic is taking lives around the world. However, some U.S. politicians, including Secretary of State; Mike Pompeo, are “cooperating” with right-wing media outlets such as the Fox News to cover their incapability of pandemic response and shift blames to others.

They spread the rumor that the virus was man-made and escaped the Wuhan Institute of Virology, saying China covered up pandemic information. They even accused the World Health Organization (WHO) of delaying virus response.

It is reported that according to a Republican strategy memo, the party now sees attacking China as an opportunity to buoy their chances in the 2020 election. However, such political manipulation exactly revealed their vicious intentions.

The origin of the novel coronavirus is a serious and scientific issue that calls for meticulous and professional investigation from scientists. The “patient zero” of the 1918 influenza pandemic that originated in the U.S. is still not found today despite over a hundred years of searching.

COVID-19: Blame Game not Able to Save Lives

So how can the U.S. politicians and right-wing media be so certain about the source of COVID-19? As a matter of fact, their theory that the virus was man-made and leaked has encountered immediate and unanimous opposition from the science world, including American medical experts.

Authoritative academic journals such as The Lancet and Nature Medicine published articles underlining the natural origin of the virus, and a medical expert remarked that focusing on the origin of the virus rather than saving the people, is nothing different from murder. Those who attempt to only gain political benefits from disasters will only live in infamy.

Conspiracies can’t exist under sunshine. U.S. independent news site; The Grayzone published an article revealing how conservative journalists cooperated with the U.S. government, as well as the making and spread of their conspiracy theories.

Vincent Racaniello, a professor of microbiology and immunology at Columbia University pointed out the lab leak theory is driven by politics and not science-based. Virologist, Jason Kindrachuk from the Canadian University of Manitoba also said on Forbes that the escape theory lacks scientific supporting.

COVID-19: Blame Game not Able to Save Lives
US Secretary of State; Mike Pompeo

Shifting the blames to China isn’t all that the American politicians have done, and now they are passing the buck to the WHO. Rather than having a look back on their disastrous response to the pandemic, they attributed the spread of the virus in the U.S. to the so-called delayed informing from China and the UN health body.

It’s been recognized that China has always kept its information open and transparent, and the country has reported to the WHO and relevant U.S. organizations on Jan. 3. Besides, the WHO also released information to the world at the first opportunity, without any delay.

Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou all reported their first infection on Jan. 20, and that of the U.S. came only one day after. However, the virus developed in totally different ways in the two countries.

A joint letter was recently submitted to the White House by over 1,000 medical associations, charity organizations, pharmaceutical companies and experts around the world, saying the WHO and the Chinese government have always maintained close cooperation to make sure that they report public health data to the international society as early as possible.

COVID-19: Blame Game not Able to Save Lives

China shared the genetic sequence of the novel coronavirus at the first opportunity, which laid a basic foundation for accelerating vaccine development.

Editor-in-chief of The Lancet Richard Horton told the truth. The inaction that followed the WHO’s emergency declaration, he said, was down to member states and not to China, adding that the world should be grateful to the country for its warnings and containment efforts.

The U.S. is currently the most hit-hard region in the world where the response failures of the government have sparked strong dissatisfaction of the society. However, some U.S. politicians, attempting to diver the blames, resorted to “red herring” though the situation is clear enough for all. They bragged their so-called achievements to the U.S. citizens while spreading rumors to the world.

The 57-page strategy document distributed by the Senate Republican campaign arm focused on one thing – to pass the buck to China.

Global scientists are concerned, as the rampant virus is new to this world and it takes time before vaccines are developed and people can finally get rid of its impacts on lives and health. Only mutual assistance can help the world get through the hard time, and only cooperation and solidarity can enable the world to better cope with challenges.

“While American leaders play the blame game, more lives are being endangered,” said Singaporean newspaper The Straits Times. It is far more productive for the US and its allies to focus on saving lives and working together with China to find an effective vaccine, the newspaper added.

COVID-19: Blame Game not Able to Save Lives

One of the most famous sayings attributed to Abraham Lincoln is about deception: You can fool all the people some of the time and some of the people all the time, but you cannot fool all the people all the time. But his words did not stop those American politicians from believing they can fool the world.

China deserves respect for its efforts and contribution, as it launched an all-out war against the virus, conducted unprecedented lockdown of cities, and tried to treat the patients at all cost. This is obvious to all and will never be changed by political manipulation.

“This time the US must learn from others. Global cooperation and the sharing of best practices is our best hope to get out of this crisis alive and intact,” said Jeffrey Sachs, a professor at Columbia University.

To react to disasters with hatred and stigmatization will not only do nothing to help the U.S. overcome the difficulties, but also place a shadow over the world. In fact, the spiking number of COVID-19 deaths is a result of the inaction and blame game.

The U.S. politicians shall understand that the ignorance of people’s lives is inhumane and that seeking temporary relief regardless of the consequences will finally lead to bad results. The blame game, not matter how disguised, is self-deception. They should place such practices with concrete pandemic response actions, as well as stop speculation and take more responsibilities. Besides, they should also halt instigation and admit their wrong doings. Only by this can they save lives and end the tragedy.

(Zhong Sheng is a pen name often used by People’s Daily to express its views on foreign policy.)


Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of  Zhong Sheng and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”



The Post Covid-19 Realities

 By Okhiria Agbonsuremi.


The Post Covid-19 Realities

Covid 19 has, and will change things forever around the world. Many airlines will not fly again. Some airlines in Europe are already raising the red flags. Many other businesses will not come back unless government will help with some re-start packages.

The economies of some countries will come to ruin. Mono economic nations will suffer most. There will be fresh wealth definitions and distribution. The world order will begin to shift and wise nations will fare better to look inwards rather than the outside for the discovery of their wealth and sustenance.

Some governments will collapse and poverty will hover around those who once depended on corruption, cheap patronages and influence peddling. The reality is here.
It will not be the same again. Infrastructure will suffer and raw crimes will rise.

Nigeria and many third world nations will be hard hit. African nations will learn new lessons and the wise ones will discover their hidden wealths, talents and use of their potentials.
The states to survive in Nigeria will be those that will face the reality and begin collaboration with others to reduce cost.

The Post Covid-19 Realities
Agbonsuremi Okhiria; Executive Director, Progressive Impact Organization for Community Development, PRIMORG

I see many states not being able to pay workers’ salaries in the next few months and the restiveness and agitations will increase. The quest for true federalism will shift from debates to actions.
This is the time Nigeria needs leadership. The alternative will be lawlessness and the battle for survival.

Will the government read the situation well and prepare its citizens for the impending challenges?
Can we begin a re-mapping of our natural resources around agriculture, technology, the people, and our beautiful weather and environment.?

This is the time to get our best brains forward. This is the time to bury our differences and crave for unity like never before. At the level of individuals, we are likely to be on our own. Government will not be able to reach everyone. The world will not, and cannot help us much. We must grow our own solutions.


Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Agbonsuremi Okhiria and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”







COVID-19: Stop Listening to Ignorant People

 By Ucheka Anofienem.

Particularly painful is the conspiracy built around Melinda and Bill Gates. You probably have seen where a certain Femi Fani Kayode was cursing and insulting Melinda Gates while quoting her out of context on ‘dead bodies on streets of Africa’?

What Bill Gates said was that vaccine is the only thing that can stop the coronavirus infection, that it’s important that the whole world should be vaccinated. To him, that’s the safest measure to prevent the spread of the virus. That statement is what had been distorted and Africans particularly have labelled him Antichrist that want to reduce the population of the world and kill Africa with his vaccines.

Is there anybody alive today that has not taken one form of vaccines or another? Stop reading and check your left arm and you will see inoculation scar there. Bill and Melinda Gates foundation have spent over $24 billion to save lives in Africa. Is that the person that wants to kill you?

COVID-19: Stop Listening to Ignorant People
Bill Gates

Since the emergence of this false controversy against Gates many pastors and idle critics across Africa have latched on same misinformation to castigate the couple peddling false accusations and irresponsible falsehood – go online and see for yourself.

Melinda Gates was quoted out of context and these people continue to make reference to that misinformed statement of her saying she sees dead bodies on the streets of Africa.

Belinda Gates was talking about preparation to contain the spread of the virus, and she said that her heart is in Africa, and that she is concerned that if the continent is not assisted with the resources to be ready for the virus that she sees dead bodies on the streets. On that occasion she donated huge sums of dollars to support Africa get prepared.

COVID-19: Stop Listening to Ignorant People
Melinda Gates

As at that time Nigeria just had only one case of coronavirus. Many were still fooling themselves that the disease does not affect blacks. You now know better.

It is unfortunate how Africans think. Pray all you want but if you do nothing to stop the virus it will overwhelm you.

Chinese, and all the Europeans that had died from the pandemic were not all gays. The over 50,000 Americans that had died so far did not die because of atrocities that had never been seen in Africa.

COVID-19: Stop Listening to Ignorant People
Femi Fani Kayode

Religion has nothing to do with this, otherwise the virus would not have come to Africa by any means. But you can see that all the miracle working pastors are silent, and the virus had defied those that dared to prophesy against it.

It is important that you stop listening to influential pastors and ignoramuses fueling conspiracy theories to divert people’s attention to what they should be doing to remain safe and practically protect themselves and their families from this deadly infectious disease.

This is not about government, this is not politics or 5G network, if you are careless because you were listening to a cynical critic undermining government’s effort to find solution to the pandemic you will be infected. God forbid this, but you just have to be careful. It’s all about your health and safety. Be wise!


Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Ucheka Anofienem and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”




What God Maybe Telling the Government in Kyari’s Death

By Dan Ugwu.

Mallam ABBA Kyari did not die in any of the Lagos State COVID-19 isolation centres. The former Chief of Staff died at the First Cardiology Consultants Hospital in Ikoyi area of Lagos State. Kyari who had battled with heart related challenges bowed to death at 67 and may still have done so with some hard feelings.

The reason for this suspicion is not in short supply. Kyari’s health challenges have been treated with mastery in the UK where he gets the best of medical intervention. Perhaps he will regret testing positive to COVID-19 in Nigeria, a situation that later complicated his health problems when international air waves where locked up.

Whatever commendations and condemnations we write as tribute does not change anything for Kyari whose remains have been interred at Gudu. The messages are even for those who write them. If Nigeria has well equipped cardiology centres like Kyari gets in the UK, he may have been set free from death at that point irrespective of his infection.

Just like ABBA Kyari, most Nigerian politicians are bearing the burden of complicated illnesses. Many of them carry on the body systems, irons, single kidney, plastics, while some are subjected to all kinds of medical dialysis associated with suspected edema and anasarca. These sicknesses do not easily kill them because they have access to good health facilities abroad.

What God Maybe Telling the Government in Kyari's Death
Mallam Abba Kyari; Former Chief of Staff to President Muhammadu Buhari of Nigeria

Just last week, the 43-year-old Bayelsa born billionaire politician, Kenedi Okoko died in Lagos while reportedly undergoing a liposuction surgery when electric power went out. On a normal day, Okoko will only fly above Lagos to get the best of his services overseas where light does not go out.

What does God tell us? In his riches, man lacks wisdom (Psalm 49:20). Until our politicians spare a thought for this country and care for it like their property, they will always be caught up in one form of emergency or the other. In Imo for example, Rochas Okorocha who led the state with iron fist made joke of medical facilities.

In all the 27 LGAs, he erected blocks, deceiving the people of constructing 27 General Hospitals within a stipulated time. At Douglas, he also erected a magnificent building named Somtochukwu hospital. None of these dilapidating buildings had the shadow of a health centre. Perhaps the former governor is lucky because he has no single health problem and will never have any.

As it is in Imo, so it is in Yobe State where Governor Buni recently purchased N600m Luxury Vehicles For 14 Emirs despite the fact that some public-school Pupils are still learning in classrooms with leaky roof. The ugly structure stretches across the country. Not until our leaders feel the need to take care of Nigeria, the God of the poor will always be speaking directly to them in mysterious ways.


According to the Lagos State Commissioner of Health, Professor Akin Abayomi, First Cardiology Consultants was however established as a separate specialist wing with staff dedicated to the treatment of complicated cases of COVID-19.


Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Dan Ugwu and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”



How the US Maybe Losing Out to China


By Dan Ugwu.


The year 2020 has been very decisive in the existence of the United States of America. This is coming at a time it is gradually becoming so challenging for the US to retain her place as a global world power, where China the Super power is struggling to rise above her limits.

The challenge of contending the deadly global Corona virus that came November last year is at the centre of this whole drama. With his latest accusation of World Health organization (WHO), the US President; Donald Trump is caught up in a tarrying dilemma.

The provision of aid to troubled nations has underlined America’s prowess as a world power. Being dissatisfied with WHO handling of COVID-19 especially as it relates to China’s involvement, Trump has said his administration will halt funding of WHO in fighting the pandemic.

How the US Maybe Losing Out to China
Bill Gates

What is the implication? China has already caved in, providing global initiative to Asia, Europe and Africa and has expressed willingness to sustain the aid. This does not spell good for Trump who is due for reelection. Already, the Democrats in US are suing Trump for killing Americans in torrents as he was warned in January about this disease, and he chose to label it ‘Chinese virus’.

American business tycoon and money magnet; Bill Gates, has described President Donald Trump’s halting of funding to the World Health Organization (WHO) as very negative to his administration.

Gates in a tweet on his handle, faulted Trump’s decision at a time the world is fighting a pandemic. Even though the Microsoft founder has come under serial tweet attacks, halting funding for WHO during a world health crisis is as dangerous as it sounds.

How the US Maybe Losing Out to China
President of the United States of America; Donald Trump

As we write, China is already penetrating Africa for aid to assert their relevance in our economy above America. In Algeria, China is building 500 capacity health centres; negotiating similar ventures in Zimbabwe and East Africa. Apart from accessing loans, Chinese Exim Bank has under-written huge debts for Nigeria and is still supplying aid.

Do you still think China is joking? No. What is this called? Business and battle for supremacy. Perhaps China’s breakthrough is good news for the US combatants like Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, Yemen, Somalia, Libya and even Niger.

On a sincere note, Trump’s reelection in America spells much good especially for Africa and Nigeria, where the battle against insurgency has assumed a global outfit. Trump’s interest to capture Boko Haram’s Shekau and his continuous attack on the Illuminati syndicate headquartered in Europe is a desire that shows concern to Nigeria more than her Colonial Masters who have given deaf ear to the serial massacre in the country.

However, the tortuous road from super power to world power might have been made easy through a global pandemic. We watch and stay tuned as events unfold to global amazement.


Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Dan Ugwu and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”



What Is Nigeria’s Problem with Chinese Aid?

By Dan UGWU.

Nigeria is at the crossroads of history. It has gotten to a point that being a Nigerian becomes abysmally frustrating and incredibly exciting. A pervasive feeling of betrayal and disenchantment is sweeping across Nigeria like the desert sand.

The besetting factors of our democracy is the uncultured self-depreciation, self-immolation, stone throwing, name calling, buck passing, bickering, treachery, blackmail and wangling that swing as pendulums among the Nigerian people. From muffled grumbling to loud murmuring, and now unguarded and uncensored propaganda.

It is hard to outlive any week in Nigeria without being fed with one propaganda or the other. In the last few days, Nigerians feasted heavily on the 5G network deployment. Dino Melayi; former Nigerian Senator was a major vanguard of the crusade.

In the emerging unnecessary debate, social media analysts caved in, pastors queued in and before the arrival of telecom pundits, the entire Nigerian space had been polluted with fake news. As the propaganda is gradually fading, fragments of the 5G writing are still appearing epileptically on social media.

While 5G news is fading, Nigerians will not easily be starved of propaganda. Another information has preoccupied the media and this one for sure will rage for days and weeks. What is it this time? NIGERIANS WILL NEVER ACCEPT THE EMPLOYMENT OF CHINESE DOCTORS TO TREAT CORONA VIRUS. Where did the information emanate from?

Three days ago (April 3, 2020), the Honorable Minister of Health; Dr Osagie Ehanire announced during the Presidential Task Force Media Briefing, that an 18 man team of Chinese medical experts are expected to arrive Nigeria within a few days with a consignment of globally scarce medical supplies, to augment the government’s efforts to contain the COVID-19 outbreak.

What Is Nigeria's Problem with Chinese Aid?
Stay Safe Message from Solidier’s Story Movie

According to Health Minister; Dr Ehanire, the donations by the group of Chinese Companies in Nigeria, includes Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and other Medical consumables, with one million surgical masks for health workers and also ICU ventilators valued at over $100,000, all sourced in the face of global scarcity of these items.

In addition, the Minister noted that the Chinese medical experts, comprising of doctors, nurses, laboratory technicians and public health managers will share their knowledge, skills and real-life experience of fighting covid-19 with Nigerian expert personnel in strengthening management of COVID-19 cases, especially with regard to critical care.

The Chinese professionals will only educate our experts on the usage of some of the sophisticated equipment they produced and will not necessarily take over medical duties.

Ever since this information hit the media, it has been cooked in various pots as is customary with Nigeria. Nnamdi Kanu, IPOB’s leader led open the floodgates of this latest criticism, alleging it was a way to kill Nigerians.

Sadly, the Nigerian Medical Association led by Dr Francis Faduyile has issued a statement saying the association vehemently rejects the spreading news of the invitation of Chinese doctors to Nigeria on the grounds that they are already experts.

Some other analysts are of the opinion that Nigeria must reject any offer from China, maybe because they are harbinger of Corona Virus. This is coming after some weeks Nigeria received her own package of medical equipment from Chinese Billionaire; Jack Ma.

What Is Nigeria's Problem with Chinese Aid?
Nigeria’s President; Muhammadu Buhari and Chinese Leader; Xi Jinping. Xi

Apart from China, South Korea and Taiwan are now sending resources around the world to help combat the coronavirus pandemic. As part of a larger global initiative to send Chinese medical experts to Europe, the Middle East and the Persian Gulf among other regions, China has already given $20 million to the World Health Organization for COVID-19 efforts. China is supplying millions of masks and other desperately needed items to struggling governments, hoping to build political ties and defuse unwholesome criticisms.

As we write, Serbia’s president plans to be at the airport this weekend to welcome a shipment of medical supplies from his “brother and friend,” Chinese leader. Xi Jinping. Xi’s government has flown gloves and protective clothing to Liberia. It is sending 100,000 test kits to the Philippines. It is shipping supplies to Cambodia. More than 10 flights carrying millions of masks and other supplies are bound for the Czech Republic this week.

In Africa, Ethiopia has commenced the usage of their latest supplies from China. Algeria has already received her Chinese envoy of medical experts with their consignments. Nigeria is next and after which the experts will land in Zimbabwe. At one level, China is reciprocating assistance it received.

Nearly 80 countries sent supplies to China, some on charter flights they sent to evacuate their citizens from Wuhan. On another scale, China is deepening ties with countries that have been receptive to its outreach as it assumes a larger international role. So, what is Nigeria’s worry over the Chinese aid?

Every government effort must not be viewed with the prism of politics. For any unbiased and sincere observer, this initiative would greatly build the capacity of hard working and resourceful Nigerian health workers at the fore front of fighting coronavirus.

The encounter will sure provide a window of opportunity to strengthen our own response mechanism through lessons learnt from any country that has had the experience and can provide hands- on demonstration of dealing with the outbreak and give the Nigerian clinical workforce the opportunity to share global best practices.


Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Dan Ugwu and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”




Raging Suspicion About 5G Network

By Dan Ugwu.


Raging Suspicion About 5G Network

There is an ongoing debate in many quarters across the globe with regard to the deployment of 5G network for telecommunications. The central debate rests on the fact that there is huge suspicion that the 5G is harmful to the human person with its radiative effects.

It has been a raging mantra even in Nigeria where conspiracy theorists have associated the network to the spread of the COVID-19. Persons like former Senator Dino Melayi have taken the campaign to another level. His video clips have adorned the social network where he is expressing fears of the outcome of the 5G.

5G is the next generation of mobile broadband that will eventually replace, or at least augment our 4G LTE latest connection. 5G is a wireless communications technology supporting cellular data networks.

The 5G is engineered to greatly increase the speed and responsiveness of wireless networks and enable a sharp increase in the amount of data transmitted over wireless systems due to more available bandwidth and advanced antenna technology. Its frequency spectrum is divided into millimeter waves, mid-band and low-band.

Raging Suspicion About 5G Network
A Screenshot from a video posted online of the Birmingham Mobile Mast ablaze

As of April 2019, the Global Mobile Suppliers Association had identified 224 operators in 88 countries that have demonstrated, are testing or trialing, or have been licensed to conduct field trials of 5G technologies. The first country to adopt 5G on a large scale was South Korea in April 2019.

However, Swedish telecoms giant Ericsson predicted that 5G internet will cover up to 65% of the world’s population by the end of 2025. As we write, 9 companies sell 5G radio hardware and 5G systems for carriers: Altiostar, Cisco Systems, Datang Telecom/Fiberhome, Ericsson, Huawei, Nokia, Qualcomm, Samsung, and ZTE

Some 5G pundits contend that the new network generates radiofrequency radiation that can damage DNA and lead to cancer; cause oxidative damage that can cause premature aging; disrupt cell metabolism; and potentially lead to other diseases through the generation of stress proteins.

This is to say that the 5G apparatus has a chemical reaction and biological interaction with human cells that can endanger health. It is even alleged that the 5G is harmful to even birds flying on the air.

Already, Nigeria is the first country in West Africa that has carried out 5G trials. As at November 2019, MTN Nigeria demoed 5G network. This was done in Abuja, Calabar, and Lagos respectively, with the hope of a nationwide commercial launch anytime soon.

At Maitama Abuja, MTN Nigeria demonstrated a live demo of 5G network in line with the telecom’s decision to roll out 5G in other major cities in Nigeria before end of 2020. This is coming immediately after the telecom network successfully ran a trial of the 5G in its domiciled South Africa, achieving 20 Gigabyte per second (Gbps) with less than five minutes latency. Whether these telecoms companies take permission to launch their networks is what I do not know.

Raging Suspicion About 5G Network

Most network users in Nigeria like myself have only been used to the 3G network before Artel popularised their 4G SIM card. I was opportuned to get mine few months ago as it doles out much call and data bonus and runs faster. Nigerians are end users of smart phones and we use them even without checking their negative effects.

If this 5G will be harmful to us then it should not be deployed. Even if 5G will help us in downloading the Atlantic Ocean and Zuma rock the effects on the human person must be checked. This is where there should be synergy between Science, Religion and Technology.

The Federal Government through the Ministry of Science and Technology ought to queue into this debate. Telecom operators, technological experts and Prolifers must be involved too. At their instance, the 5G network can be demobilize within the parameter space of the Federal republic, where whatever that has been buried in form of earth cables or erected mask have to be brought down.

Already the infrared and Bluetooth electromagnetic and radio bands are having their effects negative on us and that’s why it is not good to place these gadgets directly on our bodies. There are alleged pictorial evidences in Birmingham city where a mask emitting 5G network was set ablaze on the grounds that it is linked to the Corona Virus. Majority Nigerians have no access to good food and immune supplements, so anything that will serve as threat to our poor immunity should be checked and confronted.


Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Dan Ugwu and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”



COVID-19: Nigerians Should Trust Science, Not Fiction

By Garba Shehu.


COVID-19: Nigerians Should Trust Science, Not Fiction
Garba Shehu; Senior Special Assistant to the President of Nigeria on Media and Publicity

Yesterday, the esteemed Nobel Laureate, Prof. Wole Soyinka made comments on the legal status and description of 14-day lockdown announced by President Muhammadu Buhari.

Professor Soyinka is not a medical professor. His qualifications are in English literature, and his prizes are for writing books and plays for theatres. He is of course entitled to his opinions – but that is exactly all they are: semantics, not science. They cannot – and should not – therefore be judged as professional expertise in this matter in any shape or form.

Across the world – from parts of the United States and China, to countries including the United Kingdom and France, government-mandated lockdowns are in place to slow and defeat the spread of coronavirus. All have been declared, and all have been made necessary, based on medical and scientific evidence. The guidance of the Nigerian Government’s medical specialists is to advise the same.

COVID-19: Nigerians Should Trust Science, Not Fiction
Professor. Wole Soyinka

Professor Soyinka has also declared, doubtless based on his specialism as a playwright, that: “We are not in a war emergency’’, but eminent scientists say otherwise.
Dr Richard Hatchett, Head of the International Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (and former Director of the US Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority) has said, ‘War is an appropriate analogy’.

Professor Anthony Fauci; Director of the United States National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases and member of the White House Corona virus Task Force has said of the battle against the pandemic: ‘It’s almost like the fog of war’.

As for the legality of the lock down, the Government of Nigeria’s primary duty in law and action is the defence of the people of Nigeria. We face a global pandemic. Nigeria is now affected. The scientific and medical guidance the world over is clear: the way to defeat the virus is to halt its spread through limitation of movement of people.

READ ALSO: COVID-19: Vaccine for Treatment Ready Soon – Iwu

Perhaps Wole Soyinka may write a play on the coronavirus pandemic, after this emergency is over. In the meantime, we ask the people of Nigeria to trust the words of our doctors and scientists – and not fiction writers – at this time of national crisis.’’

  • Garba Shehu is the Senior Special Assistant to the President on Media & Publicity


Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Garba Shehu and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”



SECOND COVID-19 DEATH: Dousing Unnecessary Fears

By Dan Ugwu.


SECOND COVID-19 DEATH: Dousing Unnecessary Fears
Dr. Osagie Ehanire; Minister of Health, Federal Republic of Nigeria

In the couple of days running, there have been palpable fear in Imo State especially the Mbaise area, over a suspected case of COVID-19. In fact, offline media outlets, particularly Opera Mini has been reporting the death of Mr. Christogonus Aguwa Osuagwu as Nigeria’s second death case. The NCDC has even updated its dashboard to reflect the nation’s COVID-19 death count.

Unfortunately, neither the Ministry of Health, the Imo state government nor the NCDC has given the medical report of the late Aguwa. The agencies have also not issued his itinerary to ascertain those who should isolate immediately. The case has been left in the theater of social media who dissect the information as it pleases them.

READ ALSO: COVID-19: Isolation Can Save You from Impending Embarrassment

While some allege the late Aguwa returned from Europe, others maintain he visited South Africa at the wake of this pandemic. The DSS had already isolated the FANCY hotel in Owerri where the suspect spent some time before his arrival in Abuja. The agency has also taken samples from some members of his family while awaiting result in few days.

Regrettably, Aguwa’s case has not been handled properly. We are yet to know if he died of COVID-19 or as a result of his serial health challenges that take him occasionally to South Africa. Media reports are accusing him of hiding away his infection, is that true? Where was he diagnosed and confirmed? Was he tested at all? Was he taken to the Gwagwalada isolation unit?

SECOND COVID-19 DEATH: Dousing Unnecessary Fears
Dr. Chikwe Ihekweazu; DG, Nigeria Center for Disease Control (NCDC)

The NCDC should be able to come out strong and direct so as to douse the raging fear among the people. Aguwa was alleged to have passed out last Sunday in a location yet undisclosed. Even though Aguwa’s mortal remains have already been interred at Abuja; a circumstance that is unusual to the Mbaise people, if it is discovered in all reality that the man was never a carrier of this disease, then the FG, the Health Ministry and the NCDC will have a lot to contend with about a man who is crowned with honour and sense of industry in Mbaise and beyond.

READ ALSO: President Buhari Signs Covid-19 Regulations, 2020

We are now living in a society where all forms of ill health are loathed as evidence of the deadly pandemic. The NCDC is also saddled with the responsibility of harnessing this situation properly. Last week, I had gone to withdraw a little money in one of the ever-busy ATM machines. That I cleared my throat in a heavy manner sent all those on queue scampering for their safety that made me gently use the machine freely. This is how best Nigerians react to any threat to their lives. So, whatever that will intensify this fear ought not to be allowed.

In a situation of this nature, we feel deeply with the Aguwa family of Umuhuocha Obohia Mbaise. They will be challenged not only by the demise of their husband and brother, but they are also living with the stigma of yet to be proven disease. Rest in peace Mr Aguwa, CEO, Aguwa Aluminium Industry, Emekuku Owerri.


Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Dan Ugwu and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”




Isolation Can Save You from Impending Embarrassment

By Agbonsuremi Okhiria.


COVID-19: Isolation Can Save You from Impending Embarrassment
Agbonsuremi Okhiria; Executive Director, Progressive Impact Organization for Community Development, PRIMORG

So many Nigerians are beginning to get apprehensive over the spread of the virus; I am apprehensive too. Some people want to carry out a test on themselves but don’t know how to get it, they don’t know where.

Now let me make it clear. You will not get any test if you are not a big man. You will not likely get tested if you are not already developing symptoms unless you are a Governor, Minister or very close to a Governor and Minister.

For now, the NCDC and other testing centers don’t have the number of facilities to carry out tests on just anyone desiring a test. The notion that you will get a test to know your status is unattainable for now, and may never be.

When the virus makes a landfall, I pray it doesn’t, treatment will follow the same pattern. You will not likely get treatment if you are not connected; mark my words. The virus is supposedly only with the big politicians currently. Only them and those in close contact with them are getting attention.

This is the reason you should not play around and assume that you will not have any problems if you’re found positive. If Nigeria witnesses the virus at the base of the society, many will be left on their own; this will not be new.

In some endemic states of the US and parts of Italy and Spain, health officials are currently concentrating on those with higher degrees or likelihood of survival. They don’t have enough facilities to attend to already bad cases. The ventilators are not enough to go round. The elders with underlining health issues are being left to die, with attention concentrated on younger patients with higher degrees of survival.

If Covid-19 makes a landfall in Nigeria, I pray it hasn’t already, the ventilators will not be enough for everyone. Only those connected will get one. And the health officials will likely attend to those with higher degrees of survival.

The Governor of Kaduna state did a test out of anxiety and curiosity because he had contacts with a primary contact. El-Rufai had no symptoms at all. The Queen of England had no symptoms but went for a test because she had contacts with Prince Charles.

Maurice Iwu And the Covid-19 Vaccine

Some of those who were in close contacts with Abba Kyari, Bala Mohammed, El-Rufai, Okiye (Edo Speaker), late Achimogu, (former MD of PPMC) and all the other persons who have tested positive in Nigeria have been with us in the markets, shops, saloons, taxis, offices, churches and mosques and on the streets.

The rising numbers we are getting are the result of this community spreading of the virus. This is Community spreading of the virus.
Now how many of us have been responsible enough to isolate ourselves from the public space. How easy has it been.

The Covid-19 can be avoided if you obey very simple instructions from our health workers. The best of all the recommendations is to stay at home. Do not go out if you can. And don’t endanger your family by dashing in and out unnecessarily.

You need to isolate your family from this virus. Family isolation means you remain at home with your family. It means you are not opening your doors to visitors. It means any member of the family who goes out to the market, shop, saloon, work or for a walk is potentially at the risk of bringing home the virus.

It means such member of the family must practice social distancing, wash hands and enters the bathroom immediately he or she comes back to the house before touching anything in the house.
It means that the family member must be very careful any time he or she goes out.

The only sure option is to isolate yourself and your family. This is not the time to receive visitors or pay visits to friends and other family members who are not in your household. When the government says stay at home, please stay at home.

You will be embarrassed if it happens. There is no flight to anywhere and your money can’t help you now. Test kits are not in the market. Treatment is currently managed by specialists in government designated centers, not in your private hospital. Stay isolated and thank me later.

  • Agbonsuremi Augustine Okhiria is the Executive Director, Progressive Impact Organization for Community Development, PRIMORG. agbonsuremi@primorg.org


Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Agbonsuremi Okhiria and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”




The One Plague That Is Not Uniting Nigeria

By Dan Ugwu.


The One Plague That Is Not Uniting Nigeria

There is this one PLAGUE that has stood the whole world still. Call it Corona Virus; name it Chinese virus or Nigerian Leaders’ virus. The Only one PLAGUE that has humbled World Government. The one PLAGUE that has confused world powers and shut down economy.

Only one PLAGUE and everyone is scampering for safety – schools shut down, offices shut down, streets deserted. Only one PLAGUE Mecca, the ancient religious city sent back its worshipers; Jerusalem turned back her tourists; Vatican locked out her pilgrims.

Just one PLAGUE our Churches are shut down, Mosques are closed, all Sports are postponed. Olympic is shutting down, Clubs are sealed, the entertainment industry is groaning mournfully. Just because of one PLAGUE, we don’t shake hands again; don’t hug each other again; keep a social distance.

Before the arrival of this one PLAGUE, many nations were at war. Syria and its combatants have been reducing Damascus to ruins in their air strikes, with the Kurdish forces facing Turkish onslaught strike deal with Bashir Assad, America’s major belligerent.

The One Plague That Is Not Uniting Nigeria
President Muhammadu Buhari of Nigeria

The revolt in Iran was raging with its innuendos in Baghdad even with Trump’s US promising to extricate the country from extended military entanglements. Turkey was still living with accusations of aiding ISIS and others in the Islamic Maghreb. But the entire turmoil quenched before this one PLAGUE with all nations scampering for their united safety and survival. It has brought that strife to a halt.

It is only in Nigeria that this one PLAGUE is not bringing consciousness to the people. Rather than suspend squabbles and face the one PLAGUE about to kill us all, energies and time are still being wasted in fighting Muhammadu Buhari and enlisting his deficiencies even in this crisis time.

Before the one PLAGUE that has humbled and quieted political vilification and vituperation across the globe, my beloved nation is still soaked in politics that has even involved the one PLAGUE, associating the pandemic with bickering, name-calling and stone-throwing that has characterized the besetting factors of the leftover of our democracy.

If this one PLAGUE does not humble and unite us in struggle, then only Nigeria maybe awaiting not just one more PLAGUE but a locust that may quarantine this nation perpetually. May God save us from this doomsday.


Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Dan Ugwu. and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”



Police Brutality Won’t Curb Cyber Crimes

By Kizito Duru.


Police Brutality Won’t Curb Cyber Crimes

For some years now, there is hardly any month without the harsh tag ENDSARS occupying a prominent position on trends on twitter. This sums the perception of the police from the public, making mockery of the ‘police is your friend’ gospel preached in the media by the uniform men.

For every story that accompanied the #endSARs tweet is a horrible experience of people from different parts of life. They found twitter and other social media platforms as a place they could ventilate their experiences with the police, notably operatives in the department of Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS).

Truth is, when one sits back to sincerely ponder over the myriads of challenges negating members of the Nigerian Police Force in their duty to ensure a crime free society, you would want to spare some line of words to appreciate their efforts.

Whether or not you agree, with poor welfare package, analogue crime fighting methods and the ultimate fact that the nation is a developing but critically ailing society, our corps deserve some appreciation and encouragement for the sacrifices they make.

However, why there have been advocacy to improve the relationship between citizens of the country and the police which swore to protect them, recent events have further undermined the “Police is your friend” cliché.

Last weekend, a student at the Federal Polytechnic Nekede, Owerri, Imo State, was rushed to the hospital after operatives of the Nigeria Police Force invaded his room and beat him to unconsciousness. His crime? He took to his heels upon sighting the police men around his lounge. The victim, a student of Mass Communication, was identified as Cajetan Okereke.

Police Brutality Won’t Curb Cyber Crimes
Inspector-General of Police, Nigeria; Adamu Mohammed

Cajetan saw a police van approaching the hostel and out of fear ran into a room with some of his lodge mates since it had become a tradition for men of the security agency to arrest students indiscriminately.

The police team went after him, banging his door as if he was declared wanted by the state governor. Upon opening it, the student stated, the policemen, numbering about four, hit various parts of Cajetan’s body including his chest before he slumped. An eye witness said that the corps left Cajetan unconscious and fled the hostel with the excuse that their victim had wasted time before opening his door.

Cajetan was rushed to a nearby hospital where he was rejected before he was brought to the school’s medical center where he is responding to treatment. The big poser is, why the police came after Cajetan? They took him for an Internet fraudster!

Perhaps the young man was well dressed as a youth, which is against the ‘constitution’ of the Nigerian Police. It is a crime for a young man in Nigeria to be on dreads. Young people in the country now use their laptop computers in hiding. And to think that a young man driving a flashy car is now an invitation to a face-off with the police is at worst ridiculous. This is especially as it concerns members of the Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS) of the law enforcement agency.

Common sense should tell us that SARS should not employ the same commando style used for armed robbers in dealing with perpetrators of cyber-crimes as the crime is not the same with those that has to do with people taking other people’s belongings by use of harmful weapons.


I have been harassed twice by SARS operatives. My phones were accessed to my consternation. My time was wasted. They simply wanted to find fault with you and force you to pay financially for it. Ordinarily, when one is guilty of a crime, he is taken to the police station where he is detained until investigations are concluded.

Police Brutality Won’t Curb Cyber Crimes

But no, SARS will pronounce you guilty at that spot they confronted you, charge you according to how sophisticated your car and clothes look and force you to pay immediately. They sometimes threaten to shoot you if you don’t comply. They can be worse than armed robbers sometimes.

You don’t end a crime by behaving like a criminal. How do you end cyber-crimes? Is it by stopping young people carrying laptops, phones or driving flashy cars, confiscating these items, harassing the bearers and extorting money from them? You claim they obtained the money by trick only for you to collect it by force.

Both SARS and Internet fraudsters are in the same category. Judging from the accounts of many who have narrated their ordeals with SARS, one would conclude that the essence of the new dimension which they have taken is to make money in the guise of clamping down on cyber-crimes and criminals.

If Nigeria really wants to end cyber-crimes, it must not be by stop and search. The search should be done on the internet where the crime is committed, making use of efficient monitoring mechanism. You cannot stay in Lagos and catch a thief in Kaduna. The cyber route should be followed to end cyber-crimes.

That is why there is EFCC; an anti-graft agency, saddled with the responsibility of dealing with financial crimes, including cyber-crimes in the country. To my knowledge, no cyber-crime is committed without connection with the Bank and I am also aware that the CBN has a policy in place which it initiated to check financial crimes.

What SARS should rather do is to liaise with the apex bank, its subsidiary banks and EFCC to apprehend and prosecute perpetrators of cyber fraud and other related offences, and this must be done within the ambits of the law.

The Inspector-General of Police and the Federal Government of Nigeria should, therefore, address this issue forthwith and stop SARS from posing terror to Nigerians instead of being their security.


Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Kizito Duru and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”



Maurice Iwu And the Covid-19 Vaccine

By Dan Ugwu.


Maurice Iwu And the Covid-19 Vaccine
Professor Maurice Iwu

When in 1985, a 13-year-old non-Nigerian female sex hawker introduced HIV/AIDS in Lagos Nigeria, the news sent panic, doubt and disbelief to the whole nation as AIDS was perceived as the disease of American homosexuals. The confusion infected Nigerians so well that we didn’t distinguish the HIV virus from the AIDS disease.

The complacency and mystery associated with AIDS made people especially easterners to describe it as “Obiri n’aja Ocha”, indicating lack of cure for the deadly disease which has claimed over 34 million lives before the advent of antiretrovirals. To indicate further its lack of cure, proactive measures were then centered on ‘Prevention is better than Cure’. At that point, it became obvious all hope were lost.

Fast forward to 2019.

Corona virus has come with its confusion. China took off with the virus until it was introduced in Nigeria with the help of a 30-year-old lady on March 13, 2020. Just like HIV/AIDS, it is not clear if Corona is the virus while COVID-19 is the disease.

We already understand that the description COVID-19 is associated with the December 2019 entry of the virus, and the WHO has moved the virus classification from epidemic to pandemic because of its spread. There is dire need to distinguishes the virus from its disease so we don’t entertain much casualties as we had in HIV/AIDS before the arrival of its antiretroviral.

Maurice Iwu And the Covid-19 Vaccine

For now, apart from quarantining the suspects the only antidote we have now is precaution. Someone coughed in a taxi in Abuja yesterday, every person alighted from the bus immediately, is that the precaution? Just few days ago, 43-year-old Jennifer Haller, has become the first person in history to test the potential COVID-19 vaccine in clinical trial. We pray the vaccine worths it.

Before Haller’s trial, our own brother, home grown (UNN) Professor Maurice Iwu had presented a plant-based patented treatment for COVID-19 to the Minister of Science and Technology, Dr. Ogbonnaya Onu. This writer had personally interacted with Mr. Iwu on the said case and he explained that it was important to note that COVID-19 belongs to a class of viruses that are very common, some more serious than others.

The class includes the flu virus, SARS, and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS). He explained that they are Ribo Nucleic Acid (RNA) viruses, which allow them to mutate easily and spread between species. Iwu insisted that SARS and MERS Coronaviruses are more lethal than COVID-19. After the discourse, it became clear to me that Nigeria is close to COVID-19 cure.

So while the Ministry of Health, Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) and healthcare professionals are actively engaged in providing treatment and support for the management of the Coronavirus infection, it is important to indicate that the Nigerian scientific community are making contributions towards finding a sustainable treatment for the prevention and/or treatment of COVID-19 as part of drug discovery programme for neglected tropical diseases, emergent infections and orphan diseases. This may be Nigeria’s scientific breakthrough and curative offer to the embattled and ‘diseased’ continents.


Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Dan Ugwu and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”



IMO STATE: Uzodinma’s Two Months Appear Impressive

By Collins Ughalaa.

Most people agree that Governor Hope Uzodimma did not have the privilege of a transition period that is conventional for incoming governors. From the time a governorship candidate is declared governor-elect, he has about 90 days to the swearing-in ceremony which ushers in his government. From the day he was sworn-in people would begin the countdown for him.

During the transition period, the governor-elect usually sets up committees with the incumbent. This Committees liaise with the incumbent on a number of fronts, including the actual condition of things, the performance level of the government, the real and expected challenges and the planning of the swearing-in ceremony. Oftentimes too, the governor-elect sets up a committee that helps him in drawing up actionable plans that would meet the challenges on the ground.

Notwithstanding the privilege of a transition period, the new governor usually takes some time off. Some people refer to this period as the learning curve period, the honeymoon period or the teething period. Depending on the individual capacity of the governor, or the combined capacities of the people he assembles to help him run the government, this learning curve period may take some months.

Governors that are well prepared and focused, however, hit the ground running. They brook no excuses. They want to serve, and they begin to serve from the blast of the whistle. With the scorecard available in the public space, Governor Hope Uzodinma was prepared for governance. He hit the ground running from the word go.

From the day he was sworn-in, he went straight to work, knowing that he had no time for honeymoon. He did not enjoy the benefits of the transition period and its fanfare as his emergence did not provide for that. Not his fault. Not the fault of his predecessor either.

IMO STATE: Uzodinma’s Two Months Appear Impressive
Gov. Hope Uzodinma of Imo State

He was sworn-in as the executive governor of Imo State on Wednesday, January 15, 2020, having been declared the duly elected governor of the state by the Supreme Court on Tuesday, January 14, 2020, with an order to be sworn-in immediately.

It was shocking to many, therefore, that without the benefits of the transition period and a handover note, Governor Hope Uzodimma runs so fast with the ball, as if he had been running with the ball all along. He marshalled to the people the real thrust of his government. He told the people that in order to address the economic challenges in the state, he had come with the vision of shared prosperity.

He said: “Our New Imo State will enshrine a new culture of shared prosperity in which the commonwealth of the people is made available for the good of all. Above all, it is a new Imo State that will ensure good governance, prosperity, rule of law and equity.


“The mission cuts across party lines, religious leanings and intra-ethnic divides. From now on it will no longer be governance as usual, but governance of the people, by the people and for the people, without discrimination against anyone”.

The candor in the governor’s vision of shared prosperity has become the mobilizing agent. From its everyday actions, the people of the state have come to see the government as a pro-family government, and the Governor as a pro-family Governor.

IMO STATE: Uzodinma’s Two Months Appear Impressive
Gov. Hope Uzodinma Inaugurating the new Chief Judge; Hon. Justice Ijeoma Agugua

Not only did the Governor, in an unprecedented move, begin the payment of workers’ salaries on the 25th of every month, beginning from January, he assured that he would pay the N30,000 Minimum Wage when the Committee earlier set up by his predecessor submits its report. He is giving no room for excuses as to why he did not match his promise with action.

With the deficit in cash upon his assumption of office, the Governor did not fancy the idea of keeping his security vote to himself while salaries and pensions and other obligations of the government suffered. He declared a voluntary forfeiture of his security vote, stressing the need to free funds so as to meet government’s current obligations.

In another deft move, the Governor scored first and further demonstrated his commitment to shared prosperity. He paid the January salaries of the members of the Interim Management Committee (IMCs) who were appointed by his predecessor. The members of the IMCs had vacated their offices before the pay-rolling date for January.

According to a report by Greg Nwadike, former S.A. Media to the former IMC Chairman of Orlu LGA: “Many of those appointees of Gov. Ihedioha were surprised early this week [in January] as they were invited to come for their cheques for their January salaries. Yes. Gov. Uzodinma also paid them for the month of January even when they were sacked before the pay-rolling date of 18th”.

Last week, the news broke that the Governor had recalled the over 3,500 workers employed from 2015 and 2018. This act alone would distribute money in at least additional 35,000 families, hitherto disconnected from the economic stream.

IMO STATE: Uzodinma’s Two Months Appear Impressive

The multiplier effect of this act on the socioe-conomic condition of the people can only be imagined. And if the Governor goes ahead to consider the pleas of the beneficiaries of the Ikedi Ohakim’s10,000 Jobs Scheme, it would bring the figure to 13,500 families.

If the average monthly income is N40,000, it means that N540M will be distributed among 13,500 new families in the state. The best of economists and sociologists can only speculate on the impact of the new N540M in the hands of new 13,500 families monthly.

Underscoring further the pro-family nature of his administration, the Governor assured the people on the core philosophy of his government and the intention of his government to distribute prosperity among the people. He said: “I cannot fire, I can only hire, because I’m on a mission of prosperity in Imo State. Quote me anywhere, anytime, any day”.

The Governor also scored another first when he appointed the first ever female Chief Judge of the state. Inaugurating the new Chief Judge, Hon. Justice Ijeoma Agugua, amidst commendation from the people of the state, on Friday, March 13, the Governor reiterated his resolve to make Imo Judiciary one of the best in the country, as well as encourage judicial autonomy in the state.

“The Judiciary is an important arm of government, and if our democracy must grow with its attendant dividends, we must have an efficient judiciary. This is why every government must take seriously the leadership and membership of the judicial arm of government”

IMO STATE: Uzodinma’s Two Months Appear Impressive

Political economists argue that the lack of continuity in government is part of the reasons for the under-development witnessed across the country. According to them, a successor should showcase the political will to continue with the projects initiated by his predecessor in order to avoid littering the state with uncompleted or abandoned projects.

They add that not doing so would continue to take its toll on the economy, with the people suffering under-development. It was therefore not surprising that most people in Imo State rolled out the drums to herald the Governor’s directive that all contracts initiated by his predecessor would continue.

This is a new path not taken before, but a new path created by the Governor. This new path shows that it takes nothing away from the incumbent if he continues with the projects of the preceding government. Not only is the Governor continuing with the contracts awarded by his predecessor, he has also asked the panels set up by his predecessor to continue.

The state’s civil service is one sector that is dear to the Governor and what he is doing with the civil service is commendable. He is initiating reforms aimed at repositioning the state’s bureaucracy. This reform approach is also aimed at having a civil service structure that is service oriented.

This is the reason the Governor is introducing an essential ingredient in his civil service reform agenda, the Annual Performance Evaluation Report (APER), which would assist in evaluating the efficiency of the civil service and every civil servant. Another essential ingredient in the reform agenda is the repositioning of the Permanent Secretaries, making them the Chief Accounting Officers of the MDAs as required by law.

The Governor has in addition promised total obedience to all procedures and statues contained in the civil service guidelines, while the operations in the civil service would be digitized to improve efficiency in service delivery.

In carrying out the civil service reform, the Governor is not oblivious of the welfare of the civil servants. Apart from the new payday of 25th of every month and the readiness to pay the N30,000 new Minimum Wage, the Governor is taking the welfare of the civil servants higher. He is providing a housing and car loan for the civil servants. He has already provided brand new vehicles for the Permanent Secretaries. This reform approach is in tandem with his shared prosperity agenda.

                                                                           Collins Ughalaa could be reached via email: ughalaacollins@gmail.com.


Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Collins Ughalaa and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”




Sanusi, El-Rufai, Ganduje and 2023

By Dan Ugwu.


Sanusi, El-Rufai, Ganduje and 2023
Gov. Nasir El-Rufai of Kaduna State, with Muhammed Sanusi II

The Dethronement of Emir Muhammad Sanusi II as the Emir of Kano has continued to stir up controversies, and interestingly the Kaduna State Governor; Gov. Nasir El-Rufai is at the epicenter of this controversy too.

In the space of 48 hours, Muhammad Sanusi II was given double appointment by the Kaduna State Government, and this has raised so much suspicion if there is a cold war between the Kano State Governor; Dr. Umar Ganduje and Kaduna State Governor, Nasir El-rufai.

The duo, have over the years shared close bond especially as two Governors controlling two largest states in the Northern region. Similarly, the duo have both enjoyed political alignments over the years as regards supporting the APC Presidential Agenda.

Regardless of the age difference, Ganduje who is 70 years and El-rufai who is 60 years, there has been some sort of respectful relationship between the duo, but the with recent outlook of things, it appears El-Rufai is confronting the banishment orders of the Kano State Governor.

Sanusi, El-Rufai, Ganduje and 2023
Governor Abdullahi Ganduje of Kano State, Nigeria

Many speculations have been made as regards the appointment, while some believe that the double appointment is to spite the Kano State Government under the leadership of Dr. Umar Ganduje. Still, some are of the opinion that there is some sort of handwriting of 2023 elections on the wall.

Many also believe that El-Rufai is protecting the interest of the deposed ruler based on tribal sentiments but however, it is believed that El-Rufai understands the intellectual capacity of Sanusi, and his contributions will go a long way to improve the state.


  • Disclaimer: “The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Dan Ugwu and do not necessarily reflect those of The World Satellite. The World Satellite will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article.”



$22.7BN LOAN: Sieving Noise from Fact

By Dan Ugwu.


I will hardly believe that the running of government is as cheap as we analyse it on social media, the seat of acrimonious writings. I do not know what we understand when government borrows. Does it mean indebtedness? From where do we think government borrows, maybe from wealthy individuals or world bank account.

It is even more piercing when some of our Economics and Government teachers and lecturers also join in the shallow arguments of online teeming analysts shouting wolf at the National Assembly’s nod to borrow $22.7.

Even at the senate chambers, the argument was not on why the borrowing, the rancor generated bordered on the mode and content of the budget. While the senate leadership led by Lawan called for voting, the minority group opted for a painstaking screening of its content before approval.

$22.7BN LOAN: Sieving Noise from Fact
Nigeria’s Senator President; Sen. Ahmed Lawan

Borrowing means that the government can meet a temporary shortfall, rather than having to immediately cut back on spending. Like an overdraft facility, government borrowing gives the government more flexibility and means they can maintain wages and spending commitments without having to keep cutting spending.

External debt or Foreign Aid is considered a significant source of income for developing countries. Pakistan for example has relied much on foreign debt to finance its balance of payments (BOP) deficit and saving investment gap. This heavily dependence on external resources became uncontrollable since the late 1980s.

No doubt, domestic debt, in itself has the effect of crowding out private investment; an issue that is remedied by external borrowing. This is because a rise in government borrowing from the domestic economy would reduce the ability of domestic investors to access credit leading to a reduction in their investment.

Have you for once asked why government cannot print money and use when it needs rather than borrowing? Some are even asking the government to give them account of recovered loot as if the country is an Age Grade meeting.

$22.7BN LOAN: Sieving Noise from Fact
Sen. Enyinaya Abaribe; Senate’s Minority Leader

If government prints money, then they’d be devaluing the money of everyone who had saved or invested, whereas if they borrow money and use taxes to repay it, the burden falls more evenly across the economy and doesn’t disproportionately penalize certain sets of people.

If you think Nigeria is carelessly borrowing, then what will you say to America and China that are world powers? China owes about $1.1 trillion in U.S. debt, or a bit more than the amount Japan owes, and China is still steadily supplying us everything including matches and toothpicks. America itself borrows hard cash from TREASURY BONDS. Whether you’re an American retiree or Chinese bank, American debt is considered a sound investment. The Chinese Yuan, like the currencies of many nations, is tied to the U.S. dollar.

Even at that, there are seven countries in the world whose external loan debt to China surpasses 25 percent of their GDP. What are we even talking about?


INEC’S SWANSONG: A Commission in Its Shadows

By Dan UGWU.

The Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC), set up in 1998 to oversee elections in Nigeria is running a risk of going defunct. As the day goes by, its troubles increase in breadth and width. Right from the time of Justice Ephraim Akpata; the Commission’s premier chairman to these days of Mahmood Yakubu, INEC has been saddled with irregularities in matters of elections.

Apart from irregularities centered on common factors as shoddy preparations, ballot paper unavailability, unavailability of smart card readers and large cancellation of valid votes, INEC’s crown of thorns has further been complication with court verdicts. This is the latest addition in the Commission’s sad story, a development that is almost becoming a dirge to INEC’s swansong.

If there is anything that poses threat to the continuous existence of democratic governance in Nigeria aside from the rising spate of insecurity and the dangerous trend of distrust among ethnic nationalities in recent times, the rate at which the Supreme Court now decides election outcomes and the perceived shortcomings of the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) have become matters of major concern.

In the recent times, our beloved country has witnessed the tribunalization of our electoral process and democracy. Nigeria as a nation has had the highest number of electoral disputes in the world. It is only in Nigeria, that our election candidates or aspirants are determined not by the political parties or electorates per say, but by the courts which legislate on the outcome of party primaries and conventions.